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Moral-jural reflections on the right to marital dignity and the 'nursery of human society': interpreting Luther’s views on conjugal rights and benevolent love  [cached]
A. Raath
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2008, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v73i3.168
Abstract: At the advent of the Reformation, the institution of marriage, with particular emphasis on the marriage of priests and the degeneration of married life in Germany, proved to be a contentious matter in the discourse on marriage between Martin Luther and his colleague Melanchthon on the one hand and the papal authorities on the other. Although Luther subscribed to the basic definition of marriage postulated by the classical Roman jurists, he placed the issue of man’s “de facto” conjugal union in a broader perspective of moral-jural right as the foundation of the spouses’ duties and rights in marriage. Hence the distinction between “de facto” and “de jure” conjugal union enabled Luther and Melanchthon to develop a broader natural law-inspired view on marital dignity and the right thereto. In this article the origin, content and some implications of Luther’s reformational perspectives on the dignity of marriage are investigated.
Privacy, Rights, and Moral Value
Steven Davis
University of Ottawa Law and Technology Journal , 2006,
Abstract: First, I set out the nature of rights and distinguish legal and moral rights. Second, I show in what sense privacy is a legal right in Canada and argue that it does not follow from this that it is a moral right. Third, I discuss various attempts to specify the nature of privacy and raise counter examples to these analyses. Fourth, I set out what I take to be an analysis of privacy and show how it relates to a loss of and an intrusion into one’s privacy. Fifth, I distinguish a loss of privacy from a loss of solitude. Finally, I discuss whether there is a moral right to privacy and distinguish it from privacy. *************** L’auteur décrit premièrement la nature des droits, en faisant la distinction entre les droits légaux et les droits moraux. Deuxièmement, l’auteur démontre en quoi le droit à la vie privée est un droit reconnu par la loi au Canada, soulignant qu’il ne faut pas entendre par là qu’il s’agit d’un droit moral. Troisièmement, l’auteur commente diverses tentatives de précision de la nature du droit à la vie privée et donne des exemples à l’encontre de ces analyses. Quatrièmement, l’auteur présente ce qu’il considère comme une analyse de la vie privée, en faisant ressortir comment celle-ci est liée aux atteintes à la vie privée et à la perte de la vie privée. Cinquièmement, l’auteur distingue la perte de la vie privée de la perte de la solitude. Enfin, l’auteur commente la question de l’existence d’un droit moral à la vie privée, en le distinguant de la vie privée.
DERECHOS HUMANOS, SOCIEDAD DE LA INFORMACIóN Y SOCIEDAD DE RIESGO DIREITOS HUMANOS, SOCIEDADE DA INFORMA O E SOCIEDADE DE RISCO HUMAN RIGHTS, INFORMATION SOCIETY AND RISK SOCIETY  [cached]
María Lucrecia Rovaletti
Acta Bioethica , 2010,
Abstract: La irrupción de la informática obliga a replantear el derecho a la intimidad, dada la organización de grandes bancos de datos de carácter personal. Debe a adirse además que la posibilidad del entrecruzamiento de la información contenida en los mismos puede facilitar el control y la manipulación de información sensible. Estas nuevas tecnologías de información y comunicación (TIC), en continuo desarrollo, se han expandido también a los distintos dominios de salud, incidiendo en todos los actores, tanto usuarios como profesionales, poderes públicos y organismos de seguridad social. Dada la particular estigmatización que conlleva el complejo VIH/SIDA, es preciso exigir severas restricciones en el acceso a estos bancos, pero también normativas internacionales acordes, para que con la "sociedad de la información" no se agudice aún más la "sociedad de riesgo". A irrup o da informática obriga a reconsiderar o direito à intimidade, dada a organiza o de grandes bancos de dados de caráter pessoal. Deve-se acrescentar, ademais, que a possibilidade do entrecruzamento da informa o contida nestes bancos pode facilitar o controle e a manipula o de informa o sensível. Estas novas tecnologias de informa o e comunica o (TIC), em contínuo desenvolvimento, têm se expandido também aos diferentes domínios da saúde, incidindo em todos os atores, seja de usuários e profissionais, poderes públicos e organismos de seguran a social. Dada a particular estigmatiza o que implica o complexo HIV/AIDS, é preciso exigir severas restri es no acesso a estes bancos, ademais de normativas internacionais acordes, para que a "sociedade da informa o" n o agudize ainda mais a "sociedade de risco". Online bursting obliges to rethink the right to privacy, given the organization of huge databases of personal character. Furthermore, it must be added that the possibility of intercrossing information content may facilitate the control and manipulation of sensible information. These new information and communication technologies (ICT), in continuous development, have expanded also to different health fields, affecting all stakeholders, both users and professionals, public powers and social security organisms. Given the specific stigmatization towards HIV/AIDS, requesting several restrictions for access in those banks is needed and also international norms to deal with the "information society", so that "risk society" does not get worse.
Moral degradation as a urgent problem of modern society
Antipov M. A.,Ispolatova A. A.
