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Flagship Memorial: An Analysis of Themes at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial: 1982-2007  [cached]
Leslie D. Meyers
Sociation Today , 2012,
Abstract: This paper seeks to extend the analysis of Wagner-Pacifici and Schwartz’s (1991) landmark piece, “The Vietnam Veterans Memorial: Commemorating a Difficult Past”, by sixteen years in order to understand how memory has been both created and sustained at the memorial from 1982-2007. A content analysis of 791 articles from the New York Times and Washington Post revealed five themes for analysis: 1) healing, 2) politics, 3) conflict over additional elements, 4) religion, and 5) offerings. Of these themes, politics was significant. However, while the analysis indicates the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a politically charged terrain; grassroots efforts dominate narratives of public opinion, changes to the site and discussions of memory.
What makes a ‘National’ War Memorial? The Case of the Australian Ex-Prisoners of War Memorial  [cached]
Lachlan Grant
Public History Review , 2006,
Abstract: The Australian Ex-Prisoners of War Memorial was unveiled in Ballarat to great fanfare in February 2004. Struggling to overcome serious setbacks in order to raise the necessary funds to construct the $2 million memorial over more than a period of four years, the memorial, listing the names of all Australian prisoners of war from all conflicts was judged by the Federal Government to be nothing but a ‘local’ memorial rather than a ‘national’ memorial. The article investigates whether this issue is at all associated with the ambiguity and difficulty of incorporating prisoners of war into the Anzac legend or whether there were other factors at hand deciding the official ‘national’ status of the first war memorial to list the names of all Australian prisoners of war. The importance of this issue reveals how government bureaucracy and party politics can influence the future and potential public significance of a war memorial.
Memorial: Fazendo-me professora
Moura, Anna Regina Lanner de;
Cadernos CEDES , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32621998000200003
Abstract: this account presents the core of my memorial presented during my pre-viva examination for the ph. d. with its publication, i aim at reflecting, together with the reader, upon determinant moments of my becoming a teacher. my memories and reflections reconstruct this trajectory, from my first school years up to the pre-viva. i present facts that contributed to my profile as a teacher, in my own life history althougs they cannot reflect all its complexity. i follow this track of sucesses avoiding dealing with ill sucesses, errors and consequent sufferings in an attempt to overcome the contradictions present in moments of decision making.
Memorial: Fazendo-me professora  [cached]
Moura Anna Regina Lanner de
Cadernos CEDES , 1998,
Abstract: Este relato mantém a estrutura central do memorial que apresentei por ocasi o do meu exame de qualifica o de doutorado. Com sua publica o tenho como objetivo refletir com o leitor sobre momentos determinantes de minha trajetória de forma o como professora. As lembran as e reflex es reconstroem esse caminho desde os primeiros anos de escola até o momento da qualifica o. Trata-se de alguns fatos que contribuíram para definir o meu perfil de professora e que, sem dúvida, têm suas raízes na minha história de vida, mas n o a ilustram na sua complexidade. Sigo a trilha das supera es deixando emergir as pontas dos avan os, sem me adentrar nos insucessos e erros vividos e nos sofrimentos que lhes s o próprios, ao tentar superar as contradi es que caracterizam os momentos de decis es.
An Evaluation of Male Involvement on the Programme for PMTCT of HIV/AIDS: A Case Study of Ilala Municipality in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
RRJ Akarro
Arts and Social Sciences Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Male involvement in the programme on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV/AIDS is investigated in Ilala Municipality, Dar es Salaam region in Tanzania. Knowledge, attitude, communication behaviors among partners, awareness, and how they affect the uptake of the PMTCT services are among the factors considered. A sample of 192 study units was used. Structured, administered questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used as data collection instruments. Questions relating to uptake of PMTCT and associated factors such as outlined in theintroduction were asked. Data were analyzed by using SPSS Chi-Square test and logistic regression modules were used in the analysis. Significant relationships between knowledge/attitudes and follow up to the uptake of PMTCT services were observed. The study revealed that communication barriers between pregnant women and their husband/partners are the limiting factors of follow up to uptake and utilization of PMTCT services.Logistic Regression Analysis shows that all the limiting factors of knowledge, attitude, and communication behaviors among partners have had a greater chance of influencing a follow up to the uptake of PMTCT services. HIV/AIDS education aimed at increasing knowledge and PMTCT awareness among clients/partners within the community is still low. Stigmatization is singled out as a matter to be addressed. PMTCT utilization acceptance requires a change of cultural attitude in the community.
Germany’s memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe: Debates and reactions  [PDF]
Neum?rker Uwe
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/fid1204139n
Abstract: The article outlines the history of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin as a very good example of how long any such procedure is, from idea to realization, as well as how strong the debate how and whom to commemorate. Federal Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe also supervised Memorial to the Murdered Sinti and Roma, Memorial to the Homosexuals Persecuted under the National Socialist Regime and the Memorial to mass murder of patients from mental hospitals. Besides that, the author analyzes the initiatives and sollutions for other monuments in Germany’s capital New Guard Room, as well as the Concentration Camp Sachsenhausen near Berlin.
Memorial service: A means of communication with the dead
Ivanovi?-Bari?i? Milina M.
