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Sexual Behaviour and Perception of AIDS among Adolescent Girls in Benin City, Nigeria
Unuigbe I. Evelyn, Ogbeide Osafu
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 1999,
Abstract: To institute meaningful preventive measures for the control of HIV/AIDS, there is need for more information relating to the perception and knowledge of AIDS and the sexuality of our adolescent population, who form a significant at-risk group. A survey of the knowledge and perception of AIDS and sexual behaviour among 723 randomly selected secondary school adolescent girls, aged 13 to 18 years, was carried out in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Over 94% of the study population was aware of AIDS, while 64% rightly knew that AIDS can be transmitted through sexual intercourse. Similarly, 9.1% and 3.9% wrongly ascribed AIDS transmission to causal kissing and sharing of utensils with AIDS patients. More than 77% of the girls were sexually active, and of this, 35% had multiple sexual partners and only 26.9% practiced the use of condoms during sexual intercourse. This study re-echoes the urgent need for intensive and effective control programmes for HIV/AIDS. (Afr J Reprod Health 1999; 3 [1]: 39 - 44) Key Words: HIV/AIDS, adolescent girls, sexual behaviour, knowledge, perception
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and Sexual Practices among Adolescents in Benin City Nigeria
V A Wagbatsoma, O H Okojie
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2006,
Abstract: A cross sectional study to determine the knowledge of HIV/AIDS and sexual practices of adolescents was undertaken in Benin City, Nigeria. Benin City the capital of Edo State, Nigeria, has 40 government owned secondary schools comprising 6 boys, 10 girls, and 24 mixed. Out of these 3 schools were randomly selected for survey viz; Adolor (boys only), Iyoba (girls only), Army Day (mixed). The sample size for the survey was 920 while the total population for selected schools was 1692 giving a sampling ratio of 1:2. Using the systematic sampling method and class register as sampling frame every other child was selected for the study. However, only 852 students consented to participate giving a response rate of 92.6%. An overwhelming majority of the adolescents were aware of HIV/AIDS but only 16.2% knew the cause of the disease. The submission that kissing, living with infected persons and sharing their utensils could lead to infection was an indication of ignorance. Sexual intercourse was the predominant route of transmission mentioned by 60.0% while multiple sexual partners was prevalent among age group 13-15 years. Playing with sharps, frequent clean head shave with unsterilised instruments in the barbing saloon and promiscuity were some of the activities that adolescents were involved in that could lead to HIV/AIDS infection. In conclusion, the knowledge of the study population was poor and correlates with their reckless sexual practices. Prevention is the best option to the disease. Better informed youths on HIV/AIDS will enhance the principle of prevention. African Journal of Reproductive Health Vol. 10 (2) 2006: pp. 76-83
Sexual Coercion of Adolescent Girls in Yoruba Land of Nigeria  [cached]
Akanle Florence Foluso
Current Research Journal of Social Science , 2011,
Abstract: This study investigates the magnitude and patterns of sexual coercion experienced by female adolescents in Southwest zone in Nigeria. The study population consists of all female adolescents aged 12-16 years. These adolescents are those who are either enrolled in the secondary school or those with limited education that was not in school at the period of this study. Samples of 475 girls were drawn from both the school and those not in schools. The sample was drawn from three different Yoruba speaking states in the south west Nigeria. The sampling techniques that were used were stratified and simple random sampling. The research instrument was a self constructed questionnaire title (SCAQ)- Sexual Coercion of female Adolescents Questionnaire. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.76 and was validated using, face content, validity procedure of testing validity. The data generated were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages for describing the data. The appropriate statistics such as t-test, Pearson product moment correlation and chi-square were used to make inferences about the data. The analysis of the data shows that girls have experienced sexual coercion such as verbal threats, unwanted touch, deceived into sex or forced sex. Other forms of sexual coercion such as verbal pressure, threats or unwanted holding of hands unwanted hugging or kissing as well as forced sexual activities have been experienced by girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended that skill training needs to be provided in and outside the school system. Teachers and counsellors should convey prevention messages so as to sensitize or discourage sexual coercion of female students in school.
