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Florence Nightingale, la primera gran teórica de enfermería Florence Nightingale, the first great nursing theorist
María del Carmen Amaro Cano
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2004,
Abstract: La importancia de la teoría en la práctica profesional de la enfermería ha motivado el tratamiento del tema. La primera teórica en enfermería, Florence Nightingale, supo aplicar sus conocimientos de historia y filosofía al estudio de la realidad, en particular a esa parte de la realidad que se constituyó en el centro de su vida: el cuidado de la salud de las personas. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la lógica del pensamiento de la fundadora de la enfermería profesional y las bases filosóficas, tanto epistemológicas como éticas de su teoría, a partir del análisis del propio contexto histórico sociocultural en el cual se desarrolló esta personalidad histórica. Para el análisis se ha realizado el estudio de su principal obra y su epistolario, además de fuentes secundarias de teóricas mas recientes, quienes han desarrollado sus propias teorías y modelos a partir de la lógica del pensamiento nightingaleano. Aún cuando pudiera aducirse que la teoría de enfermería de Nightingale es pobre, vista a la luz del desarrollo científico-técnico actual, no es posible obviar que esta teoría ha servido de punto de partida para desarrollar todas y cada una de las actuales teorías de enfermería; pero sobre todo, merece el profundo reconocimiento de haber sido la pionera del pensamiento científico y ético en enfermería. The importance of theory in the professional nursing practice has motivated the discussion of this topic. The first nursing theorist, Florence Nightingale, was able to apply her history and philosophy knowledge to the study of reality, in particular to that part of reality that became the focus of her life: people's health care.This paper is aimed at analyzing the logic of the thinking of the founder of professional nursing and the philosophical bases, both the epistemological and the ethical bases of her theory, starting from the analysis of the own historical and sociocultural context in which this historical figure developed. To make this analysis, her main work and epistolary, as well as secondary sources of the latest theorists, who have developed their own theories and models based on the logic of Nightingale's thinking, were studied Even when it can be stated that Nightingale's thinking is poor to the light of the current technical and scientific development, it is not possible to forget that this theory has served as a starting point to develop each of the present nursing theories and that, above all, it deserves a deep recognition for being the pioneer of the scientific and ethical nursing thinking.
Florence Nightingale: Apontamentos sobre a fundadora da Enfermagem Moderna Florence Nightingale: Apuntes sobre la fundadora de la Enfermería Moderna Florence Nightingale: Notes on the founder of Modern Nursing  [cached]
Lúcia Marlene Macário Lopes,Sandra Maria Pereira dos Santos
Revista de Enfermagem Referência , 2010,
Abstract: Avan ada para a sua época, mas ao mesmo tempo conservadora, Florence Nightingale popularizou o exercício da Enfermagem, permitindo o estabelecimento de uma nova profiss o para a mulher. Mulher bem formada e culta, recorreu aos seus conhecimentos e estatuto social para influenciar a política de saúde e educa o, na sua época. Prestou cuidados de enfermagem aos doentes, durante a Guerra da Crimeia (1854-1856), afirmando a profiss o de Enfermagem e dando início à sua caminhada para o estatuto de ícone e lenda. Este artigo constitui uma pequena recolha bibliográfica que pretende homenagear e dar a conhecer o percurso daquela que é considerada a fundadora da Enfermagem Moderna. Ao longo de 90 anos de vida, Florence Nightingale escreveu aproximadamente 20 mil cartas a amigos e conhecidos distinguidos e redigiu cerca de 200 obras repartidas entre livros, relatórios e panfletos que tiveram profundo impacto na saúde e na reorganiza o dos servi os de saúde. A sua obra foi de tal forma revolucionária e avan ada que lhe permitiu um alcance mundial considerado, ainda hoje, pedra basilar na profissionaliza o da Enfermagem. Avanzada para su época, aunque al mismo tiempo conservadora, Florence Nightingale popularizó el ejercicio de la Enfermería, permitiendo el establecimiento de una nueva profesión para la mujer. Mujer bien formada y culta, recurrió a sus conocimientos y estatuto social para influenciar la política de salud y educación, en su época. Prestó cuidados de enfermería a enfermos, durante la Guerra de la Crimea (1854-1856), afirmando la profesión de la Enfermería y dando inicio a su recorrida hacia el estatuto de ícono y leyenda. Este artículo constituye una peque a recolección bibliográfica que pretende homenajear y dar a conocer el trayecto de aquella que es considerada la fundadora de la Enfermería Moderna. A lo largo de 90 a os de vida, Florence Nightingale escribió aproximadamente 20 mil cartas a amigos y conocidos distinguidos y redactó cerca de 200 obras repartidas entre libros, informes y panfletos, que tuvieron un profundo impacto en la salud y en la reorganización de los servicios de salud. Su obra fue de tal forma revolucionaria y avanzada, que le permitió un alcance mundial, considerado, aún hoy, piedra angular en la profesionalización de la Enfermería. Ahead of her time, although conservative, Florence Nightingale popularized the practice of nursing, allowing the establishment of a new profession for women. A well-educated and cultured woman, she used her knowledge and status to influence health and education policy in her time. She provided n
COMPRENSIóN DE LA ENFERMERíA DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA HISTóRICA DE FLORENCIA NIGHTINGALE UNDERSTANDING THE NURSING HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE  [cached]
Elizabeth Rocío Nú?ez Carrasco
Ciencia y Enfermería : Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacíon , 2011,
