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On the properties of generalized harmonic and oscillatory numbers. Simple proof of the Prime Number Theorem  [PDF]
R. M. Abrarov,S. M. Abrarov
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: We derived the sum identities for generalized harmonic and corresponding oscillatory numbers for which a sieve procedure can be applied. The obtained results enable us to understand better the properties of these numbers and their asymptotic behavior. On the basis of these identities a simple proof of the Prime Number Theorem is represented.
The number of harmonic frames of prime order  [PDF]
Matthew J. Hirn
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Harmonic frames of prime order are investigated. The primary focus is the enumeration of inequivalent harmonic frames, with the exact number given by a recursive formula. The key to this result is a one-to-one correspondence developed between inequivalent harmonic frames and the orbits of a particular set. Secondarily, the symmetry group of prime order harmonic frames is shown to contain a subgroup consisting of a diagonal matrix as well as a permutation matrix, each of which is dependent on the particular harmonic frame in question.
Asymptotic Behavior of the Number of Lost Messages  [PDF]
Vyacheslav M. Abramov
Mathematics , 2005, DOI: 10.1137/S0036139902405250
Abstract: The goal of the paper is to study asymptotic behavior of the number of lost messages. Long messages are assumed to be divided into a random number of packets which are transmitted independently of one another. An error in transmission of a packet results in the loss of the entire message. Messages arrive to the $M/GI/1$ finite buffer model and can be lost in two cases as either at least one of its packets is corrupted or the buffer is overflowed. With the parameters of the system typical for models of information transmission in real networks, we obtain theorems on asymptotic behavior of the number of lost messages. We also study how the loss probability changes if redundant packets are added. Our asymptotic analysis approach is based on Tauberian theorems with remainder.
Inequities in the Shanks-Renyi Prime Number Race: An asymptotic formula for the densities  [PDF]
Daniel Fiorilli,Greg Martin
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: Chebyshev was the first to observe a bias in the distribution of primes in residue classes. The general phenomenon is that if $a$ is a nonsquare\mod q and $b$ is a square\mod q, then there tend to be more primes congruent to $a\mod q$ than $b\mod q$ in initial intervals of the positive integers; more succinctly, there is a tendency for $\pi(x;q,a)$ to exceed $\pi(x;q,b)$. Rubinstein and Sarnak defined $\delta(q;a,b)$ to be the logarithmic density of the set of positive real numbers $x$ for which this inequality holds; intuitively, $\delta(q;a,b)$ is the "probability" that $\pi(x;q,a) > \pi(x;q,b)$ when $x$ is "chosen randomly". In this paper, we establish an asymptotic series for $\delta(q;a,b)$ that can be instantiated with an error term smaller than any negative power of $q$. This asymptotic formula is written in terms of a variance $V(q;a,b)$ that is originally defined as an infinite sum over all nontrivial zeros of Dirichlet $L$-functions corresponding to characters\mod q; we show how $V(q;a,b)$ can be evaluated exactly as a finite expression. In addition to providing the exact rate at which $\delta(q;a,b)$ converges to $\frac12$ as $q$ grows, these evaluations allow us to compare the various density values $\delta(q;a,b)$ as $a$ and $b$ vary modulo $q$; by analyzing the resulting formulas, we can explain and predict which of these densities will be larger or smaller, based on arithmetic properties of the residue classes $a$ and $b\mod q$. For example, we show that if $a$ is a prime power and $a'$ is not, then $\delta(q;a,1) < \delta(q;a',1)$ for all but finitely many moduli $q$ for which both $a$ and $a'$ are nonsquares. Finally, we establish rigorous numerical bounds for these densities $\delta(q;a,b)$ and report on extensive calculations of them.
Asymptotic behavior of the number of Eulerian orientations of graphs  [PDF]
Mikhail Isaev
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.4213/mzm9249
Abstract: We consider the class of simple graphs with large algebraic connectivity (the second-smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix). For this class of graphs we determine the asymptotic behavior of the number of Eulerian orientations. In addition, we establish some new properties of the Laplacian matrix, as well as an estimate of a conditionality of matrices with the asymptotic diagonal predominance
Properties and applications of the prime detecting function: infinitude of twin primes, asymptotic law of distribution of prime pairs differing by an even number  [PDF]
R. M. Abrarov,S. M. Abrarov
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: The prime detecting function (PDF) approach can be effective instrument in the investigation of numbers. The PDF is constructed by recurrence sequence - each successive prime adds a sieving factor in the form of PDF. With built-in prime sieving features and properties such as simplicity, integro-differentiability and configurable capability for a wide variety of problems, the application of PDF leads to new interesting results. As an example, in this exposition we present proofs of the infinitude of twin primes and the first Hardy-Littlewood conjecture for prime pairs (the twin prime number theorem). On this example one can see that application of PDF is especially effective in investigation of asymptotic problems in combination with the proposed method of test and probe functions.
Asymptotic behavior of the nonlinear Schr?dinger equation with harmonic trapping  [PDF]
Zaher Hani,Laurent Thomann
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We consider the cubic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation with harmonic trapping on $\mathbb{R}^D$ ($1\leq D\leq 5$). In the case when all but one directions are trapped (a.k.a "cigar-shaped" trap), following the approach of Hani-Pausader-Tzvetkov-Visciglia, we prove modified scattering and construct modified wave operators for small initial and final data respectively. The asymptotic behavior turns out to be a rather vigorous departure from linear scattering and is dictated by the resonant system of the NLS equation with full trapping on $\mathbb{R}^{D-1}$. In the physical dimension $D=3$, this system turns out to be exactly the (CR) equation derived and studied by Faou-Germain-Hani. The special dynamics of the latter equation, combined with the above modified scattering results, allow to justify and extend some physical approximations in the theory of Bose-Einstein condensates in cigar-shaped traps.
Asymptotic behavior of positive harmonic functions in certain unbounded domains  [PDF]
Koushik Ramachandran
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We derive asymptotic estimates at infinity for positive harmonic functions in a large class of non-smooth unbounded domains. These include domains whose sections, after rescaling, resemble a Lipschitz cylinder or a Lipschitz cone, e.g., various paraboloids and horns.
An Asymptotic for the Number of Solutions to Linear Equations in Prime Numbers from Specified Chebotarev Classes  [PDF]
Daniel M. Kane
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: We extend known results on the number of solutions to a linear equation in at least three prime numbers when the primes involved are required to lie in specified Chebotarev classes. We prove asymptotic results similar to previous ones only now taking into account corrections coming form the Chebotarev Density Theorem and Global Class Field Theory. We then apply these results to find elliptic curves whose discriminants split completely of a given number field.
The Harmonic Neutron Hypothesis: Prime Number Factor Patterns and Their Relationship to the Hierarchy of the Fundamental Particles and Bosons  [PDF]
Donald William Chakeres, Richard Vento
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2015.55025
Abstract: The Harmonic Neutron Hypothesis, HNH, has demonstrated that many of the fundamental physical constants including particles and bosons are associated with specific quantum integers, n. These integers define partial harmonic fractional exponents, 1 ± (1/n), of a fundamental frequency, Vf. The goal is to evaluate the prime and composite factors associated with the neutron n0, the quarks, the kinetic energy of neutron beta decay, the Rydberg constant, R, e, a0, H0, h, α, W, Z, the muon, and the neutron gluon. Their pure number characteristics correspond and explain the hierarchy of the particles and bosons. The elements and black body radiation represent consecutive integer series. The relative scale of the constants cluster in a partial harmonic fraction pattern around the neutron. The global numerical organization is related to the only possible prime factor partial fractions of
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