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Difficulties Experienced in Trauma Nursing Practice by Expert Emergency Nurses in Japan  [PDF]
Natsuko Makino, Keiko Nakamura, Koji Ishikawa, Miki Sugawara
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.910079
Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine the difficulties experienced in trauma nursing practice by expert emergency nurses in Japan. Ten nurses who worked at emergency and critical care centers in Japan were directly involved in nursing patients were selected by purposive sampling and underwent semi-structured interviews regarding the difficulties they experienced in trauma nursing. The nurses were specialists in critical care nursing or were certified emergency nurses. The interview responses were analyzed by the qualitative descriptive method. The following six categories of difficulties associated with the direct care of trauma patients and their family members encountered in trauma nursing practice were identified: [Initial handling of highly urgent trauma patients], [Understanding and observing the condition of patients who are in the treatment stage], [Judging when to transition to end-stage care for patients difficult to save], [Mitigating suffering and expanding safe activities of daily living for trauma patients], [Transitional care with a long-term perspective for trauma patients], and [Relationships with the family members of patients who died]. Three categories of difficulties related to the role of the expert nurse in trauma nursing practice were identified: [Person-to-person coordination and cooperation for a trauma patient], [Playing an educational role for the nursing staff], and [Pursuing expertise in trauma nursing and gaining empirical knowledge]. The findings suggested a need to establish systems for training and consultative support and opportunities to create meaning by reflecting on fulfillment and nursing practice.
Creative multimodal practices. Attempts on articulations from social semiotics and contemporary relational craft Multimodale skapande praksisar. Fors k p artikulasjonar ut fr sosialsemiotikk og samtidas relasjonelle kunsthandverk  [cached]
Tollef Thorsnes,Aslaug Veum
FORMakademisk , 2013,
Abstract: During the last decades, we have seen that communication in general is changing and becoming more multimodal in the sense that various modalities such as language, pictures, sound and materiality are combined and integrated. These tendencies, which are often referred to as the multimodal turn, lead to an increased need for field-specific and advanced knowledge of how to work with multimodal creative practices. This article explores how aspects from the theoretical framework of social semiotics may be applied in the field of creative multimodal practices and learning. In the article, we present some epistemological links between social semiotics and contemporary relational craft. Some theoretical concepts are suggested and explored through examples from creative and didactical projects. Our conclusion is that the suggested theoretical concepts can be used to enhance critical thinking in creative processes and promote more precise communication between craft artists, teachers, critics, and representatives of other creative practices. Dei siste ti ra er prega av ei multimodal vending som inneber at mange typar kommunikasjon g r f re seg gjennom at fleire ulike uttrykksm tar samverkar, slik som verbalspr k, bilete, lyd og materialitet. Endringane har f rt til eit auka behov for kunnskap om korleis ein kan arbeide bevisst og kritisk med multimodale skapande prosessar. Denne artikkelen unders kjer korleis element fr det teoretiske rammeverket sosialsemiotikk kan nyttast i arbeid med multimodale skapande prosessar og l reprosessar. Vi gjer greie for nokre erkjenningsteoretiske samanhengar mellom sosialsemiotikken og samtidas relasjonelle kunsthandverk, og p denne bakgrunnen utviklar vi nokre teoretiske omgrep som kan nyttast i multimodale skapande praksisar. Artikkelen viser vidare korleis omgrepa kan fungere i kunstprosjekt og didaktiske prosjekt. Eit hovudresultat er at omgrepa kan fungere bevisstgjerande og gi spr k og artikulasjon undervegs i skapande prosessar, noko som vidare kan betre moglegheitene for kritisk tenking, etterpr vbar refleksjon og kommunikasjon b de hj forskaren, kunstnaren, l raren og studenten.
