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Effective scientific communication in biomedicine  [PDF]
Savi? Jovan D.
Archive of Oncology , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/aoo0303201s
Abstract: Effective scientific communication in biomedicine is the basic mechanism of existence and progress of science. For effective written scientific communication it is not enough only to publish report of obtained scientific results. Scientific article must be written in a way to be easily noticed and understand by the reader. Moreover, effective scientific communication includes the response of readers (feedback) to published information. In this article several facts, important for effective scientific communication, are emphasized: Publication is an integral part of scientific meted of knowledge, the reasons why the results of scientific research must be published and the way to write and publish to be included in effective scientific communication.
Emergence through Selection: The Evolution of a Scientific Challenge  [PDF]
Walter Quattrociocchi,Frederic Amblard
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: One of the most interesting scientific challenges nowadays deals with the analysis and the understanding of complex networks' dynamics and how their processes lead to emergence according to the interactions among their components. In this paper we approach the definition of new methodologies for the visualization and the exploration of the dynamics at play in real dynamic social networks. We present a recently introduced formalism called TVG (for time-varying graphs), which was initially developed to model and analyze highly-dynamic and infrastructure-less communication networks such as mobile ad-hoc networks, wireless sensor networks, or vehicular networks. We discuss its applicability to complex networks in general, and social networks in particular, by showing how it enables the specification and analysis of complex dynamic phenomena in terms of temporal interactions, and allows to easily switch the perspective between local and global dynamics. As an example, we chose the case of scientific communities by analyzing portion of the ArXiv repository (ten years of publications in physics) focusing on the social determinants (e.g. goals and potential interactions among individuals) behind the emergence and the resilience of scientific communities. We consider that scientific communities are at the same time communities of practice (through co-authorship) and that they exist also as representations in the scientists' mind, since references to other scientists' works is not merely an objective link to a relevant work, but it reveals social objects that one manipulates, select and refers to. In the paper we show the emergence/selection of a community as a goal-driven preferential attachment toward a set of authors among which there are some key scientists (Nobel prizes).
Toward a New Policy for Scientific and Technical Communication: the Case of Kyrgyz Republic  [PDF]
Nurlan Djenchuraev
Computer Science , 2004,
Abstract: The objective of this policy paper is to formulate a new policy in the field of scientific and technical information (STI) in Kyrgyz Republic in the light of emergence and rapid development of electronic scientific communication. The major problem with communication in science in the Republic is lack of adequate access to information by scientists. An equally serious problem is poor visibility of research conducted in Kyrgyzstan and, as consequence, negligible research impact on academic society globally. The paper proposes an integrated approach to formulation of a new STI policy based on a number of policy components: telecommunication networks, computerization, STI systems, legislation & standards, and education & trainings. Two alternatives were considered: electronic vs. paper-based scientific communication and development of the national STI system vs. cross-national virtual collaboration. The study results in suggesting a number of policy recommendations for identified stakeholders.
Scientific Utopia: I. Opening scientific communication  [PDF]
Brian A. Nosek,Yoav Bar-Anan
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Existing norms for scientific communication are rooted in anachronistic practices of bygone eras, making them needlessly inefficient. We outline a path that moves away from the existing model of scientific communication to improve the efficiency in meeting the purpose of public science - knowledge accumulation. We call for six changes: (1) full embrace of digital communication, (2) open access to all published research, (3) disentangling publication from evaluation, (4) breaking the "one article, one journal" model with a grading system for evaluation and diversified dissemination outlets, (5) publishing peer review, and, (6) allowing open, continuous peer review. We address conceptual and practical barriers to change, and provide examples showing how the suggested practices are being used already. The critical barriers to change are not technical or financial; they are social. While scientists guard the status quo, they also have the power to change it.
