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A thematic analysis of the role of the organisation in building allied health research capacity: a senior managers’ perspective  [cached]
Golenko Xanthe,Pager Susan,Holden Libby
BMC Health Services Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-12-276
Abstract: Background Evidence-based practice aims to achieve better health outcomes in the community. It relies on high quality research to inform policy and practice; however research in primary health care continues to lag behind that of other medical professions. The literature suggests that research capacity building (RCB) functions across four levels; individual, team, organisation and external environment. Many RCB interventions are aimed at an individual or team level, yet evidence indicates that many barriers to RCB occur at an organisational or external environment level. This study asks senior managers from a large healthcare organisation to identify the barriers and enablers to RCB. The paper then describes strategies for building allied health (AH) research capacity at an organisational level from a senior managers’ perspective. Methods This qualitative study is part of a larger collaborative RCB project. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with nine allied health senior managers. Recorded interviews were transcribed and NVivo was used to analyse findings and emergent themes were defined. Results The dominant themes indicate that the organisation plays an integral role in building AH research capacity and is the critical link in creating synergy across the four levels of RCB. The organisation can achieve this by incorporating research into its core business with a whole of organisation approach including its mission, vision and strategic planning. Critical success factors include: developing a co-ordinated and multidisciplinary approach to attain critical mass of research-active AH and enhance learning and development; support from senior managers demonstrated through structures, processes and systems designed to facilitate research; forming partnerships to increase collaboration and sharing of resources and knowledge; and establishing in internal framework to promote recognition for research and career path opportunities. Conclusions This study identifies four key themes: whole of organisation approach; structures, processes and systems; partnerships and collaboration; and dedicated research centres, units and positions. These themes form the foundation of a model which can be applied to assist in achieving synergy across the four levels of RCB, overcome barriers and create an environment that supports and facilitates research development in AH.
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2012,
Abstract: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a national programme to the goals of Universalization of Elementary Education in India. Distance Education Programme (DEP) plays a major role in providing technical support to the states in building capacity among institutions and people at national, state, district and sub-district levels to design, develop, produce and deliver distance learning inputs and materials in a recurrent manner. Rajasthan Council of Primary Education, Jaipur and DEP-SSA, IGNOU, New Delhi has organized 07 content based teleconferences during the period January, 2005 to October, 2005 for the capacity building of elementary school teachers. The main Objective of the study was to find out the effectiveness of the capacity building of teachers through distance mode using teleconferencing as an innovative tool. Method: the researcher was used survey method under descriptive research for investigating the impact of teleconference programmes organized on different topics and areas. Sample: The sample consists of 4775 elementary school teachers as participants from the different learning ends of the Rajasthan were selected for the study. Tools: The DEP-SSA, IGNOU developed structured opinionnaire/feedback format to know the effectiveness of teleconference programme. Data analysis: The collected data were tabulated and analyzed with the percentage techniques and it is presented in table. Finding: Most of the teacher respondents agreed on the positive contribution of teleconferencing towards capacity building of teachers.
Research projects and capacity building
CM Breen, JJ Jaganyi, BW Van Wilgen, E Van Wyk
Water SA , 2004,
Abstract: A World Bank long-term perspective study on Sub-Saharan Africa highlighted the need to build human and institutional capacity in virtually all sectors and countries. In South Africa, establishment of a democratic government in 1994 saw increased emphasis placed on capacity building. This led to the revision of policies and legislation directing human resources development. This emphasis on capacity development is reflected in procurement policies to the extent that it is increasingly difficult to successfully bid for funding from government and parastatal organisations unless there is both a plan and a commitment to capacity building in the previously marginalised sectors. There are currently no guidelines to support researchers in their attempts to support the intentions of legislation and policy. It has been assumed that researchers have the understanding and expertise to effectively promote capacity building. Under such conditions the expectations of research administrators are neither clearly structured nor are they understood by researchers. Not surprisingly, researchers often fail to meet the expectations of administrators. In an attempt to contribute towards developing a structured approach, this paper interprets what is meant by capacity building in the context of research projects. Based on this interpretation, reasonable and unreasonable expectations with respect to the extent to which capacity building can be achieved within a given project duration are discussed. A model is suggested, which would improve understanding and delivery and in doing so, achieve better congruence between expectations and outcomes. Key Words: Capacity building, Research, Change, Performance, Innovation WaterSA Vol.30(4) 2004: 429-434
Capacity Building and Succession Planning  [PDF]
Vaughan Cruickshank
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2018.71004
School leaders can make a considerable difference to the quality of teaching and learning in their schools, and consequently student achievement, by influencing the motivations and capacities of teachers. If school leaders are to be leaders of learning, then they should take responsibility for ensuring the continual learning of both students and teachers, as well as maintaining their individual learning. This paper will analyse the role of succession planning and staff capacity building as essential components of a leadership for learning school.
