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Design of policy mechanism to promote cleaner production in China
ZHANG Tian-zhu,
ZHANG
,Tian-zhu

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2001,
Abstract: In order to promote cleaner production in China, a package of policy options was presented based on the identification of the barriers encountered in the CP demonstration project and the effectiveness and feasibility of policy options for the CP implementation were analyzed. Furthermore, the policy mechanism framework was given, which composes of compulsory, economic incentive, social pressure and supportive function. Finally, the implementation strategy of the policy mechanism, in which the emphasis will be changed from compulsory policy options towards economic and social pressure policy options, was proposed.
The Prospects of Blue Economy to Promote Bangladesh into a Middle-Income Country  [PDF]
Md. Monjur Hasan, B. M. Sajjad Hossain, Md. Jobaer Alam, K. M. Azam Chowdhury, Ahmad Al Karim, Nuruddin Md. Khaled Chowdhury
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2018.83019
Abstract: This paper draws attention to the prospects of sea-based economy to promote Bangladesh in a middle-income country through the sustainable use of marine resources. About three-fourths of the earth is covered by the seas. It plays the vital role in two important functions from ancient time known as the means of communication and the source of huge living and non-living natural resources. At present, the countries are becoming very much concerned about their marine resources to resolve many of the present and future challenges of their economies. Generally for Bangladesh, ocean is contributing a significant role to its overall socio-economic progress through rising up the economic activities across the country and especially to the coastal zone at southern part. This paper investigates how much Bangladesh is capable to take of or handle the challenges to become a middle income country through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In addition, it has attempted with a closer-look to find out the barriers or limitations of these activities from different angles if exist.
The Policy to Promote the Innovative Development of Knowledge Intensive Business Services  [cached]
Wenhong Yang,Min Yan,Min Yan
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n11p190
Abstract: The Knowledge Intensive Business Services as an important part of the national economy and the national innovation system of the second knowledge base, is beginning to attach great importance to the country. At present, Knowledge Intensive Business Services have become the most active group of innovation. The article first elaborates the meaning of Knowledge Intensive Business Services. Then analysis the role of KIBS in innovation system and the development trend of KIBS. On this basis, it comments on the policy to promote the innovative development of KIBS advices for government.
Entertainment-Education to Promote Safe Motherhood: in the context of Bangladesh  [cached]
Shanzida Farhana,Jalal Uddin Ahmed
Canadian Social Science , 2008,
Abstract: We are now in the era of technological miracles, including in the field of communication. Satellite television brings us news and information across national boundaries. The media have a strong influence of people’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices. The power of media can be used very effectively to make people healthier. Systematic communication strategies can improve health behavior. Communication shapes how people conduct their daily lives, even their sexual behavior. Mass media techniques that combine entertainment with health education are particularly effective in producing behavior changes. The entertainment education approach are based on assumption that the power of mainstream popular culture is great enough to generate models for over all social behavior. This article is attempt to analyze that how entertainment education could be an important tool to promote safe motherhood in the context of Bangladesh. Key words: Entertainment education, Communication, Safe motherhood, Health promotion, Maternal health, Behavior Change Résumé: Nous sommes maintenant dans l’ère de miracles technologiques, y compris dans le domaine de la communication. La télévision par satellite nous apporte des actualités et des informations à travers les frontières nationales. Le média a une influence importante sur les connaissances des gens, sur leurs attitudes et pratiques. Le pouvoir de média peut être utilisé d’une fa on efficace pour rendre la population plus saine. Les stratégies de communication systématique peut améliorer les habitudes hygiéniques des gens. La communicaion fa onne leur conduite dans la vie quotidienne, voire leur comportements sexuels. Les techniques de média combinant les divertissements et l’éducation de santé sont particulièrement efficaces pour changer les comportements. L’approche de l’éducation divertissante est basée sur l’hypothèse que le pouvoir de la culture de tendance générale est assez puissant pour engendrer des modèles pour tous les comportements sociaux. Cet article tente d’analyser comment l’éducation divertissante peut devenir un outil important pour promouvoir une maternité saine au Bangladesh. Mots-Clés: éducation divertissante, communication, maternité saine, promotion de la santé, santé maternelle, changements de comportement
IJCCE: A Communication Platform for Cleaner Production and Sustainability  [PDF]
Jianjun Zhang
International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy (IJCCE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcce.2013.24006
Abstract: IJCCE: A Communication Platform for Cleaner Production and Sustainability
Cleaner birds: an overview for the Neotropics
Sazima, Ivan;Sazima, Cristina;
Biota Neotropica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032010000400025
Abstract: several bird species feed on a variety of external parasites and epibionts, organic debris, dead and wounded tissue, clots and blood, and secretions from the body of other vertebrates (hosts or clients). we present an overview of so called cleaner birds from the neotropics based on field records, literature, and photo survey. we found that 33 bird species in 16 families practice cleaning even if some of them do so very occasionally. the birds range from the galápagos ground finch geospiza fuliginosa to the widespread black vulture coragyps atratus. clients mostly are large herbivores such as capybaras, deer, and livestock, but also include medium-sized herbivores such as iguanas and tortoises, and carnivores such as boobies and seals - a few bird species associate with these latter marine mammals. no carnivorous terrestrial mammal client is recorded to date except for a domestic dog, from whose hair black vultures picked organic debris. some clients adopt particular inviting postures while being cleaned, whereas others are indifferent or even disturbed by the activity of cleaner birds. capybaras, giant tortoises, and iguanas are among the inviting clients, whereas boobies try to dislodge the 'vampire' finch geospiza difficilis. most of the neotropical cleaner birds may be lumped in one broad category (omnivores that dwell in open areas and associate with large to medium-sized herbivores). a second, restricted category accommodates some species from patagonia and the galápagos islands (omnivores that dwell in open areas and associate with carnivorous marine mammals, or seabirds and marine reptiles). two still more restricted categories accommodate the following: 1) forest-dwelling cleaner birds; and 2) marine coastal cleaners. additional records of neotropical cleaner birds will mostly fall in the broad category.