Sociosfera , 2012,
Abstract: Paper is devoted to very actual problem – problem of moral degradation of modern society. The article reveals the essence and meaning of morality and the consequences for the moral decline for society.
Application of Moral Investment of Enterprise in Constructing Harmonious Society  [PDF]
Sha Yanfei
iBusiness (IB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2013.51B011
Abstract: The enterprise is the mainbody of the construction of harmonious society. The pivot to construct the harmonious society is to increase the moral investment.The moral investment should be operational and it can be done in three steps. The first step is to form the moral view. The second step is to make the decision on morality. The last step is to grip the moral carrier.
The Fundamental Rights Agency and Civil Society: Reminding the Gardeners of their Plants’ Roots  [PDF]
Morten Kjaerum, Gabriel N. Toggenburg
European Diversity and Autonomy Papers - EDAP , 2012,
Abstract: The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), the EU body responsible for advising EU institutions on fundamental rights, is equipped with a Fundamental Rights Platform (FRP) to ensure an on-going and structured exchange of information and feedback between the FRA and Civil Society. When the FRA was founded in 2007, there was little pre-existing knowledge on how to design such a Platform; hence, the development of the relationship between the FRA and Civil Society over the first five years proved an interesting experiment. Although the Platform was never intended as a mechanism of democratic co-decision making, it is far more than a loose marketplace where Civil Society actors across the spectrum of fundamental rights themes gather. The Platform offers channels of consultation and exchange not only among the participants but also with the FRA. It allows for cross-pollination, ensuring informed grassroots input into FRA work and FRA expertise flow to Civil Society actors. This synergetic relationship builds upon both the self-organising forces of Civil Society and the terms of references of the FRP as defined by the FRA. The Platform allows to find a certain unity in the remarkable diversity of fundamental rights voices. To what degree, however, the Platform’s dynamics allow the transformation of sometimes ‘compartmentalised’ single human rights discussions into wider trans-sectoral and transnational debates within the Human Rights Community depends on the motivation and the interest(s) of the different Civil Society players.
The American Physical Society's Defense of Human Rights  [PDF]
Edward Gerjuoy
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The history of APS involvement in the defense of human rights, a history of which the Society can be proud, will be summarized. The summary will include illustrative specific Society human rights defense actions in illustrative specific cases. As will be emphasized, the aforesaid involvement has been primarily through the activities of the APS Committee on International Freedom of Scientists. It is noteworthy, and one of the reasons the Society can be proud, that this Committee is charged with monitoring concerns regarding human rights for scientists, not solely for physicists.
"Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele" as reflector of the moral and ideological values of society
N Moyo
Lexikos , 2007,
Abstract: Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele (henceforth the ISN) reflect the moral and ideological val-ues of society. This article analyses the ISN as reflector of the moral and ideological values of the Ndebele society. The ISN highlights fundamental beliefs and ideas of the Ndebele people. The study stems from the observation that the culture of a people will always reflect in a dictionary as culture and language are inextricably intertwined. The aim of this article is to discuss the ways in which the ISN reflects the moral and ideological values of society. The article examines how the society in which the dictionary was created influenced the choice of lemmas and the phrasing of definitions. The focus is on sexist definitions, terms referring to ethnic groups and the treatment of taboo words and religious terms. These terms denote cultural attitudes harboured by the Ndebele society. The article discusses how the treatment of these terms reflects on the values prevalent in the culture of the Ndebele community.
Information Era. Conscience Society. Creativity  [PDF]
Dumitru TODOROI
Informatica Economica Journal , 2011,
Abstract: ttendees will learn about the research and development which will be effected by scientists in the branch of Conscience Society creation in next decades of XXI century. Conscience is usually seen as linked to a morality inherent in all humans, to a beneficent universe and/or to divinity. It is increasingly conceived of as applying to the world as a whole and as a main feature of conscience society. It has motivated its numerous models, characteristics and functions of Conscience for creation the societal intelligent adaptable information systems in Conscience Society. The moral life is a vital part for the world to maintain a Conscience (civilized) Society, so always keep in mind to: accept differences in others; respond promptly to others; leave some "free" time; care about others as if they were you; treat everyone similarly; never engage in violent acts; have an inner sense of thankfulness; have a sense of commitment. Creativity is a result of brain activity which differentiates individuals and could ensure an important competitive advantage for persons, for companies, for Society in general, and for Conscience Society in special. Very innovative branches – like software industry, computer industry, car industry – consider creativity as the key of business success. Natural Intelligence’ Creativity can develop basic creative activities, but Artificial Intelligence’ Creativity, and, especially, Conscience Intelligence’ Creativity should be developed and they could be enhanced over the level of Natural Intelligence. The basic idea for present communication represent the research results communicated at the last two annual AESM conferences [1] [2].
Indicators of Information Society Measurement :
Hind Elwy
Cybrarians Journal , 2006,
Abstract: The indicator of information society describe the infrastructure of information and communication technology ; as well as it’s use and it’s production in different estate of society. The importance economic and social of tic is crescent in modern society. and the presentation of tendency inform above the situation of information society . in this article we want to describe the indicator of tic in Algeria according to librarian’s vision in Mentouri university
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