Abstract:
We have measured resistivity as a function of temperature and pressure of Ti4O7 twinned crystals using different contact configurations. Pressures over 4kbar depress the localization of bipolarons and allow the study of the electrical conduction of the bipolaronic phase down to low temperatures. For pressures P > 40 kbar the bipolaron formation transition is suppressed and a nearly pressure independent behavior is obtained for the resistivity. We observed an anisotropic conduction. When current is injected parallel to the principal axis, a metallic conduction with interacting carrier effects is predominant. A superconducting state was not obtained down to 1.2 K, although evidences of the proximity of a quantum critical point were noticed. While when current is injected non-parallel to the crystal's principal axis, we obtained a logarithmic divergence of the resistivity at low temperatures. For this case, our results for the high pressure regime can be interpreted in the framework of interacting carriers (polarons or bipolarons) scattered by Two Level Systems.

Abstract:
We propose that the experimentally observed resistivity upturn of cuprates at low temperatures may be explained by properly accounting for the effects of disorder in a strongly correlated metallic host. Within a calculation of the DC conductivity using real-space diagonalization of a Hubbard model treated in an inhomogeneous unrestricted Hartree-Fock approximation, we find that correlations induce magnetic droplets around impurities, and give rise to additional magnetic scattering which causes the resistivity upturn. A pseudogap in the density of states is shown to enhance both the disorder-induced magnetic state and the resistivity upturns.

Abstract:
There is strong experimental evidence for pairing of polaronic carriers in the normal state, two distinct energy scales, d-wave superconducting order parameter,and charge segregation in the form of stripes in several cuprates.All these remarkable phenomena might be unified in the framework of the bipolaron theory as a result of the formation of mobile bipolarons in the normal state and their Bose-Einstein condensation. Extending the BCS theory towards an intermediate and strong-coupling regime we show that there are two energy scales in this regime, a temperature independent incoherent gap and a temperature dependent coherent gap combining into one temperature dependent global gap. The temperature dependence of the gap and single particle (Giaver) tunnelling spectra in cuprates are quantitatively described. A framework for understanding of two distinct energy scales observed in Giaver tunnelling and Andreev reflection experiments is provided. We suggest that both d-wave superconducting order parameter and striped charge distribution result from the bipolaron (center-of-mass) energy band dispersion rather than from any particular interaction.

Abstract:
Statistical inference based on divergence measures have a long history. Recently, Maji, Ghosh and Basu (2014) have introduced a general family of divergences called the logarithmic super divergence (LSD) family. This family acts as a superfamily for both of the logarithmic power divergence (LPD) family (eg. Renyi, 1961) and the logarithmic density power divergence (LDPD)family introduced by Jones et al. (2001). In this paper we describe the asymptotic properties of the inference procedures resulting from this divergence in discrete models. The properties are well supported by real data examples.

Abstract:
This paper introduces a new superfamily of divergences that is similar in spirit to the S-divergence family introduced by Ghosh et al. (2013). This new family serves as an umbrella that contains the logarithmic power divergence family (Renyi, 1961; Maji, Chakraborty and Basu 2014) and the logarithmic density power divergence family (Jones et al., 2001) as special cases. Various properties of this new family and the corresponding minimum distance procedures are discussed with particular emphasis on the robustness issue; these properties are demonstrated through simulation studies. In particular the method demonstrates the limitation of the first order influence function in assessing the robustness of the corresponding minimum distance procedures.

Abstract:
Impurity induced low temperature upturns in both the ab-plane and the c-axis dc-resistivities of cuprates in the pseudogap state have been observed in experiments. We provide an explanation of this phenomenon by incorporating impurity scattering of the charge carriers within a phenomenological model by Yang-Rice-Zhang in this regime. The scattering between charge carriers and the impurity atom is considered within the lowest order Born approximation. Resistivity is calculated within Kubo formula using the impurity renormalized spectral functions. Using physical parameters for cuprates, we describe qualitative features of the upturn phenomena and its doping evolution that coincides with the experimental findings and we stress the role of strong electronic correlations.

Abstract:
The behaviour of the Hall ratio $R_{H}(T)$ as a function of temperature is one of the most intriguing normal state properties of cuprate superconductors. One feature of all the data is a maximum of $R_{H}(T)$ in the normal state that broadens and shifts to temperatures well above $T_c$ with decreasing doping. We show that a model of preformed pairs-bipolarons provides a selfconsistent quantitative description of $R_{H}(T)$ together with in-plane resistivity and uniform magnetic susceptibility for a wide range of doping.

Abstract:
We demonstrate that the resistivity data of a number of high Tc cuprates, in particular La(2-x)SrxCuO4, are consistent with resistivity saturation, although the Ioffe-Regel condition is strongly violated. By using the f-sum rule together with calculations of the kinetic energy in the t-J model, we show that the saturation resistivity is unusually large. This is related to the strong reduction of the kinetic energy due to strong correlation effects. The fulfilment of the Ioffe-Regel condition for conventional transition metal compounds is found to be somewhat accidental.

Abstract:
The pseudogap phase of the underdoped cuprates is the host to a variety of novel electronic phenomenon. An example is the dc-resistivity which shows metallic behaviour in the ab-plane, while the c-axis response is insulating. We apply a model, originally formulated by Yang, Rice, and Zhang, to study the resistivity in the pseudogap phase. This model is able to reproduce the qualitative features of the resistivity, including the systematic deviations from linear behaviour for the in-plane conductivity, and the insulating behaviour along the c-axis. We compare this to the predictions of the arc model and find similar qualitative behaviour. We find that the most important element in understanding the resistivity is the reconstruction of the Fermi surface, which puts strong restrictions on the number of quasiparticles allowed to participate in dc-transport.