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Chinese Private Enterprises’ Management Innovation  [cached]
Ri Nan
Asian Social Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v9n4p51
Abstract: Since the reform and opening, private enterprises of China have got a rapid development, and have done a great contribution to the continual development of national economy. However, with the change of external and internal situations, private enterprise management appears to be defective, sometimes it even does harm to the development of the enterprises. This reports aims to present of the problem of private enterprises in China. In order to solve this problem, Chinese private enterprises should accelerate the management innovation. We analyzed the necessities of enterprises’ management innovation, the motivation of management innovation, obstacles to management innovation. Finally, it puts forward the countermeasures to solve the problems.
Do Innovation Subsidies Policy Improve the Innovation Performance of Enterprises?  [PDF]
Xiujie Yao
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.72001
Abstract: To explore the relationship between the forms of innovative subsidies and corporate innovation performance and study the policy’s influence factors, we have compared the two forms of innovative subsidies for government subsidies and R&D tax super-deduction policy, by conducting an empirical study on A-share listed companies from 2006 to 2016 based on the propensity score matching and difference-in-difference method. Results indicate that innovation performance is negatively affected by the direct government subsidies, which is especially significant for non-state-owned enterprises. While the R&D tax super-deduction policy is significantly improving the innovation performance of the enterprise, whether for state-owned or non-state-owned enterprises, the positive effect is equally significant.
THE PROBLEM OF FINANCING INNOVATION OF ENTERPRISES  [PDF]
Alexander Ildyakov
Sovremennye Issledovania Social?nyh Problem , 2012,
Abstract: The article examines the main issues related to financing innovation in enterprises. The author proves the problem of financing innovation as a key deterrent to the innovative development of Russian enterprises.
Evolution and Thinking of the Accounting Supervision Mode of China’s State-owned Enterprises  [cached]
Yaxiong Guo
Journal of Computers , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jcp.6.11.2476-2483
Abstract: State-owned enterprise is an important and indispensable component of China's national economy. Transformation and innovation of accounting supervision mode of State-owned enterprises play a decisive role in building and improving China's modern enterprise system. China's current accounting supervision model of state-owned enterprises is continuously innovating. It’s theoretically and practically significant to study the evolution of accounting supervision mode of state-owned enterprises, summaries experiences and further improve the accounting supervision system. The evolution of accounting supervision mode of New China’s state-owned enterprises has gone through four important stages, the financial supervision stage, the stage of supervision of the accounting process, the triple accounting supervision stage, and the comprehensive accounting supervision stage. Moreover, background, development process and characteristics of different stages are different. At the present stage, there are many problems in accounting supervision mode, including multiple monitoring, defects of system design, form over substance, tendency of government intervention in the economy, lack of incentive and control mechanism. All these problems should be solved by implementing mode combination management, improving the efficiency of the accounting supervision, making clear the limit of accounting supervision, setting incentive and control mechanism .
Does the Depreciation of RMB Exchange Rate Inhibit the Innovation of Export Enterprises?  [PDF]
Guohui Yang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.92022
Abstract: Based on the sample of Chinese A-share listed companies from 2011-2016, this paper examines the impact of RMB exchange rate depreciation on enterprise innovation from the perspective of investment motivation. The study found that the devaluation of the RMB exchange rate significantly inhibited the innovation of export enterprises. In the sample of export enterprises, this paper uses OLS regression to find that RMB devaluation significantly inhibits the innovation of export enterprises. Further study on the exporting enterprises group found that this conclusion is only significant in the sub-sample of private enterprises, small scale enterprises and enterprises with high industry competition degree. Because these enterprises have a stronger motivation to pursue profits, in case that the depreciation of RMB exchange rate is conducive to exports, they are more likely to increase their investment in production in order to expand their exports, ignoring innovation investment. This shows that the export enterprises are in the face of the short-term profit-making opportunities arising from the devaluation of the RMB, and the weakening of motivation for investment innovation is the mechanism of devaluation of the RMB to curb enterprise innovation. Finally, in the robustness test, this paper considers the lagging effect of RMB depreciation, and replaces the innovation index of enterprises, and the results are still consistent with the main regression results.
A Study on the Performances of State-owned Enterprises and Governance Structure in China
Sen Wang
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009,
Abstract: The reform and developments of the state-owned enterprises and state-owned banks have so important meaning to China’s economic development. By means of regression analysis, the author draws a surprising conclusion: as far as state-owned listing companies are concerned, their achievement has been not satisfied by the end of 2003. It is pointed that the restructuring of state-owned enterprises can not purely depend on governance structure in short time. The key of state-owned enterprises should be transferring business Mechanism and Improving their competition.
Thoughts on Management Reform in China’s State-Owned Enterprises  [cached]
Shengming Hou
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n11p83
Abstract: In order to improve the management level of China’s state-owned enterprises, we should consider the management environment of state-owned enterprises and construct a suitable management mode, instead of copying the management experiences in western countries. Based on an in-depth analysis, this paper puts forward suggestions for the management reform in state-owned enterprises from three aspects. How to properly deal with the relationship between management reform and experience inheritance in state-owned enterprises, how to integrate China’s local cultures, and how to reflect the the theme of the times are the key points to construct the suitable management mode for state-owned enterprises.
Research on the Policy of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Talents Flow from the Supply-Side  [PDF]
Ye Wang, Long Cheng
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.611009
Abstract: The development situation and main difficulties of the development of innovation and entrepreneurship talents in domestic universities were acquired by summarizing and analyzing the policy characteristics and practical experience of the innovation, entrepreneurship and technology talents mobility in the United States, Britain and Japan. This paper proposed some suggestions about policies, including two modes and the design of frame, which could provide a path and countermeasures for the government to promote the innovation and entrepreneurial flow of scientific and technological talents, at the same time, provide development paths and suggestions for subsequent policy announcements.
Motivation innovation future teacher
Vera Elagina,Elena Nemydraya
Koncept : Scientific and Methodological e-magazine , 2013,
Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of motivation innovation of future teachers. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Philology and the Faculty of Physical Education and Safety CSPU. We used data from a survey 247 students of 4–5 courses, the aim of which was to study the motives that impel prospective teachers to engage in innovative activities.
Promoting women and minorities owned enterprises in African countries.
NC Ozigbo, P Ezeaku
Journal of Business and Administrative Studies , 2009,
Abstract: This paper attempts to examine the key issues relating to African women and minority owned enterprises development in the context of its relationship with economic development. The analysis is further broadened to underscore the determinants of women entrepreneurship development and the environment conducive for its operations. In addition, the policies that are necessary to make this environment favorable are discussed. The generic constraints faced are also listed out. The paper shows the need to accelerate economic development in African countries through promotion of women and majorities owned enterprises. Entrepreneurial orientations should be based on stimulating local entrepreneurial talent and subsequent growth of indigenous companies. This in turn would create jobs and add economic value to the region and at the same time keep scarce resources within the region. The paper recommends that African women and minority owned enterprises should be encouraged and taught to develop new entrepreneurial life styles, capacities, develop global sensitivity and strategic thinking capabilities. Therefore, greater gender equality, better institutions and more efficient economic functioning could possibly lead to access to opportunities, rights and voice.
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