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Antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling in Fe/c-SiFe/Fe sandwiches and multilayers  [PDF]
J. M. Alonso Pruneda,R. Robles,S. Bouarab,J. Ferrer,A. Vega
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: We report the first ab-initio study of the interlayer exchange coupling in Fe/c-FeSi/Fe sandwiches and Fe/c-FeSi multilayers. We perform several structural studies, which show the stability of the CsCl arrangement seen experimentally for the spacer. We find antiferromagnetic coupling between the Fe slabs for spacer thicknesses smaller than about 15 $\AA$, for both sandwiches and multilayers structures. We also study the effect of pinholes, interface roughness or structural misconfigurations of the spacer on the sign and magnitude of the exchange constant J. We finally show that the asymptotic behavior of J is determined by a flat band of the c-FeSi spacer, located at the M point in the Brillouin zone.
INTERLAYER COUPLING AND MAGNETORESISTANT EFFECT IN THE [Fe/Cr] MULTILAYERS DOPED WITH Si LAYERS
[Fe/Cr]多层膜及掺入Si中介层后的层间耦合和磁电阻效应

HU YONG-JIAN,PENG CHU-BING,FANG RUI-YI,LI WEI-JUN,DAI DAO-SHENG,
胡永健
,彭初兵,方瑞宜,李文君,戴道生

物理学报 , 1996,
Abstract: Fe/Cr],Fe/Cr/Si] and Fe/Si] multilayered systems were prepared by the vacuum evaporating method. The effects of the altered space thicknesses of the nonmagnetic Cr,Si and Cr+Si layers on the exchange coupling and the magneto resistance of those multilayers were studied. The Fe layers were fixed on 2.0nm. The oscillation of the interlayer coupling and the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) and its oscillation with the change of the Cr layer thickness were observed. The GMR was 14.6% at 4.2K. Three was no oscillatory effect of the exchange coupling and GMR in the Fe/Si] and Fe/Cr/Si] multilayers was found. According to the increases of the resistivity of the samples doped with Si layers, we believe the conducting electrons in the nonmagnetic layers should decrease largely. This would be the cause to reduce the polarization effect of those electrons in the space layers. Then the oscillatory exchange coupling disappeared and the magnetoresistance was much reduced.
Interlayer exchange coupling in (Ga,Mn)As based multilayers  [PDF]
A. D. Giddings,T. Jungwirth,B. L. Gallagher
Statistics , 2006, DOI: 10.1002/pssc.200672834
Abstract: Exhibiting antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling in dilute magnetic semiconductor multilayers is essential for the realisation of magnetoresistances analogous to giant magnetoresistance in metallic multilayer structures. In this work we use a mean-field theory of carrier induced ferromagnetism to explore possible (Ga,Mn)As based multilayer structures that might yield antiferromagnetic coupling.
INTERLAYER EXCHANGE COUPLING IN COMPLEX MAGNETIC MULTILAYERS