Abstract: El libro Notas sobre enfermería, Qué es y Qué no es, escrito por Florencia Nightingale, cumplió 150 a os desde su primera edición, y es sin duda el libro en el cual se dibujaron los primeros lineamientos de la disciplina de enfermería. Este artículo tiene como propósito interpretar desde la experiencia de ser enfermera y desde definiciones contemporáneas de la disciplina, cómo la enfermería ha articulado su desarrollo teórico, y de valorar el impacto de la enfermería en aquella persona llamada a cuidar. Desde las citas del libro fue posible interpretar el avance sistemático de la disciplina de enfermería desde su inicios hasta nuestros días. Se constata cómo el cuidado humano es capaz de movilizar a aquella persona que cuida, inclusive transformándola. The book Notes on Nursing, What it is and what it is not written by Florence Nightingale, celebrated 150 years since its first edition, and is undoubtedly the book, which drew the first outlines of the discipline of nursing. This paper aims to interpret from the experience of being a nurse and from contemporary definitions of the discipline, how nurses have based their theoretical development, and to assess the impact of nursing on that person called to care. Based on the quotes from the book it was possible to interpret the systematic progress of the discipline of nursing from its inception until today. It is stated how human care is capable of mobilizing the caregiver, transforming it.
O legado de Florence Nightingale: uma viagem no tempo
Costa, Roberta;Padilha, Maria Itayra;Amante, Lúcia Nazareth;Costa, Eliani;Bock, Lisnéia Fabiani;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072009000400007
Abstract: the objective of this descriptive, qualitative, historical study is to reflect about the modes in which florence nightingale is represented in nursing scientific production from 1950 until 2008. the source of this study was the pubmed database, with 79 studies analyzed through the abstracts of their publications. after analysis, the following categories arose - florence's history, the author's view, knowledge and practices established by florence nightingale: from the charity sisters to the crimean war; education and the bridges to professional nursing; and florence nightingale, feminist, reactionary, and administrator? her role as an administrator, educator, statistician, and her contradictory feminism is highlighted. it is concluded that florence nightingale's life and her role as a modern nursing creator in the world is reinforced as something positive - a woman that dedicated her life to caring for others and to the professionalization of nursing.
Applying an educational theory to effectively teach nursing practice and NCLEX categories  [cached]
Karen M. Myrick
Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v3n3p124
Abstract: There is a desire amongst nursing faculty to effectively teach the process of nursing, and to have a meaningful context in which to disseminate this information. The use of an educational theory as a guide to nursing faculty in teaching the practice of nursing, specifically the NCLEX categories is demonstrated. Applying the ARCS Motivational Theory to the teaching of nursing practice using the NCLEX categories as a format is a way to demonstrate the categories, process, and relevance of the model. The separate categories of the NCLEX are outlined and addressed.
The meaning of interaction between nursing professionals and newborns/families in a hospital setting
Pinheiro, Eliana Moreira;Silva, Maria Júlia Paes da;Angelo, Margareth;Ribeiro, Circéa Amália;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000600012
Abstract: this study aimed to understand the meaning of the nursing team's communication with newborns and families during care delivered in a neonatal unit and also to develop a theoretical model. symbolic interactionism and hargie's model were used as theoretical and grounded theory as the methodological reference framework. the study was carried out at the nursery of a hospital in s?o paulo, sp, brazil. the study sample was composed of three nurses and four nursing auxiliaries. the theoretical model being mediated by the strength of motivation was based on findings and revealed the role the nursing professionals' motivation played during interactions with newborns and families. the conclusion is that more humanized interactions with newborns and families result from the nursing professionals' motivation.
The Impact of Concept Mapping on Caring Efficacy of Palestinian Nursing Students at Clinical Setting  [PDF]
Dalia A. Toqan, Inaam A. Khalaf, Ahmad J. Ayed
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.91006
Abstract: Background: The rapid change of health care delivery affirms the need for a change in the culture of nursing education through identifying the challenge to nursing faculty that many teach in the way they were taught, and suggesting a focus on the exploration of new teaching methods and student learning, rather than only focus on content coverage. Objectives: To examine the impact of concept mapping on caring efficacy of Palestinian nursing students. Methods: A quasi-experimental design, pre-post test, two groups (intervention and control group) were used. Convenience sample of 80 (40 participants in each group) nursing students from Arab American University, Jenin. Caring Efficacy was measured by Caring Efficacy Scale. The statistical tests such as t-test (independent and paired t-test) were used to examine the effect of concept mapping on caring efficacy of the fourth year nursing students at their clinical training. Results: Independent-samples t-test revealed statistically significant differences between the two groups in caring efficacy (t = 2.589, df = 78, P = 0.011); students in the intervention group showed higher level of caring efficacy than students in the control group during their clinical training. Conclusion: Concept mapping was found to be an effective teaching method for nursing students. The use of concept mapping is useful in enhancing meaningful learning.
