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Oral Communication and Scientific Nomenclature on Medicinal Wild Plants in Culiacan, Sinaloa, México: An Educational Proposal
Hipólito Aguiar Hernández, Leopoldo Partida Ruvalcaba, Jacobo Enrique Cruz Ortega
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103075
Abstract:
This research was done with objetive to know if oral communication among members of communities in the municipality of Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico, is the principal means of transmitting knowledge regarding medicinal wild plants often used by people of the same communities, and identify said plants by the name scientific to the benefit of the citizens in general. The resources or techniques used to compile the information required were field observation and interview. The information was obtained by applying interviews for asking about the species known as medicinal plants and used in the community. They were carried out field trips to different communities in the municipality of Culiacan, looking for information of species used for medicinal purposes. The samples were collected when necessary and materials for photographic collections of plants were studied, as well as respondents. In each community five people were interviewed, including the old, men or women, who were selected randomly, and young people who have knowledge about the use of plants for medicinal purposes. The collection of plants was made without adversely affecting the conservation of the species studied and used as medicinal. The identification of the collections was made by consulting literature. Oral expression is the predominant form of transmitting knowledge about medicinal plants, wild or cultivated, each with scientific nomenclature, and the inhabitants of the communities known, of manner own or through others, what wild plants have properties to cure diseases.
Caries dental en escolares de 6 a 12 a?os de edad en Navolato, Sinaloa, México: experiencia, prevalencia, gravedad y necesidades de tratamiento
Villalobos-Rodelo,Juan José; Medina-Solís,Carlo Eduardo; Molina-Frechero,Nelly; Vallejos-Sánchez,Ana Alicia; Pontigo-Loyola,América Patricia; Espinoza-Beltrán,José Luis;
Biomédica , 2006,
Abstract: introduction. dental caries is the most prevalent disease in children. objective. to determine the caries experience, prevalence, and severity in temporal and permanent dentition, likewise to establish the significant caries index in schoolchildren of navolato, sinaloa, mexico as well as their treatment needs. material and methods. a cross sectional study in 3048 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years. all subjects were clinically examined by three examiners (kappa>0.85), according to world health organization (who) guidelines. caries detection criteria used were the who?s criteria and pitts? lesion d1. results. the mean age was 8.81±1.79 years old and 52.2% were girls. in the temporal dentition; the dmft was 4.68±3.21 and caries prevalence of 90.2% (dmft>3 was 60.8%, and dmft>6 was 27.4%). the overall significant caries index was 10.52 for 6 year olds. the noncavitated lesions (d1) represented 37.1% of the "decay" component. in the permanent dentition; the dmft was 3.24±2.72 and caries prevalence was 82.0% (dmft>3 was 47.8%, and dmft>6 was 9.0%). the overall significant caries index was 10.87 for 12 year olds. the noncavitated lesions (d1) represented 63.4% of the "decay" component. the majority, 89.6% and 81.1% of children needed at least one restoration of one and two dental surfaces, respectively. girls were more affected by caries than boys in permanent dentition, but not in temporal dentition. the caries experience increased with age. conclusions. we observed high indices of caries, and high prevalence, severity and treatment needs. noncavitated lesions were higher in permanent dentition that in primary dentition.
Effectiveness of Different Doses of Diatomaceous Earth on Mexican Bean Weevil (Zabrotes subfasciatus Boheman) in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico
Jacobo Enrique Cruz Ortega, Leopoldo Partida Ruvalcaba, Teresa de Jesús Velásquez Alcaraz, Juan Eulogio Guerra Liera, Tomás Díaz Valdés, Luz del Carmen Oliva Ortiz
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103228
Abstract:
The objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of different doses of diatomaceous earth (TD) against bean Mexican weevil Zabrotes subfasciatus Boheman. An experiment was carried out in two phases: in first one tested diatomaceous earth at doses of 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 g·kg﹣1 of seed, with samples at 15, 30, 45 and 60 days after application (dda), while in the second the doses were 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 g·kg1 and samples at 10, 20, 30 and 40 dda. The parameters evaluated were weevil mortality and seed germination. The results indicated that the average mortality rate was 100% where deltamethrin and diatomaceous earth were applied at 4.0 and 5.0 g·kg1 of seed, with the 3.0 g·kg1 dose was 97.6%, with 2.0 G·kg1 was 97.0%, with 1.0 g·kg1 reaching 94.4%, whereas in absolute control mortality was 1.2% - 2.5%. A similar response was observed with lower doses of diatomaceous earth (0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 g·kg1) and the chemical Deltamethrin, which caused 100% mortality, with a dose of 0.4 g·kg1 was 90% - 98%, with 2.0 g·kg1 from 62% to 83%, whereas in the absolute control there was no mortality. The treatments did not inhibit seed germination in the two experimental phases, whose percentage ranged from 94% to 96%.