The Evaluation of Communication between Adolescent Girls and their Mothers Related to Sexual Issues
Funda Bulut,Zehra Golbasi
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin , 2009,
Abstract: AIM: This is done as a descriptive study with the purpose of evaluating the communication of female students with their mothers related to sexual issues, who are being educated in high schools in the municipal border of Sivas. METHODS: The universe includes 7202 female students who receive education in high schools in the municipal border of Sivas, sample covers 1045 students from this universe. Data was collected by using Personal Information Form and The Evaluating Form of Communication of Adolescent Girls with Their Mothers Related to Sexual Issues which is improved by researchers. Data is exhibited as frequency distribution and it is evaluated by using chi-square test. RESULTS: According to research findings, it was found that the communication between adolescent girls and their mothers about the subjects related to sexuality is not at the desired level. Mothers come third among the information resources from which the adolescent girls take information about subjects related to sexuality. The initial subjects that adolescent girls talk to their mothers are firstly menstruation (78.4 %), choosing a spouse (71.9 %), physical changes in puberty (68.0 %), flirtation (63.3 %) and engagement (60.2%). Additionally the initial subjects that adolescent girls do not talk to their mothers are; the structure and function of male organ (94.0 %), sexual relation (87.6 %), risky sexual behaviors (83.0 %), sexuality before marriage (78.6 %), ways of contraception (74.3 %), sexually transmitted infections (74.2 %). Mostly, adolescent girls indicate that the information about menstruation they take from their mothers is enough. CONCLUSION: According to findings obtained from researches, mothers have an important part among the sources that adolescent girls take information about the subjects related to sexuality, however, it is concluded that the communication between adolescent girls and their mothers about the subjects related to sexuality is not at the desired level. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2009; 8(1): 27-36]
Perceptions and practices regarding menstruation in adolescent girls in Yazd  [PDF]
Sedighah Akhavan Karbasi,Motahharen Golestan,Razieh Fallah
Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , 2008, DOI: 10.3126/njog.v3i2.10830
Abstract: Objective: Puberty is the most prominent stage of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of puberty health education on promoting of its awareness in girls. Methods: In an interventional quasi-experimental study (pre and post test), awareness, attitude and practice of 500 high school first grade student girls evaluated before and after health education in Yazd in 2004- 2005 . Results: Mean age of menarche was 13.46±1.12. Over ninty three percent (93.6%) of girls had a previous information about menstruation where mother was the major source (53%). Good and poor knowledge were seen in 36% and 28.6% respectively but practice was seen in 24.4% and 32.8% respectively. 85.2% of girls believed that menarche is evidence of health, but in 91.6% girl’s menarche was associated with worry and shame. Negative psychological attitude about menstruation was seen in 59.8%. The mean number of knowledge and practice before and after intervention was 5.3±2.9, 11.8±2.18 and 4.3± 1.8 and 10.2 ± 2.3 respectively (PV =0.0001). Conclusion: Educational programs are needed for girls and their mothers to correct misinformation about exercise, food restrictions and good health puberty and menarche. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njog.v3i2.10830 Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Vol.3(2) 2008; 40-43
In the face of war: examining sexual vulnerabilities of Acholi adolescent girls living in displacement camps in conflict-affected Northern Uganda  [cached]
Patel Sheetal H,Muyinda Herbert,Sewankambo Nelson K,Oyat Geoffrey
BMC International Health and Human Rights , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-698x-12-38
