Home OALib Journal OALib PrePrints Submit Ranking News My Lib FAQ About Us Follow Us+
 Title Keywords Abstract Author All
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
 Page 1 /100 Display every page 5 10 20 Item
 Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19297.x Abstract: The star-forming region W75N hosts bright OH masers that are observed to be variable. We present observations taken in 2008 of the ground-state OH maser transitions with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) and the Multi-Element Radio-Linked Interferometer Network (MERLIN) and with the Nancay Radio Telescope in 2011. Several of the masers in W75N were observed to be flaring, with the brightest 1720-MHz maser in excess of 400 Jy. The 1720-MHz masers appear to be associated with the continuum source VLA 1, unlike the bright flaring 1665- and 1667-MHz masers, which are associated with VLA 2. The 1720-MHz masers are located in an outflow traced by water masers and are indicative of very dense molecular material near the H II region. The magnetic field strengths are larger in the 1720-MHz maser region than in most regions hosting only main-line OH masers. The density falls off along the outflow, and the order of appearance of different transitions of OH masers is consistent with theoretical models. The 1665- and 1667-MHz VLBA data are compared against previous epochs over a time baseline of over 7 years. The median maser motion is 3.5 km/s, with a scatter that is comparable to thermal turbulence. The general pattern of maser proper motions observed in the 1665- and 1667-MHz transitions is consistent with previous observations.
 Physics , 2015, Abstract: (abridged) The HH 80/81/80N jet extends from the HH 80 object to the recently discovered Source 34 and has a total projected jet size of 10.3 pc, constituting the largest collimated radio-jet system known so far. It is powered by IRAS 18162-2048 associated with a massive young stellar object. We report 6 cm JVLA observations that, compared with previous 6 cm VLA observations carried out in 1989, allow us to derive proper motions of the HH 80, HH 81 and HH 80N radio knots located about 2.5 pc away in projection from the powering source. For the first time, we measure proper motions of the optically obscured HH 80N object providing evidence that HH 81, 80 and 80N are associated with the same radio-jet. We derived tangential velocities of these HH objects between 260 and 350 km/s, significantly lower than those for the radio knots of the jet close to the powering source (600-1400 km/s) derived in a previous work, suggesting that the jet material is slowing down due to a strong interaction with the ambient medium. The HH 80 and HH 80N emission at 6 cm is, at least in part, probably synchrotron radiation produced by relativistic electrons in a magnetic field of 1 mG. If these electrons are accelerated in a reverse adiabatic shock, we estimate a jet total density of $\lesssim1000$ cm$^{-3}$. All these features are consistent with a jet emanating from a high mass protostar and make evident its capability of accelerating particles up to relativistic velocities.
 Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1086/324451 Abstract: A key ingredient in understanding the dynamics of stellar outflows is their proper motion. We have used optical images in the [SII] emission at 6717/31 A and the red Digitized Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (DSS) plates to determine the proper motion of HH 7-11 system and the optical knot of Cep E (HH 377). The DSS plate measurements span nearly 37 years for both HH 7-11 and HH 377 and have wide field of view, which allows an accurate determination of the proper motions despite their relatively low angular resolution. The optical images, with higher angular resolution, cover a shorter period of 7 and 4 years, respectively, and have been used to complement the DSS measurements. From the DSS plates we have found that HH 377 has a proper motion of 0.031 +/- 0.003 arcsec/yr with a PA = 206 arcdeg, i.e. moving away from IRAS 230111+63, that at a distance of 730 pc corresponds to a tangential velocity of 107 +/- 14 km/s. The values obtained from the optical images are consistent with these measurements. Similarly, the proper motions of HH 7-11 range from 0.015 +/- 0.009 (HH 9) to 0.044 +/- 0.007 (HH 11) arcsec/yr, and the flow is moving away from SVS 13 with a mean PA = 136 arcdeg. At a distance of 330 pc, these motions correspond to tangential velocities of 25 - 70 km/s, i.e. comparable to the original values obtained by Herbig & Jones (1983). The measurements from the optical CCD [SII] images are again consistent with these motions, although in detail there are some difference, particularly for HH 7 and HH 10.
 Physics , 2002, Abstract: Key and still largely missing parameters for measuring the mass content and distribution of the Local Group are the proper motion vectors of its member galaxies. The problem when trying to derive the gravitational potential of the Local Group is that usually only radial velocities are known, and hence statistical approaches have to be used. The expected proper motions for galaxies within the Local Group, ranging from 20 to 100 $\mu$as/yr, are detectable with VLBI using the phase-referencing technique. We present phase-referencing observations of bright masers in IC~10 and M33 with respect to background quasars. We observed the H$_2$O masers in IC10 three times over a period of two months to check the accuracy of the relative positions. The relative positions were obtained by modeling the interferometer phase data for the maser sources referenced to the background quasars. The model allowed for a relative position shift for the source and a single vertical atmospheric delay error in the correlator model for each antenna. The rms of the relative positions for the three observations is only 0.01 mas, which is approximately the expected position error due to thermal noise. Also, we present a method to measure the geometric distance to M33. This will allow re-calibration of the extragalactic distance scale based on Cepheids. The method is to measure the relative proper motions of two H$_2$O maser sources on opposite sides of M33. The measured angular rotation rate, coupled with other measurements of the inclination and rotation speed of the galaxy, yields a direct distance measurement.