oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Health related quality of life among adolescents with sickle cell disease in Saudi Arabia
MAM Amr, TT Amin, OA Al-Omair
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Increased life expectancy due to recent medical advances has increased the need to understand more fully the quality of life (QoL) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and factors predicting disease adaptation .The objectives of this study were to assess the impairment of health related quality of life (HRQoL) domains in a sample of Saudi Arabian adolescents with SCD. Methods: A non-probability sample composed of Saudi adolescents with SCD (n=180) aged 14-18 years and comparable age and gender matched healthy controls (n=202). Socio-demographics and disease related data were obtained through personal interview with parents/legal guardians and reviewing patients' medical records. Selfadministered 'Short Form-36' questionnaire was used to assess HRQoL of the included groups. Results: HRQoL showed significant deterioration in adolescents with SCD especially in role physical, general health, and bodily pain domains irrespective of the gender, while female adolescents with SCD demonstrated significant deterioration in emotional wellbeing. Those with SCD-complications showed worse scores along the physical, general health, and emotional wellbeing domains. HRQol scores were negatively associated with increasing age, female gender, rural residence, low family income, presence of disease-related complications and frequent hospital admissions as revealed by multivariate regression analysis. Conclusion: Saudi adolescents with SCD experience deterioration along all domains of HRQoL especially the physical. Disease related complications and sociodemographic correlates are significant determinants to worse HRQoL among the included adolescents with SCD.
Health related quality of life among adolescents with sickle cell disease in Saudi Arabia
Mostafa Abdel-Monhem Amr,Tarek Tawfik Amin,Omar Ahmed Al-Omair
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Increased life expectancy due to recent medical advances has increased the need to understand more fully the quality of life (QoL) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and factors predicting disease adaptation .The objectives of this study were to assess the impairment of health related quality of life (HRQoL) domains in a sample of Saudi Arabian adolescents with SCD. METHODS: A non-probability sample composed of Saudi adolescents with SCD (n=180) aged 14-18 years and comparable age and gender matched healthy controls (n=202). Socio-demographics and disease related data were obtained through personal interview with parents/legal guardians and reviewing patients medical records. Self-administered "Short Form-36" questionnaire was used to assess HRQoL of the included groups. RESULTS: HRQoL showed significant deterioration in adolescents with SCD especially in role physical, general health, and bodily pain domains irrespective of the gender, while female adolescents with SCD demonstrated significant deterioration in emotional wellbeing. Those with SCD-complications showed worse scores along the physical, general health, and emotional wellbeing domains. HRQol scores were negatively associated with increasing age, female gender, rural residence, low family income, presence of disease-related complications and frequent hospital admissions as revealed by multivariate regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Saudi adolescents with SCD experience deterioration along all domains of HRQoL especially the physical. Disease related complications and socio-demographic correlates are significant determinants to worse HRQoL among the included adolescents with SCD.
A Study of Quality of Life and its Determinants among Hemodialysis Patients Using the KDQOL-SF Instrument in One Center in Saudi Arabia
A AL-Jumaih, K Al-Onazi, S Binsalih, F Hejaili, A Al-Sayyari
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: We aimed to assess quality of life (QOL) among Saudi hemodialysis (HD) patients and the impact on the QOL of a certain demographic and clinical factors. Methods: The QOL was assessed using an Arabic version of Kidney Disease Quality of Life Instrument Short Form (KDQOL-SF). Mean scores were compared for individual domain scores and for the three composite summary scores, namely the mental component score (MCS), the physical component score (PCS) and kidney-disease component score (KDCS). Results: The study included one hundred chronic HD patients from King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh. The overall mean score was 60.4. Domains with very low scores were "cognitive function", "role-emotional", "role-physical" and "work status". Domains with high scores were "patient satisfaction", "dialysis staff encouragement" and "quality of social interaction". The mean scores for KDCS, MCS and PCS were 59.7, 54.2 and 52.7 respectively. KDC scores were higher among males and the married group. PCS scores were higher among males, patients aged < 40 years, and the higher income group. MCS scores were higher among males and the higher income groups. There was a positive correlation between KDCS and MCS (r = 0.62, P = 0.0001); and between KDCS and PCS (r = 0.65, P = 0.0001). Conclusion: We provided a detailed description of the QOL scores of a group of Saudi HD patients and the impact of certain factors on their QOL. Low scores were seen in the "work status", "cognitive function", "role-physical" and "role-emotional" while high scores were seen in "patient satisfaction", "dialysis staff encouragement" and "quality of social interaction" domains.
