Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Considerations Regarding Legal and Real Grounds for Dismissal
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2009,
Abstract: Art. 77 of Labor Code refers to the fact that in case of labor conflict the employer cannot invoke in Court other legal or practical grounds but those stipulated in the dismissal order” and Art. 61 lit. a of the Labor Code specifies the repeated infringements”, we assume that in the dismissal order can be invoked more practical grounds if the application is done according to the legal grounds.
Ring Organisation Model of Managing Dismissal of Employees at Industrial Enterprises Кольцевая организационная модель управления высвобождением наемных работников на промышленных предприятиях  [PDF]
Sotnikova Yuliya V.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The article marks our main stages of a life cycle of an enterprise and main factors of external environment that influence activity of industrial enterprises. It justifies a necessity of managing dismissal at each stage, which manifests itself in conducting a set of measures that were called “dismissal programme”, taking into account specific features of external environment. It identifies resources of enterprises, which would be necessary for realisation of each programme of dismissal of employees in accordance with the stage of a life cycle. It offers a ring organisation model of managing dismissal of employees, which takes into account stages of a life cycle, resources of enterprises and dismissal programmes appropriate to each stage. The external ring and the ring of the second level envisage dismissal on own initiative or stimulation of such a dismissal; the third ring and internal ring cover measures that are directed at dismissal on initiative of the administration (or by economic reasons). В статье обозначены основные стадии жизненного цикла предприятия, а также основные факторы внешней среды, влияющие на деятельность промышленных предприятий. Обоснована необходимость управления высвобождением на каждой стадии, что проявляется в осуществлении комплекса мероприятий, которые получили название программа высвобождения , с учетом особенностей внешней среды. Определены ресурсы предприятий, которые будут необходимы для реализации каждой программы высвобождения работников в соответствии со стадией жизненного цикла. Предложена кольцевая организационная модель управления высвобождением наемных работников, которая учитывает стадии жизненного цикла, ресурсы предприятий и соответствующие каждой стадии программы высвобождения. Внешнее кольцо и кольцо второго уровня предусматривают высвобождение по собственному желанию или стимулирование такого высвобождения, третье и внутреннее кольцо охватывают мероприятия, направленные на высвобождение по инициативе администрации (или по экономическим причинам).
University-Employer Cooperation  [PDF]
Erol ?ehu, Dana Dobri?
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.54026
Abstract: University-employer cooperation is one of the most important forms of cooperation in the economy, needed for economic development and sustainable growth and has become a key emphasis in higher education policy in recent years. The main goal is to achieve an equal partnership between universities and employers aimed at strengthening of economic development at the national, regional and local level. This goal can be achieved through active support (in information and knowledge) of local businesses and entrepreneurship in developing and realization of their ideas, and by linking students with their future employers, through various employer-seeking students associations and employers associations. Authors will analyze the university-employer cooperation in Poland, United Kingdom and Croatia and try to give an answer if the current cooperation is satisfying, and if is not, how it can be enhanced.
On the complexity of traffic judges' decisions
David Leiser,Dov-Ron Schatzberg
Judgment and Decision Making , 2008,
Abstract: Professional judges in traffic courts sentence many hundreds of offenders per year. Using 639 case files from archives, we compared the Matching Heuristic (MH) to compensatory, weighing algorithms (WM). We modeled and cross validated the models on different subsets of the data, and took several other methodological precautions such as allowing each model to select the optimal number of variables and ordering and weighing the variables in accordance to different logics. We did not reproduce the finding by Dhami (2003), who found the MH to be superior to a compensatory algorithm in modeling bail-granting decisions. These simulations brought out the inner logic of the two family of models, showing what combination of parameters works best. It remains remarkable that using only a fraction of the variables and combining them non-compensatorily, MH obtained nearly as good a fit as the weighing method.
Free or Limited Dismissal by Enterprise Owners in Germany—A Classic and Authoritative Discussion  [PDF]
Jianhong Fan, Qing Tian
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.44023

Multinational corporations pay great attention to the dismissal caused by enterprise owners (Arbeitgeberkündigung), especially in the fierce competition of market economy. In fact, the limits of dismissal rights of employers are also a key issue in human resources management. However, the importance of solving this problem reasonably is beyond the law itself. Once the rationality of the premises that are based on the legislation of dismissal limits is challenged, the solution drawn from deduction or induction becomes an issue of ambiguity. This paper will discuss the concept of “dismissal”, its differentiation with other related concepts, and the concept of dismissal limits from the perspective of German law. The study also discusses the following issue from the view upon legal theory: Are the dismissal’s “premises” of legislation and judicatory rational? This study also sheds lights on the comparative law in some developing countries.