Validation of evidence-based clinical practice guideline: Nursing intervention for newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients at community setting
AI Ahmed, SM Soliman, LA Awad
Alexandria Journal of Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis is a major contributor to disease burden in the developing countries. It is considered the second fatal disease all over the world and the third most important public health problem in Egypt. The direct causes of increasing the burden of tuberculosis are the inconsistent and fragmented health services. The nursing interventions of tuberculosis in community settings require a system of recommendations that ensure the consistency of care. Objective: The present study aimed at providing a valid evidence-based clinical guideline that assists nurses to intervene consistently to the newly diagnosed patient with pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods: The intended guideline was developed according to the criteria of the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) and the American Academy of Neurology. This guideline was developed based on the need for assessments of the intended users (nurses) and the end-point beneficiaries (newly diagnosed patients with pulmonary tuberculosis). The development process of the guideline consisted of seven main steps. The SIGN appraisal tools were used for the critical appraisal phase of the retrieved studies, and the ‘‘Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation (AGREE) Instrument’’, that was used for appraising the internal validity of the developed guideline. Results: The developed guideline included thirty recommendations categorized into four main themes, which are assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing care plan and implementation of care plan. The overall assessment of the guideline revealed that two-thirds of academic appraisers strongly recommended the guideline to be used in practice and most of practitioner nurses and practitioner physicians recommended the guideline to be in practice. Conclusion: The development of this guideline was based on the needs of the targeted users (nurses) and end-point beneficiaries (patients). It was strongly recommended by the appraisers to be used in the outpatients chest clinics. The study recommended that this developed guideline should be disseminated to the policy makers to be approved for application.
Florence Nightingale e as irm?s de caridade: revisitando a história
Padilha, Maria Itayra Coelho de Souza;Mancia, Joel Rolim;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672005000600018
Abstract: this study presents an historical analysis on the links betwen the nursing practice and the influence received from various religious orders/associations along the times, especially from saint vincent paul's charity sisters. the professional nursing which was pioneered by florence nightingale in the xixth century, was directly influenced by the teachings of love and fraternity. in addition, other contributions from the religious orders/associations were the concepts of altruism, valorization of an adequate environment for the care of patients, and the division of work in nursing. the study shows the influence of charity sisters on florence nightingale.
Entry into Nursing: An Ethnographic Study of Newly Qualified Nurses Taking on the Nursing Role in a Hospital Setting  [PDF]
Mari Skancke Bjerknes,Ida Torunn Bj?rk
Nursing Research and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/690348
Abstract: The transition from student to working nurse has long been recognized as challenging. This paper presents the findings of research into the opportunities and limitations encountered by newly qualified nurses when taking on the nursing role. The study had an ethnographic design. Observation, interviews, and document analysis were used to gain insight into nurses' daily work from the perspective of recently graduated nurses. Thirteen nurses were monitored closely during their first year in a hospital setting in Norway. These new nurses generally entered the field with empathy for their patients, enthusiasm for the profession, and readiness to learn more about being a good nurse. However, their more experienced colleagues seemed to neither respect nor nurture this attitude. The new nurses experienced heavier responsibilities than expected, fragmentation of patient care, and stressful interactions with colleagues. The lack of a supportive work environment and role models increased the new nurses' experience of overwhelming responsibility in their daily work situations. The nurses learned to cope the hard way, despite the organizational culture, not because of it. Adjusting the profession's expectations of new nurses, and offering good role models and more comprehensive support programmes, would markedly ease the transition for new nurses. 1. Introduction The transition from student to working nurse has long been recognized as difficult and has attracted the attention of researchers for decades [1–5]. Various studies have shown that new graduates are inadequately prepared for their role as nurses, and they are ineffectually oriented to the work place [6–8]. The nursing discipline and nurse education are currently experiencing the compound pressure of expectations, which may lead to deteriorating conditions for nursing practice. The clinical field, under increasing pressure to be profitable, efficient, and effective, is demanding education programmes that produce graduate nurses who are work ready from day one [9]. Professional discussions of the deteriorating conditions for nursing as a caring profession have also cited the apparent movement among nurses away from both a wish for human contact and a willingness to comfort the sick and suffering for its own sake [10, 11]. Such studies indicate that the conditions for nursing remain challenging in terms of increased pressure in the work environment and new nurses’ readiness and willingness to care for patients. This situation inspired us to investigate empirically how new nurses are taking on the nursing role
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