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Approvisionnement en porcs vifs et viande porcine de la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)  [cached]
Kiendrebeogo Timbilfou,Mopate Logténé Youssouf,Kondombo Salam Richard,Kaboré-Zoungrana Chantal-Yvette
Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development , 2012,
Abstract: Résumé : L’étude a évalué l’approvisionnement en porcs et viande de porc de la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Les données ont été collectées par enquête transversale et rétrospective auprès de 623 éleveurs en 2003, de 34 commer ants/transformateurs en 2005 et 2006 et auprès de l’Abattoir Frigorifique de Bobo-Dioulasso (AFB) en 2009. Les résultats ont montré que les porcs provenaient des élevages urbains et périurbains (38%) et des villages au-delà de la périphérie de Bobo-Dioulasso (62%). La production de viande de porc à l’AFB s’est accrue entre 2001 et 2006. Les carcasses, les poumons et le foie ont été surtout saisis aux motifs de tuberculose, de congestions et de cysticerques. Sur 982kg de viande traitée quotidiennement par les acteurs (35), 80% l’a été par des r tisseurs (88,24% des acteurs), 17% par des charcutiers (5,88%), 2% par les bouchers (2,94%) et 1% par les restaurateurs (2,94%). Des études complémentaires sur la rémunération de la production et de la commercialisation et sur la qualité des produits (porcs, viande et produits transformés) seront nécessaires pour impulser l’accroissement de la part des viandes porcines dans l’approvisionnement de la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso Mots clés : Approvisionnement, porcs, viande de porc, Ville de Bobo-Dioulasso
Facteurs affectant l'adoption des cultures fourragères dans les élevages laitiers péri-urbains de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Hamadou, S.,Kamuanga, M.,Abdoulaye, AT.,Lowenberg-Deboer, J.
Tropicultura , 2005,
Abstract: Factors Affecting the Adoption of Fodder Crops in Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) Peri-urban Dairy Farms. The study aims to identify the factors affecting the adoption of annual (Dolichos lablab) and perennial (Andropogon gayanus, Brachiaria ruziziensis and Panicum maximum) fodder crops on peri-urban dairy farms of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). The results of a logistic regression model (LIMDEP ) revealed a number of significant factors (P< 0.05) associated with five main constraints preventing wider use of fodder crops in cultural practices. These include increased labor demand at peak cropping season, land tenure rights, field protection, availability of fodder seeds, and low productivity gain associated with the introduction of fodder crops. Fodder crops adoption rates would be higher with the adaptation of the technology to local conditions and increased emphasis on farmers' training and sensitization campaigns.
Food Behavior of Pupils in the City of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Bazoumana Coulibali, Aimée Senkaye-Lagom Kissou, Issiaka Sombié, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Mireille Marie D. Tapsoba, Alassane Ilboudo, Omar Guira, Djingri Lankoandé, Abraham Bagbila, Marina Birba, Macaire Sampawindé Ouédraogo, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.82016
Abstract: Introduction: Diet is a determinant of chronic non transmissible diseases. The aim of this study was to describe pupils’ diet in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that took place from March to April 2016, among 1st, 4th and 7th form pupils of public and private schools in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. Diet survey methods were a reminder of the last 24 hours and the questionnaire of consumption frequency. Results: A total of 1993 pupils were surveyed. The mean age was 17.5 ± 3.6 years and the sex ratio 0.7. The majority of pupils (90.5%) reported eating at least 3 meals a day. Dietary recommendations were different according to food groups. For example, vegetables (90.0%), fruits (75.4%) and dairy products (79.3%) were the least well consumed foods compared to recommendations. Protein and starch intake were inadequate among these pupils with 39.7% and 58.2% respectively. Almost 1/4 had a regular weekly alcohol consumption (23.4%) while an excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried foods was noted in 12.7% and 28.2% of them, respectively. Conclusion: This study has revealed a general insufficiency in the recommended dietary intakes of fruit, vegetables, proteins, starchy foods and dairy products among pupils, and on the other hand, a regular consumption of fatty, sugary and alcoholic foods for about a fifth of them. An intervention program such as “Communication for Continuous Behavior Change” would help improve these habits.