Abstract: Background Adolescent girls are an overlooked group within conflict-affected populations and their sexual health needs are often neglected. Girls are disproportionately at risk of HIV and other STIs in times of conflict, however the lack of recognition of their unique sexual health needs has resulted in a dearth of distinctive HIV protection and prevention responses. Departing from the recognition of a paucity of literature on the distinct vulnerabilities of girls in time of conflict, this study sought to deepen the knowledge base on this issue by qualitatively exploring the sexual vulnerabilities of adolescent girls surviving abduction and displacement in Northern Uganda. Methods Over a ten-month period between 2004–2005, at the height of the Lord’s Resistance Army insurgency in Northern Uganda, 116 in-depth interviews and 16 focus group discussions were held with adolescent girls and adult women living in three displacement camps in Gulu district, Northern Uganda. The data was transcribed and key themes and common issues were identified. Once all data was coded the ethnographic software programme ATLAS was used to compare and contrast themes and categories generated in the in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. Results Our results demonstrated the erosion of traditional Acholi mentoring and belief systems that had previously served to protect adolescent girls’ sexuality. This disintegration combined with: the collapse of livelihoods; being left in camps unsupervised and idle during the day; commuting within camp perimeters at night away from the family hut to sleep in more central locations due to privacy and insecurity issues, and; inadequate access to appropriate sexual health information and services, all contribute to adolescent girls’ heightened sexual vulnerability and subsequent enhanced risk for HIV/AIDS in times of conflict. Conclusions Conflict prevention planners, resettlement programme developers, and policy-makers need to recognize adolescent girls affected by armed conflict as having distinctive needs, which require distinctive responses. More adaptive and sustainable gender-sensitive reproductive health strategies and HIV prevention initiatives for displaced adolescent girls in conflict settings must be developed.
Comparison of Sexual problems in Intellectually Disabled and Normal Adolescent Girls in the Puberty Period
L Akrami,M Mirzamani,A Davarmanesh
Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Introdution: People with intellectual disability are similar to normal people with regards to their sexual needs. The aim of the present research was to compare sexual problems in mentally retarded and normal adolescents girls aged between 12– 15 years in Tehran. Methods: This analaytical and cross- sectional research included 90 cases of EMR and 90 cases of normal girls who were chosen by the cluster random sampling method. The statistical tests included Independent t-test, Chi-square,Spearman and Pearson coefficient tests. Results: The result of the present research indicated that the sexual problems in the EMR Girls was more than normal girls and there was no correlation between the sexual problems and variable demography. Conclusion: EMR girls with low IQ and adjustment behavior disorder have more problems as compared to normal girls and these can lead to additional problems for themselves and their family.
Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescent girls from conservative and low-income families in Erzurum, Turkey  [PDF]
Nesrin Reis, Dilek Kilic, Raziye Engin, Ozlem Karabulutlu
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.36063
Abstract: The objective of this survey was to determine the sexual and reproductive health needs of conservative and/or economically challenged adolescent girls. A total of 310 subjects (16.5 ± 2.2 years old), attending three private institutes teaching Islamic matter and the holy Quran and two private institutes teaching carpet-weaving in Erzurum, Turkey, were interviewed between November 2004 and February 2005. The ques-tionnaire covered knowledge on reproductive health and sexual matters to attain their feelings prior to their first menarche, their practices during menstruation, and their awareness of gynecological and sexually transmitted dis-eases as well as their attitudes toward and re-sponsiveness to domestic violence. Their re-sponses showed that these issues were con-sidered taboo and/or embarrassing to share. Also, a considerable percentage of the girls had no or limited knowledge on reproductive health and sexual matters and mismanaged gyneco-logical problems and domestic violence. More-over, those had knowledge revealed that their sources were non-scientific information from unprofessional individuals. In conclusion, the conservative and/or economically challenged adolescent girls who are not attending regular high schools need professional lectures on re-productive health and sexual matters.