Growth and yield performance of shingi, Heteropneustes fossilis and koi, Anabas testudineus in Bangladesh under semi-intensive culture systems
B.K. Chakraborty
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology : IJARIT , 2012,
Abstract: Production potential of shingi, Heteropneustes fossilis and koi, Anabas testudineus in polyculture were assessed at a stocking density of 2, 47,000 and 3, 70,500 ha-1, respectively in treatment T1 and T2. Monoculture of H. fossilis and A. testudineus was designed at a stocking density of 2, 47,000 ha-1 in treatment T3 and T4, respectively. Culture period of shingi was 120 days and koi was 100 days in all treatments. All fingerlings were of the same age at stocking, with a mean weight of 2.54±0.08 g for shingi and 0.50±0.01 g for koi, respectively. Commercial fish feeds (30.0% crude protein) supplied at the rate of 100 to 5% of total biomass twice daily. Fish production in treatment T1, T2, T3 and T4 were 18,803±111, 12,388±115, 10,042±5 kg ha-1 day-120 and 22,176±7 kg ha-1 day-100, respectively. The feed conversion ratio (FCR) was significantly (P<0.05) lower in T4 than that of the other three treatments. The net financial benefits incurred from treatment T1, T2, T3 and T4 were Bangladeshi Taka 17,65,769; 6,691; 15,83,990 and 16,29,409 BDT ha-1, respectively. The mean differences of gross yields and net benefits among different treatments were significant (P<0.05). The polyculture technology of shingi and koi, and monoculture technology of koi may help to meet the dietary needs and improve the socio-economic status of the people of Bangladesh.
Extensive Reading in EFL Classroom at Secondary Schools in Bangladesh: Current Practices and Future Possibilities  [cached]
Md Zulfeqar Haider,Elina Akhter
International Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v5n3p126
Abstract: Extensive reading is being practiced in many EFL and ESL classrooms as an effective means for developing learners’ reading as well as other related skills. This paper is based on a small-scale study that explores the current practices and future possibilities of using extensive reading in the EFL classrooms at the junior secondary schools in Bangladesh. The study reports the responses of 100 secondary English teachers on different aspects of using extensive reading tasks in the EFL classrooms of Bangladeshi schools. It is found that though the teachers of Bangladesh express positive beliefs about the benefits of extensive reading, the techniques they follow in their classrooms at present mostly encourage intensive reading. It is also evident that teachers who deal with extensive reading do not often follow the best practices in the classrooms. It is suggested in this study that extensive reading needs to be promoted in the Bangladeshi schools through coordinated efforts of all the stakeholders in the secondary education system. It is stressed that a combination of initiatives such as teacher training, awareness raising, curriculum reform and changing existing assessment format can promote the practices of extensive reading activities among the young learners.
ПРОЦЕС ПРОМИВАННЯ ГРАВ ТАЦ ЙНОГО ОЧИСНИКА В Д ЗАБРУДНЕНЬ МИЙНИМИ ЗАСОБАМИ The process of flushing the gravitational cleaner from pollution cleansers Процес мытья гравитационного очистителя от загрязнений моющими средствами  [cached]
С.О. Пуз?к,В.С. Манз?й,В.О. Закревський,В.С. Шевчук
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2010,
Abstract: Наведено результати анал тичних досл джень процесу в дновлення поверхн осаджувальних пластин грав тац йного очисника безперервно д промиванням його мийними засобами. Вир шальним у цьому процес подолання тертя ковзання частинками забруднення. During the dirt accumulation the operating efficiency of the cleaners is decreasing and can be restored by cleaning the surface of sedimental plates cleaner. The condition of washing cleaner from pollution is excess of stokes forces on sliding friction force and size that characterizes the roll friction. Inequalities for all computed values of stoke strength were arranged and solved relative to waste of certain cleaning fluids. Thus: the flushing gravity cleaner with considered detergents is possible, more efficient process is to wash with detergent that has higher kinematic viscosity coefficient. Эффективность работы очистителя с накоплением загрязнений понижается и может быть восстановлена очисткой поверхности осадительных пластин очистителя. Условием промывки очистителя от загрязнений является превышения стоксовской силы над силой трения скольжения и величиной, характеризующей трение качения. Составлены и решены неравности для всех найденных значений стоксовской силы относительно потерь некоторых моющих средств. Эффективность процесса промывки гравитационного очистителя зависит от коэффициента кинематической вязкости моющего средства.
Actual problems of municipal cleaner s waste waters  [PDF]
Konko?ová Patrícia
Acta Montanistica Slovaca , 2000,
Abstract: In paper are evaluated social and economical changes in water economy with emphasis on complex evaluation of municipal cleaner s waste waters with respect of legislative, position of ownerskip relationskips and financial security of public experiences of water economy.
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