Quality of work life among primary health care nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study  [cached]
Almalki Mohammed J,FitzGerald Gerry,Clark Michele
Human Resources for Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1478-4491-10-30
Abstract: Background Quality of work life (QWL) is defined as the extent to which an employee is satisfied with personal and working needs through participating in the workplace while achieving the goals of the organization. QWL has been found to influence the commitment and productivity of employees in health care organizations, as well as in other industries. However, reliable information on the QWL of primary health care (PHC) nurses is limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the QWL among PHC nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. Methods A descriptive research design, namely a cross-sectional survey, was used in this study. Data were collected using Brooks’ survey of quality of nursing work life and demographic questions. A convenience sample was recruited from 134 PHC centres in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The Jazan region is located in the southern part of Saudi Arabia. A response rate of 91% (n = 532/585) was achieved (effective response rate = 87%, n = 508). Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, t-test and one way-analysis of variance. Total scores and subscores for QWL items and item summary statistics were computed and reported using SPSS version 17 for Windows. Results Findings suggested that the respondents were dissatisfied with their work life. The major influencing factors were unsuitable working hours, lack of facilities for nurses, inability to balance work with family needs, inadequacy of vacations time for nurses and their families, poor staffing, management and supervision practices, lack of professional development opportunities, and an inappropriate working environment in terms of the level of security, patient care supplies and equipment, and recreation facilities (break-area). Other essential factors include the community’s view of nursing and an inadequate salary. More positively, the majority of nurses were satisfied with their co-workers, satisfied to be nurses and had a sense of belonging in their workplaces. Significant differences were found according to gender, age, marital status, dependent children, dependent adults, nationality, nursing tenure, organizational tenure, positional tenure, and payment per month. No significant differences were found according to education level of PHC nurses and location of PHC. Conclusions These findings can be used by PHC managers and policy makers for developing and appropriately implementing successful plans to improve the QWL. This will help to enhance the home and work environments, improve individual and organization performance and increase the commitment of nurses
Quality of life in Saudi vitiligo patients
Al-Mubarak Luluah,Al-Mohanna Hind,Al-Issa Ahmed,Jabak Monzer
Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery , 2011,
Abstract: Background : Vitiligo has a devastating psychosocial effect. The cultural traditions of Saudi society are quite different compared with the western world. Hence, a quality of life study using a different questionnaire suitable to the cultural traditions of the society is necessary to measure qualify of life in vitiligo patients. Objective : This study was conducted to assess the quality of life (QOL) in Saudi vitiligo patients and their family. Materials and Methods : A prospective cross-sectional study at National Center for Vitiligo and Psoriasis, Saudi Arabia. A validated Arabic questionnaire of 41 questions was developed and utilized specifically for this study. Arabic language instrument was distributed to 260 vitiligo patients. Scores were compared in relation to demographic, clinical, and social variables in 4 dimensions of scale (relationship with colleagues, family relationship, social relationship, and self respect). Results : Overall score QOL was 17.1. Mean score for males was 11.1, whereas that for females was 23.9 (P < 0.05). Females scored significantly higher in all the 4 dimensions. Patients with exposed disease lesions scored significantly higher than those with unexposed lesions 5 vs 3.4 (P < 0.05). Conclusion : The overall score of QOL in vitiligo is relatively high, indicating a negative impact of the disease on QOL. QOL in women is significantly more affected than in men.
