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Identification and Analysis of hard disk drive in digital forensic  [PDF]
Kailash Kumar,Dr. Sanjeev Sofat,Dr. Naveen Aggarwal
International Journal of Computer Technology and Applications , 2011,
Abstract: The dramatic increase in crime relating to the Internet and computers has caused a growing need for computer forensics.Computer forensic tools have been developed to assist computer forensic investigators in conducting a proper investigation into digital crimes. Digital forensics is a growing and important fields of research for current intelligence, law enforcement, and military organizations today. As more information is stored in digital form, the need and ability to analyze and process this information for relevant evidence has grown in complexity. Digital Forensics helps this information for analyzing and evaluating digital data as evidence. The practice of digital forensics is new. When computers becamecommon in homes and businesses, the police more and more often came across computers which contained forensic evidence.This paper focuses on the identification and analysis of hard diskdrive in digital forensics examination.
The Impacts of British Policies and the IRA’s Ideology on the 1981 Irish Hunger Strike  [cached]
Lu Yan
Review of European Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/res.v1n1p9
Abstract: The Northern Ireland question is the key question all over the world. The question is not only close related to the Britain and the Republic of Ireland, but also influences on Europe political and economic situation. Besides it, it is more important for the stability of West Europe. This essay is to list the conflicts between the British government and the Irish Republican Army in 1970s, to analyze the British government policies made to the IRA, to elaborate the IRA’s own ideology, with the view to state their influences on the 1981 Irish hunger strike, and on the develop of the Northern Ireland question.
Soft data, hard effects. Strategies for effective policy on health impact assessment: an example from the Netherlands
Broeder,Lea den; Penris,Manon; Put,Gerard Varela;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862003000600008
Abstract: health impact assessment (hia) on a strategic level focuses on the broad determinants of health. however, the evidence with regard to the health impacts is often necessarily "soft". the example of a health impact review on national housing policy in the netherlands shows that hia can be effective even in the absence of hard data. strategies used to overcome the problem of not having hard data are outlined. the authors argue that, for hia to be effective, it does not necessarily have to be limited to easy-to-measure, easy-to-quantify programmes and health effects.
Soft data, hard effects. Strategies for effective policy on health impact assessment: an example from the Netherlands  [cached]
Broeder Lea den,Penris Manon,Put Gerard Varela
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2003,
Abstract: Health impact assessment (HIA) on a strategic level focuses on the broad determinants of health. However, the evidence with regard to the health impacts is often necessarily "soft". The example of a health impact review on national housing policy in the Netherlands shows that HIA can be effective even in the absence of hard data. Strategies used to overcome the problem of not having hard data are outlined. The authors argue that, for HIA to be effective, it does not necessarily have to be limited to easy-to-measure, easy-to-quantify programmes and health effects.
Climate Change Impacts, Agroforestry Adaptation and Policy Environment in Sri Lanka  [PDF]
Mangala De Zoysa, Makoto Inoue
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2014.45049
Abstract: Despite its low emissions of greenhouse gasses (GHGs), Sri Lanka is considered as a vulnerable small island nation under climate change. Agroforestry, which uniquely integrates trees into land use systems, has historically contributed to climate change adaptation in Sri Lanka. Hence, the promotion of agroforestry practices is vitally important to enhance the resiliency of the country to future climate change. This paper reviews the literature and discusses the adverse impacts of climate change on agriculture and forestry, the effects of adapting agroforestry on climate changes, and important policies for promoting agroforestry adaptation in Sri Lanka. The adverse impacts of climate change on agriculture and forestry are identified as follows: endangerment of natural assets; prevalence of pests, diseases and invasive species; agriculture and forest damage; and high levels of food insecurity. The adaptation of agroforestry impacts climate change by increasing the tree cover outside forests, enhancing forest carbon stocks, conserving biodiversity, reducing risks and damage intensity, maintaining health and vitality, and scaling up multiple benefits. Changing regulations and legislation, developing awareness and capacity, planning for climate-smart agroforest landscapes, offering no-regret options and implementing climate change adjustment programs are discussed as important policy measures. It is concluded that agroforestry, along with favourable policy, has an important role in climate change adaptation by enhancing resilience to climate impacts on farming systems.
Climate Change and Health in British Columbia: Projected Impacts and a Proposed Agenda for Adaptation Research and Policy  [PDF]
Aleck Ostry,Malcolm Ogborn,Kate L. Bassil,Tim K. Takaro,Diana M. Allen
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph7031018
Abstract: This is a case study describing how climate change may affect the health of British Columbians and to suggest a way forward to promote health and policy research, and adaptation to these changes. After reviewing the limited evidence of the impacts of climate change on human health we have developed five principles to guide the development of research and policy to better predict future impacts of climate change on health and to enhance adaptation to these change in BC. We suggest that, with some modification, these principles will be useful to policy makers in other jurisdictions.
