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Crises cambiais e financeiras: uma compara??o entre América Latina e Leste Asiático
Aldrighi, Dante Mendes;Cardoso, André Daud;
Economia e Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-06182009000100003
Abstract: this article focuses on the sources of vulnerability to currency and financial crises as well as on their degree of severity in latin american and east asian economies. evidence based on a number of indicators reckoned for each country and for each region for every year over the period 1990-2004 suggests that the east asian economies were potentially more vulnerable to troubles in the banking sector, while latin american economies' weaknesses seem to be concentrated on fiscal and current account imbalances. furthermore, the severity crisis indicators point out that there still remained regional contrasts, lessened only during the 1997-1998 asian crises.
The Regulation Framework for the Banking Sector: The EMU, European Banks and Rating Agencies before and during the Recent Financial and Debt Crisis  [cached]
Eleftherios Thalassinos
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: A regulation framework for the banking sector should be characterised by transparency,responsibility and performance in several important areas. These areas are the global and Europeanframework for corporate financial reporting (CFR), risk management (RM), stockholder value creation(SVC), corporate governance (CG), corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainable development (SD).The regulation framework for the banking sector must also consider the fiscal and monetary environment inwhich a banking institution operates. The global rating system and the rating agencies will also have animportant impact on any regulation framework for the banking sector. These two factors play a key role whena financial, credit or debt crisis occurs. In this article, a holistic regulation framework for the banking sector ispresented. The article is based on European banks that are part of the European Monetary Union (EMU).Initially, it focuses on the timelines and review the integration of the European Monetary Union, relevantlegislation and information on member countries’ banking sectors. This information creates the frameworkfor the proposed model. The article considers all of the above factors in creating a holistic regulationframework for the banking sector to present in the context of the recent financial, credit and debt crises thathave taken place in the EMU.
Basic Problems of the Banking Sector in the TRNC With Partial Emphasis on the Proactive and Reactive Strateg es Applied = KKTC Bankac l k Sekt rünün Temel Sorunlar ve Uygulanan Proaktif ve Reaktif Stretejilerin K smi Olarak Vurgulanmas  [cached]
Dogus University Journal , 2003,
Abstract: The banking crisis of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), which occurred at the beginning of the year 2000, has resulted in the liquidation of ten banks and ended up with economic losses of approximately 200 trillion TL, almost equivalent to 50% of GNP for 1999. The main reason for such huge losses for the TRNC economy is due to the fact that the commercial banks and the institutions responsible for regulation, monitoring, supervision of the financial sector together with those running the monetary policies did not have an organizational appreciation of proactive strategies. The amendments made to the Banking Law after the crises to reestablish stability within the sector could not go beyond reflecting the concept of reactive strategies and hence, did not include any proactive strategies necessary for eliminating the negative consequences of probable external factors.The main aim of this study is to analyze the basic problems of the banking sector in Northern Cyprus with partial emphasis on the applied proactive and reactive strategies and make recommendations accordingly.This study will include the following consecutive parts:- The concepts of proactive and reactive strategies- The current status and functionality of the TRNC Banking Sector- An analysis of the TRNC banking crisis- Structural problems of the banking sector in the TRNC- Conclusion and Recommendations
The link between international supervision and banking crises  [PDF]
Rachdi Houssem
Panoeconomicus , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/pan1003321r
Abstract: Theoretical and empirical contributions of some economists have shown that a financial liberalisation policy implemented in a less developed institutional environment enhances the proliferation of banking crises. This leads to the conclusion that failure at the level of banking governance plays a significant role in the emergence of crises. By using multivariate logit, our empirical study samples of 12 emerging countries to study the relationship between banking supervision and banking crises during the period 1980-2003. Our results show a negative and insignificant association between banking regulation and the probability of occurrence of banking crises. We find the likelihood of banking crises is greater in countries with poor banking supervision. In short, the condition required for a sound banking system is to reinforce banking supervision during financial liberalisation phases.