Mental Trauma Experienced by Caregivers of patients with Diffuse Axonal Injury or Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
Syed Tajuddin Syed Hassan,Husna Jamaludin,Rosna Abd Raman,Haliza Mohd Riji
Trauma Monthly , 2013, DOI: 10.5812/traumamon.11522
Abstract: Context: As with care giving and rehabilitation in chronic illnesses, the concern with traumatic brain injury (TBI), particularly with diffuse axonal injury (DAI), is that the caregivers are so overwhelmingly involved in caring and rehabilitation of the victim that in the process they become traumatized themselves. This review intends to shed light on the hidden and silent trauma sustained by the caregivers of severe brain injury survivors. Motor vehicle accident (MVA) is the highest contributor of TBI or DAI. The essence of trauma is the infliction of pain and suffering and having to bear the pain (i.e. by the TBI survivor) and the burden of having to take care and manage and rehabilitate the TBI survivor (i.e. by the TBI caregiver). Moreover many caregivers are not trained for their care giving task, thus compounding the stress of care giving and rehabilitating patients. Most research on TBI including DAI, focus on the survivors and not on the caregivers. TBI injury and its effects and impacts remain the core question of most studies, which are largely based on the quantitative approach.Evidence Acquisition: Qualitative research can better assess human sufferings such as in the case of DAI trauma. While quantitative research can measure many psychometric parameters to assess some aspects of trauma conditions, qualitative research is able to fully reveal the meaning, ramification and experience of TBI trauma. Both care giving and rehabilitation are overwhelmingly demanding; hence , they may complicate the caregivers’ stress. However, some positive outcomes also exist.Results: Caregivers involved in caring and rehabilitation of TBI victims may become mentally traumatized. Posttraumatic recovery of the TBI survivor can enhance the entire family’s closeness and bonding as well as improve the mental status of the caregiver.Conclusions: A long-term longitudinal study encompassing integrated research is needed to fully understand the traumatic experiences of caregivers. Unless research on TBI or DAI trauma is given its proper attention, the burden of trauma and injury on societies will continue to exacerbate globally.
Marta-Christina Suciu
Romanian Journal of Regional Science , 2009,
Abstract: The paper sets out why creativity has become so important to urban and regional economics. It focuses on the role of creativity, creative industries, creative economy, creative class and creative cities for the modern urban economics. It points out the idea that the power of the future economy lays within the development of the creative city. The aim of a creative city is to make us to think of our city as a living work of art, where citizens can involve and engage themselves in the creation of a transformed place. Every city can be more creative that it currently is and the task for the city wanting to be creative is to identify, nurture, harness, promote, attract, and sustain talent and to mobilize ideas, resources and organizations.
Concept annotation in the CRAFT corpus
Michael Bada, Miriam Eckert, Donald Evans, Kristin Garcia, Krista Shipley, Dmitry Sitnikov, William A. Baumgartner, K. Bretonnel Cohen, Karin Verspoor, Judith A. Blake, Lawrence E. Hunter
BMC Bioinformatics , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-13-161
Abstract: This paper presents the concept annotations of the Colorado Richly Annotated Full-Text (CRAFT) Corpus, a collection of 97 full-length, open-access biomedical journal articles that have been annotated both semantically and syntactically to serve as a research resource for the biomedical natural-language-processing (NLP) community. CRAFT identifies all mentions of nearly all concepts from nine prominent biomedical ontologies and terminologies: the Cell Type Ontology, the Chemical Entities of Biological Interest ontology, the NCBI Taxonomy, the Protein Ontology, the Sequence Ontology, the entries of the Entrez Gene database, and the three subontologies of the Gene Ontology. The first public release includes the annotations for 67 of the 97 articles, reserving two sets of 15 articles for future text-mining competitions (after which these too will be released). Concept annotations were created based on a single set of guidelines, which has enabled us to achieve consistently high interannotator agreement.As the initial 67-article release contains more than 560,000 tokens (and the full set more than 790,000 tokens), our corpus is among the largest gold-standard annotated biomedical corpora. Unlike most others, the journal articles that comprise the corpus are drawn from diverse biomedical disciplines and are marked up in their entirety. Additionally, with a concept-annotation count of nearly 100,000 in the 67-article subset (and more than 140,000 in the full collection), the scale of conceptual markup is also among the largest of comparable corpora. The concept annotations of the CRAFT Corpus have the potential to significantly advance biomedical text mining by providing a high-quality gold standard for NLP systems. The corpus, annotation guidelines, and other associated resources are freely available at http://bionlp-corpora.sourceforge.net/CRAFT/index.shtml webcite.
The ancient craft of gold beating
Eric D. Nicholson
Gold Bulletin , 1979, DOI: 10.1007/BF03215119
Abstract: Transferable gold coatings, the manufacture and application of which were reviewed in Gold Bulletin a year ago, are now widely used for decorative purposes. True beaten gold leaf, however, remains the material of choice for prestige gilding in which durability is called for. Gold beating by hand has been practised for some five thousand years and the exponents of this ancient craft, to whom ‘address is requisite’, are justifiably proud of the traditions associated with it.