Adolescent pregnancies and girls' sexual and reproductive rights in the amazon basin of Ecuador: an analysis of providers' and policy makers' discourses
Isabel Goicolea, Marianne Wulff, Miguel Sebastian, Ann ?hman
BMC International Health and Human Rights , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1472-698x-10-12
Abstract: We held six focus-group discussions and eleven in-depth interviews with 41 Orellana's service providers and policy makers. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using discourse analysis, specifically looking for interpretative repertoires.Four interpretative repertoires emerged from the interviews. The first repertoire identified was "sex is not for fun" and reflected a moralistic construction of girls' sexual and reproductive health that emphasized abstinence, and sent contradictory messages regarding contraceptive use. The second repertoire -"gendered sexuality and parenthood"-constructed women as sexually uninterested and responsible mothers, while men were constructed as sexually driven and unreliable. The third repertoire was "professionalizing adolescent pregnancies" and lead to patronizing attitudes towards adolescents and disregard of the importance of non-medical expertise. The final repertoire -"idealization of traditional family"-constructed family as the proper space for the raising of adolescents while at the same time acknowledging that sexual abuse and violence within families was common.Providers' and policy makers' repertoires determined the areas that the array of sexual and reproductive health services should include, leaving out the ones more prone to cause conflict and opposition, such as gender equality, abortion provision and welfare services for pregnant adolescents. Moralistic attitudes and sexism were present - even if divergences were also found-, limiting services' capability to promote girls' sexual and reproductive health and rights.Getting pregnant during adolescence is a common experience for many girls, especially in low-income countries. Adolescent pregnancies have long been associated with adverse social and health outcomes for both the mother and children and pregnancy and childbirth related complications is the leading cause of death for girls aged 15-19 [1-4]. However, many qualitative studies also evidence that adolescent pr
Opportunities and Limitations for Using New Media and Mobile Phones to Expand Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Information and Services for Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Six Nigerian States
F Akinfaderin-Agarau, M Chirtau, S Ekponimo, S Power
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2012,
Abstract: Reproductive health problems are a challenge affecting young people in Nigeria. Education as a Vaccine (EVA) implements the My Question and Answer Service1, using mobile phones to provide sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services. Use of the service by adolescent girls and young women is low. Focus group discussions were held with 726 females to assess their access to mobile phones, as well as the barriers and limitations to the use of their phones to seek SRH information and services. Results demonstrate high mobile phone access but limited use of phones to access SRH information and services. Barriers to use of these services include cost of service for young female clients, request for socio-demographic information that could break anonymity, poor marketing and publicity, socio-cultural beliefs and expectations of young girls, individual personality and beliefs, as well as infrastructural/network quality. It is therefore recommended that these barriers be adequately addressed to increase the potential use of mobile phone for providing adolescent and young girls with SRH information and services. In addition, further initiatives and research are needed to explore the potentials of social media in meeting this need. Les problèmes de la santé de reproduction constituent un défi qui touche les jeunes au Nigéria. L’Education en tant que vaccin (ETQV) met en pratique le service de Ma Question et ma Réponse , en se servant des téléphones portables pour assurer l’information et les services de la santé sexuelle et de reproduction (SSR). L’utilisation des services par les filles adolescentes et les jeunes femmes n’est pas encourageante. Nous avons mené des discussions à groupe cible avec 726 femelles pour évaluer leur accès aux téléphones portables ainsi que les obstacles et les limitations à leur utilisation de leurs téléphones portables pour rechercher l’information et les services de la SSR. Les résultats ont montré un accès d’un haut niveau aux téléphones portables, mais une utilisation limitée dans l’accès à l’information et aux services de la SSR. Les obstacles à l’utilisation comprennent le co t de service aux jeunes clientes, la demande de l’information sociodémographique qui puisse briser l’anonymat, une mauvaise commercialisation et la publicité, la croyance socioculturelle et les espérances des jeunes filles, la personnalité et les croyances individuelles ainsi que la qualité de l’infrastructure/du réseau. Nous recommandons donc qu’on s’occupe de manière adéquate de ces obstacles pour augmenter l’utilisation éventuelle du telephone portable pour assurer l’information et les services de la SSR aux adolescents et aux jeunes filles. De plus, il faut davantage des tentatives et des recherches pour explorer les potentiels des médias sociaux par rapport à la satisfaction de ce besoin.
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