Hana SVOBODOVá,Antonin Vě?NíK
Journal of Central European Agriculture , 2012, DOI: 10.5513/jcea01/12.4.982
Abstract: Czech Republic entered into the EU in 2004 and had to adopt conditions of the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU. Impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy on Czech agriculture are numerous – both positive and negative. Positive impacts are evident mainly in growth of financial sources for farmers (however, not still as high as in old member countries) but this is connected also with more requirements on administrative. The most striking impact of the Common Agricultural Policy is fall of the livestock production. The aim of the paper is confirmation of these and also other theses on base of results of questionnaire survey among agricultural subjects in model region. Above mentioned situation sets farmers into complicated situation – they have to find new alternative way of farming and development for their survival.
Climate change impacts, conservation and protected values: Understanding promotion, ambivalence and resistance to policy change at the world conservation congress  [cached]
Hagerman Shannon,Satterfield Terre,Dowlatabadi Hadi
Conservation & Society , 2010,
Abstract: The impacts of climate change imply substantive changes to current conservation policy frameworks. Debating and formulating the details of these changes was central to the agenda of the Fourth World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). In this paper, we document the promotion of, and resistance to, various proposals related to revising conservation policy given climate impacts as they unfolded at this key policy-setting event. Our analysis finds that, during one-on-one interviews, many experts acknowledged the need for new policy means (including increased interventions) and revised policy objectives given anticipations of habitat and species loss. However, this same pattern and the implied willingness to consider more controversial strategies were less evident at public speaking events at the WCC. Rather, active avoidance of contentious topics was observed in public settings. This resulted in the reinforcement (not revision) of conventional policy means and objectives at this meeting. We suggest that this observation can at least partly be explained by the fact that the difficult trade-offs (species for species or land base for land base) implied by nascent proposals severely violate prevailing value-based conservation commitments and so understandable resistance to change is observed.
Impacts of Urbanization on the Indigenous Enclaves of Port Harcourt and Concomitant Policy Measures
Victor C. Obinna,Opuene B. Owei,Ikechi O. Okwakpam
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2010.172.186
Abstract: Port Harcourt, one of Nigeria s major cities has been experiencing rapid urbanization (of the order of 5% per annum on the average) since its founding by the British in 1913. The process of urbanisation is engulfing and transforming the way of life of the indigenous enclaves, which predate the founding of the city. This study has examined the impact of urbanization and its correlates on the socio-economic and socio-cultural aspects of life of the indigenes both subjectively (by questioning a probability sample of the indigenes) and objectively (from the judgment of experts using a state-of-the-art impact assessment methodology). The study found that while about one half of the respondents were pleased with urbanization, a little over one third were displeased with it. Reasons for pleasure included: development of the area, infrastructure development and improvement in aesthetics, while displeasure stemmed from increase in crime rate, destruction of traditional livelihoods, erosion of cultural values, among others. The study concluded that urbanization has indeed had both positive and negative impacts on the indigenous population and that there was reasonable agreement between subjective and objective impacts of urbanization. Finally, recommendations have been proffered to mitigate serious negative impacts including positive discrimination/affirmative action to help indigenes compete favourably with the usually more aggressive and better-equipped in-migrants.
Assessing the unintended health impacts of road transport policies and interventions: translating research evidence for use in policy and practice
Hilary Thomson, Ruth Jepson, Fintan Hurley, Margaret Douglas
BMC Public Health , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-339
Abstract: Best available research evidence was synthesised using the principles of systematic review. The synthesis was developed to reflect the needs of HIA practitioners and policymakers.Aside from injury reduction measures, there is very little empirical data on the impact of road transport interventions. The possibility of impacts on a diverse range of outcomes and differential impacts across groups, make it difficult to assess overall benefit and harm. In addition, multiple mediating factors in the pathways between transport and hypothesised health impacts further complicate prospective assessment of impacts. Informed by the synthesis, a framework of questions was developed to help HIA practitioners identify the key questions which need to be considered in transport HIA.Principles of systematic review are valuable in producing syntheses of best available evidence for use in HIA practice. Assessment of the health impacts of transport interventions is characterised by much uncertainty, competing values, and differential or conflicting impacts for different population groups at a local or wider level. These are issues pertinent to the value of HIA generally. While uncertainty needs explicit acknowledgement in HIA, there is still scope for best available evidence to inform the development of healthy public policy.Transport is often cited as an important determinant of health [1] and health inequalities, [2] and as such transport policies and interventions should be assessed for their potential to impact positively or negatively on health [2]. Physical injury and death are the most direct health impacts of motorised transport. However, other links between transport and health determinants need to be considered if the full potential for healthy transport policy is to be realised [1,3]. The possible impacts cover a range of important public health interests. These include physical activity and obesity, mental health, air quality and cardio-respiratory health, social exclusion a
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