Risk Estimation of Type 2 Diabetes and Dietary Habits among Adult Saudi Non-diabetics in Central Saudi Arabia
Abdelmarouf Hassan Mohieldein,Mohammad Alzohairy,Marghoob Hasan
Global Journal of Health Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v3n2p123
Abstract: Background: International Diabetes Federation ranked Saudi Arabia on third among the top 10 countries for prevalence of diabetes in 2010. Identifying people those are at increased risk for diabetes, followed by blood glucose testing to establish the diagnosis, and are considered to be an appropriate way of dealing with this problem. Objectives and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted for the first time in Saudi Arabia to estimate the 10-years risk of developing type 2 diabetes using the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score and to investigate the dietary habits in such individuals among the Saudi non-diabetic population from July 2009 to March 2010. A total of 2007 Saudi citizens from all 11 provinces of Al-Qassim region were assessed using combined pre-piloted questionnaires. Statistical analysis was done utilizing SPSS version 13.0. Results: The gender ratio of the study participants was 1.6 male: 1.0 female. The mean (SD) age was 26.6 (10.2) years. The mean (SD) weight and height for males were 75.7 (19.6) kg and 169.4 (30.1) cm and for females were 64.4 (17.8) kg and 157.2 (10.4) respectively. Males had significantly higher body weight (kg), height (cm), and waist circumstance (cm) as compared to females (p <0.05). Our findings estimated that more than one-fourth of Saudi non-diabetics were found to be at moderate (one in six), high (one in three), and very high (one in two) risk to develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years. Majority of them were overweight and obese (36.8% and 60% respectively). More than ninety percent were found to have very limited physical activity with poor dietary habits. Conclusion: This study provides insight into progression and onset of type 2 diabetes in Saudi non-diabetic population within next 10 years using FINDRISC. The population at risk characterized by the sedentary activities, unhealthy dietary habits, obesity, and central obesity. Our findings suggest the need for urgent efforts to increase the level of physical activity, minimize sedentary lifestyle, and to improve the pattern of dietary habits especially among the population at risk in Saudi general population.
Health group education as a strategy to improve quality of life for diabetics
Susane Flores Cosentino, Lilian Zielke Hesler, Darleia K?nig Küster, ?ngela Cristina Duarte Lunkes, Maria da Gra?a Soler Rodrigues, Silvia Cristina Ruzin
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to assess the profile of patients with diabetes type I and II belonging to the Friends Diabetic Association of Palmeira das Miss es County/ RS, as well as through educational practices promoting health and improving the quality of life. Method: this is an participatory research with a qualitative approach performed with a group of diabetic people belonging to an association of diabetics. Results: it was possible to list the topics of greatest interest to the participants, highlighting issues related to food and the complications of diabetes. A planning of educational activities was held in the form of workshops, aimed at promoting health and improving the quality of life. Conclusion: it is noteworthy that the intervention groups in health education is key to disease prevention and health promotion, helping to improve the quality of life, being this action relevant to the knowledge and learning of future nurses. Descriptors: diabetes mellitus; health education; quality of life.
Impact of Life Style Modifications among Diabetics in an Urban Slum of Mumbai  [PDF]
Sultan R Ahmad, Gajanan D Velhal, Yasmeen K Kazi
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Purpose: Present study was undertaken to assess the impact of life style modifications and self care practices, among type II diabetics. Methodology: An experimental epidemiological study adopting before and after intervention study design, was undertaken in an urban slum in Mumbai. Representative sample of 200 type II diabetics, received package of interventions along with follow up for 12 months, to assess the impact. Findings: Present study reveals good family support to the patients (90%). Blood sugar, BP, BMI and calories intake decreased significantly after intervention, along with improvement in life style (29% to 40% of patients) and self care practices (1.5% to 15% of patients), with clear difference according to the level of modifications. Major life style modifications and self care practices include spacing of meals, regular exercises, self examination of urine, foot care and carrying biscuits/sugar during traveling. Conclusion: Life style modifications and self care practices promote health of type II diabetics evident by qualitative and quantitative parameters.