Master in Scientific, Medical and Environmental Communication
Vladimir de Semir
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2009,
Abstract: Public communication of sciences is of strategic relevance in the transition from the industrial society to the knowledge society. The Master’s Course in Scientific, Medical and Environmental Communication of Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona (Spain) responds to this economic, social and cultural need. The result: professionals who clearly understand the key aspects of the transmission of scientific knowledge to society through the different essential communication channels in multiple organizations as, among others, mass media, institutional and public relations and museums. This initiative collaborates also to build informed and educated citizens, who understand, accompany and are able to participate in the necessary and unavoidable adaptation to this new society.
MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING: EMERGENCE PRECONDITIONS, ESSENCE AND MODERN SCIENTIFIC CONCEPT Управленческий учет: предпосылки возникновения, сущность и современная научная концепция
Martynenko E. V.,Barannikov A. A.
Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University , 2013,
Abstract: In the article, the preconditions of emergence of accounting management calculation, its main distinctions with the financial account and its modern scientific concept are considered
The role by scientific publications in science communication
Martha Fabbri
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2007,
Abstract: In their contributions to this special issue, the British science writer Jon Turney and the American scholar Bruce Lewenstein discuss the validity of the book as a means for science communication in the era of the Internet, whereas the article by Vittorio Bo deals with scientific publishing in a broader sense.
Georgy A. Ball,Vladislav A. Medintsev
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2011,
Abstract: The authors outline vital methodological questions which concern: (a) value guidelines of scientific cognition and scientific communication; b) theoretical bases (corresponding to task approach) of building of scientific activity; c) rational using of modern information and communication technologies in that activity. Among the most important steps towards the improvement of scientific communication the following were stressed: a) awareness by scientists of their responsibility not only for adequate knowledge of the objects, but also for creating backgrounds so that the results of this knowledge might become the property of the consumers of scientific products, b) development, to form such backgrounds, the ways based on adequate theoretical tools (in particular, on the task theory) and on modern information and communication technologies, c) coverage and discussion of the results of such development. Окреслюються актуальн методолог чн питання, що стосуються: а) ц нн сних ор нтир в наукового п знання й науково комун кац ; б) теоретичних засад (в дпов дних задачному п дходов ) побудови науково д яльност ; в) рац онального використання у н й сучасних нформац йно-комун кац йних технолог й. Серед важливих крок в на шляху вдосконалення науково комун кац вид лено так : а) усв домлення вченими сво в дпов дальност не т льки за адекватне п знання досл джуваних об’ кт в, але й за створення залежних в д них передумов для того, щоб результати цього п знання стали надбанням споживач в науково продукц ; б) розробка, з спиранням на доречн теоретичн засоби (зокрема, на теор ю задач) на сучасн нформац йно-комун кац йн технолог , шлях в формування зазначених передумов; в) широке висв тлення й обговорення результат в тако розробки.
Cross-situational and supervised learning in the emergence of communication  [PDF]
José F. Fontanari,Angelo Cangelosi
Computer Science , 2009, DOI: 10.1075/is.12.1.05fon
Abstract: Scenarios for the emergence or bootstrap of a lexicon involve the repeated interaction between at least two agents who must reach a consensus on how to name N objects using H words. Here we consider minimal models of two types of learning algorithms: cross-situational learning, in which the individuals determine the meaning of a word by looking for something in common across all observed uses of that word, and supervised operant conditioning learning, in which there is strong feedback between individuals about the intended meaning of the words. Despite the stark differences between these learning schemes, we show that they yield the same communication accuracy in the realistic limits of large N and H, which coincides with the result of the classical occupancy problem of randomly assigning N objects to H words.
Cláudia Regina dos Anjos
Biblionline , 2012,
Abstract: The assignment of the reference librarian of the university goes beyond its role as facilitator of information. Today he also works as an educator and promote training programs that teach students and researchers to standardize their academic-scientific works, as standards of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT). This paper discusses the problem of standardization of academic and scientific work in the universities. The methodology consisted of the review of work Completion of Course Work (CCW). The task of reviewing the academic and scientific work, which would be easy at first, becomes complicated by the difficulty of working together with the teacher librarian and the lack of the teacher librarian is also an education professional standards and that the documentary exist to facilitate the transfer of scientific communication.
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