Feeding of blue marlin Makaira nigricans off Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico
Abitia-Cárdenas,Leonardo; Arizmendi-Rodríguez,Dana; Gudi?o-González,Napoleón; Galván-Maga?a,Felipe;
Latin american journal of aquatic research , 2010,
Abstract: we analyzed the stomach contents of 52 blue marlins caught between october 2002 and october 2004 by the sport-fishing fleet of mazatlan, sinaloa, in the gulf of california, mexico. blue marlin feed on 15 food items. according to the index of relative importance (iri), the most important prey were the frigate or bullet mackerel auxis spp. (52%) and jumbo squid dosidicus gigas (30%).
Perla-101: nueva variedad de sorgo para el estado de Sinaloa
Hernández Espinal, Luis Alberto;Moreno Gallegos, Tomás;Reyes Jiménez, Juan Esteban;Loaiza Meza, Alfredo;
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2011,
Abstract: the new variety of sorghum perla-101 was developed in the valle de culiacan experimental field (cevacu), of the national research institute for forestry, agriculture and livestock (inifap) and registered with the number: 1355-sog-466-121200/c in the catalogue of varieties feasible of certification (cvc) of mexico; this variety is adapted to the sorghum-producing areas of the state of sinaloa. perla-101, is a creamy-grain variety and is recommended for irrigated and rainfed conditions; its average yield is 3 470 kg ha-1 of grain and 22 500 kg ha-1 of green fodder, it exceeds on average in 14% and 10% respectively, the yield of commercial hybrids from private companies that are grown in the region under the same conditions. perla-101, has better bromatological quality than the commercial hybrids in forage, with 9.7% of protein and 66% of digestibility, it exceeds on average of 3.2% and 8% respectively to commercial hybrids. it is tolerant to diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (claviceps african), anthracnose (colletotrichum graminicola), panicle blight (fusarium moniliforme) and charcoal rot (macrophomina phaseolina).
Coste?o-201: nueva variedad de sorgo de temporal de doble propósito para Sinaloa
Hernández Espinal, Luis Alberto;Moreno Gallegos, Tomás;Reyes Jiménez, Juan Esteban;Loaiza Meza, Alfredo;
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2011,
Abstract: the new sorghum variety coste?o-201 was developed in the experimental field culiacan (cevacu) of the national research institute for forestry, agriculture and livestock (inifap), with the registration number sog-200389-182 in the catalog of feasible certification varieties (cvc) of mexico. this variety is adapted to the sorghum-producing areas of sinaloa state. coste?o-201, is a cream-grain variety and is recommended for irrigated and rainfed conditions. the average yield of the variety is 3 292 kg ha-1 grain and 25 517 kg ha-1 of green fodder, it outperforms on average of 8.8% and 12.4% respectively to commercial hybrids from private companies, which are grown in the region under the same conditions. coste?o-201 has better bromatological quality than commercial hybrids regarding to forage, with 9.5% protein and 64% digestibility, on average it exceeds in 2.7% and 5% respectively to commercial hybrids. it is tolerant to diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (claviceps african), anthracnose (colletotrichum graminicola), panicle blight (fusarium moniliforme) and charcoal stalk rot (macrophomina phaseolina). forage of sorghum coste?o-201, is recommended as a dual-purpose material in fodder conservation practices such as hay and silage.
Infection status of the estuarine turtles Kinosternon integrum and Trachemys scripta with Gnathostoma binucleatum in Sinaloa, Mexico
Díaz-Camacho, Sylvia Páz;de la Cruz-Otero, María del Carmen;Torres-Montoya, Edith Hilario;Sánchez-Gonzales, Sergio;Delgado-Vargas, Francisco;Nawa, Yukifumi;
Revista mexicana de biodiversidad , 2010,
Abstract: human gnathostomosis, a serious public health issue in mexico, is endemic to sinaloa. the disease is mainly caused by consumption of the raw meat of freshwater or estuarine fishes infected with the advanced third stage larvae (al3) of gnathostoma binucleatum. in the present study, we examined estuarine turtles with a sample consisting of 23 trachemys scripta and 5 kinosternon integrum from sinaloa, mexico for the presence of gnathostoma larvae; such examination was made by the pressing method of skeletal muscles between 2 glass plates. the results showed that both turtles harbored g. binucleatum al3; identification was achieved by morphology and also by pcr/sequencing of the its2 region of ribosomal dna of the larvae. infection prevalence was higher for k. integrum (80%) than for t. scripta (69.6%), but heavy infection (> 10 al3/turtle) was observed in the larger sized individuals of t. scripta. consumption of the raw meat of these turtles represents a risk to acquire the disease.
