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Dual origin of E=mc2  [PDF]
Jean-Paul Auffray
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: The mass-energy relation E=mc2 has a dual origin, one grounded in the postulate of the existence of an aether made of "ultramondane particules" moving in space at the speed of light, c; the other, a consequence, first deduced by Henri Poincare, of John Poynting's electromagnetic Theorem.
Completing Einstein’s Proof of E = mc2  [PDF]
Lo C. Y.
Progress in Physics , 2006,
Abstract: It is shown that Einstein’s proof for E = mc2 is actually incomplete and therefore is not yet valid. A crucial step is his implicit assumption of treating the light as a bundle of massless particles. However, the energy-stress tensor of massless particles is incompatible with an electromagnetic energy-stress tensor. Thus, it is necessary to show that the total energy of a light ray includes also non-electromagnetic energy. It turns out, the existence of intrinsic difference between the photonic and the electromagnetic energy tensors is independent of the coupling of gravity. Nevertheless, their difference is the energy-stress tensor of the gravitational wave component that is accompanying the electromagnetic wave component. Concurrently, it is concluded that Einstein’s formula E = mc2 necessarily implies that the photons include nonelectromagneticenergy and that the Einstein equation of 1915 must be rectified.
Uma compara??o entre dedu??es da equa??o E=mc2
Vieira, Sumaia;Barros, A.;Araújo, I.;Oliveira, J. C. T.;
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-11172004000200003
Abstract: in this work, we present four known deductions of the equation e = mc2, including the original. we relate the physical concepts and the mathematical tools in each case and compare the deductions. after the analysis, we verify that three deductions are accessible to the student of the secondary education.
Why E Is Not Equal to mc2  [PDF]
M. S. El Naschie
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.59084
Abstract:

We show that Einstein’s famous formula E = mc2 is actually the sum of two quantum parts, namely E = mc2/22 of the quantum particle and E = mc2 (21/22) of the quantum wave. We use first Magueijo-Smolin’s VSL theory to derive the relevant equation and then validate our results using ’tHooft-Veltman’s dimensional regularization. All in all our result confirms the COBE, WMAP, Planck and super nova cosmic measurements with astonishing precision.

Why Does Public Transport Not Arrive on Time? The Pervasiveness of Equal Headway Instability  [PDF]
Carlos Gershenson,Luis A. Pineda
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007292
Abstract: The equal headway instability phenomenon is pervasive in public transport systems. This instability is characterized by an aggregation of vehicles that causes inefficient service. While equal headway instability is common, it has not been studied independently of a particular scenario. However, the phenomenon is apparent in many transport systems and can be modeled and rectified in abstraction.
How and Why Inertial Mass and Gravitational Mass are Equal and Identical  [PDF]
Roger Ellman
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: Present physics theory deems that the inertial mass characteristic of matter is the result of the interaction of that matter with a newly defined additional field called the Higgs Field after its principle researcher. Stated briefly, the Higgs field mechanism endows "gauge bosons" in a "gauge theory" with mass, through absorption of "Nambu-Goldstone bosons" arising in spontaneous "symmetry breaking". Present physics theory deems that the gravitational mass characteristic of matter is the result of that matter "curving" or "warping" space and time according to the matter's presence through a mechanism not yet discovered nor defined. Present physics recognizes that inertial mass and gravitational mass are equal as an empirical fact based on highly precise experiments. But, for example, the Earth in its orbit around the Sun experiences attraction toward the Sun involving its gravitational mass, mg, and simultaneously experiences that attraction balanced by Earth's orbital centripetal force involving its inertial mass, mi. G M mg / r^2 = mi v^2 / r That the matter of planet Earth is being endowed "gauge theory bosons with mass through absorption of Nambu-Goldstone bosons symmetry breaking in a Higgs Field" while simultaneously "warping or curving its region of space" is beyond the unreasonable and is simply inconceivable. The resolution of this issue and phenomenon is presented in the following.
E=mc2的实验证明的精密度  [PDF]
李整武
科学通报 , 1957,
Abstract: 从原子核反应能量和衰变能量求出來的氘核(D~2)和氦核(He~4)的靜止能量的差数(2D~2—He~4),和質譜仪直接测定的質量差的比較,为連結能量質量的E=mc~2关系提供了准确度最高的实驗証明。現在达到的相对准确度是1/6000。理論上,2D~2—He~4的靜止能量的差数可以由氘核和氘核碰撞而合成氦核时放出来的能量确定。但我們熟知,D~2+D~2反应放出重粒子。
Remarks on interpretations of the E?tv?s experiment and misinterpretation of E=mc2
Remarks on interpretations of the Eotvos experiment and misinterpretation of E=mc^2

C Y Lo,
鲁重贤

中国物理 B , 2007,
Abstract: The E\"{o}tv\"{o}s experiment on the verification of equivalence between inertial mass and gravitational mass of a body is famous for its accuracy. A question is, however, can these experimental results be applied to the case of a physical space in general relativity, where the space coordinates could be arbitrary? It is pointed out that it can be validly applied because it has been proven that Einstein's equivalence principle for a physical space must have a frame of reference with the Euclidean-like structure. Will claimed further that such an overall accuracy can be translated into an accuracy of the equivalence between inertial mass and each type of energy. It is shown that, according to general relativity, such a claim is incorrect. The root of this problem is due to an inadequate understanding of special relativity that produced the famous equation $E=mc^2$, which must be understood in terms of energy conservation. Concurrently, it is pointed out that this error is a problem in Will's book, `Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics'.
A flavour-independent Higgs boson search in e+e- collisions at sqrt(s) up to 209GeV  [PDF]
ALEPH Collaboration
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(02)02241-4
Abstract: A search for the Higgsstrahlung process ${\rm e}^+{\rm e}^- \to {\rm HZ}$ is carried out, covering decays of the Higgs boson into any quark pair, a gluon pair or a tau pair. The analysis is based on the $630 {\rm pb}^{-1}$ of data collected by the ALEPH detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies from 189 to 209 GeV. A 95% C.L. lower mass limit of 109.1\mc2 is obtained for a Higgs boson cross section equal to that expected from the Standard Model if the Higgs boson decays exclusively into hadrons and/or taus, irrespective of the relative branching fractions.
Preston on E=mc2  [PDF]
Jean-Paul Auffray
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: Samuel Preston's 1875 postulates concerning the nature ether are reviewed.
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