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Workplace Risk Prevention in Public Building Projects in Mexico  [PDF]
Rómel G. Solís-Carca?o, José A. González-Fajardo, Enrique de J. Ayora-Sosa
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.24020
Abstract: The importance of risk prevention in the workplace during the construction of public infrastructure projects is particularly relevant due to the large number of workers involved as well as the frequency and severity of the accidents. The aim of this work was to conduct an exploratory study of workplace risk prevention in the construction of public work projects in Mexico. The methodology was based on a case study which included an exploration of the attitudes assumed by the civil servants working for the government agency, regarding workplace risk prevention, and the observation of construction processes in a sampling of projects. The results show that the regulations are not fully adhered to during the stages of project planning and contracting for the work. During project designing, the inclusion of criteria regarding workplace risk prevention is relegated, and during public tendering, the experience of the contractor in risk prevention and workplace safety plans are not taken into account. Consequently, as one might expect from the above, during the construction processes, it was possible to observe that only about half of the prevention requirements applicable in the workplace were actually complied with.
Research on Quality Risk of EPC Hydropower Projects in Vietnam  [PDF]
Sy Hung Mai, Jianqiong Wang
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.52024
Abstract: Engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts are on the way to become the most usual form of contracting applied by the private sector to undertake construction works on large scale Hydropower projects. If EPC contract management is not implemented and controlled properly. Quality is the first important factor for any contractors who involve in the hydropower project execution. The purpose of this study is to investigate and evaluate risks causing not good quality of EPC hydropower projects in Vietnam. In addition, the study also provided the recommendations for project practitioners to mitigate the impacts of those identified risks. The findings of this study can be a good managerial reference for project management teams who are working in other countries that have similar economic and investment environments to Vietnam to get their EPC construction project completed on quality, thus will ensuring the benefits to the government, the investors, the contractors, and the parties involved.
Land Use Planning In Hydropower Development A Case Study Of Upper Tamakoshi Hydroelectric Project  [PDF]
Subash Ghimire
Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/kuset.v8i1.6053
Abstract: Many developing countries do not focus on land use planning in hydropower development. As a result hydropower projects are not sustainable. The aim of the study is to analyze the cause and effects of land use planning in hydropower development. The primary and secondary data were collected in a case study site at the Upper Tamakoshi Hydroelectric Project (UTHEP) in Dolakha district of Nepal. Household questionnaire, key informants? interviews and field observation were conducted to collect primary data while the relevant documents such as detailed feasibility report, property valuation report and spatial data (cadastral data, image etc.) were also collected for the study. The primary and secondary data reveals that Land use changes involved in the UTHEP implementation is basically due to the permanent and temporary land acquisition for project structures, facilities and reservoir area. The total land acquired for various project components like access road, powerhouse, desanding basin, reservoir as well as construction borrow pits and quarries, temporary and permanent work camps and construction of access road is estimated to be 182 ha. The secondary data reveals that 66 ha are allocated in agricultural land, 78 ha in forest land and 38 ha in the barren and cliff land. The results from secondary data and interviews confirm that UTHEP has planned to distribute 10% share to the residents of Dolakha district to promote local level investment. Finally, the study finds that land use planning has very important role for minimizing negative social and environmental effects thus create sustainability of the hydropower projects. It is also found that overall environmental impacts are limited because of technological development such as tunnel and underground powerhouse in UTHEP. The land tenure, Land use planning stakeholders and their role, Governance, policy, social structure etc. are the basic requirements of land use planning for sustainable development of hydropower projects.
Research on Delay Risks of EPC Hydropower Construction Projects in Vietnam  [PDF]
Mai Sy Hung, Jianqiong Wang
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2016.44002
Abstract: In recent years, in Vietnam, economy has been developing rapidly. To ensure rapid and sustainable economic growth, strong support from the energy sector is required. Governments in Vietnam have invested in numerous hydropower projects, many of which employ the EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) contract. However, the EPC general contractors are facing many difficulties, resulting in schedule delays and considerable losses. This research is conducted to highlight the main risk factors in the delays of hydropower construction projects in Vietnam. The research employs the method of statistical calculations and risk analysis to obtain feedback from experts participating in similar projects. The research outcomes are as follows: identifying the risks that can cause delays in EPC hydroelectric construction projects in Vietnam; calculating and classifying the degree of impact of each risk to the progress of the construction. The practical significance of this study is to ensure the timely completion of projects, benefits for the investors, and the EPC general contractors.
National Planning in Mexico: An Historical Perspective  [PDF]
David J. Edelman, David J. Allor
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2018.63017
Abstract:
This paper explores the evolution of national planning in Mexico over the last ninety years. Whereas the initial import-substitution industrialization in the country focused too narrowly upon specific sites, later export-led industrialization has attended only to the global market. The former was more attentive to the immediate environment, while the latter is becoming more attentive to the world. However, the conceptualization of national planning processes must simultaneously recognize the dynamics of the economy at community, regional, national, continental, and global scales. After nearly nine full decades of promoting the positivistic search for political order and the dream of economic progress, the institutionalized national planning process of Mexico has evolved. That evolution is summarized here.
Business planning innovative projects: the essence of technology, advantages and disadvantages
S.V. Knyaz,N.G. Georgiadi,Y.S. Bogiv
Marketing ì Mened?ment Innovacìj , 2012,
Abstract: The article substantiates the necessity to develop technology business planning innovative projects. Arguments made by the ground analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of existing business planning technologies.
