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The Puerto Rican Journey revisited: politics and the study of Puerto Rican migration  [cached]
Edgardo Meléndez Vélez
Centro Journal , 2005,
Abstract: This article assesses the historical and political context of The Puerto Rican Journey, a seminal text in the study of Puerto Rican migration. It argues that political objectives were more important than scholarly ones in launching this project. It was commissioned by the Puerto Rican government in an attempt to counteract the anti-Puerto Rican campaign-known in New York and Puerto Rico as the Puerto Rican problem -that unfolded in New York City during 1947. The process whereby the study was defined is examined, as well as its content and consequences for future analysis of the Puerto Rican experience in the United States.
SOCIAL STATUS OF THE SCHOOLCHILDREN FAMILIES
Slobodanka Ba?i?,Milan Antic,Sla?ana Jovic,Olivera Radulovic
Acta Medica Medianae , 2001,
Abstract: The paper gives an analyzes of the indicators of the social-economic situationof the schoolchildren families. The data are gathered by means of a questionnairefilled up by 262 families of the elementary schoolchildren in Ni as a results of thescientific project entitled "Health and Diseases of Schoolchildren". The research hasshown that the schoolchildren live in a nucleus family; regarding the parents'education, the dominant is high school level; the mothers are more often unemployedthan the fathers; the majority of the parents consider Yugoslav society as a "poor" oneand an important part of the family members are forced to turn to additional incomealso counting upon the help of relatives and friends. Regardless of the parents' level ofeducation, the majority of the examined do not go to the cinema, theater or any othercultural program. The majority of the parents think that the school programs have apositive effect upon appropriate childrens behavior.
Investigating the investigators: an analysis of the Puerto Rican study  [cached]
Madeleine E. López
Centro Journal , 2007,
Abstract: This essay utilizes The Puerto Rican Study to shed light on the relationship between social scientific research and the Puerto Rican community, specifically in the arena of public education and language policy formation. The Puerto Rican Study, along with antecedent studies produced at the height of the Great Migration, reveals the existence of forgotten alternatives to the culture of poverty thesis and lost opportunities for the development of educational reform that respected the linguistic and cultural particularities of the Puerto Rican community and its children.
Puerto Rican musicians of the Harlem Renaissance  [cached]
Basilio Serrano
Centro Journal , 2007,
Abstract: This article focuses on the contributions of Puerto Rican musicians to the African-American bands and orchestras that were active during the Harlem Renaissance. The essay provides biographical sketches of the musicians who were instrumentalists and composers of the leading orchestras of the period, including those led by Fletcher Henderson, Duke Ellington, Noble Sissle, James Reese Europe, Leon Abbey, Don Redman, Luckey Roberts, Claude Hopkins, among others. Biographical sketches are provided for the following Puerto Rican musicians: Rafael Escudero, Carmelo Jari, Rafael Hernández, Rafael Duchesne, Ramón Usera, Francisco Tizol, Gregorio Félix, Fernando Arbello, and Ram Ramírez. Brief references are made to a number of additional musicians who were also participants during the important cultural surge that is best known as the Harlem Renaissance. Background information on the early Puerto Rican diaspora is also included with brief references to the migrations to New Orleans, Hawaii, Washington, and New York City. The purpose of the essay is to develop a more complete picture of the Puerto Rican experience in jazz. The essay provides information that helps explain why the contemporary music of Puerto Ricans, in the States and the homeland, was influenced by the music of the African American community
Beginnings: Puerto Rican Studies Revisited  [cached]
Maribel Ortiz Márquez
Centro Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The essay, "Puerto Rican Studies Revisited," examines the inaugural texts that were written during the development of the programs during the seventies. Through the study of a short essay written by Frank Bonilla (along with Emilio González), it examines the organizational axes that configured the field of studies and how they shaped the future discussions by its practitioners.
