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The essence of interdisciplinary practice in palliative care delivery to cancer patients
Rutz Porto,Adrize; Buss Thofehrn,Maira; Coelho Amestoy,Simone; Cardozo Gonzáles,Roxana Isabel; Alves Oliveira,Naiana;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2012,
Abstract: objective. to get to know interdisciplinary practice in the oncology interdisciplinary home hospitalization program (pidi) health team. methodology. this qualitative research involved nine professionals working in this program, in the south of brazil, who delivered palliative care to cancer patients. data were recollected in 2009 through observation and focal groups, and analyzed through the thematic analysis technique. results. two categories emerged: interdisciplinary practice in the pidi is a permanent construction process and palliative care in interdisciplinary practice. this program was characterized by: workers' interaction in an interdisciplinary focus, integration of actions and knowledge, establishment of dialogue, horizontal power relations in the team, respect for other people's knowledge, colleagues and limits of their performance, collective and continuous learning, and internal motivation to defend a practice based on the quality of patients' life and death. conclusion. the integration of interdisciplinary palliative care practice is innovative and can improve care quality and contribute to the satisfaction of professionals working with patients who need this type of care.
COLONIZING THE MIND: PROCESS AND PRACTICE OF COLONIALISM IN GURCHARAN DAS'S LARINS SAHIB
UTTAM JADHAV AND TRIPTI KAREKATTI
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to reveal the process and practice of colonialism asreflected in Larins Sahib, Sultan Padmasee Prize winning play by Gurcharan Das. Theaction of the play is based on the real events in Punjab in 1846-47. The play is recreatedfrom the documents and letters exchanged by the principal characters. Prima-facie it is alove story of an Indian queen Rani Jindan Kaur and Henry Lawrence, an Agent of theEast India Company to the Government of Dalip Singh, the son of Maharaja RanjitSingh. Authors believe that imperialism operates in the play on psychological, political,economic, social, cultural and individual level. The play also throws light on thechanging cultural priorities in the process of colonialism. Colonial power initiallydefeats natives to show them that they are inferior and thereby incapable to rule.Secondly it lays down strict political, economic, geographical and military conditions tosustain control over them. On the cultural level, under the pretext of development andsocial reform, colonizers change cultural priorities. Once the colonizers have gained fullpower and altered the social and cultural priorities, they start to harass the colonized onindividual level. And when the colonized understand that they have been trapped in thenet, they start rebellion to overthrow the colonial rule. Thus the colonizer and thecolonized get locked in an unending struggle. However, the norms of the struggle arealways set by the colonizer. The play under assessment is a good example of the processand practice of imperialism.
Culinary precisions as a platform for interdisciplinary dialogue
Erik Fooladi, Anu Hopia
Flavour , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/2044-7248-2-6
Abstract: The world of food and cooking is full of specifications on how to perform tasks and occasionally why one should adhere to this advice. Many of these specifications are rooted in tradition, while others are more recent, and these sometimes appear to us like modern urban myths. Some are rooted in the long experience of kitchen professionals or home cooks, and some originate from science. Such culinary ‘claims’, ‘instructions’, ‘specifications’ or ‘precisions’ (various terms have been used) are the shared common knowledge of societies about the techniques and practices of food and cooking. Often they are shared orally as knowledge is handed down through generations, or in written form, for example, as part of recipes. As described previously [1], this knowledge may come in the form of hints, advice, ‘tricks’, or ‘old wives’ tales’. In this paper, we use the term ‘culinary precisions’ to describe the technical or procedural information present in a recipe (oral or written), which provides added value in terms of improved quality and greater chance of a successful product, although, to our knowledge, this term has not yet been adopted as a formal term in the international scientific community. A typical example of a culinary precision is ‘When preparing beurre blanc sauce, butter should be added as ice-cold cubes’. The understanding that temperature affects the structure and taste of the sauce has probably developed through generations of skillful chefs making thousands of beurre blanc sauces collecting their experiences and sharing best practice. If the claim is studied scientifically, phenomena such as melting, emulsion, droplet size, and water/fat solubility can be taken under the scope of research, science education, and science dissemination. Culinary precisions are already being collected and studied by scientists as well as food professionals and devotees. The widest collection is in France, where Hervé This has collected around 25,000 culinary precisions, some of
