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Nudging and obesity: How to get rid of paternalism?  [cached]
Ignaas Devisch
Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v2n2p89
Abstract: This paper reflects upon the conditions how ‘nudging’ can change individual health choices without being paternalisticand therefore can be defined as an instrument of social justice? So many problems we are facing in today’s nursing aresituated at the intersection of autonomy and heteronomy, i.e. why well informed and autonomous people make unhealthylifestyle choices. If people do not choose what they want, this is not simply caused by their lack of character or capability,but also by the fact that absolute autonomy is impossible; also autonomous individuals are ‘contaminated’ byheteronymous aspects, by influences from ‘outside’. In an earlier article I made an analysis of my neologism ‘oughtonomy’to support the thesis that when it comes down to human existence, autonomy and heteronomy are intertwined, more thanthey are merely opposites.Although nudging might be of help in many nursing settings, we should evaluate it with the same criticism as we judgeupon paternalism. Despite the potential of nudging for nursing, there is a risk to put the nurse again in the position of thepaternalistic outsider who knows how people should behave. But maybe the awareness of the oughtonomous decisions weall make in our lives, can help us to understand why people act mindless in some situations or why we choose what wechoose. Knowing this is one thing, giving people the authority of an expert to know what is better off for others, another.Despite the potential of the last, the former concept does not legitimate paternalistic interferences in patient’s lifestyle.
Metaphysics of Terrorism  [PDF]
Francis Etim
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2018.811041
Abstract: Terrorism as the calculated use of violence or the threat to violence through the employment of intimidation and violence in order to attain goals that are political, religious or ideological in nature has taken a global dimension and at alarming frequency such that any curious mind cannot afford to over look. Its persistence despite global condemnation and effort at curbing it naturally evokes curiosity regarding its root cause(s). Scholars have tried to dig out its root causes ranging from poverty, lack of education, religious fanaticism, psychological malady and political reasons and so on. Solutions however differ based on its perceived causes. The question is why terrorism has continued unabated. This paper believes that since human actions are elicited by the idea of the good then terrorism as a human act is based on a disoriented perception of the good. This disoriented perception is premised on a more primordial cause, an ontological lacuna that can be tagged a “search for meaning” which the terrorist tries to fill by his terroristic act. This gives the terrorist a sense of fulfilment and relevance. The panacea, the paper submits, is in a metaphysical deconstruction and construction of the terrorist mind-set based on an ontology called affective humanism.
I giochi dell'analisi transazionale. Come riconoscerli e liberarsene. [The games of transactional analysis. How to acknowledge them and how to get rid of them.]
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi,Giovanni Del Puente
Health Psychology Research , 2013, DOI: 10.4081/hpr.2013.br2
Abstract: Sabrina D’Amanti is a trained transactional analyst, who initially worked in the field of clinical and school psychology. This book covers the history and the theoretical foundation of Transactional Analysis (TA), focusing above all on the theory of mind or psychological games, and offers practical examples that can greatly help practitioners and analysts - especially health psychologists - in their clinical work...
EXPLORATION OF TERRORISM: A PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
Dr. Madhukar K. Tajne
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: This research paper highlights the meaning, nature, approaches, millstone and development functioning, methodology and diabolic effects of terrorism. Terrorism has become a common burning problem in all the nations terrorism has become an obstacle in the path of peace and security. The psychopathological orientation has dominated the psychological approach to the terrorist personality. In the 20th century the major milestone in the historical growth and development of terrorism is its psychological dimension. Terrorism has caused various diabolic effects in life. It was destroyed the peaceful and social harmonious life in the present world. There is no every end or gap in the worst things caused by terrorism. There are few antidotes which should be implemented at the intimation level in order to have an annihilation of this burring problem.
FACT AND VALUE IN BIOETHICS: HOW TO GET RID OF THE DICHOTOMY
Casado da Rocha,Antonio; Menéndez Viso,Armando;
Praxis Filosófica , 2008,
Abstract: this article offers a perspective on recent developments in bioethics, a field in which the distinction between fact and value is pervasive. by surveying how the word “value” is used in principle- based, mainstream biomedical ethics, it is shown that some uses enforce an essentialist tendency to speak of values as freestanding entities.as an illustration and explanation of the increasing pervasiveness of this language, both in english-speaking and spanish-speaking bioethics, we describe the role of “value talk” in recent writings by diego gracia.we focus on how his proposal of a methodology for bioethics uses the fact/value dichotomy, and analyse his position in relation to the agenda for the debate on the concepts of health and disease proposed by george khushf. as a conclusion, we suggest an alternative way of thinking about values in order to overcome the dichotomy.