Zhang Xiang-dong,Li Lie-ming,Li Bo-zang,Pu Fu-cho,

中国物理 B , 1998,
Abstract: We extend the hole confinement model of Edwards et al. to the problem of two kinds of complex magnetic sandwich structures. One is the magnetic sandwich covered on both sides by nonmagnetic films(case 1) and the other is that covered by magnetic films(case 2). The interlayer exchange coupling and the angular dependence of coupling energy in the two cases are investigated systematically. For case 1, our results show that the magnetic and outer nonmagnetic films influence significantly the oscillation behavior of exchange coupling and the appearance of noncollinear exchange coupling is very sensitive to the thickness of magnetic and outer nonmagnetic layers. Our results also show that the nonoscillatory component of the coupling generally varies with the thickness of magnetic(outer nonmagnetic) films and the results in the case where the thickness of both magnetic(outer nonmagnetic) films vary simultaneously are significantly different from that in the case where the thickness of one of the two magnetic(outer nonmagnetic) films is fixed while the other is varied, which is qualitatively in agreement with the experimental measurements. For case 2, the exponential dependence of exchange coupling on the thickness of the intermagnetic layer has been obtained, similar to the Parkin's experimental results for giant magnetoresistance.
The combined effect of temperature and disorder on interlayer exchange coupling in magnetic multilayers  [PDF]
Vaclav Drchal,Josef Kudrnovsky,Patrick Bruno,Peter Dederichs,Peter Weinberger
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1080/014186398257862
Abstract: We study the combined effect of temperature and disorder in the spacer on the interlayer exchange coupling. The temperature dependence is treated on ab initio level. We employ the spin-polarized surface Green function technique within the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital method and the Lloyd formulation of the IEC. The integrals involving the Fermi-Dirac distribution are calculated using an efficient method based on representation of integrands by a sum of complex exponentials. Application is made to Co/Cu_{100-x}M_x/Co(001) trilayers (M=Zn, Au, and Ni) with varying thicknesses of the spacer.
Control of interlayer exchange coupling in Fe/Cr/Fe trilayers by ion beam irradiation  [PDF]
S. O. Demokritov,C. Bayer,S. Poppe,M. Rickart,J. Fassbender,B. Hillebrands,D. I. Kholin,N. M. Kreines,O. M. Liedke
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.097201
Abstract: The manipulation of the antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling in the epitaxial Fe/Cr/Fe(001) trilayer system by moderate 5 keV He ion beam irradiation has been investigated experimentally. It is shown that even for irradiation with very low fluences (10^14 ions/cm^2) a drastic change in strength of the coupling appears. For thin Cr-spacers (below 0.6 - 0.7 nm) the coupling strength decreases with fluence, becoming ferromagnetic for fluences above (2x10^14 ions/cm^2). The effect is connected with the creation of magnetic bridges in the layered system due to atomic exchange events caused by the bombardment. For thicker Cr spacers (0.8 - 1.2 nm) an enhancement of the antiferromagnetic coupling strength is found. A possible explanation of the enhancement effect is given.
Tailoring Interlayer Exchange Coupling of Ferromagnetic Films Across MgO with Fe Nanoclusters  [PDF]
Jared J. I. Wong,Luciana Ramirez,A. G. Swartz,A. Hoff,Wei Han,Yan Li,R. K. Kawakami
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.094406
Abstract: We investigate the interlayer exchange coupling in Fe/MgO/Fe and Fe/MgO/Co systems with magnetic Fe nanoclusters embedded in the MgO spacer. Samples are grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and utilize wedged MgO films to independently vary the film thickness and the position of the Fe nanoclusters. Depending on the position of the Fe nanoclusters, the bilinear coupling (J1) exhibits strong variations in magnitude and can even switch between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic. This effect is explained by the magnetic coupling between the ferromagnetic films and the magnetic nanoclusters. Interestingly, the coupling of Fe nanoclusters to a Co film is 160% stronger than their coupling to a Fe film (at MgO spacing of 0.56 nm). This is much greater than the coupling difference of 20% observed in the analogous thin film systems (i.e. Fe/MgO/Co vs. Fe/MgO/Fe), identifying an interesting nano-scaling effect related to the coupling between films and nanoclusters.
Energy Functional dependence of exchange coupling and magnetic properties of Fe/Nb multilayers  [PDF]
Nitya Nath Shukla,R. Prasad
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.70.014420
Abstract: We present an $\it{ab}$ $\it{initio}$ calculation of the exchange coupling for Fe/Nb multilayers using the self-consistent full-potential linearized augmented-plane wave (FLAPW) method. The exchange correlation potential has been treated in the local spin density approximation (LSDA) as well as generalized gradient approximation (GGA). We find that for the LSDA as well as the GGA the exchange coupling oscillates with a period of 6.0 \AA of Nb spacer thickness which is close to the experimental value in the preasymptotic region. This is also close to the earlier calculated period (i.e. 4.5 \AA) by augmented spherical wave (ASW) method. The LSDA shows antiferromagnetic coupling for 2 and 5 Nb monolayers (ML) but the GGA shows the ferromagnetic coupling for all Nb spacer layers. The period of oscillation is found to be in good agreement with the period calculated using the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) and quantum well (QW) models. The magnetic moment of Fe is found to be higher in the GGA than the LSDA. Fe magnetic moment also shows strong oscillations as a function of the spacer layer thickness, in agreement with the experimental results. We find that the GGA results show better agreement with the experiment than the LSDA results.
c(2x2) Interface Alloys in Co/Cu Multilayers - Influence on Interlayer Exchange Coupling and GMR  [PDF]
Peter Zahn,Ingrid Mertig
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.63.104412
Abstract: The influence of a c(2x2) ordered interface alloy of 3d transition metals at the ferromagnet/nonmagnet interface on interlayer exchange coupling (IXC), the formation of quantum well states (QWS) and the phenomenon of Giant MagnetoResistance is investigated. We obtained a strong dependence of IXC on interface alloy formation. The GMR ratio is also strongly influenced. We found that Fe, Ni and Cu alloys at the interface enhance the GMR ratio for in-plane geometry by nearly a factor of 2.
MAGNETIC POLARIZATION OF Pd SPACERS AND OSCILLATORY EXCHANGE COUPLING BETWEEN Fe AND Pd LAYERS IN Fe/Pd MULTILAYERS

MEI LIANG-MO,LI MIN,XIE SHI-JIE,LIU YI-HUA,XU RONG-LI,

中国物理 B , 1996,
Abstract: Ay oscillatory behavior in specific saturation magnetization of Fe/Pd multilayers is observed. The conversion electron M?ssbauer spectroscopy and other experiments indicate that this behavior is caused by the magnetic polarization of Pd spacers, which alternates between positive and negative polarization with respect to the magnetic moments of Fe layers. The interlayer coupling between two Fe layers always keeps ferromagnetic. Then, the interlayer couplings in ferromagnetic metal/nearly ferromagnetic metal multilayers were calculated By using the model of Barnas. The results of calculation prove that the above phenomenon might appear under some condition. The influence of magnetic polarization potential of spacers and interface chemical potential on the interlayer couplings is also discussed.
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