Building Capacity for Intercultural Citizenship  [PDF]
Ida Castiglioni, Milton J. Bennett
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.63016
Changing national boundaries, migration and mobility, multinational residence, and the cross-border flow of refugees are challenging traditional views of citizenship. The term “intercultural citizenship” is coined to refer to a definition based more on affiliation with a cultural group than on legal ascription to a nation state. The implications of citizenship based on belonging carry some of the same rights and responsibilities as legal citizenship, but in addition they include 1) conscious identification with chosen groups; 2) acceptance of responsibility for sustaining the commonweal in a variety of ways; 3) development of flexible perceptual boundaries that allow for multiple group identifications; and 4) participation in the group coordination of meaning and action that constitutes the maintenance of a living culture. Three major factors in building capacity for intercultural citizenship are explored: 1) capacity for empathy, which involves overcoming the golden rule and its assumption of similarity to embrace the platinum rule and the assumption of difference; 2) capacity for mutual adaptation, which generates virtual third cultures, or forms of communicative intersectionality; and 3) capacity for intercultural ethicality, which demands that judgments be made among viable alternatives revealed by empathic perspective-taking.
Capacity building for HIA  [cached]
Gabriel Gulis PhD,Dide Evci,F.Nur Aksakal,Ingrida Zurlyte
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2007, DOI: 10.2427/5874
Abstract: Background: To integrate health impact assessment (HIA) into existing decision-making processes requires not only methods and procedures but also well-trained experts, aware policy makers and appropriate institutions. Capacity building is the assistance which is provided to entities, which have a need to develop a certain skill or competence, or for general upgrading of performance ability. If a new technique is planned to be introduced there is a need for capacity building with no respect to levels (local, regional, national, international) or sectors (health, environment, finance, social care, education, etc.). As such, HIA is a new technique for most of the new Member States and accession countries of the European Union. Methods: To equip individuals with the understanding and skills needed to launch a HIA or be aware of the availability of this methodology and to access information, knowledge and training, we focused on the organization of workshops in participating countries. The workshops served also as pilot events to test a “curriculum” for HIA; a set of basic topics and presentations had been developed to be tested during workshops. In spite of classical in-class workshops we aimed to organize e-learning events as a way to over come the “busyness” problem of decision makers. Results: Throughout March – October 2006 we organized and ran 7 workshops in Denmark, Turkey, Lithuania, Poland, Bulgaria, Slovak Republic and Hungary. Participants came from the public health sector (141), non-public health decision makers (113) and public health students (100). A concise curriculum was developed and tested during these workshops. Participants developed a basic understanding of HIA, skills to develop and use their own screening tools as well as scoping.Within the workshop in Denmark we tested an online, real-time Internet based training method; participants highly welcomed this method as it allowed them to take part in training from their workplace, and it did not disturb their daily work. Conclusions: The workshops set a very good baseline for the introduction of HIA in participating countries. The training documents are being translated into their national languages and will be posted on the national HIA web pages of the participating countries. Participating countries have expressed an interest in continuing on with similar workshops on specific issues related to HIA, providing more in-depth training.
Meera Singh
International Journal of Knowledge and Research in Management and E-Commerce , 2013,
Abstract: —The changing trends have clearly indicated that the transformation of management from regular routine recruitment process to focus towards intangible capital management. Talent management is basically constituent of five elements such as attracting, selecting, engaging, developing and retaining employees and it is generally concerned with identifying the talent gaps, succession planning, retaining talented employees by variety of initiatives as well as implementing different strategies. In knowledge oriented society human capital is a strategic resource in attainment of competitive advantage. Talent Management of the employees is striking for numerous reasons as it is the best remedy to achieve the entire organizational goal with few employees who are the key players and best performers. The workforce development is necessary for upcoming challenges like again economy being hit by recession. Talent Management by capacity building of the employees makes it more enhanced wherein the worker’s potential grows manifold. It is a process of change and it is about managing transformations. People's capacities and institutional capacity and a society’s capacity change over time. My research basically focuses on the capacity development of the employee’s aspect by observational research method. My research focuses on the Capacity Building of the employee’s aspect. As if we focus on the individual level then automatically it will lead to the organizational Capacity Building and in turn it will also lead to societal development. Keywords—Talent Management, Fast Track promotions, Succession planning, Capacity building, Human Capital Management.