Between Promise and Practice: Web 2.0, Intercultural Dialogue and Digital Scholarship  [cached]
Ien Ang,Nayantara Pothen
Fibreculture Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The Internet has been a popular method for communication and collaboration across far-flung sites for some time, and its potential for enhancing participatory democracy has been much commented on. With the emergence of so-called Web 2.0 (O'Reilly, 2005), the interactive and collaborative capabilities of the Internet have greatly increased, with still uncertain social, political and intellectual effects. This paper emerges out of an interest in exploring the possible implications of Web 2.0 for the practice of humanities research. Scholars in the humanities have traditionally been dependent on the written word - on the production of intellectually dense discourse - and, in this producerly mode, they tend to be individualist, sole researchers. How can they respond to the challenges posed by Web 2.0 and its seemingly irresistible promotion of a participatory, expressive, and highly visual mode of cultural production? This article provides a critical (self-)analysis of diverCities: A Global Collaboration Space for Intercultural Dialogue, a digital humanities experiment. Sponsored by UNESCO, the project involved the conceptualisation and development of a customised Web 2.0 site to promote intercultural dialogue within and across major cities around the world. The project was a collaborative effort of an interdisciplinary team of cultural researchers from the Centre for Cultural Research at the University of Western Sydney, the Centre for Media and Cultural Studies at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, and the Department of Sociology at the National University of Singapore, together with e-research specialists from the Archaeological Computing Laboratory (ACL) at the University of Sydney, who applied Heurist, an Open Source Collaborative Knowledge Space (CKS) for humanities scholars, to create diverCities, a prototype website that was used as a practical tool for the exploration and trialling of new, web-mediated practices of intercultural dialogue.
How and Why to Teach Interdisciplinary Research Practice  [cached]
Rick Szostak
Journal of Research Practice , 2007,
Abstract: This article addresses the interrelated questions of why it is important to teach students about the nature of interdisciplinarity and how this material might be best communicated to students. It is important to define for students what is meant by disciplines and interdisciplinarity. Having distinguished interdisciplinarity from the disciplinary approach, the advantages and disadvantages of each can be discussed. It is useful to discuss the history of both disciplines and interdisciplinarity. It is also useful to discuss the complex relationship between interdisciplinarity and other intellectual currents: postmodernism, unity of science, complexity analysis, feminism, and others. Critically, students should be guided as to how interdisciplinary research might be best performed. Some potential objections to teaching interdisciplinary research practice are addressed.
The Theory and Practice of Dialogue Teaching in University Political Course  [PDF]
Zhiwu Zhou
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.54017
Abstract: University political course is the main position to systemically educate undergraduates on Marxist theory. It has very important practical significance. Whereas, concerning the current situation of university political course, the teaching effectiveness has a considerable gap with its duty, which needs our introspection. From the perspective of dialogue teaching, this article discusses the theory and practice of political teaching in university.
Interdisciplinary practice in the disciplinary formation of science teachers  [PDF]
Maurício Pietrocola,José de Pinho Alves Filho,Terezinha de Fátima Pinheiro
Investiga??es em Ensino de Ciências , 2003,
Abstract: The interdisciplinary approach is today a subject very much discussed in the ambit of education. However, the curricula and the teacher preparation stay anchored in disciplinar paradigms. This work intends to discuss the relation between disciplinar and interdisciplinar approach in the perspective of the science teachers formation. For that, we analyzed the application, in a subject of the physics teacher preparation course, of the methodology proposed by Gérard Fourez, entitled " Interdisciplinar's Islands of Rationality ".