Puerto Rican Studies: Changing Islands of Knowledge  [cached]
Pedro Cabán
Centro Journal , 2009,
Abstract: This essay discusses the factors that help explain the paradox of Puerto Rican Studies; on one hand the sustained institutional resistance to the establishment of viable Puerto Rican Studies academic units, and on the other, the growing acceptance of Puerto Rican Studies scholarship as a viable contributor to multidisciplinary research and teaching. The essay reviews the context in which Puerto Rican Studies units were established and discusses the array of factors that curtailed their institutional development. It also traces the trajectory of Puerto Rican Studies scholarship. It summarizes the diverse research priorities and competing intellectual currents in the prevailing scholarship. During the last four decades Puerto Rican Studies scholarship has acquired a measure of academic legitimacy and in the process has generated productive scholarly engagements with other disciplines.
Puerto Rican grandmothers share and relive their memorias  [cached]
Irma M. Olmedo
Centro Journal , 2001,
Abstract: The memorias of Puerto Rican grandmothers can be a valuable source for understanding how they see themselves as members of a community, and how they characterize what constitutes the Puerto Rican community in the diaspora. This paper describes the ways in which a group of elderly Puerto Rican women relived their memories as they participated in an oral history project. The project, Project Memorias, sought to elicit their memories in order to understand aspects of Puerto Rican history and culture and their migration experiences. The article presents the voices of the women as they reminisced about their lives and that of their families in Puerto Rico, their transition to the Chicago area, and the changes they see as they observe the community around them.
Puerto Rican and Deaf: A View from the Borderland  [cached]
Andrés Torres
Centro Journal , 2009,
Abstract: A little-known aspect of the Great Migration is the story of Puerto Rican families who came with their deaf children to New York City. This paper examines the interplay of language (oral and sign), culture, and family structure among the deaf and hearing members of such families. It also looks at the formation and activities of the deaf Puerto Rican community of the 1940s-1970s and its interaction with the Catholic Church and the hearing Puerto Rican community. It concludes with an overview of the concerns and controversies that deaf communities face today.
Atopic dermatitis in Tunisian schoolchildren
M Amouri, A Masmoudi, N Borgi, A Rebai, H Turki
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is low in North Africa. We describe the epidemiology of this atopic condition among school children in Tunisia. Methods: We conducted a Cross-sectional survey study of 5 to 6-year-old schoolchildren from 21 primary schools of Sfax. The diagnosis of AD was based on the U.K. Working Party diagnostic criteria. A questionnaire including these criteria and some risk factors of AD was issued to the children. All children were examined by one dermatologist. Results: Among the 1617 examined children, ten had AD giving a oneyear prevalence of 0.65%. The overall sex ratio was 2.33. The disease occurred before the age of 2 years in 3 children. Pure AD without concomitant respiratory allergies was noted in 3 cases. One first-degree family member with atopy was at least noted in seven children. The strongest associated factor was the presence of AD in at least one parent and maternal age at the time of the child birth. Nor breast-feeding neither environmental characteristics of the house did correlate with AD. Conclusion: The prevalence of AD in Tunisian schoolchildren is low but comparable to those of other developing countries. Family history of atopy and maternal age at the birth time was the most important associated factors.
Radical Contexts: Puerto Rican Politics in the 1960s and 1970s and the Center for Puerto Rican Studies  [cached]
Carmen Teresa Whalen
Centro Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Rooted in the radical political context of the late 1960s and 1970s, this historiography suggests that the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, which was founded in 1973, created another radical context by providing a physical space, alternative approaches, and support for scholarship that laid the foundation for Puerto Rican Studies as a field of research today. The dialogue between these two radical contexts-the Puerto Rican movement and the Center for Puerto Rican Studies' early scholarship-suggests four critical dimensions for studying Puerto Rican politics: the historical trajectory of Puerto Rican politics in the States; the political context of the era; the continuing colonial relationship between the United States and Puerto Rico; and groups' internal dynamics and broader identity politics.
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