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Mud Diapirism on the Makran, Iran: Case Study on the Napag Mud Volcano  [PDF]
Faranak Feizi, Mehran Arian, Artin Arian
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.55027
Abstract: The Napag is the biggest Mud Volcano at Makran in Iran. The main aim of this research is the investigation of geologic setting and geographic situation of Napag Mud Volcano as a well-known mud diapir at Makran on the south eastern margin of Iran. The Napag Mud Volcano has been formed during quaternary of as a conical hill on the flat plain in coastal region Oman Sea. There are badlands area and several mud volcanoes that they have been triggered by longitudinal normal faults. This normal faults have been developed in neotectonic regime by the roll-back of oceanic lithosphere (beneath of Oman Sea). Finally, the main characteristics of the Napag mud diapir are presented.
Morphological Evaluation of Head in Turkman Males in Gorgan-North of Iran
Golalipour,Mohammad Jafar; Jahanshahi,Mehrdad; Haidari,Kamran;
International Journal of Morphology , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022007000100013
Abstract: cephalometry or measurement of human head is used in identification, forensic medicine, plastic surgery, orthodontics, archeology and examine the differences between races and ethnicities. this descriptive investigation was undertaken on 198 young turkman males to determine the cephalic index and head phenotype among them in gorgan, north of iran. in this study cephalic index was determined by classic cephalometric method. mean and standard deviation of cephalic index was 80.4 + 4. based on the cephalic index, the head shape of 42.4% of individuals were brachycephalic, 7.6% hyperbrachycephalic, 40.9% mesocephalic and 8.1% dolicocephalic. this research showed that turkman individuals have typical brachycephalic phenotype. in comparison to other studies, we can conclude that the ethnic factor has an effective role on head phenotype in north of iran
Epidemiology of Shigella-associated diarrhea in Gorgan, north of Iran  [cached]
Ghaemi Ezzat,Aslani Mohammad,Moradi Abdol,Dadgar Teena
Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology , 2007,
Abstract: Objective : Shigella is an important etiological agent for diarrhea and especially dysentery. Shigellosis is an intestinal infection that is a major public health problem in many developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Shigella and its various species in diarrheal samples in Gorgan located in the north of Iran. Materials and Methods: Between January-December 2005, the epidemiology of Shigella- associated diarrhea was studied among 634 patients in Gorgan. The diarrheal samples accompanied with a questionnaire, which contained the demographic and main symptoms of the patients, were transported to the laboratory and inoculated in different culture media. Colonies suspected to be of Shigella were detected using differential biochemical tests and subsequently, the serotype of Shigella was defined using antisera. Results : Shigella was isolated from 56/634 diarrheal samples) (8.8%) of which S. sonnei was the predominant species (55%). Occurrence of Schigella was highest in the 2-5 years′ age group (70.9%) and highest in summer (73.2%) with the most frequent clinical manifestation being abdominal pain (67.8%). The prevalence of Shigella in males and females was 8 and 9.8% respectively, but this difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: It has been shown that Shigella sonnei is the most common Shigella serogroup among 2-5 year-old children in Gorgan. It is therefore suggested that hygienic training be given to childcare attendants and the children themselves.
Prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in Diarrhea samples in Gorgan , East north of Iran
Ziaei, N.,Amir Mozafari ,N.,Kouhsari ,H.,Moradi , A
Medical Laboratory Journal , 2009, DOI: http://www.goums.ac.ir/mljgoums/index.php?&slct_pg_id=10&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Diarrhea is one of the most common diseasesin the world. Campylobacter jejuni is one of the prevalent agents of bacterialdiarrhea in most of developing countries. It is usually ignored in routinelaboratory test in our country, because it has a difficult investigation method.This article aims to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni, indiarrhea samples in Gorgan City (East north of Iran) by PCR Method.Material and Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 455diarrheal samples during one year (2005-06).255 out of them were culturedon Preston media (Himedia co.) on 42°c. DNA Extracted by phenolcholorophorm method was directly carried out on stool samples.16srDNA;hipo and asp primers for detection of Campylobacter genus, C.jejuni andC.coli species were used, respectively. In addition, universal primer of16srDNA was used for control of PCR method.Results: no sample was positive for Campylobacter in culture .only threesamples were positive for Campylobacter genus and C.jejuni specific primerbut none of them were positive for C.coli .99 samples were positive byuniversal primer of 16srDNA .Conclusion: The results indicate that C.jejuni isn't a prevalent agent indiarrhea in our region.Key words: Campylobacter jejuni -Gorgan- Diarrhea
The Variation of Head Shapes in 17-20 Years Old Native Fars Male in Gorgan-North of Iran
Golalipour,Mohammad Jafar;
International Journal of Morphology , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022006000300011
Abstract: cephalic index and head shape are affected by geographical, gender, age and racial factors. this study carried out to determine cephalic index and head shape in 17-20 years old native fars male in gorgan, north of iran. this descriptive study was done on 200 of 17-20 years old male native fars by classic cephalometry in gorgan, north of iran. mean and sd of cephalic index was 84.8 + 6.9. the head shape of 52% of individuals was hyperbrachycephalic, 25% brachycephalic, 21.5% mesocephalic and 1.5% dolichocephalic. native fars individuals showed typical hyperbrachycephalic. in comparing to other studies in world, we can conclude that the role of racial/ethnic factor in cephalic diameters
Extended spectrum beta lactamase producing E.coli isolated from Gorgan, North of Iran
Babaii Kochaksaraii M,NasrolahiOmran A,Javid N,Shakeri F
Medical Laboratory Journal , 2012, DOI: http://www.goums.ac.ir/mljgoums/index.php?&slct_pg_id=10&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Abstract: Background and objectives: The increase of ESBL producing E.coli cancreate a tremendous difficult y for the health system. These isolates leads torapid transmission of causative genes to other clinically important bacteriaand synchronously increased resistant to other antibiotics. This study wascarried out to determine the prevalence of this isolate and related genes inGorgan, North of Iran.Material and Methods: This study was conducted on 218 isolated E.colifrom urinary tract infection of outpatients referring to six medical laboratoriesin Gorgan, during 2010-11. The resistance to Cefotaxim (Mast Co.) wasassessed by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. The confirmatory test fordetection of resistant isolates was carried out by double disk method at thepresence of Cefotaxim and clavulanic acid. The presence of β lactamase geneof blatem, blactx and blashv in ESBL was assessed by PCR method.Results: of 218, 70 isolates (32.1%) are resistant to Cefotaxim. Sixty-two(88.6%) of them are confirmed as ESBL producing E.coli. β lactamase genesof blactx, blatem and blashv can be seen in 28(45.2%), 26(41.9%) and6(9.7%) isolates, respectively.Conclusion: the prevalence of ESBL producing E.coli in Gorgan is in therange of country average and blaCTX-M gene is the most common gene.Key words: E.coli, ESBL, bla gene, UTI
The Effect of Pre-Pregnancy Body Mass Index on Gestational Weight Gain and Pregnancy Outcome in Gorgan, North Iran
Elham Mobasheri,Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: This study was performed to assess the role of pre-pregnancy BMI on gestational weight gain and birth weight. A prospective study was conducted in 315 pregnant women with the mean age of 26.6±5.6 years who attended to two urban and rural health care centers in Gorgan, North of Iran. Patients with gestational diabete and pre-eclampsia were excluded. Data on pregnancy weight gain, height, age, smoking, parity, birth weight and mother's educational status were obtained by a trained health worker and some questionnaires. Then women were divided to four subgroups based on pre-pregnancy BMI as underweight, normal, overweight and obese. Participants were also divided to three subgroups on the basis of their educational status. Gestational weight gain was studied in each of these groups and compared in regard to pre-pregnancy BMI and educational status of the women. Weight gain below the lower cut-off of IOM was 47.7, 47 and 20.3% in underweight, normal and overweight groups, respectively. Normal weight gain according to IOM was 40.9, 34.7, 52.5 and 33.3% in underweight, normal, overweight and obese groups, respectively. Mean birth weight was significantly higher in women with normal pre-pregnancy BMI and the prevalence of LBW was much more in women with low pre-pregnancy BMI (p = 0.002). Also, highly educated women (>12 years of schooling) gained more weight during pregnancy significantly. This study showed a considerable proportion of women with underweight and normal weight in study area have lower gestational weight gain that recommended by IOM, which can be a cause for LBW neonates.