Adaptive Management Planning Projects as Conflict Resolution Processes  [cached]
Greg Walkerden
Ecology and Society , 2006,
Abstract: Adaptive management planning projects use multiparty, multidisciplinary workshops and simulation modeling to facilitate dialogue, negotiation, and planning. However, they have been criticized as a poor medium for conflict resolution. Alternative processes from the conflict resolution tradition, e.g., principled negotiation and sequenced negotiation, address uncertainty and biophysical constraints much less skillfully than does adaptive management. When we evaluate adaptive management planning using conflict resolution practice as a benchmark, we can design better planning procedures. Adaptive management planning procedures emerge that explore system structure, dynamics, and uncertainty, and that also provide a strong negotiation process, grounded in principled exploration of stakeholders' interests and needs. "Crossing" procedures in this manner is a fertile way of developing new forms of professional practice.
Community projects and democratic planning in Thailand: Lessons for Ghana
DKB Inkoom
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2007,
Abstract: The paper is based on field visits to community projects in Thailand as part of the learning processes of community initiatives and democratisation of planning practices at the community level. The principal objective of these studies is to analyse the mechanisms that communities use to initiate, implement, and manage community projects on a sustainable basis to benefit their lives. The focus of the paper is on Urban Community Environmental Activities (UCEA) projects in Thailand, examining the genesis of the programme, the processes involved and more importantly the structure of community participation in the implementation and management of the programmes. The role of central government in providing the legal, institutional and financial incentives to facilitate the process is also analysed. The factors that contributed to the relative success of these projects: an independent board to ensure flexibility, participation of the poor, and strong social and community networks are outlined. Furthermore, the paper draws lessons from the Thai experiences that are relevant for the development of urban communities in Ghana. Journal of Science and Technology(Ghana) Vol. 27 (1) 2007: pp. 109-118
水电开发利益相关方合作管理研究
Stakeholder cooperation management in hydropower development projects
 [PDF]

王姝力,唐文哲,沈文欣,雷振
- , 2016, DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.25.016
Abstract: 水电开发项目包括一系列的利益相关方, 其中业主的作用贯穿水电项目整个生命周期, 在集成和管理各利益相关方的资源中占有重要地位。该文从业主的角度出发对水电开发项目的利益相关方合作管理进行研究。基于实地调研结果, 通过排序、相关性分析和社会网络分析揭示了利益相关方合作的重要性和表现情况、组织间联系的表现情况、利益相关方合作与组织间联系的相关性、以及组织间联系的社会网络关系。研究结果可用于指导水电开发企业通过加强组织间联系, 结合不同利益相关方角色来有效进行利益相关方合作管理。
Abstract:There are various stakeholders in hydropower development projects, among which the owners play a key role in managing all the resources involving the stakeholders during the hydropower project lifecycle. This study focuses on the stakeholder cooperation management in hydropower development projects from the perspective of the owners. Ranking, correlation analysis and social network analysis showed the importance of stakeholder cooperation management, inter-organizational linking and the social network relationships of the stakeholders. The results provide guidance for owners to enhance inter-organizational linking and improve stakeholder cooperation management according to different roles.
Hydropower in the Context of Sustainable Energy Supply: A Review of Technologies and Challenges  [PDF]
Chiyembekezo S. Kaunda,Cuthbert Z. Kimambo,Torbjorn K. Nielsen
ISRN Renewable Energy , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/730631
Abstract: Hydropower is an important renewable energy resource worldwide. However, its development is accompanied with environmental and social drawbacks. Issues of degradation of the environment and climate change can negatively impact hydropower generation. A sustainable hydropower project is possible, but needs proper planning and careful system design to manage the challenges. Well-planned hydropower projects can contribute to supply sustainable energy. An up-to-date knowledge is necessary for energy planners, investors, and other stakeholders to make informed decisions concerning hydropower projects. This is basically a review paper. Apart from using expert knowledge, the authors have also consulted extensively from journals, conference papers, reports, and some documents to get secondary information on the subject. The paper has reviewed the world energy scenario and how hydropower fits in as the solution to the global sustainable energy challenge. Issues of hydropower resource availability, technology, environment and climate change have been also discussed. Hydropower is sensitive to the state of environment, and climate change. With global climate change, though globally the potential is stated to slightly increase, some countries will experience a decrease in potential with increased risks. Adaptation measures are required to sustainably generate hydropower. These are also discussed in the paper. 1. Introduction 1.1. World Energy Scenario and Sustainable Energy In this era, concerns about environment and climate change management influence choices investors and international financing institutions make concerning energy projects [1]. The word “environment” can be defined in many ways depending on the discipline; but it is broadly understood to refer to surroundings that interact with life on earth. The surroundings can be divided into nonliving and living components. The important point concerning environment, according to Gorshkov and Makarieva [2], is that it provides resources, such as energy, that support life on earth. Since energy is sourced and processed into a usable form from the environment, activities pertaining to its extraction, transportation, conversion, and utilisation impact the environmental system. The impacts are pronounced in thermal energy systems. For fossil fuel energy systems, it is also not possible to totally avoid emissions and environmental setbacks because of combustion. During the combustion process, energy is converted from chemical into heat and the gaseous products of combustion are ejected from the system at a higher
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