Impact of Periodontal Disease on the Quality of Life of Diabetics Based on Different Clinical Diagnostic Criteria  [PDF]
Aline Mendes Silva de Pinho,Carolina Marques Borges,Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimar?es de Abreu,Efigênia Ferreira e Ferreira,Andréa Maria Duarte Vargas
International Journal of Dentistry , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/986412
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of periodontal disease on the quality of life of individuals with diabetes according to different clinical criteria (I-AAP, II-Beck, III-Machtei, IV-Lopez, V-Albandar, VI-Tonetti, and VII-CPI). This cross-sectional study sampled 300 individuals in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The Oral Health Impact Profile was used to measure the impact of periodontal disease on quality of life. Prevalence of periodontal disease was 35.3%, 30.7%, 35.0%, 9.7%, 92.3%, 25.3%, and 75.3% using criteria I, II, III, IV, V, VI, and VII, respectively. The III-Machtei ( ) and IV-Lopez ( ) criteria were associated with OHIP-14; functional limitation was associated with IV-Lopez ( ) and V-Albandar ( ) criteria. Pain was only associated with V-Albandar criteria ( ). Psychological discomfort was associated with the IV-Lopez ( ) criteria. Physical disability was associated with the IV-Lopez ( ) and V-Tonetti ( ) criteria. Being handicapped was associated with the I-AAP ( ) and II-Beck ( ) criteria. Concepts of health and disease determined by clinical diagnostic criteria may influence the assessment of the impact of periodontal disease on diabetics' quality of life. 1. Introduction Diabetes mellitus is one of the primary public health problems. Its chronic nature and the limitations it imposes contribute significantly to the increase in hospitalization, disability, and mortality rates. The occurrence of diabetes in population groups is linked mainly to socioeconomic factors, cultural factors, stress, and family predisposition [1]. In the year 2000, the prevalence of diabetes in the world was 171 million, and it is estimated that this number will reach 366 million by 2030 [2]. In Brazil, there are approximately 10 million people with diabetes. Studies suggest that diabetes is a risk factor for periodontal disease, pointing out that the prevalence, incidence, and severity of periodontal disease are higher among individuals with diabetes in comparison to healthy individuals [10, 11]. The mechanisms by which diabetes influences periodontal disease include vascular abnormalities, neutrophil dysfunction, abnormalities in collagen synthesis, and genetic predisposition [12]. The most commonly employed clinical parameters for the diagnosis and classification of periodontal disease are measurements of the depth of periodontal pockets, clinical insertion loss, and bleeding upon probing, which often generate different information regarding the prevalence of the disease. There is no consensus in the scientific literature regarding a gold standard
Osteoporosis Health Beliefs, Knowledge and Life Habits among Women in Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Hala Hazam Al-Otaibi
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.56027
Abstract: Osteoporosis has been recognized as a major public health problem by healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. The present study examines the osteoporosis knowledge, health beliefs, and some of the life habits in two different Saudi women’s groups (with family history, and without family history), to find the association of their knowledge and health beliefs with their preventive practice. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among a convenience sample of 288 young age (20 to 40 years) women attending the health centers in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Both groups had an inadequate daily calcium intake with a significant difference between them. The women without family history had low mean of knowledge (8.9 ± 2.7) compared with family history group (9.3 ± 2.7) with a significant difference (p = 0.04). Based on the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS) subscale mean score, the perceived susceptibility and perceived severity were lower in women without family history with a significant difference between the groups (p = 0.02, 0.00; respectively). The family history group had lower mean score barriers of calcium intake and exercise with a significant difference between groups (p = 0.017, 0.013; respectively). Statistically significant correlation was found between calcium intake and OHBS subscale perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits of calcium intake and exercise, and perceived barriers of exercise only for the family history group. This study indicates inadequate daily calcium intake, with moderate knowledge of osteoporosis in Saudi women and highlights the need for diet and life habits interventions to improve calcium intake and exercise, which may help to reduce the burden of osteoporosis in Saudi Arabia.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.