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Constraints on anomalous gauge couplings from present LEP1 and future LEP2, BNL data  [PDF]
F. M. Renard,S. Spagnolo,C. Verzegnassi
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)00760-0
Abstract: We analyze, in a rather general model where anomalous triple gauge couplings are present, the visible effects in R$_b$ (measured at LEP1), in W pair production (to be measured at LEP2) and in the muon anomalous magnetic moment (to be measured at BNL). From the combination of the three experiments a remarkable improvement on the pure LEP2 constraints is obtained.
Anomalous coupling of scalars to gauge fields  [PDF]
Philippe Brax,Clare Burrage,Anne-Christine Davis,David Seery,Amanda Weltman
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2011.03.047
Abstract: We study the transformation properties of a scalar-tensor theory, coupled to fermions, under the Weyl rescaling associated with a transition from the Jordan to the Einstein frame. We give a simple derivation of the corresponding modification to the gauge couplings. After changing frame, this gives rise to a direct coupling between the scalar and the gauge fields.
Gauge Coupling Unification with Anomalous U(1)_A Gauge Symmetry  [PDF]
Nobuhiro Maekawa
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1143/PTP.107.597
Abstract: Recently we proposed a natural scenario of grand unified theories with anomalous U(1)_A gauge symmetry, in which doublet-triplet splitting is realized in SO(10) unification using Dimopoulos-Wilczek mechanism and realistic quark and lepton mass matrices can be obtained in a simple way. The scenario has an additional remarkable feature that the symmetry breaking scale and the mass spectrum of super heavy particles are determined essentially by anomalous U(1)_A charges. Therefore once all the anomalous U(1)_A charges are fixed, the gauge coupling flows can be calculated. We examine several models in which the gauge coupling unification is realized. Examining the conditions for the coupling unification, we show that when all the fields except those of the minimal SUSY standard model become super-heavy, the unification scale generically becomes just below the usual GUT scale \Lambda_G\sim 2\times 10^{16} GeV and the cutoff scale becomes around \Lambda_G. Since the lower GUT scale leads to shorter life time of nucleon, the proton decay via dimension six operator p\to e^+\pi^0 can be seen in future experiment. On the other hand, the lower cutoff scale than the Planck scale may imply the existence of extra dimension in which only gravity modes can propagate.
On Theoretical Uncertainties of the W Angular Distribution in W-Pair Production at LEP2 Energies  [PDF]
R. Bruneliere,A. Denner,S. Dittmaier,S. Jadach,S. Jezequel,W. Placzek,M. Roth,M. Skrzypek,D. Wackeroth,B. F. L. Ward,Z. Was
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(02)01561-7
Abstract: We discuss theoretical uncertainties of the distribution in the cosine of the W polar angle projected into a measurement of the anomalous triple gauge-boson coupling \lambda=\lambda_{\gamma}=\lambda_Z at LEP2 energies for the tandem of the Monte Carlo event generators KoralW and YFSWW3 and for the Monte Carlo event generator RacoonWW. Exploiting numerical results of these programs and cross-checks with experimental fitting procedures, we estimate that the theoretical uncertainty of the value of \lambda due to electroweak corrections, as obtained at LEP2 with the help of these programs, is ~0.005, about half of the expected experimental error for the combined LEP2 experiments (~0.010). We use certain idealized event selections; however, we argue that these results are valid for realistic LEP2 measurements.
Threshold Behaviour in Gauge Boson Pair Production at LEP 2  [PDF]
F. Boudjema,N. Dombey
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00318-F
Abstract: We discuss the form of the amplitude for gauge boson pair production at or near threshold.We show that in the case of W-pair production at LEP2 near threshold only one anomalous electromagnetic coupling can contribute. This anomalous coupling is CP violating and contributes to the electric dipole moment of the $W$. Since this coupling is likely to be small, it is important to look for ZZgamma couplings in Zgamma production. These couplings are not suppressed at the W-threshold.