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/gei0553291i
Abstract: A specific relationship toward the dead characterizes the traditional Serbian culture; this cult exists even today, in somewhat changed form. A death is always followed by the appropriate, traditional, ritual obligations that served to regulate behavior of a family, or even wider community members that has lost one of its members. The relationship with the dead does not cease after the funeral, but it continues to be maintained during general holidays dedicated to the dead-memorial service. These are the days dedicated to all dead, and when offerings were made especially for the deceased. The memorial services take place in particular days of the year: most often on Saturdays, on Saturdays before another holiday, the Spirits, and on Saturdays before the holiday Mitrovdan; memorial services are also connected with some other holidays during the year. In addition to the general memorial service dedicated to all dead, there are so-called special memorial services, which take place only in special occasions (on holidays like Petrovdan, Saint Ilija, Velika Gospojina, Trojice and more). Many different rituals performed during memorial services, as well as ritual objects used should provide the deceased with a safe residence in their new environment. The most important rituals that enabled the communication with the dead include: preparing and sharing food and drinks, visits to a cemetery, lighting candles, incense of graves, vine spilling, decoration with flowers and basilica. The most important ritual objects are: graves, food, drinks, candles, incense, vine, flowers and basilica.
Promoting male involvement to improve PMTCT uptake and reduce antenatal HIV infection: a cluster randomized controlled trial protocol
Karl Peltzer, Deborah Jones, Stephen M Weiss, Elisa Shikwane
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-778
Abstract: This study proposes to evaluate the impact of combining two evidence-based interventions: a couple's risk reduction intervention with an evidence based medication adherence intervention to enhance male participation in combination with improving medication and PMTCT adherence in antenatal clinics to increase PMTCT overall reach and effectiveness. The study will use a group-randomized design, recruiting 240 couples from 12 clinics. Clinics will be randomly assigned to experimental and control conditions and effectiveness of the combined intervention to enhance PMTCT as well as reduce antenatal seroconversion by both individuals and clinics will be examined.Shared intervention elements may decrease sexual risk and enhance PMTCT uptake, e.g., increased male participation, enhanced communication, HIV counselling and testing, adherence, serostatus disclosure, suggest that a combined sexual risk reduction and adherence intervention plus PMTCT can increase male participation, increase couples' communication and encourage adherence to the PMTCT process. The findings will impact public health and will enable the health ministry to formulate policy related to male involvement in PMTCT, which will result in PMTCT.PACTR201109000318329Despite the availability of a dual therapy treatment protocol (Nevirapine + AZT) and infant feeding guidelines designed to prevent mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV, of the over 1 million babies born in South Africa each year, only 70% of those born to HIV positive mothers receive dual therapy [1]. Similar to other resource-poor nations facing the integration of PMTCT into routine pregnancy and infant care, efforts in South Africa to scale up PMTCT and reduce transmission to < 5% have fallen far short of the UN goal of 50% reductions in paediatric HIV by 80% coverage of mothers [2]. Bringing transmission rates below 5% represents potentially saving 75,000 babies of the 300,000 exposed to HIV annually. Mpumulanga Province, the focus of the
Monuments and memorials on SADF ground: SA Intelligence School Monument and Memorial Needle  [cached]
Editorial Team Militaria
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/15-4-478
Abstract: The SA Intelligence School has within its lines both a monument and a memorial needle. These will be individually discussed below in terms of description, history and symbolism.
Assessment of utilisation of PMTCT services at Nyanza Provincial Hospital, Kenya
IA Moth, ABCO Ayayo, DO Kaseje
SAHARA J (Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance) , 2005,
Abstract: The main objective of the study was to assess the utilisation of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services among mothers registered for services at Nyanza Provincial Hospital in Kenya. A crosssectional exploratory study was conducted, using both quantitative and qualitative approaches to collect primary and secondary data.The study 52.4% of clients received PMTCT information at the health facility without prior knowledge about intervention, 96% waited for more than 90 minutes, and 89% took less than 10 minutes for post-test counselling. Knowledge of MTCT and PMTCT was inadequate even after counselling, as participants could not recall the information divulged during counselling. In addition, 80% of clients did not present for follow-up counselling irrespective of HIV status, and 95% did not disclose positive HIV status to spouses/relatives for fear of stigma, discrimination and violence. Inadequate counselling services delivered to clients affected service utilisation, in that significant dropout occurred at the stages of HIV result (31.5%), enrollment (53.6%), and delivery (80.7%). Reasons for dropout included fear of positive HIV result, chronic illness, stigma and discrimination, unsupportive spouse and inability to pay for the services. Key Words:utilisation, PMTCT services, Nyanza Hospital, Kenya. RéSUMé Le but principal de cette étude fut d'évaluer l'utilisation des services PMTCT parmi les méres inscrites aux services de l'h pital provincial Nyanza. Une étude transversale et exploratoire a été faite durant laquelle les approches quantitatives et qualitatives furent utilisées afin de recueillir des données primaires et secondaires. La population d'étude furent 133 clients inscrits aux services PMTCT. Cette étude a montré que 52.4% de clients ont eu les informations sur le PMTCT au centre médical même sans avoir la connaissance préalable de l'intervention, 96% ont attendu plus de 90 minutes et 89% ont subi la consultation après le dépistage qui a duré moins que 10 minutes. La connaissance sur le MTCT et le PMTCT fut inadéquate même après la consultation, étant donné que les participants ne pouvaient plus se rappeler l'information qu'on leur a donné lors de la consultation. Ceci a aussi démontré 80% de manque de suivi après la consultation sans tenir compte du statut sérologique et 95% ne dévoilent pas leur statut sérologique positif à leur époux(se)/membres de famille de peur de stigmatisation, de discrimination et de violence. Les services de consultation inadéquats mis à la disposition de clients ont un effet sur l'utilisation de services, parce que un grand nombre de clients laissent tombé la consultation après les résultats du dépistage (31.5%), les inscriptions (53.6%) et le service rendu (80.7%). Les raisons de laisser tombé comprennent la peur de conna tre son statut sérologique, les maladies chroniques, la stigmatisation et la discrimination, un(e) époux(se) qui n'offre pas de soutien et l'incapacité de payer pour l
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