Abstract:
Frequency sum rules are derived in extended quantum systems of non relativistic fermions from a minimal set of assumptions on dynamics in infinite volume, for ground and thermal states invariant under space translations or a lattice subgroup. For the jellium Coulomb model, they imply the one point result for the plasmon energy spectrum in the zero momentum limit. In general, the density waves energy spectrum is shown to converge, in the limit of large wavelenght, to a point measure at zero frequency, for any number of fermion fields and potentials with integrable second derivatives. For low momentum, <\omega^2(k)> ~ k^2 for potentials V with r^2 d_i d_j V integrable, <\omega^2(k)> ~ k^{a-d+2} for potentials decaying at infinity as 1/r^a, d-2 < a < d, d the space dimensions. For one component models with short range interactions, the fourth momentum of the frequency is expressed, at lowest order in k, purely in terms of the three point correlation function of the density.

Abstract:
Relativistic fermions on a lattice are shown to correspond to the $fluctuations$ in the localized nonrelativistic fermions. Therefore, in contrast to nonrelativistic case, the relativistic fermions are critical with universal exponents described by the strong coupling limit of the nonrelativistic problem. The fluctuations also describe $anisotropic$ spin chain at the onset to {\it long range magnetic order} whose universality class is the Ising model. This generalizes the universality in spin models to include multifractal exponents. Finally, analogous to the nonrelativistic case, the relativistic fermions may exhibit ballistic character due to correlations.

Abstract:
We compute mean field phase diagrams of two closely related interacting fermion models in two spatial dimensions (2D). The first is the so-called 2D t-t'-V model describing spinless fermions on a square lattice with local hopping and density-density interactions. The second is the so-called 2D Luttinger model that provides an effective description of the 2D t-t'-V model and in which parts of the fermion degrees of freedom are treated exactly by bosonization. In mean field theory, both models have a charge-density-wave (CDW) instability making them gapped at half-filling. The 2D t-t'-V model has a significant parameter regime away from half-filling where neither the CDW nor the normal state are thermodynamically stable. We show that the 2D Luttinger model allows to obtain more detailed information about this mixed region. In particular, we find in the 2D Luttinger model a partially gapped phase that, as we argue, can be described by an exactly solvable model.

Abstract:
In the paper a new class of exact localized solutions of Dirac's equation in the field of a circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field is presented. These solutions possess unusual properties and are applicable only to relativistic fermions. The problem of the magnetic resonance is considered in the framework of the classical theory of fields. It is shown that interpretation of the magnetic resonance for relativistic fermions must be changed. Numerical examples of parameters of the electromagnetic wave, constant magnetic field and the localization length scale for real measurements are presented.

Abstract:
We consider the (2n+1)-dimensional euclidean Dirac operator with a mass term that looks like a domain wall, recently proposed by Kaplan to describe chiral fermions in $2n$ dimensions. In the continuum case we show that the euclidean spectrum contains {\it no} bound states with non-zero momentum. On the lattice, a bound state spectrum without energy gap exists only if $m$ is fine tuned to some special values, and the dispersion relation does not describe a relativistic fermion. In spite of these peculiarities, the fermionic propagator {\it has} the expected (1/p-slash) pole on the domain wall. But there may be a problem with the phase of the fermionic determinant at the non-perturbative level.

Abstract:
We study the effects of generic short-ranged interactions on a system of 2D Dirac fermions subject to a special kind of static disorder, often referred to as ``chiral.'' The non-interacting system is a member of the disorder class BDI [M. R. Zirnbauer, J. Math. Phys. 37, 4986 (1996)]. It emerges, for example, as a low-energy description of a time-reversal invariant tight-binding model of spinless fermions on a honeycomb lattice, subject to random hopping, and possessing particle-hole symmetry. It is known that, in the absence of interactions, this disordered system is special in that it does not localize in 2D, but possesses extended states and a finite conductivity at zero energy, as well as a strongly divergent low-energy density of states. In the context of the hopping model, the short-range interactions that we consider are particle-hole symmetric density-density interactions. Using a perturbative one-loop renormalization group analysis, we show that the same mechanism responsible for the divergence of the density of states in the non-interacting system leads to an instability, in which the interactions are driven strongly relevant by the disorder. This result should be contrasted with the limit of clean Dirac fermions in 2D, which is stable against the inclusion of weak short-ranged interactions. Our work suggests a novel mechanism wherein a clean system, initially insensitive to interaction effects, can be made unstable to interactions upon the inclusion of weak static disorder.

Abstract:
We consider the fermion spectrum in the strong coupling vortex phase of a lattice fermion-scalar model with a global $U(1)_L\times U(1)_R$, in 2D, in the context of a recently proposed two-cutoff lattice formulation. The fermion doublers are made massive by a strong Wilson-Yukawa coupling, but in contrast with the standard formulation of these models, in which the light fermion spectrum was found to be massive and vectorlike, we find massless undoubled fermions with chiral quantum numbers at finite lattice spacing. When the global symmetry is gauged, this model is expected to give rise to a chiral gauge theory.

Abstract:
The quon algebra describes particles, ``quons,'' that are neither fermions nor bosons using a label q that parametrizes a smooth interpolation between bosons (q = +1) and fermions (q = -1). We derive ``conservation of statistics'' relations for quons in relativistic theories, and show that in relativistic theories quons must be either bosons or fermions.

Abstract:
We present results for the b \bar b spectrum obtained using an O(M_bv^6)-correct non-relativistic lattice QCD action, where M_b denotes the bare b-quark mass and v^2 is the mean squared quark velocity. Propagators are evaluated on SESAM's three sets of dynamical gauge configurations generated with two flavours of Wilson fermions at beta = 5.6. These results, the first of their kind obtained with dynamical Wilson fermions, are compared to a quenched analysis at equivalent lattice spacing, beta = 6.0. Using our three sea-quark values we perform the ``chiral'' extrapolation to m_eff = m_s/3, where m_s denotes the strange quark mass. The light quark mass dependence is found to be small in relation to the statistical errors. Comparing the full QCD result to our quenched simulation we find better agreement of our dynamical data with experimental results in the spin-independent sector but observe no unquenching effects in hyperfine-splittings. To pin down the systematic errors we have also compared quenched results in different ``tadpole'' schemes as well as using a lower order action. We find that spin-splittings with an O(M_bv^4) action are O(10%) higher compared to O(M_bv^6) results. Relative to the results obtained with the plaquette method the Landau gauge mean link tadpole scheme raises the spin splittings by about the same margin so that our two improvements are opposite in effect.

Abstract:
We extend the derivation of the time-dependent Hartree-Fock equation recently obtained in [2] to fermions with a relativistic dispersion law. The main new ingredient is the propagation of semiclassical commutator bounds along the pseudo-relativistic Hartree-Fock evolution.