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Gender roles and practice of decision making on reproductive behavior among couples of Syangja district, Nepal  [cached]
Sudarshan Subedi,Preety Mahato,Subina Acharya,Hari Prasad Kafle
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20130931
Abstract: Background: Reproductive behavior and its decision making practices are generally exercised in one of the three ways mutual, dominancy of husband or dominancy of wife. Gender norms and roles prevalent in society affect the practice of reproductive decision making among couples. The aim of this study was to identify the practice of decision making on different reproductive behavior among couples and to examine the associated factors of decision making. Methods: Descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in four Village Development Committee (VDCs) of Syangja district of Nepal by using structured interview schedule. The couples of reproductive age (15-49 years) having at least children of one year were the study population. Results: Decision making on the use contraceptives and plan for pregnancy was mostly mutual (62.1% and 74.8% respectively). Regarding the birth spacing, majority (42.4%) of couples had made no decision followed by mutual decision (41.4%). While 72.0 % couples had gone through mutual discussion to maintain the family size, 27.7% discussed not at all regarding the concerned matter. Only 37.7% of husbands had provided adequate time for nurturing and caring their children. Association was found between decision maker on pregnancy and times of pregnancy (P<0.05), decision maker on birth spacing and interval between children (P<0.05), and employment status of husband and time provided by husband for nurturing and caring of baby (P<0.05). Conclusion: Mutual decision making on reproductive behavior like pregnancy, birth spacing and family size symbolizes the initiation transformational gender norms and roles in Nepalese rural societies. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000): 414-418]
Socio-Demographic Impact Study of Nepal Earthquake 2015 at Sindhuli District  [PDF]
Bishnu B. Khatri
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2018.71004
Abstract:
As a result of the two major earthquakes that struck Nepal at 11:56 am on 25 April, and 12 May 2015, nearly 9,000 lives and over half a million homes have been destroyed. In this connection, the paper tries to assess the socio- demographic impact of Nepal earthquake 2015 with reference to Sindhuli district. The Sindhuli district of Nepal was one of the highly affected districts among the fourteen severely destructed districts of the central part of Nepal, was purposively selected among them for the study purpose. The paper utilized the both primary and secondary data. The survey found that the earthquakes had unevenly affected the age, gender, poorer, rural locations relative to the urban and less poor areas. It also found that women and children had comparatively fallen victim to anxiety, trauma, depression, feeling helpless, loss of interest (passive) and irrational fear. During the survey, the study found that the NGOs, INGOs, Private and Personal support agencies/actors had played significant role in distribution of relief package at Sindhuli district of Nepal. The distributions of relief materials were challenging because of lack of road connectivity to reach at many earthquake affected villages in Sindhuli district.
Traditional Knowledge on Wild Fiber Processing of Allo in Bhedetar of Sunsari District, Nepal  [PDF]
Rajeev Deokota,RB Chhetri
Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/kuset.v5i1.2853
Abstract: In Bhedetar village in the eastern Sunsari district, rai, magar and tamang people, indigenous to the eastern hills of Nepal, have found an ingenious use for the allo plant ( Girardiana diversifolia ). They have culturally and socially determined uses for the plant as food, fodder and medicine, but they have also been earning their livelihood by making fabric and clothing from this plant. At the local level, they derive allo fibers from the plant to make sacks, bags, coarse clothes, fishnets and namlo (headstraps to carry load) which is sold in the local market or in some cases is bartered for food or other necessary items in some rural communities. On a more macro level, the allo fibers are outsourced to the capital city of Kathmandu where various items made from allo fiber are prepared and exported from Nepal as handlooms and handicrafts. Keywords: Handloom; allo; fibers; Sunsari district; Nepal. DOI: 10.3126/kuset.v5i1.2853 Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Vol.5, No.1, January 2009, pp 136-142
THE ANALYSIS OF THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE EVOLUTION OF THE GDP AND THAT OF THE CAPITAL AND LABOUR FACTORS IN ROMANIA
Gheorghe ZAMAN,Zizi GOSCHIN,Claudiu HERTELIU
Revista Romana de Economie , 2005,
Abstract: Researching the correlation between GDP and production factors has been performed based on several procedures and quantitative-qualitative techniques, so as to underpin hierarchies and provision the factors’ contribution to GDP. Our study approaches first the dynamic correlation between GDP and gross formation of fixed capital, based on using the ICOR (incremental capital output ratio) indicator, with and without time lag, in four computation variants and thereafter the relation between GDP and the capital and labour production factors with the help of the production functions of the type Cobb-Douglas. Both directions of analysis have been finalised with prognosis computations with respect to investment needs in order to ensure a certain growth of GDP for the future.