Snakebite in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso: illustration of realities and challenges for care based on a clinical case
Kyelem, CG;Yaméogo, TM;Ouédraogo, SM;Zoungrana, J;Poda, GEA;Rouamba, MM;Ouangré, A;Kissou, SA;Rouamba, A;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992012000400021
Abstract: we report herein the case of 19-year-old female farmer who suffered a double snakebite on the right foot. after an unsuccessful traditional treatment, she consulted a health center, 48 hours after the bite. upon arrival at the hospital, she showed signs of severe damage, including hemorrhagic syndrome, extensive gangrene of the bitten limb and severe acute renal failure. due to financial constraints, neither antivenom nor the scheduled amputation was performed. after 35 days of hospitalization, she returned home, against the advice of medical personnel. our case summarizes the daily challenges of patients and practitioners that suffer snakebite envenomation in bobo-dioulasso, western burkina faso.
Compostage et qualité du compost de déchets urbains solides de la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Compaoré, E.,Nanéma, LS.
Tropicultura , 2010,
Abstract: Composting and Compost Quality of Urban Solid Wastes in Bobo-Dioulasso Town, Burkina Faso. A study of urban solid wastes composting was conducted to evaluate wastes compost quality. Wastes of municipal dumps of Bobo-Dioulasso have been collected, separated and composted with cow manure, grass and Kodjari phosphate rock. During composting the pH increased up to 8.6, the moisture up to 68% and the temperature up to 65 °C before decreasing and then stabilizing at 7.1; 30% and 31 °C respectively. Particle size distribution of composts showed that the fraction ≤ 2 mm is dominant, about 65%. The organic matter, C, N, P and K contents of the composts are acceptable but the C/N ratio was relatively low in comparison with international standard. The heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Ni and Zn) contents in composted urban wastes were relatively high with higher content of Zn and Pb. The compost obtained was of good quality and the addition of Kodjari phosphate rock enhanced this quality.
Morbidity and Mortality of Inpatients in the Department of Infectious Diseases of the University Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Armel Poda, Jacques Zoungrana, Arsène Héma, Ziemlé Clément Méda, Alexandre Boena, Rainatou Boly, M’winmalo Ines Evelyne DA, Apoline Sondo, Nongodo Firmin Kaboré, Sandrine Hien, Ismael Diallo, Mamadou Savadogo, Eric Arnaud Diendéré, Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Issiaka Sombié, Athanase Millogo
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2019.93013
Abstract: Background: Infectious Diseases are responsible for nearly 17 million annual deaths worldwide. Burkina Faso, like the majority of poor countries, remains vulnerable to infectious diseases. The objective of the present study was to analyze the profile of inpatients, including the mortality and causes of death, in the Infectious Diseases Department of Sourô; Sanou teaching hospital (Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso). Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study based on medical records of all inpatients from 2011 to 2015. Results: We included 1169 patients. The gender ratio was 0.8. The age group 30 to 39 was more represented (30.2%) as well as housewives and farmers (73.7%). Over one-thirds of the patients (35.3%) were consulted within an average of 7 days. The most common reason for consultation was fever (65.1%). Around 62.0% of inpatients were infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Digestive diseases ranked first (21.8%) followed by nervous system disorders (19.4%) and tuberculosis (17.8%). Overall morbidity rate was 31.3%. About 42% were admitted to the emergency ward while 83.3% already arrived with poor health condition. And 82.1% of deaths occurred on pathological grounds of which 66.7% were related to HIV. Main causes of death included nervous system diseases (28.6%), tuberculosis (21.9%) and gastrointestinal diseases (18.3%). Conclusion: Infectious diseases remain a major public health issue. Further efforts are needed to improve their management in Burkina Faso.
