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Scientific reticence and sea level rise  [PDF]
J. E. Hansen
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/2/2/024002
Abstract: I suggest that a "scientific reticence" is inhibiting communication of a threat of potentially large sea level rise. Delay is dangerous because of system inertias that could create a situation with future sea level changes out of our control. I argue for calling together a panel of scientific leaders to hear evidence and issue a prompt plain-written report on current understanding of the sea level change issue.
LEARNING HOW TO SPEAK: RETICENCE IN THE ESL CLASSROOM  [PDF]
SHANE DONALD
Annual Review of Education, Communication and Language Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Student reticence in the English as a second language classroom is a phenomenon that occurs in all contexts, regardless of setting. This paper examines the issue of reticence from the perspective of both teacher and learner, taking into consideration the problematic nature of the condition; there are no unambiguous causes of reticence (Allwright and Bailey, 1991; Chaudron, 1988; Tsui, 1996). Rather, a range of factors such as cultural beliefs regarding learning and the role of the teacher, fear of being misunderstood on the part of the learner and the attendant fear of losing face, as well as comprehensibility of input all play a role in fostering learner reticence in the ESL classroom. A point of difference is the attention given to learners' perspectives on what causes reticence in terms of the practices employed by teachers. Modification to practices such as error correction and extended wait-time are suggested that may allow the practitioner to promote oral communication on the part of learners in the classroom.
A Brief Study of Reticence in ESL Class  [cached]
Hui Li,Yuhui Liu
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.1.8.961-965
Abstract: It is a common phenomenon that students in China, either English or Non-English majors, are resistant to participating in individual or group-based speaking activities. This paper claims that students who refuse to actively participate in their own learning are reticent. Reticence in class impedes student learning, teacher effectiveness and classmate benefits of learning from silent students' insights, observations, and experiences. This paper takes a brief analysis of causes, effects of reticence problem and then proposes possible resolution of it.
同济堂药店简介  [PDF]
王滨生,章国镇
中国中药杂志 , 1992,
Abstract: <正>解放前,在北京众多的中药店铺中,有一家同济堂药店,全称“北平同济堂参茸药材庄”,由刘一峰与兴隆木厂经理马辉堂合资,创建于1919年,刘文英具体经营。店址位于北京前门外大栅栏路北,现大栅栏新华书店所在
清代哥老会山堂考——山堂组织的发展与等级结构的变迁  [PDF]
(韩)尹恩子
清史研究 , 2010,
Abstract: ?清代哥老会以山堂为基础在各地发展组织。山堂是某个独立的哥老会组织的一种象征性称呼,哥老会模仿当时民间流行的梁山水浒故事而取山名、堂名。哥老会山堂的放票地区和成员规模由其骨干成员的活动范围和组织能力决定,其范围有的只限于一县的某个角落,有的则发展到不同省区的各州县,其会员总数也从数十到几万人不等。哥老会山堂的组织结构最初比较简单,发展到后来,其内部成员、山堂之间的关系显得非常复杂。以这些复杂而庞大的组织为基础,哥老会建立了广大而松散的人际关系网络。哥老会山堂的结构特点,成为其组织发展的基础与动力。
石涛的大涤堂  [PDF]
许苏华
东南文化 , 2002,
Abstract: ????石涛寓所大涤堂,与天宁寺咫尺相邻,小路杂树,粉墙青瓦,寻常巷陌中的寻常人家,绽放出永不衰败的艺术之花。
《四槐堂藏书录》编者考  [PDF]
李振聚
图书馆杂志 , 2013,
Abstract: ?《四槐堂藏书录》一书作者姓氏、字号、生卒年未知。《山东藏书家史略》未载,《文献家通考》虽然记载但未能指明作者为谁。经考证可知其为清末山东藏书家赵嘉肇,其经历和著作因此而可知。
湘中保和堂煤的特征  [PDF]
钟建华
科学通报 , 1990,
Abstract: 一、概述保和堂矿区位于湖南省中部的邵东县境内。区内的含煤地层为龙潭组,厚约200m,含煤四层,下部两层一般不可采,上部两层为可采煤层,分别均厚0.60和1.19m,其元素组成及工艺参数等见表1.由表1可以看出,保和堂煤(以下简称保煤)为一种低灰、特低硫、特低磷、富油及高发热量的优质煤。其煤岩及热解性质较独特。
光极堂大选与品令  [PDF]
卢向前, 王春红
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2010,
Abstract: ?孝文帝为在北魏推行门阀制度,在一以贯之的门阀观念下采取了一系列措施,光极堂大选即是其中非常重要的一环。它是孝文帝为重新配备迁洛以后的官员和确定他们的官位而进行的重大政治活动。而其前提'宣示品令',则是以门品定官品出身之令,它反映了孝文帝以官品定门第、以门第定出身、以出身定清浊、以清浊定阶级这样的理念。
天津延古堂李氏藏书考述  [PDF]
张磊
图书馆工作与研究 , 2013,
Abstract: ?延古堂李氏的藏书活动在近代天津藏书文化中占有重要的地位,与寓居津门的其他藏书家不同,延古堂以天津为籍贯,且在全国有一定影响。延古堂李氏藏书先后得于四明卢氏抱经楼、南陵徐氏积学楼、聊城杨氏海源阁散佚之书。其藏书以明代钞刻本为主,其中不乏一些颇有价值的文献。作为天津本地的著名藏书家,他的藏书活动更具特别意义。
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