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Selective Optical Charge Generation, Storage and Readout in a Single Self Assembled Quantum Dot  [PDF]
D. Heiss,V. Jovanov,M. Caesar,M. Bichler,G. Abstreiter,J. J. Finley
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1063/1.3079658
Abstract: We report the investigation of a single quantum dot charge storage device. The device allows selective optical charging of a single dot with electrons, storage of these charges over timescales much longer than microseconds and reliable optical readout of the charge occupancy using a time gated photoluminescence technique. This device enables us to directly investigate the electric field dependent tunneling escape dynamics of electrons at high electric fields over timescales up to 4 us. The results demonstrate that such structures and measurement techniques can be used to investigate charge and spin dynamics in single quantum dots over microsecond timescales.
Optical readout of charge and spin in a self-assembled quantum dot in a strong magnetic field  [PDF]
M. Korkusinski,P. Hawrylak,A. Babinski,M. Potemski,S. Raymond,Z. Wasilewski
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/79/47005
Abstract: We present a theory and experiment demonstrating optical readout of charge and spin in a single InAs/GaAs self-assembled quantum dot. By applying a magnetic field we create the filling factor 2 quantum Hall singlet phase of the charged exciton. Increasing or decreasing the magnetic field leads to electronic spin-flip transitions and increasing spin polarization. The increasing total spin of electrons appears as a manifold of closely spaced emission lines, while spin flips appear as discontinuities of emission lines. The number of multiplets and discontinuities measures the number of carriers and their spin. We present a complete analysis of the emission spectrum of a single quantum dot with N=4 electrons and a single hole, calculated and measured in magnetic fields up to 23 Tesla.
Dynamics of Charge Leakage From Self-assembled CdTe Quantum Dots  [PDF]
?ukasz K?opotowski,Mateusz Goryca,Tomasz Kazimierczuk,Piotr Kossacki,Piotr Wojnar,Grzegorz Karczewski,Tomasz Wojtowicz
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1063/1.3430524
Abstract: We study the leakage dynamics of charge stored in an ensemble of CdTe quantum dots embedded in a field-effect structure. Optically excited electrons are stored and read out by a proper time sequence of bias pulses. We monitor the dynamics of electron loss and find that the rate of the leakage is strongly dependent on time, which we attribute to an optically generated electric field related to the stored charge. A rate equation model quantitatively reproduces the results.
Infrared transmission spectroscopy of charge carriers in self-assembled InAs quantum dots under surface electric fields  [PDF]
Shovon Pal,Sascha R. Valentin,Nadezhda Kukharchyk,Hanond Nong,Alireza B. Parsa,Gunther Eggeler,Arne Ludwig,Nathan Jukam,Andreas D. Wieck
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/26/50/505801
Abstract: We present a study on the intersublevel spacings of electrons and holes in a single layer of InAs self-assembled quantum dots (SAQDs) using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) transmission spectroscopy without the application of an external magnetic field. Epitaxial, complementary-doped and semi-transparent electrostatic gates are grown within the ultra high vacuum conditions of molecular beam epitaxy to voltage-tune the device, while a two dimensional electron gas (2DEG) serves as back contact. Spacings of the hole sublevels are indirectly calculated using the photoluminescence spectroscopy along with FTIR spectroscopy. The observed spacings fit well to the calculated values for both electrons and holes. Additionally, the intersubband resonances of the 2DEG are enhanced due to the QD layer on top of the device.
Probing microwave capacitance of self-assembled quantum dots  [PDF]
Guanglei Cheng,Jeremy Levy,Gilberto Medeiros-Ribeiro
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Self-assembled quantum dots have remarkable optical, electronic and spintronic properties that make them leading candidates for quantum information technologies. Their characterization requires rapid and local determination of both charge and spin degrees of freedom. We present a way to probe the capacitance of small ensembles of quantum dots at microwave frequencies. The technique employs a capacitance sensor based on a microwave microstrip resonator with sensitivity ~10^(-19) F/rt(Hz), high enough to probe single electrons. The integration of this design in a scanning microscope will provide an important tool for investigating single charge and spin dynamics in self-assembled quantum dot systems.