Salyani OSMAN,,Noraidah SAHARI,,Nor Azan Mat ZIN
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2012,
Abstract: The way of teaching and learning traditional crafts have always used traditional apprenticeship learning methods where the expert facilitates transfer of practice skill sets to novices. As a craft has been taught in conventional approach, the students and experts have been facing several problems especially when expert needs to teach a group of students. An appropriate mapping of craft education and Information and Communication Technologies using Multimedia technology for instance, has the potential in transforming traditional craft learning into more flexible environment. This paper reports on a research project on development of an interactive multimedia courseware package for teaching and learning traditional craft called e-CRAFT. The e-CRAFT is specially designed for songket weaving course taught to certificate and diploma students from Fakulti Seni Kraf Tenunan in their first year study at Institut Kraf Negara, Malaysia (National Craft Institute). The courseware was developed in a web-based environment and overall development process was based on the Dick and Carey's process model and conceptual Instructional Design framework. It is made up of eight learning modules: Introduction, Materials & Tools, Knowing Motifs, Learn How to Weave, Quizzes & Test, Online Discussion, Glossary and Help module. In order to test whether the courseware is suitable in terms of usability, pilot testing was done to a sample of 10 students. The results from pilot test received positive feedback which signifies the courseware is considered acceptable for effectiveness study and help for further improve of the e-CRAFT courseware.
Being Creative  [PDF]
Kuang-Ming Wu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.63022
Abstract: Being creative revolutionizes things toward novelty. And any revolution is messy, quiet or noisy, bloody or no. Novelty upsets the existing order of things, and so being creative is quite topsy-turvy, impossible to chart in advance. This essay adumbrates such messy creativity in five ways: one, being creative is not all-chaotic, two, being creative is not all-arbitrary, three, being creative is repetitive, four, being creative is graded, and finally, how necessary being creative is. This essay treats this theme of being creative never treated in any essay anywhere, yet the theme is absolutely indispensable for being alive as human that is part and parcel of being creative. Without being creative we are reduced to mere subhuman existence.
Defining Craft Quality Theory Framework in Sloyd Education  [cached]
Mika Mets?rinne,Manne Kallio
Techne Series : Research in Sloyd Education and Craft Science A , 2011,
Abstract: Constructing a unique craft quality theory for artifact production is an essential part of sloyd teacher students′ research studies during which students are faced with establishing the perspectives of craft methodology for the master s thesis. The student s craft quality theory construction is based not only on his inherent needs or problems with the product and process but on constructing and testing the theory as a whole. To construct a craft quality theory based on the discipline knowledge of sloyd education, the student shall define the values representing the craft as well as its unseen qualities. The purpose of this article is to describe the perspectives sloyd teacher students (N69) apply to craft quality theory construction in their master s theses. The perspectives applicable to constructing a craft quality theory are based on the idea of educational growth towards research-based crafts teachership. The main results constitute the analyses of students craft research tasks and craft quality targets defined as theory constructions. In conclusion, the results are compared to the perspectives in theory construction in the capacity of a craft quality theory framework. Keywords: method, sloyd, teacher students, master′s theses, phenomenography URN:NBN:no-29960
Second Graders’ Recycled/Craft Item Products Demonstrate Life Cycle Content Knowledge and Creativity Skills  [PDF]
Angela Naomi Webb, Audrey C. Rule
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34073
Abstract: Creativity is a necessary skill for students to become problem solvers in the rapidly changing 21st century. This study’s main activity allowed students to demonstrate their content knowledge in an engaging way while also exhibiting creative strengths. Twenty-two second grade students (15 female, 7 male) of mixed ability levels at a Title 1 school produced projects using identical sets of recycled and craft items. They incorporated vocabulary words and images associated with the life cycles of four organisms: horse, dragonfly, sea turtle, and bean plant. Projects were analyzed for creative strengths as well as science concept integration. Student-made products showed vocabulary from all four life cycles, but familiar organisms (dragonfly and bean plant) were depicted more frequently. Creative strengths evidenced in student work included: elaboration, breaking boundaries, storytelling articulateness, originality, and emotional expressiveness, among others. The authors recommend teachers incorporate similar creative tasks as assessments of content learning. Additional studies integrating more creative product assessments for a longer duration to show growth over time are suggested.
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