Employer-sponsored pension plans
Rakonjac-Anti? Tatjana N.
Economic Annals , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/eka0462149r
Abstract: Apart from pension plans within social insurance, in developed pension systems there are also available to individuals schemes which may to a large extent ensure a significant part of their total pension. Among them are the following: employer-sponsored pension plans or individual pension plans. The most widely used employer-sponsored pension plan in the USA is 401(k), in which both the employer and the employee contribute to the financing of the pension. These contributions as well as the return to their investment have a preferential tax treatment, i.e. do not enter a tax base. The funds are taxed only when drawn from the account in the form of a pension. This paper aims to present the functioning of 401(k) pension plan as the most widely used employer sponsored pension plan in the USA, which is likely, in a modified form, to have an important place within our future reformed pension insurance system.
Retrenchment in Malaysia: Employer’s Right?  [cached]
Hamidah Marsono,Hj. Kamaruzaman Jusoff
Journal of Politics and Law , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jpl.v1n4p22
Abstract: There are several ways to put a contract of employment to an end. One of them is by way of retrenchment. Termination of employment by way of retrenchment may be relevant when the employer restructures his business. The focus of this article is to evaluate the application of the principle Last in First Out (LIFO) in the case of retrenchment in Malaysia. This article will also assess to what extent the courts defend the prerogative of the employer to retrench his employee in the case of redundancy.
The Role of Judges in Identifying the Status of Combatants
Nobuo Hayashi
Acta Societatis Martensis , 2006,
Abstract: International humanitarian law facilitates legitimate human endeavours and safeguards social values in armed conflict. Persuasive standards of belligerent conduct ought to account for its peculiarities. Combatants make life-and-death decisions — e.g. the status of persons present in the battlefield — quickly and based on limited and often conflicting information. Judges tasked with reviewing such decisions must utilise legal presumptions. Arguably, some judicial rulings have created the impression that presumptive civilians under international humanitarian law become presumptive combatants under international criminal law. This need not be so, however. In case of doubt whether a victim was liable to attacks, in dubio pro reo does not require that he or she be considered an able-bodied, non-surrendering enemy combatant. It only requires that the victim be considered a civilian directly participating in hostilities, leaving the mandatory civilian presumption unaffected. International humanitarian law creates no mandatory presumption against direct participation in hostilities. Whereas combatants are duty-bound to treat a person with doubtful status as a civilian, they are not forbidden to treat a presumptive civilian with doubtful behaviour as a direct participant in hostilities. When reviewing the factual basis for combat decisions, judges must examine whether the relevant information was known or reasonably knowable to the decision-makers at the time. This necessitates a sound understanding of the realities of hostilities. Judges must avoid alienating reasonable and law-abiding combatants by holding them to unrealistic standards, such as a choice between self-sacrifice and criminal liability. Nor should judges risk undermining the legal protection of war victims by being unduly deferential to military commanders.
Premature dismissal of high-redshift elliptical galaxies  [PDF]
Raul Jimenez,Amancio Friaca,James Dunlop,Roberto Terlevich,John Peacock,Louisa Nolan
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02587.x
Abstract: It has recently been argued that single-collapse high-redshift models for elliptical galaxy formation can be rejected because they predict large numbers of very red galaxies at intermediate redshifts which are not seen in deep optical-infrared surveys. We argue, however, that this conclusion is premature since, while much effort has been invested in refining the predictions of hierarchical CDM models, only very simplistic models have been used to study the evolution of galaxies in other cosmogonies (e.g. isocurvature models). We demonstrate that the use of a more realistic multi-zone chemo-dynamical single-collapse model, yields colours at intermediate redshifts which are much bluer than inferred from the one-zone model, and indeed are comparable to those predicted by hierarchical merging despite still allowing $> 90%$ of the final stellar mass of elliptical galaxies to be formed in the first Gyr of their evolution. We, therefore, conclude that the one-zone model should be avoided to predict the colours of high-redshift galaxies and that the use of realistic multi-zone models allows the existence of ellipticals at high redshift, being their dismissal premature.
On continuing codes  [PDF]
Jisang Yoo
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We investigate what happens when we try to work with continuing block codes (i.e. left or right continuing factor maps) between shift spaces that may not be shifts of finite type. For example, we demonstrate that continuing block codes on strictly sofic shifts do not behave as well as those on shifts of finite type; a continuing block code on a sofic shift need not have a uniformly bounded retract, unlike one on a shift of finite type. A right eresolving code on a sofic shift can display any behavior arbitrary block codes can have. We also show that a right continuing factor of a shift of finite type is always a shift of finite type.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.