Why is it so difficult to get rid of bad guidelines?
Robbins RA
Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care , 2011,
Abstract: No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. My colleagues and I recently published a manuscript in the Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care examining compliance with the Joint Commission of Healthcare Organization (Joint Commission, JCAHO) guidelines (1). Compliance with the Joint Commission’s acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, pneumonia and surgical process of care measures had no correlation with traditional outcome measures including mortality rates, morbidity rates, length of stay and readmission rates. In other words, increased compliance with the guidelines was ineffectual at improving patient centered outcomes. Most would agree that ineffectual outcomes are bad. The data was obtained from the Veterans Healthcare Administration Quality and Safety Report and included 485,774 acute medical/surgical discharges in 2009 (2). This data is similar to the Joint Commission’s own data published in 2005 which showed no correlation between guideline compliance and hospital mortality and a number of other publications which have failed to show a correlation with the …
TERRORISM OFFENCE
prof. dr. Ioan Chis
Lex et Scientia , 2006,
Abstract: Terrorist Crimes and offences included in a special section of the new Criminal Code - Title IV-the special part, could not be commited but trough common crimes and offences. Why a distinct approach is necessary for tliem. that is a question that could be answered only be treating this type of crime in a different way.In the fower Criminal Code there was not possible to have a distinct approach because of the conceptual ideas on which the law had been materialized. Another reason was the fact that m 1969, when it was released, the old Criminal Code, terrorism appeared as a reaction of the extreme left militants, separated from the leninist left, which was considered to preserve the revolutionary spirit against capitalism. Nowadays terrorism is not a phenomenon of the most dangerous forms of crime, but also a means of asymmetrical fight (or fundamentalist), specific to entities which detain force, money, people, an organized and effective system, if reported to the disasters that is produced.Two aspects are essential in terrorism:a) the use on a dangerously large scale of common offences and of the organized crime in order todisseminate terror among public opinion, and by the use of the unconscious mass - media, which,by broadcasting the terrorist events all over theworld, do nothing but accomplish the terrorist goals that is: propaganda of terror. Without these two components terrorism could not exist, facts and criminal acts being included in the Criminal code in the chapter for common offences.
Cyber Terrorism
Kevin Curran,Kevin Concannon,Sean Mc Keever
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Cyber terrorism is the premeditated, politically motivated attacks against information, computer systems, computer programs, and data which result in violence against non-combatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents. This study provides a brief overview of previous cyber terrorism attacks and government responses.
Mass media as an Effective Tool for Prevention of Socio-psychological Factors in the Development of Terrorism  [PDF]
Yuri P. Zinchenko
Psychology in Russia : State of Art , 2009,
Abstract: Recently mass media play crucial role in social counterterrorism activity. The article is devoted to analysis of possibilities of mass media in prevention of the development of terrorism. Socio-psychological factors of development of terrorism, including concept of “contributing events” as well as hypothesis “frustration-aggression” are studied. The psychological component of terrorism in three major attitudes is considered in the article: psychology of terrorism, psychology of counteraction to terrorism, and using mass media for prevention the development of terrorism. Specific features and the external factors promoting involving into terrorism are analysed. Role of mass media in covering the information about terrorism events is analysed from point of view related to prevention of development of terrorism. Some key recommendations on counterterrorism activity using mass media means are formulated.
From Classical Terrorism to ‘Global’ Terrorism  [cached]
Michel Wieviorka
International Journal of Conflict and Violence , 2007,
Abstract: This article examines the history and the development of terrorism as a research subject for social sciences. It gives an impression of how the subject’s theoretical remit has changed over the last decades — explicitly taking into account the characteristics of a modern and global world and their impact on current understandings of terrorism. Terrorism is a minor object for the social sciences; it was even long considered “illegitimate” and neglected by researchers. There are several explanations for this, which I think my long experience in research authorizes me to evoke here.
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