Abstract:
We show that bosonization in two dimensions can be derived as a special case of the duality transformations that have recently been used to good effect in string theory. This allows the construction of the bosonic counterpart of any fermionic theory simply by `following your nose' using the standard duality transformation rules. We work through the bosonization of the Dirac fermion, the massive and massless Thirring models, and a fermion on a cylindrical spacetime as illustrative examples.

Abstract:
Applying the techniques of nonabelian duality to a system of Majorana fermions in 1+1 dimensions we obtain the level-one Wess-Zumino-Witten model as the dual theory. This makes nonabelian bosonization a particular case of a nonabelian duality transformation, generalizing our previous result (hep-th/9401105) for the abelian case.

Abstract:
The bosonization and duality rules in three-dimensions are applied to analyze some features of superfluids and superconductors. The energy of an ensemble of vortices in a superfluid is recovered by means of a kind of bound which, to some extent, shares similarity with the Bogomol'nyi bound. In the case of superconductors, after recasting the partition function in the form of a pure effective gauge theory, the existence of finite energy vortex solutions is discussed

Abstract:
We show that abelian bosonization of 1+1 dimensional fermion systems can be interpreted as duality transformation and, as a conseguence, it can be generalized to arbitrary dimensions in terms of gauge forms of rank $d-1$, where $d$ is the dimension of the space. This permit to treat condensed matter systems in $d>1$ as gauge theories. Furthermore we show that in the ``scaling" limit the bosonized action is quadratic in a wide class of condensed matter systems. (Talk given at ``Common trends in Condensed Matter and High Energy Physics", September 3--10, 1995 -- Chia).

Abstract:
We present a path-integral bosonization approach for systems out of equilibrium based on a duality transformation of the original Dirac fermion theory combined with the Schwinger-Keldysh time closed contour technique, to handle the non-equilibrium situation. The duality approach to bosonization that we present is valid for $D \geq 2$ space-time dimensions leading for $D=2$ to exact results. In this last case we present the bosonization rules for fermion currents, calculate current-current correlation functions and establish the connection between the fermionic and bosonic distribution functions in a generic, nonequilibrium situation.

Abstract:
We extend standard path-integral techniques of bosonization and duality to the setting of noncommutative geometry. We start by constructing the bosonization prescription for a free Dirac fermion living in the noncommutative plane R_\theta^2. We show that in this abelian situation the fermion theory is dual to a noncommutative Wess-Zumino-Witten model. The non-abelian situation is also constructed along very similar lines. We apply the techniques derived to the massive Thirring model on noncommutative R_\theta^2 and show that it is dualized to a noncommutative WZW model plus a noncommutative cosine potential (like in the noncommutative Sine-Gordon model). The coupling constants in the fermionic and bosonic models are related via strong-weak coupling duality. This is thus an explicit construction of S-duality in a noncommutative field theory.

Abstract:
We develop a bosonization procedure on the half line. Different boundary conditions, formulated in terms of the vector and axial fermion currents, are implemented by using in general the mixed boundary condition on the bosonic field. The interplay between symmetries and boundary conditions is investigated in this context, with a particular emphasis on duality. As an application, we explicitly construct operator solutions of the massless Thirring model on the half line, respecting different boundary conditions.

Abstract:
We formulate a complete path integral bosonization procedure for any fermionic theory in two dimensions. The method works equally well for massive and massless fermions, and is a generalization of an approach suggested earlier by Andrianov. The classical action of the bosons in the bosonized theory is identified with -i times the logarithm of the Jacobian of a local chiral transformation, with the boson fields as transformation parameters. Three examples, the Schwinger model, the massive Thirring model and massive non-Abelian bosonization, are worked out.

Abstract:
Starting from a reformulation of the Thirring model as a gauge theory, we consider the bosonization of the $D$-dimensional multiflavor massive Thirring model $(D \ge 2)$ with four-fermion interaction of the current-current type. Our method leads to a novel interpolating Lagrangian written in terms of two gauge fields. Especially we pay attention to the case of very massive fermion $m \gg 1$ in (2+1) and (1+1) dimensions. Up to the next-to-leading order of $1/m$, we show that the (2+1)-dimensional massive Thirring model is mapped to the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and that the (1+1)-dimensional massive Thirring model is equivalent to the massive free scalar field theory. In the process of the bosonization of the Thirring model, we point out the importance of the gauge-invariant formulation. Finally we discuss a possibility of extending this method to the non-Abelian case.