An Investigation on Causes of Banking Crises from Asymmetric Knowledge Framework: A Microeconomic Approach  [cached]
Cem Okan Tuncel
Business and Economics Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to investigate on banking crises which stemming from asymmetric knowledge problems in financial system. Asymmetric information and its related problems have a great influence on the functioning of financial markets. Finance literature underlines that banking firms are special intermediaries due to systemic risk concerns. In post liberalization interest rate tends to rise and moral hazard and adverse selection problem exist at firm level in banking business because of lack of adequate supervision. As is typically argued, unless liberalization is accompanied by sufficient prudential supervision of the banking sector, it will result in excessive risk taking by financial intermediaries and a subsequent crisis. In this paper excessive risk taking behavior of banking firms analyze with using a theoretical framework of New Keynesian that the “credit rationing model” offers, and moral hazard, adverse selections problems causing bank failure are discussed.
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the first two systemic banking crises in Serbia occurred in 1908 and 1912 – their causes, mechanics and consequences. The analysis shows that the crises were caused by decreased confidence in banks in times of political turmoils and wars but were not long and deep. Also, they did not result in neither, massive bankruptcies of the banks, nor in recessions, in-creased public debt and currency crises. It could be said that both crises were successfully managed, although in a very complex political and economic circumstances, by the concerted actions of the National Bank and the Serbian state. These actions mainly followed the so called Bagehot’s rule – to lend freely to all banks on the basis of sound collateral but on a penalty rate.
M. Koka,L. Mazniku,M. Resuli
Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: In this work are analyzed the problems of banking system development in Albania, in the frame of global crisis. More specifically the work covers: Central Bank in the frame of global crisis and the measures undertaken by the Bank of Albania in order to protect the Albanian banking system and Indicators of the Albanian banking system. In this part are introduced indicators of the Albanian banking system relevant to the end of the year 2009 and the end of the first half (six months) of the year 2010, as indicators that show the rentability, the situation of the assets, liquidity indicators, capital sufficiency, etc, in other words the indicators that reflect the banking system health. Furthermore is introduced an analysis of stress test based on data from the second half of the year 2010. Their analysis proves that the crisis has influenced the indicators deterioration but the paying ability of the system remains intact.
Prediction of financial crises by means of rough sets and decision trees
Díaz-Martínez,Zuleyka; Sánchez-Arellano,Alicia; Segovia-Vargas,Maria Jesús;
Innovar , 2011,
Abstract: this paper tries to further investigate the factors behind a financial crisis. by using a large sample of countries in the period 1981 to 1999, it intends to apply two methods coming from the artificial intelligence (rough sets theory and c4.5 algorithm) and analyze the role of a set of macroeconomic and financial variables in explaining banking crises. these variables are both quantitative and qualitative. these methods do not require variables or data used to satisfy any assumptions. statistical methods traditionally employed call for the explicative variables to satisfy statistical assumptions which is quite difficult to happen. this fact complicates the analysis. we obtained good results based on the classification accuracies (80% of correctly classified countries from an independent sample), which proves the suitability of both methods.
Turkes (V?nt) Mirela Catalina
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: In a developing economy, like the one of Romania, frequent changes take place in all areas, including the banking market. The Romanian banking environment is frequently influenced by various factors. The article shows the changes that have taken place in the Romanian banking market during the period 2007-2010 as a consequence of these factors. The research consisted in presenting the most important political, economical, social and technological factors which have influenced the banking market after Romania’s integration to the European Union. Based on the analysis of these factors’ influence, I have presented the developing manner of the Romanian banking market after joining the European Union, but also the problems faced in the context of the current global crisis.
Finding Eyewitness Tweets During Crises  [PDF]
Fred Morstatter,Nichola Lubold,Heather Pon-Barry,Jürgen Pfeffer,Huan Liu
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Disaster response agencies have started to incorporate social media as a source of fast-breaking information to understand the needs of people affected by the many crises that occur around the world. These agencies look for tweets from within the region affected by the crisis to get the latest updates of the status of the affected region. However only 1% of all tweets are geotagged with explicit location information. First responders lose valuable information because they cannot assess the origin of many of the tweets they collect. In this work we seek to identify non-geotagged tweets that originate from within the crisis region. Towards this, we address three questions: (1) is there a difference between the language of tweets originating within a crisis region and tweets originating outside the region, (2) what are the linguistic patterns that can be used to differentiate within-region and outside-region tweets, and (3) for non-geotagged tweets, can we automatically identify those originating within the crisis region in real-time?
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