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The Environmental Effects of Tourism Architecture on Island Ecosystem in Cayo Guillermo, Cuba  [PDF]
Lourdes Ruiz Gutiérrez
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.69093
Abstract: The objective of this study is to determine the main adverse impacts that may be caused by tourism architecture upon island ecosystems consisting of small islands or islets and to propose an architectural and landscape design with a focus on the environmental sustainability of the same. A study of projects was undertaken in Cayo Guillermo, located to the north of Ciego de Avila in Cuba using methods of life-cycle assessment of buildings, matrix methods of the activities that caused severe environmental impact and statistical processing through multivariate analysis. Conclusions were reached on the need for designs that did not harm the ecosystems of islands with high ecological fragility. It has been determined that suitable construction intervention would decrease the negative impact and would allow the natural resources of these valuable ecosystems that are the basis for responsible sun and sand tourism to be preserved.
A research on the Sports Tourism Special Project In Hainan International Tourism Island  [PDF]
Minhui Xia, Hui Wang, Xiaolin Wang, You Su
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2012.24B034
Abstract:

At the background of the constrictions of international tourist island, this paper applies the methods of literature review, the interview, in-site investigation to analyze the current development of the sports tourism in Hainan with a benchmark of the construction plan of the Hainan international tourist island and the combination of the world's four famous tourism Islanders. It makes a planning assumption of the development of the sports tourism in accordance with the characteristics of sports tourism resources in Hainan. The tourism resources in Hainan are rich and unique. It aims to set up the development planning guidelines and objectives of sports tourism in Hainan, to clarify the spatial layout of resources, the distribution of different sports tourism zones and the tourism routes, to propose the project plans of the sports tourism in Hainan with a combination of the construction of international tourism island, to establish a sports tourism industry in cooperation with large enterprises in a new concept of society development.

The sports tourism development project makes a combination among the tourism products, tourism program and tourist routes. It strengthens the cooperation in different bureaus in the sports and tourism management, to accelerate the construction and sport tourism personnel training, to standardized the management, other safeguards and construct the camp for self-driving tourists, the motel , the auto theater and launch the Hainan Card to increase the \"migratory birds\" economic and promote the development of the tourism in Xisha Island, Nansha Island.

