Abstract:
We study the influence of deformations on magnetic ordering in quantum dots doped with magnetic impurities. The reduction of symmetry and the associated deformation from circular to elliptical quantum confinement lead to the formation of piezomagnetic quantum dots. The strength of elliptical deformation can be controlled by the gate voltage to change the magnitude of magnetization, at a fixed number of carriers and in the absence of applied magnetic field. We reveal a reentrant magnetic ordering with the increase of elliptical deformation and suggest that the piezomagnetic quantum dots can be used as nanoscale magnetic switches.

Abstract:
In this work, the spin dynamics of a single electron under parametric modulation of a lateral quantum dot's electrostatic potential in the presence of spin-orbit coupling is investigated. Numerical and theoretical calculations demonstrate that, by squeezing and/or moving the electron's wave function, spin rotations with Rabi frequencies on the order of tens of megahertz can be achieved with experimentally accessible parameters in both parabolic and square lateral quantum dots. Applications of parametric excitations for determining spin-orbit coupling parameters and for increasing the spin polarization in the electronic ground are demonstrated.

Abstract:
We present a theory for the electronic and magneto-optical properties of spherical quantum dots consisting of an inner core surrounded by an outer shell. This core-shell quantum dot is doped by magnetic Mn impurities all of which are implanted at a preselected radius on a spherical surface within the dot. The spherical symmetry of the dot is broken by the application of an external magnetic field. The electronic states in the presence of a magnetic field are treated in an effective mass model which includes the s-d and p-d exchange interaction with localized Mn d electrons. The strain in the quantum dot due to lattice mismatch between core and shell regions is assumed to be pseudomorphic and the effect of this strain field on the electronic states is also included. The optical properties of the quantum dot are computed using the effective mass electronic states and Fermi's golden rule.

Abstract:
Assisted hopping effects in magnetic impurities and quantum dots are analyzed. The magnitude of the assisted hopping term in a quantum dot in the limit of large level spacing is comparable to other corrections induced by the electron-electron interactions. Assisted hopping leads to differences between conductance peaks associated to the same level, and, when the effect is sufficiently strong, to local pairing correlations.

Fluorescent nanocrystals composed of
semiconductor materials were first introduced for biological applications in the
late 1990s. The focus of this review is to give a brief survey of biological applications
of quantum dots (QDs) at the single QD sensitivity
level. These are described as follows: 1) QD blinking and bleaching statistics, 2) the use of
QDs in high speed single
particle tracking with a special focus on how to design the biofunctional coatings
of QDs which enable specific targeting to single proteins or lipids of interest, 3) a hybrid lipid-DNA analogue binding
QDs which allows for tracking single lipids in lipid bilayers, 4) two-photon fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
of QDs and 5) optical trapping and excitation of single QDs. In all of these applications, the focus is on the single particle
sensitivity level of QDs. The high applicability of QDs in live cell imaging experiments
held together with the prospects in localization microscopy and single molecule
manipulation experiments gave QDs a promising future in single molecule research.

Abstract:
We study quantum states of electrons in magnetically doped quantum dots as a function of exchange coupling between electron and impurity spins, the strength of Coulomb interaction, confining potential, and the number of electrons. The magnetic phase diagram of quantum dots, doped with a large number of magnetic Mn impurities, can be described by the energy gap in the spectrum of electrons and the mean field electron-Mn exchange coupling. A competition between these two parameters leads to a transition between spin-unpolarized and spin-polarized states, in the absence of applied magnetic field. Tuning the energy gap by electrostatic control of nonparabolicity of the confining potential can enable control of magnetization even at the fixed number of electrons. We illustrate our findings by directly comparing Mn-doped quantum dots with parabolic and Gaussian confining potential.

Abstract:
We analyze the electronic transport through a quantum dot that contains a magnetic impurity. The coherent transport of electrons is governed by the quantum confinement inside the dot, but is also influenced by the exchange interaction with the impurity. The interplay between the two gives raise to the singlet-triplet splitting of the energy levels available for the tunneling electron. In this paper, we focus on the charge fluctuations and, more precisely, the height of the conductance peaks. We show that the conductance peaks corresponding to the triplet levels are three times higher than those corresponding to singlet levels, if electronic correlations are neglected (for non-interacting dots, when an exact solution can be obtained). Next, we consider the Coulomb repulsion and the many-body correlations. In this case, the singlet/triplet peak height ratio has a complex behavior. Usually the highest peak corresponds to the state that is lowest in energy (ground state), regardless if it is singlet or triplet. In the end, we get an insight on the Kondo regime for such a system, and show the formation of three Kondo peaks. We use the equation of motion method with appropriate decoupling.

Abstract:
Similar to atoms and nuclei, semiconductor quantum dots exhibit formation of shells. Predictions of magnetic behavior of the dots are often based on the shell occupancies. Thus, closed-shell quantum dots are assumed to be inherently nonmagnetic. Here, we propose a possibility of magnetism in such dots doped with magnetic impurities. On the example of the system of two interacting fermions, the simplest embodiment of the closed-shell structure, we demonstrate the emergence of a novel broken-symmetry ground state that is neither spin-singlet nor spin-triplet. We propose experimental tests of our predictions and the magnetic-dot structures to perform them.

Abstract:
Studies of the effects of the Hund's rule coupling J_H in multiple orbit impurities or quantum dots using different models have led to quite different predictions for the Kondo temperature T_K as a function of J_H. We show that the differences depend on whether or not the models conserve orbital angular momentum about the impurity site. Using numerical renormalization group (NRG) calculations, we deduce the renormalized parameters for the Fermi liquid regime, and show that, despite the differences between the models, the low energy fixed point in the strong correlation regime is universal with a single energy scale T_K, and just two renormalized interaction parameters, a renormalized single orbital term, U = 4T_K, and renormalized Hund's rule term, J_H = 8T_K/3.

Abstract:
We present a theory and Coulomb and Spin Blockade spectroscopy experiments on quantum Hall droplets with controlled electron numbers (N1,N2) in laterally coupled gated quantum dots. The theory is based on the configuration interaction method (CI) coupled with the unrestricted Hartree-Fock (URHF) basis. It allows us to calculate the magnetic field evolution of ground and excited states of coupled quantum dots with large electron numbers. The method is applied to the spin transitions in the (5,5) droplet. Preliminary experimental results demonstrate the creation of the (5,5) droplet and its Spin Blockade spectra.