Enhancers and hindrances to doctor-nurse interdisciplinary collaborative practice in Nigeria  [PDF]
Ijeoma L. Okoronkwo, John E. Anieche, Anthonia U. Chinweuba, Afam C. Ndu
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.32022
Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to identify factors that enhance and hinder interdisciplinary collaborative practice (ICP) among doctors and nurses at the Nnamdi Azikiwe teaching hospital, Nnewi, southeast Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey and the quantitative method of data collection was employed. The population was all doctors irrespective of area of specialty and all nurses employed and working in the hospital as at the time of study. Proportionate stratified and convenience sampling methods were used to select study participants according to their categories. Using validated structured questionnaire, data were collected from 110 doctors and 95 nurses in the teaching hospital on their perception on ICP and factors that enhance/hinder ICP. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specifically, frequencies, percentages, standard deviation and graphic presentation were used for descriptive analysis of scores while the unpaired t test of mean score using Graph Pad Prism, Version 5.30 was used to determine the influence of profession, gender, and years of experience on perception of ICP at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that both doctors and nurses have positive perception on ICP. Their years of experience have significant influence on their perception. Clear individual roles and good working relationships enhance ICP while giving priority to professional status rather than expertise was seen as a prominent hindrance to ICP. The study recommends collaborative continuing education for doctors and nurses to enhance ICP in patient care. In addition, the inclusion of interdisciplinary collaborative practice programmme into the curriculum of medical and nursing students (where it does not exist) would go a long way to strengthen ICP and decrease hindrances when they graduate.

The essence of interdisciplinary practice in palliative care delivery to cancer patients La esencia de la práctica interdisciplinaria en el cuidado paliativo a las personas con cáncer A essência da prática interdisciplinar no cuidado paliativo às pessoas com cancer  [cached]
Adrize Rutz Porto,Maira Buss Thofehrn,Simone Coelho Amestoy,Roxana Isabel Cardozo Gonzáles
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2012,
Abstract: Objective. To get to know interdisciplinary practice in the Oncology Interdisciplinary Home Hospitalization Program (PIDI) health team. Methodology. This qualitative research involved nine professionals working in this program, in the South of Brazil, who delivered palliative care to cancer patients. Data were recollected in 2009 through observation and focal groups, and analyzed through the thematic analysis technique. Results. Two categories emerged: interdisciplinary practice in the PIDI is a permanent construction process and palliative care in interdisciplinary practice. This program was characterized by: workers' interaction in an interdisciplinary focus, integration of actions and knowledge, establishment of dialogue, horizontal power relations in the team, respect for other people's knowledge, colleagues and limits of their performance, collective and continuous learning, and internal motivation to defend a practice based on the quality of patients' life and death. Conclusion. The integration of interdisciplinary palliative care practice is innovative and can improve care quality and contribute to the satisfaction of professionals working with patients who need this type of care. Objetivo. Conocer la práctica interdisciplinaria en el equipo de salud del Programa de Internación Domiciliaria Interdisciplinario (PIDI) Oncológico. Metodología. Investigación cualitativa realizada con nueve profesionales en este programa, en el sur de Brasil, que proporcionan cuidados paliativos a las personas con cáncer. Los datos fueron recolectados en 2009 mediante la observación y grupos focales. Se analizó con la técnica de análisis temático. Resultados. Surgieron dos categorías: la práctica interdisciplinaria en lo PIDI es un proceso en construcción permanente y, los cuidados paliativos en la práctica interdisciplinaria. Este programa se caracterizó por la interacción de los trabajadores en un enfoque interdisciplinario; integración de acciones y conocimiento; establecimiento del diálogo; relaciones horizontales de poder en el equipo; respeto al conocimiento de otras personas, compa eros de trabajo y límites de su rendimiento; aprendizaje colectivo y continuo; y, finalmente, motivación interna para defender una práctica basada en la calidad de vida y muerte de los pacientes. Conclusión. La integración de la práctica interdisciplinaria en cuidados paliativos es una acción innovadora, capaz de mejorar la calidad de la atención, y de contribuir a la satisfacción de los profesionales que trabajan con los pacientes que requieren este tipo de cuidados. Objetivo. Conhec
Message posting Or dialogue? On the dialectics of online practice in adult education
David Hamilton,Ethel Dahlgren,Agneta Hult,Tor S?derstr?m
Seminar.net , 2005,
Abstract: This paper examines on-line communication in liberal adult education. It highlights the problematic space between message posting and the promotion of dialogue. Conference software in Swedish adult education is widely based on message posting. But can message posting also foster the democratic practices associated with reasoned discussion or dialogue?
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