Prevalence of hyperuricemia in Chitwan District of Nepal  [PDF]
S Kumar,AR Singh,R Takhelmayum,P Shrestha,JN Sinha
Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v6i2.3612
Abstract: The prevalence of hyperuricemia has been increasing in both developed and developing countries. The purpose of present study was to know the prevalence of hyperuricemia in the population of Chitwan district as well as to compare the prevalence of hyperuricemia between Mongolian and non-Mongolian races of Chitwan district, who had attended the College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Nepal during the period of January 1999 to December 2003. In this study 3794 subjects were investigated for serum uric acid level (SUA). Hyperuricemia is defined as SUA more than 7mg/dl for males and menopausal women and 6mg/dl for pre-menopausal females. SUA was estimated by Caraway method in digital colorimeter. Overall prevalence was 21.42%; the condition was more common in men than women (26.78% vs. 16.82%; p<0.001). The prevalence was higher in Mongolian than non Mongolian both in males and females (24.50 % Vs 21.06%; p>0.05). Key words : Hyperuricemia; SUA; digital colorimeter DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v6i2.3612 ? Journal of college of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 2010, Vol.6, No-2, 18-23
Contribution of International Flow of Capital and Product Services on the GDP of Maldives
Mostafizur Rahman,Shao Yi-Hang,Zhu Jian-Ping
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2011.83.89
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of international flow of capital and product services on GDP in the case of Maldives. Using the annual data from 1980-2007 we found that Product Service of Export and Foreign Direct Investment are the influencing factors of the GDP of Maldives where as Product Service of Import and Remittance are not the driving force of the GDP. So Maldives government should imposed more emphasis on exports and foreign investment depending on tourist sectors with policies to encourage people to exports more and give more relax able condition for foreign investment.
Contribution of International Flow of Capital and Product Services on the GDP of Maldives
Mostafizur Rahman,Shao Yi-Hang,Zhu Jian-Ping
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2010.408.414
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of international flow of capital and product services on GDP in the case of Maldives. Using the annual data from 1980-2007 we found that product service of export and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) are the influencing factors of the GDP of Maldives where as product service of import and remittance are not the driving force of the GDP. So Maldives government should imposed more emphasis on exports and foreign investment depending on tourist sectors with policies to encourage people to exports more and give more relax able condition for foreign investment.
Gender Gaps in Human Capital in Developing Countries: An Empirical Assessment  [PDF]
Minh Quang Dao
Economics Research International , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/715419
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of various determinants on gender gaps in human capital in developing countries. We find that female primary completion is dependent on per capita GDP growth, female employment in agriculture, in industry, and in services, and the interactions between per capita GDP growth and female employment in industry and in services. We are also able to show that the ratio of girls to boys’ enrollments in primary and secondary schools is a function of the poverty rate, the fraction of the population with access to an improved water source, and maternal mortality. In addition, we observe that girls’ mortality is dependent upon the fraction of the population having access to improved sanitation and water services, and ethnic fractionalization. Finally, we find that maternal mortality is a function of the fraction of the population with access to improved water services, the fraction of births attended by skilled staff, the fraction of women receiving prenatal care, and ethnic fractionalization. These statistical results can assist developing countries identify areas that need to be improved upon in order to reduce gender gaps in human capital—specifically those concerning female mortality and education.
Effects of FDI on Capital Account and GDP: Empirical Evidence from India  [cached]
Sushant Sarode
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n8p102
Abstract: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is boomed post reform in India. FDI inflows changed not only the domestic investment but also the trade situation. Then it related to balance of payments tightly. This paper aims to find the link between FDI and its impact on Indian economy. In this paper, data of some variables affecting current account balance and capital & financial account balance from 1997 to 2011 is used to generate some results. I have utilized Granger causality test and impulse response function to analyze effect of FDI to capital and financial accounts and GDP of India. The empirical results indicate that FDI has a negative effect on current account and a positive effect on capital account.
The Role of Gender in Social Capital Formation
Hassan Daliri,Sara Shahanavaz
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2011.205.207
Abstract: Social capital is a new concept with many applications in social sciences. Recent studies indicate that gender has an important role in the formation of social capital. The data of this research have been gathered via a questionnaire containing 35 questions and fulfilled by 198 students of Isfahan University of Economics and Administrative Sciences. This study examines the accuracy of the assumption among the study sample. The main question is whether there is any difference between women and men vis-a-vis the quality and quantity of social capital. Results of the study indicate that the quantity of social capital in men is higher than women. Also the results show that the quality of social capital among women is of subjective social capital (bonding social capital) and men have a higher objective social capital (bridging social capital). Therefore, the researchers can propose that the government should create appropriate infrastructure in order to promote the cultural perspective of social life in the regard of women s participation.
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