Correlated charge detection for read-out of a solid state quantum computer  [PDF]
T. M. Buehler,D. J. Reilly,R. Brenner,A. R. Hamilton,A. S. Dzurak,R. G. Clark
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1063/1.1539904
Abstract: The single electron transistor (SET) is a prime candidate for reading out the final state of a qubit in a solid state quantum computer. Such a measurement requires the detection of sub-electron charge motion in the presence of random charging events. We present a detection scheme where the signals from two SETs are cross-correlated to suppress unwanted artifacts due to charge noise. This technique is demonstrated by using the two SETs to detect the charge state of two tunnel junction - coupled metal dots, thereby simulating charge transfer and readout in a two qubit system. These measurements indicate that for comparable buried dopant semiconductor architectures the minimum measurement time required to distinguish between the two charge states is of the order of 10 ns.
Simultaneous readout of two charge qubits  [PDF]
J. Li,G. Johansson
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.085312
Abstract: We consider a system of two solid state charge qubits, coupled to a single read-out device, consisting of a single-electron transistor (SET). The conductance of each tunnel junction is influenced by its neighboring qubit, and thus the current through the transistor is determined by the qubits' state. The full counting statistics of the electrons passing the transistor is calculated, and we discuss qubit dephasing, as well as the quantum efficiency of the readout. The current measurement is then compared to readout using real-time detection of the SET island's charge state. For the latter method we show that the quantum efficiency is always unity. Comparing the two methods a simple geometrical interpretation of the quantum efficiency of the current measurement appears. Finally, we note that full quantum efficiency in some cases can be achieved measuring the average charge of the SET island, in addition to the average current.
Enhanced charge detection of spin qubit readout via an intermediate state  [PDF]
S. A. Studenikin,J. Thorgrimson,G. C. Aers,A. Kam,P. Zawadzki,Z. R. Wasilewski,A. Bogan,A. S. Sachrajda
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4749281
Abstract: We employ an intermediate excited charge state of a lateral quantum dot device to increase the charge detection contrast during the qubit state readout procedure, allowing us to increase the visibility of coherent qubit oscillations. This approach amplifies the coherent oscillation magnitude but has no effect on the detector noise resulting in an increase in the signal to noise ratio. In this letter we apply this scheme to demonstrate a significant enhancement of the fringe contrast of coherent Landau-Zener-Stuckleberg oscillations between singlet S and triplet T+ two-spin states.
Superconducting tunable flux qubit with direct readout scheme  [PDF]
Fabio Chiarello,Pasquale Carelli,Maria Gabriella Castellano,Carlo Cosmelli,Lorenzo Gangemi,Roberto Leoni,Stefano Poletto,Daniela Simeone,Guido Torrioli
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/18/10/021
Abstract: We describe a simple and efficient scheme for the readout of a tunable flux qubit, and present preliminary experimental tests for the preparation, manipulation and final readout of the qubit state, performed in incoherent regime at liquid Helium temperature. The tunable flux qubit is realized by a double SQUID with an extra Josephson junction inserted in the large superconducting loop, and the readout is performed by applying a current ramp to the junction and recording the value for which there is a voltage response, depending on the qubit state. This preliminary work indicates the feasibility and efficiency of the scheme.
Picosecond charge variation of quantum dots under pulsed excitation  [PDF]
Tomasz Kazimierczuk,Mateusz Goryca,Maciej Koperski,Andrzej Golnik,Jan Gaj,Micha? Nawrocki,Piotr Wojnar,Piotr Kossacki
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.155313
Abstract: We present a spectroscopic study of excitation dynamics in self assembled CdTe/ZnTe quantum dots. Insight into details of kinetics is obtained from the time resolved micro-photoluminescence, single photon correlation and subpicosecond excitation correlation measurements done on single quantum dots. It is shown that the pulsed excitation in energy above the energy gap of the barrier material results in separate capture of electrons and holes. The capture of carriers of different charge take place at different delay from excitation.
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