Abstract:
The application of Regge calculus, a lattice formulation of general relativity, is reviewed in the context of numerical relativity. Particular emphasis is placed on problems of current computational interest, and the strengths and weaknesses of the lattice approach are highlighted. Several new and illustrative applications are presented, including initial data for the head on collision of two black holes, and the time evolution of vacuum axisymmetric Brill waves.

Abstract:
We briefly review past applications of Regge calculus in classical numerical relativity, and then outline a programme for the future development of the field. We briefly describe the success of lattice gravity in constructing initial data for the head-on collision of equal mass black holes, and discuss recent results on the efficacy of Regge calculus in the continuum limit.

Abstract:
Motivated by a recent study casting doubt on the correspondence between Regge calculus and general relativity in the continuum limit, we explore a mechanism by which the simplicial solutions can converge whilst the residual of the Regge equations evaluated on the continuum solutions does not. By directly constructing simplicial solutions for the Kasner cosmology we show that the oscillatory behaviour of the discrepancy between the Einstein and Regge solutions reconciles the apparent conflict between the results of Brewin and those of previous studies. We conclude that solutions of Regge calculus are, in general, expected to be second order accurate approximations to the corresponding continuum solutions.

Abstract:
We will ask the question of whether or not the Regge calculus (and two related simplicial formulations) is a consistent approximation to General Relativity. Our criteria will be based on the behaviour of residual errors in the discrete equations when evaluated on solutions of the Einstein equations. We will show that for generic simplicial lattices the residual errors can not be used to distinguish metrics which are solutions of Einstein's equations from those that are not. We will conclude that either the Regge calculus is an inconsistent approximation to General Relativity or that it is incorrect to use residual errors in the discrete equations as a criteria to judge the discrete equations.

Abstract:
While there has been some advance in the use of Regge calculus as a tool in numerical relativity, the main progress in Regge calculus recently has been in quantum gravity. After a brief discussion of this progress, attention is focussed on two particular, related aspects. Firstly, the possible definitions of diffeomorphisms or gauge transformations in Regge calculus are examined and examples are given. Secondly, an investigation of the signature of the simplicial supermetric is described. This is the Lund-Regge metric on simplicial configuration space and defines the distance between simplicial three-geometries. Information on its signature can be used to extend the rather limited results on the signature of the supermetric in the continuum case. This information is obtained by a combination of analytic and numerical techniques. For the three-sphere and the three-torus, the numerical results agree with the analytic ones and show the existence of degeneracy and signature change. Some ``vertical'' directions in simplicial configuration space, corresponding to simplicial metrics related by gauge transformations, are found for the three-torus.

Abstract:
The role of Regge calculus as a tool for numerical relativity is discussed, and a parallelizable implicit evolution scheme described. Because of the structure of the Regge equations, it is possible to advance the vertices of a triangulated spacelike hypersurface in isolation, solving at each vertex a purely local system of implicit equations for the new edge-lengths involved. (In particular, equations of global ``elliptic-type'' do not arise.) Consequently, there exists a parallel evolution scheme which divides the vertices into families of non-adjacent elements and advances all the vertices of a family simultaneously. The relation between the structure of the equations of motion and the Bianchi identities is also considered. The method is illustrated by a preliminary application to a 600--cell Friedmann cosmology. The parallelizable evolution algorithm described in this paper should enable Regge calculus to be a viable discretization technique in numerical relativity.

Abstract:
We present techniques for successfully performing numerical relativity simulations of binary black holes with fourth-order accuracy. Our simulations are based on a new coding framework which currently supports higher order finite differencing for the BSSN formulation of Einstein's equations, but which is designed to be readily applicable to a broad class of formulations. We apply our techniques to a standard set of numerical relativity test problems, demonstrating the fourth-order accuracy of the solutions. Finally we apply our approach to binary black hole head-on collisions, calculating the waveforms of gravitational radiation generated and demonstrating significant improvements in waveform accuracy over second-order methods with typically achievable numerical resolution.

Abstract:
Encountered in the literature generalisations of general relativity to independent area variables are considered, the discrete (generalised Regge calculus) and continuum ones. The generalised Regge calculus can be either with purely area variables or, as we suggest, with area tensor-connection variables. Just for the latter, in particular, we prove that in analogy with corresponding statement in ordinary Regge calculus (by Feinberg, Friedberg, Lee and Ren), passing to the (appropriately defined) continuum limit yields the generalised continuum area tensor-connection general relativity.

Abstract:
Geodesic deviation is the most basic manifestation of the influence of gravitational fields on matter. We investigate geodesic deviation within the framework of Regge calculus, and compare the results with the continuous formulation of general relativity on two different levels. We show that the continuum and simplicial descriptions coincide when the cumulative effect of the Regge contributions over an infinitesimal element of area is considered. This comparison provides a quantitative relation between the curvature of the continuous description and the deficit angles of Regge calculus. The results presented might also be of help in developing generic ways of including matter terms in the Regge equations.

Abstract:
A first order form of Regge calculus is defined in the spirit of Palatini's action for general relativity. The extra independent variables are the interior dihedral angles of a simplex, with conjugate variables the areas of the triangles. There is a discussion of the extent to which these areas can be used to parameterise the space of edge lengths of a simplex.