Challenges for conserving biodiversity and developing sustainable island tourism in North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia  [cached]
Luchman Hakim,Marno Soemarno,Sun-Kee Hong*
Journal of Ecology and Field Biology , 2012,
Abstract: Recent conditions in North Sulawesi Province (NSP) have become favorable for the development of tourism. In this paper,we present the recent status of biodiversity and tourism in NSP as a basic consideration towards integrative biodiversityconservation strategy. Overall, biological accounts suggest that NSP is important for the world biodiversity conservationprogram. NSP’s biodiversity makes the area a major nature-based tourism (ecotourism) site in the world. Developmentof diverse tourism programs in NSP has provided new opportunities for balancing development and conservation ofregional ecosystems. However, the excessive tourism growth in some particular areas in NSP has been identified as theprimary factor of environmental degradation. Nowadays, biodiversity of North Sulawesi regions are suffering from thenumber of tourist impacts and facilities. Based on those conditions, tourism planning and development in NSP is neededto formulate a proper strategy to protect the ecosystem and biodiversity from degradation and extinction. This will be anew challenge of sustainable island tourism development and biodiversity conservation in NSP.
Subject of research on effects of tourism on population development  [PDF]
Deved?i? Mirjana
Stanovni?tvo , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/stnv0702063d
Abstract: The importance of tourism in the context of economic and demographic recovery of certain regions has created an image of tourism as a development catalyst. Thus strategies of revitalization in depopulated and passive regions often consider tourism as an activity that can speed up the development and successfully valorize existing natural, cultural and demographic potentials. This "key" is used mainly in the absence of other development resources since tourism valorizes issues that other industries ignore (landscape features, ethnical heritage, authentic folk architecture, etc). In addition it is more difficult to recommend the right forms of tourism to be developed in depopulated regions, as well as to estimate the resulting economic and demographic effects. To this end, there are success stories, but there is also evidence of non-rational initiatives and projects that were never completed. This paper attempts to discover the most logical links between population development and tourism development, based on some important characteristics of population development. The characteristics used are overall population increase, population migrations, population structures and changes in households. They were selected because they best reflect not only direct, but also indirect multiplicative effects of tourism. Along with the theoretical and methodological background, the research is also supported by selected examples, interviews, and demographic analyzes. The effects are not universal. They depend on the region, the kind of tourism and the degree of its development, the demographic situation as it is, and the research approach, since global and local effects need not necessarily be unidirectional. Population increase initiated by tourism development is achieved due to the migration component, but the effects are most obvious at the level of tourist regions and their tourist centers. One can also note counter processes in some places that have tourist function. The level of tourism development and social attitudes to tourism development determine the sense of perspective that makes people to move. The most direct effects are reflected in the restructuring of active population w.r.t. the existing industries and the domination of tertiary activities. The activity of women is increased, as well as their responsibilities in households. The most diverse effects of tourism factors are sublimed in households. Such effects are not possible with small-scale tourism that is the most appropriate one in depopulated regions. The effects are best reflected in strengthenin
An Opportunity for Tourism Development with Troglodytic Architecture  [cached]
Behnam Ghasemzadeh
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The present study aims to introduce and investigate Kandovan Village, located in East Azarbaijan Province and Meymand Village, located in Kerman Province, with regard to tourism opportunities and potentials. The significance of this type of architecture is the use of natural rocks as a suitable bed for creating certain spaces that are in accord with human needs. The interaction between human being and the harsh and tough nature in which the man makes his shelter and house distinguishes this type of architecture with other forms. This research is a descriptive-analytic study on two cases of troglodytic architecture. The data are collected from valid sources and documents as well as the opinions of experts in this field. The results of this research could be used in tourism development process and related planning in these two cases (i.e., Kandovan Village and Meymand Village). It aims to offer suggestions for having maximum efficiency in order to achieve objectives related to development of tourism and tourists attraction in the process of quality and quantity development.
Tourism destinations as digital business ecosystems  [PDF]
Rodolfo Baggio,Giacomo Del Chiappa
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Tourism has been experiencing very relevant changes since when Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), in all their forms, have started to pervade the industry and the market. In the last decade, a new concept gained the attention of both researchers and practitioners, that of Digital Business Ecosystem (DBE). It can be considered as a technological infrastructure aimed at creating a digital environment to support and enhance networking between enterprises and stakeholders operating within a sector. Aim of this paper is to assess the extent to which the technological connection has affected the structural configuration of the tourism system and, specifically, of tourism destinations. The present study argues that two components can be considered when assessing the relationships among stakeholders within a tourism destination: a real and a virtual one. Further it shows how these two components are structurally strongly coupled and co-evolve forming a single system.
Eden in Peril: Impact of Humans on Pacific Island Ecosystems
Moshe Rapaport
Island Studies Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Islands have often been cited as models of human impact upon the environment. With high rates of endemism and other unique characteristics, island ecosystems are subject to dramatic perturbation. The arrival of humans in Near Oceania during the Pleistocene led swiftly to a series of fauna extinctions. In the New Guinea Highlands clearing and tending of wild plants gave rise to tree and root crop agriculture, intensive cultivation technology, and anthropogenic grasslands. By 3600 BP (Before Present), Lapita settlers had reached Remote Oceania, leading to deforestation and declines in birds and other species. European contact introduced new biota and new technology, with significant consequences for island environments and societies. Questions have been raised concerning the impact of climate change on island ecosystems. Population growth plays a significant role in environmental degradation, though not necessarily as a proximate cause. The Tikopian arboriculture system provides one of several Oceanic models of sustainability.
Bruny on the Brink: Governance, Gentrification and Tourism on an Australian Island
Rebecca Jackson
Island Studies Journal , 2006,
Abstract: This paper examines the influence of islandness on development and governance of Bruny Island (offshore from Tasmania, Australia’s only island state). While traditional economic activities, particularly agriculture, are in decline, tourism is increasingly important to the island economy. While some 600 people live on the island all-year-round; there are some 2,000 ratepayers, including holiday home owners. This location is being rapidly ‘discovered’ by people drawn from interstate and overseas to the island lifestyle, and this is leading to a process of gentrification, with consequences for islanders. Bruny Island’s local governing authority is based on the Tasmanian mainland and hence is another source of externally-driven change. Amidst these pressures, island community visioning can be an important source of resilience.
Experiencing architecture, Ljubljana Island  [PDF]
Or Ettlinger,Lovrenc Ko?enina
AR : Arhitektura, Raziskave , 2012,
Abstract: This workshop took place at the Florjan i studio in order to support 4th year students in designing their urban development projects in the city of Ljubljana. To serve this purpose, the workshop provided students with an opportunity to raise their awareness of a particular aspect of architecture and the city: the way it is experienced. The task was to design the undeveloped banks of the Ljubljanica River and Gruber Canal - but with an alternative perception in mind: not just as a sequence of river banks, but as parts that form a continuous promenade encircling the city which provides a whole range of spatial experiences.
3D Corporate Tourism in the Marine Sciences: Application-Oriented Problem Solving in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems  [PDF]
Ille Christine Gebeshuber,Tina Rezaie Matin,Ranee Esichaikul,Mark Macqueen,Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: 3D corporate tourism in the marine sciences is a solution-based approach to innovation in science, engineering and design. Corporate international scientists, engineers and designers work with local experts in Malaysian marine and coastal environments: they jointly discover, develop and design complex materials and designs inspired by nature directly on site (e.g. at the UKM Marine Ecosystem Research Centre EKOMAR and Malaysian Marine Parks) and construct initial biomimetic prototypes and novel designs. Thereby, new links, networks and collaborations are established between communities of thinkers in different countries. 3D tourism aims at mapping new frontiers in emerging engineering and design fields. This provides a novel way to foster and promote innovative thinking in the sciences, and considers the need for synergy and collaboration between marine sciences, engineering and design rather than segmentation and isolation. With the concept of 3D corporate tourism the potential of Malaysian marine ecosystems is used in a sustainable way and the management of marine resources for human and environmental wellbeing is fostered, without exploiting the natural resources or removing anything else from the ecosystem apart from ideas. Subsequent deeper and more detailed investigations at the respective international home institution foster collaborations and result in synergistic effects across borders.
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