An anomalous breaking of supersymmetry in supersymmetric gauge theories with local coupling  [PDF]
Elisabeth Kraus
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(01)00535-1
Abstract: We extend the gauge coupling of Super-Yang-Mills theories to an external superfield composed out of a chiral and an antichiral superfield and perform renormalization in the extended model. In one-loop order we find an anomalous breaking of supersymmetry which vanishes in the limit to constant coupling. The anomaly arises form non-local contributions and its coefficient is gauge and scheme independent and strictly of one-loop order. In the perturbative framework of the construction the anomaly cannot be absorbed as a counterterm to the classical action. With local gauge coupling the symmetric counterterms with chiral integration are holomorphic functions and this property is independent from the specific regularization scheme. Thus, the symmetric counterterm to the Yang-Mills part is of one-loop order only - and it is the anomaly which gives rise to the two-loop order of the gauge $\beta$-function in pure Super-Yang-Mills theories and to its closed all-order expression.
Running coupling constant and mass anomalous dimension of six-flavor SU(2) gauge theory  [PDF]
M. Hayakawa,K. -I. Ishikawa,S. Takeda,N. Yamada
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.094504
Abstract: In the exploration of viable models of dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking, it is essential to locate the lower end of the conformal window and know the mass anomalous dimensions there for a variety of gauge theories. We calculate, with the Schr\"odinger functional scheme, the running coupling constant and the mass anomalous dimension of SU(2) gauge theory with six massless Dirac fermions in the fundamental representation. The calculations are performed on $6^4$ - $24^4$ lattices over a wide range of lattice bare couplings to take the continuum limit. The discretization errors for both quantities are removed perturbatively. We find that the running slows down and comes to a stop at $0.06 \lesssim 1/g^2 \lesssim 0.15$ where the mass anomalous dimension is estimated to be $0.26 \lesssim \gamma^*_m \lesssim 0.74$.
Running coupling and mass anomalous dimension of SU(3) gauge theory with two flavors of symmetric-representation fermions  [PDF]
Thomas DeGrand,Yigal Shamir,Benjamin Svetitsky
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.054503
Abstract: We have measured the running coupling constant of SU(3) gauge theory coupled to Nf=2 flavors of symmetric representation fermions, using the Schrodinger functional scheme. Our lattice action is defined with hypercubic smeared links which, along with the larger lattice sizes, bring us closer to the continuum limit than in our previous study. We observe that the coupling runs more slowly than predicted by asymptotic freedom, but we are unable to observe fixed point behavior before encountering a first order transition to a strong coupling phase. This indicates that the infrared fixed point found with the thin-link action is a lattice artifact. The slow running of the gauge coupling permits an accurate determination of the mass anomalous dimension for this theory, which we observe to be small, gamma_m < 0.6, over the range of couplings we can reach. We also study the bulk and finite-temperature phase transitions in the strong coupling region.
Anomalous Quartic Couplings in $ν\barν γγ$ Production via WW-Fusion at LEP2  [PDF]
W. James Stirling,Anja Werthenbach
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01165-X
Abstract: The production of $\nu \bar{\nu} \gamma \gamma$ in high-energy $e^+e^-$ collisions offers a window on anomalous quartic gauge boson couplings. We investigate the effect of two possible anomalous couplings on the cross section for $\nu \bar{\nu} \gamma \gamma$ production via $WW$-fusion at LEP2 ($\sqrt{s} = 200$ GeV).
Anomalous couplings at LEP2  [PDF]
D. Fayolle
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: In its second phase, LEP has allowed to study four fermion processes never observed before. Results are presented on the charged triple gauge boson couplings (TGC) from the W-pair, Single W and Single gamma production. The anomalous quartic gauge couplings (QGC) are constrained using production of WWgamma, nunubargammagamma and Zgammagamma final states. Finally, limits on the neutral anomalous gauge couplings (NGC) using the Zgamma and ZZ production processes are also reported. All results are consistent with the Standard Model expectations.
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