Morphological Evaluation of Head in Turkman Males in Gorgan-North of Iran Evaluación Morfológica de la Cabeza en Hombres Turcos en Gorgan del Norte de Irán  [cached]
Mohammad Jafar Golalipour,Mehrdad Jahanshahi,Kamran Haidari
International Journal of Morphology , 2007,
Abstract: Cephalometry or measurement of human head is used in identification, forensic medicine, plastic surgery, orthodontics, archeology and examine the differences between races and ethnicities. This descriptive investigation was undertaken on 198 young Turkman males to determine the cephalic index and head phenotype among them in Gorgan, North of Iran. In this study cephalic index was determined by classic cephalometric method. Mean and standard deviation of cephalic index was 80.4 + 4. Based on the cephalic index, the head shape of 42.4% of individuals were brachycephalic, 7.6% hyperbrachycephalic, 40.9% mesocephalic and 8.1% dolicocephalic. This research showed that Turkman individuals have typical brachycephalic phenotype. In comparison to other studies, we can conclude that the ethnic factor has an effective role on head phenotype in North of Iran La cefalometría o mediciones de la cabeza humana son usadas en identificación, Medicina Forense, Cirugía Plástica, Ortodoncia, Arqueología y tiene la finalidad de examinar las diferencias entre razas y etnias. Esta investigación descriptiva fue realizada en 198 hombres jóvenes turcos en Gorgan, Norte de Irán, para determinar el índice cefálico y el fenotipo de la cabeza. El índice cefálico fue determinado por el método de cefalometría clásica. La media y desviación estándar del índice cefálico fue de 80.4 + 4. Basado en el índice cefálico, la forma de la cabeza era braquicefálica en el 42.4%, hiperbraquicefálica en el 7.6%, mesocefálica en el 40.9% y dolicocefálica en el 8,1% de los individuos. Esta invetigación mostró que los individuos turcos presentan un típico fenotipo braquicefálico. En comparación con otros estudios, podemos concluir que el factor étnico tiene un efectivo rol en el fenotipo cefálico en el Norte de Irán
The Variation of Head Shapes in 17-20 Years Old Native Fars Male in Gorgan-North of Iran Variaciones en las Formas de la Cabeza en Hombres Nativos Fars entre 17-20 A os en Gorgan-Norte de Irán  [cached]
Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
International Journal of Morphology , 2006,
Abstract: Cephalic index and head shape are affected by geographical, gender, age and racial factors. This study carried out to determine cephalic index and head shape in 17-20 years old native Fars male in Gorgan, North of Iran. This descriptive study was done on 200 of 17-20 years old male native Fars by classic cephalometry in Gorgan, North of Iran. Mean and SD of cephalic index was 84.8 + 6.9. The head shape of 52% of individuals was hyperbrachycephalic, 25% brachycephalic, 21.5% mesocephalic and 1.5% dolichocephalic. Native Fars individuals showed typical hyperbrachycephalic. In comparing to other studies in world, we can conclude that the role of racial/ethnic factor in cephalic diameters El índice cefálico y la forma de la cabeza son afectados por factores geográficos, género, edad y raza. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el índice cefálico y la forma de la cabeza en 200 hombres nativos de Gorgan-Norte de Irán, cuyas edades fluctuaban entre 17 y 20 a os de edad. El estudio descriptivo fue realizado a través de cefalometría clásica. La media y DS del índice cefálico fue 84.8 + 6.9. El 52% de los individuos era hiperbraquicéfalo, 25% braquicéfalo, 21.5% mesocéfalo y 1.5% doliocéfalo. Los individuos nativos Fars eran típicamente hiperbraquicéfalos. En comparación con otros estudios efectuados en el mundo, podemos determinar el rol del factor racial/étnico en los diámetros cefálicos
Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar): Report of an Observation in Province Gorgan, North Iran
M Ahmad Pour
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2000,
Abstract: A 16-minth old girl was referred to our hospital because of fever for 10 days and a short period of convulsion. Preliminary diagnosis of meningitis could be ruled out. Antibiotics were not effective. Anemia, leukopenia and hepatosplenomegaly developed and progressed. Bone marrow aspiration showed intracellular Leishman bodies. The patient received glucantime and responded fast. This is the first case of kala-azar seen in Gorgan. The patient had been taken to Shahrood 1 month prior to admission where 5 other cases of the disease were observed and treated.
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