Neurocisticercosis en pacientes pediatricos de 0 a 16 a os serie de 68 casos. Culiacan - Mexico. marzo 1996 2002  [cached]
Susana Lugo,Pablo Zamudio,Nora Zavala,Israel Arechiga
CIMEL. Ciencia e Investigación Médica Estudiantil Latinoamericana , 2003,
Abstract: Introducción: La cisticercosis, parasitosis que prevalece en sitios de malas condiciones higiénicas y socioeconómicas, en Latinoamérica. Se adquiere por la ingestión de los proglótides de la Taenia solium, depositándose los cisticercos en diversos tejidos: ojos, tejido celular subcutáneo, músculo estriado y sistema nervioso central (SNC): neurocisticercosis, parasitosis más frecuente del SNC. Objetivos: Determinar las características clínicas de la neurocisticercosis en ni os; establecer el perfil epidemiológico y la ubicación anatómica más frecuente del cisticerco en el SNC. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, transversal de pacientes pediátricos entre 0 y 16 a os de edad, con diagnóstico de neurocisticercosis tanto clínico y de imagen, de marzo de 1996 al 2002. En el Servicio de Neurología del ISSSTE; Dr. Manuel Cárdenas; y la consulta privada de un neurólogo pediatra. Durante el periodo se alado se diagnosticaron 68 casos. Resultados: De los 68 casos de neurocisticercosis en ni os se encontró un ligero predominio en varones (54.41%), la edad más afectada fue de 6 a 12 a os (60.2%). 97.05% pertenecen al estado de Sinaloa. Topográficamente son más frecuentes las formas intraparenquimatosas (70.58%): principalmente lóbulo frontal (36.76%). Clínicamente predominó el síndrome convulsivo (66.17%), la hipertensión intracraneana (13.23%), siendo componente del síndrome de cráneo hipertensivo (13.23%), 4.41% desarrolló encefalitis por cisticerco. En el 100% se realizó radiografía simple de cráneo y tomografía axial computarizada (TAC). El tratamiento utilizado fue albendazol en el 100% con remisión de lesiones activas en 84%. Conclusiones: La neurocisticercosis en ni os es frecuente en Sinaloa, afecta ambos sexos, principalmente de 6 a 12 a os de edad, siendo frecuente la afectación del lóbulo frontal, a predominio clínico de crisis convulsivas y el síndrome de hipertensión intracraneana.
Marchitez Vascular del Tomate: I. Presencia de Razas de Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) Snyder y Hansen en Culiacán, Sinaloa, México
Ascencio-álvarez, Ada;López-Benítez, Alfonso;Borrego-Escalante, Fernando;Rodríguez-Herrera, Sergio Alfredo;Flores-Olivas, Alberto;Jiménez-Díaz, Florencio;Gámez-Vázquez, Alfredo Josué;
Revista mexicana de fitopatología , 2008,
Abstract: the objective of this study was to determine the genetic variability of fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (fol) in culiacan, sinaloa, mexico, a national important tomato-producing region, and to search for resistantce in species of lycopersicon, landraces, improved but obsolete varieties of different origin present in the state. one hundred samples of tomato plants showing symptoms of fusarium wilt disease were collected in culiacan, from which the fungus was isolated, and through inoculation of differentials bonny best, manapal, walter, and i3r3, races 1, 2, and 3 were identified. all the genotypes evaluated were susceptible to race 1, sixteen resistant to race 2, and only four resistant to race 3. twenty nine isolates of fol were isolated and identified to the race level; 24 % belonged to race 1, 14 % to race 2, and 62% to race 3. resistant materials to race 2 were lycopersicon esculentum cv. saladette la.2662 (88l1368); l. esculentum cv. primitive la.147 (90l3518); and l. chmielewskii la.2663 (85l8673-8676); and to race 3, l.pimpinellifolium la.722 (86l9486); l. pimpinellifolium la.2184 (87l0413); l.peruvianum la. 462 (79l4445-4449), and l. esculentum cv. motelle la.2823 (87l0382).
Feeding of blue marlin Makaira nigricans off Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico Alimentación del marlin azul Makaira nigricans del área de Mazatlán, Sinaloa, México  [cached]
Leonardo Abitia-Cárdenas,Dana Arizmendi-Rodríguez,Napoleón Gudi?o-González,Felipe Galván-Maga?a
Latin american journal of aquatic research , 2010,
Abstract: We analyzed the stomach contents of 52 blue marlins caught between October 2002 and October 2004 by the sport-fishing fleet of Mazatlan, Sinaloa, in the gulf of California, Mexico. Blue marlin feed on 15 food items. According to the index of relative importance (IRI), the most important prey were the frigate or bullet mackerel Auxis spp. (52%) and jumbo squid Dosidicus gigas (30%). Se analiza el contenido estomacal de 52 marlines azules capturados por la flota de pesca deportiva que operó en el área de Mazatlan, Sinaloa, en el golfo de California, México, durante el periodo octubre 2002 a octubre 2004. El marlin azul se alimenta de 15 categorías alimenticias (ítemes), de las cuales las más importantes de acuerdo al índice de importancia relativa (IRI), fueron el pez melva Auxis spp. (52%) y el calamar gigante Dosidicus gigas (30%).
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