Getting by on credit: how district health managers in Ghana cope with the untimely release of funds
Augustine D Asante, Anthony B Zwi, Maria T Ho
BMC Health Services Research , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-6-105
Abstract: A qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews was adopted. Two regions (Northern and Ashanti) covering the northern and southern sectors of Ghana were strategically selected. Sixteen managers (eight directors of health services and eight district health accountants) were interviewed between 2003/2004. Data generated were analysed for themes and patterns.The results showed that untimely release of funds disrupts the implementation of health activities and demoralises district health staff. However, based on their prior knowledge of when funds are likely to be released, district health managers adopt a range of informal mechanisms to cope with the situation. These include obtaining supplies on credit, borrowing cash internally, pre-purchasing materials, and conserving part of the fourth quarter donor-pooled funds for the first quarter of the next year. While these informal mechanisms have kept the district health system in Ghana running in the face of persistent delays in funding, some of them are open to abuse and could be a potential source of corruption in the health system.Official recognition of some of these informal managerial strategies will contribute to eliminating potential risks of corruption in the Ghanaian health system and also serve as an acknowledgement of the efforts being made by local managers to keep the district health system functioning in the face of budgetary constraints and funding delays. It may boost the confidence of the managers and even enhance service delivery.District health systems, comprising of primary health care and first referral hospitals, remain pivotal in the organisation and delivery of basic health services in developing countries [1,2]. However, their effectiveness in many settings has been constrained by poor planning, inefficient resource management, staff shortages and inadequate funding. Since the emergence of the Primary Health Care (PHC) concept in 1978, emphasis has been placed on strengthening district hea
Relationship Between Managers` Skills and the Effectiveness of Intramural in Islamic Azad University in District 8-Tehran, Iran  [PDF]
Rasol Davoudi,Behzad Rahbar
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the three managerial skills (cognitive, technical and human) with the effectiveness of intramural activities in Islamic Azad university in district 8-Iran. The research was descriptive- correlation method. Also, equal sample size and statistical population included 26 managers from all intramural departments in academic year 2009-10. Measurement tool in the study involved two surveys: the management skills and effectiveness. To measure and analyze data ,we used descriptive and inferential statistics, independent t-test, Pearson correlation and path analysis. The results showed increasing conceptual and human skills would end up with effective intramural activities. But there was no significant relationship between managers` technical skills and the effectiveness of intramural activities Key words: effectiveness, intramural, conceptual skills, technical skills, human skills.
Evaluating Capacity Building to Foster Climate Change Adaptation  [PDF]
Mary Ann Castle, Norma Tan, James A. LaGro
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.33015
Abstract: This paper describes an evaluation of a capacity-building approach for promoting locally-driven climate change adaptation through local action. Using a leadership development strategy, a US-based NGO convened teams of dedicated sustainability practitioners from 15 localities for peer learning, team-building, and access to expert resources. The evaluation strengthened the NGO’s theoretical framework and methods for understanding the capacity-building contribution of the intervention to climate change adaptation. It demonstrated the use of stakeholder data to test and refine assumptions about 1) how intended changes are expected to occur and 2) prioritizing the use of capacity-building resources. It also underscored the necessity of evaluation partnerships between the NGO and committed teams of change agents to sustain capacity-building effects while allowing data gathering over time to continuously refine the Theory of Change (ToC) and to guide local efforts to achieve climate change adaptation outcomes. The evaluation data showed that the initial ToC was not sufficiently robust to identify necessary conditions to be embedded in specific local situational contexts to increase the likelihood of success. The evaluators recommended enhancement of the ToC to consider team “readiness”, while offering a logic model framework and capacity-building process metrics for progress and outcome tracking.
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