Prevalence of Group B Streptococcus among Pregnant Women in Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Yacouba Sawadogo, Der Adolphe Somé, An Vercoutere, Soufiane Sanou, Souleymane Ouattara, Fernand Michodigni, Armel Poda, Moussa Bambara, Lassana Sangaré, Sylvain Godreuil
Open Journal of Medical Microbiology (OJMM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojmm.2019.93008
Abstract: Background: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) or Streptococcus agalactiae, which asymptomatically colonizes the female genital tract, is one of the leading causes of septicemia, meningitis and pneumonia in neonates. This study was conducted in Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso to determine the prevalence of GBS colonization among pregnant women. Methods: Six hundred and eleven (611) pregnant women were screened for GBS colonization between July and December 2016. Vaginal swab samples were aseptically collected from the subjects after oral informed consent. Standard microbiological methods were used to isolate and identify GBS isolates. The antibiotic susceptibility profile of GBS isolates was assessed using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. Results: Colonization prevalence was 6.05%. No risk factors associated with the carriage rate was statistically identified. All isolates were susceptible to Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Cefotaxime, Levofloxacin, Vancomycin and Nitrofurantoin. Resistance to antibiotics was found for erythromycin (35.14%), lincomycin (16.22%) and penicillin G (10.81%). Conclusion: Although a low carriage (6.05%) rate and isolates were susceptible to many antibiotics found in this study, a policy of systematic screening of pregnant women at least in the third trimester must be promoted.
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy at University Hospital Souro Sanou Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso), about 1022 Cases: Signs and Lesions Observed  [PDF]
Mali Koura, Delphine Passolguewindé Zongo Napon, Zanga Damien Ouattara, Kounpiélimé Sosthène Somda, Aboubacar Coulibaly, Steve Léonce Zoungrana, Christine Couna Somé Bere, Sandrine Hema Soudré, Euloges Bébar Kamboulé, Nogogna Zouré, Honoré Zougmoré, Inoussa Adama Zampou, Appolinaire Sawadogo
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2017.711030
Abstract: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is an excellent way for the diagnosis of high digestive pathology. We report the results of 1022 upper gastrointestinal endoscopy performed at Bobo-Dioulasso CHU-SS, in western Burkina Faso (West Africa). The aim of this study was to document the indications and lesions found in high endoscopy at the CHUSS. Patients and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, prospective to describe the results of gastroscopy performed from 1st January 2015 to 30th June 2016 at the digestive endoscopy unit CHU-Souro Sanou Bobo-Dioulasso. Results: In the study period, 1022 upper gastrointestinal endoscopies were performed. The main indications were: The epigastric pain (48.6%), portal hypertension (10.7%) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (9.9%). The pathologies observed were dominated by gastropathies (48.11%), peptic ulcer (27%) and oesophageal varices (9.68%). Epigastralgias were the main circumstance for the discovery of: 52.3% of esophagitis, 49.17% of gastropathies and 46.12% of peptic ulcers. Histopathologically, the results of the 236 biopsies were dominated by gastritis (88.56%), stomach cancers (7.63%) and esophagus (3.81%). Conclusion: The main indication of the UGIE at the CHU-Souro Sanou in Bobo-Dioulasso was epigastralgia. The pathologies observed were dominated by gastropathy, esophagitis and PUD.
Analyse des déterminants de la demande en poisson des ménages au Burkina Faso: cas du milieu rural (Vallée du Kou) et du milieu urbain (Bobo Dioulasso et Ouagadougou)
Sankara, N.,Nacro, S.,Ouédraogo, SH.,Kabré, AT.
Tropicultura , 2008,
Abstract: Analysis of the Determinants of Households'Fish Demand in Burkina Faso: the Case of a Rural Area (Vallée du Kou) and Urban Areas (Bobo-Dioulasso and Ouagadougou). A study was conducted in 2004 in Burkina Faso in order to analyze the determinants of households' fish demand in both rural (Vallée du Kou) and urban (Bobo-Dioulasso and Ouagadougou) areas. To achieve this objective, 535 households were surveyed, the data collected were analyzed and a double-log regression function was constructed. The results of this study showed that households' fish consumption varied considerably according to the area (rural or urban). Households' fish demand was influenced by the availability of the product in the market. In addition to that, when the fish supply frequency increased, the duration of the conservation of the product was reduced or was annulled. The study revealed that the determinants of fish demand in rural area in Vallée du Kou included the size of the household, the prize of the fish in the market, the level of education and the revenue of the head of the household. In urban areas, these determinants include mainly the revenue of the head of the household, fish supply frequency, and conservation methods of the product.
Les péricardites tuberculeuses au centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Aimé Arsène Yaméogo, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Zakari Nikiéma, Emile Birba, Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Patrice Zabsonré
Pan African Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: La tuberculose constitue toujours un problème de santé publique. Sa localisation péricardique reste fréquente. L’objectif de cette étude rétrospective descriptive était de décrire les caractéristiques cliniques et évolutives des cas de péricardites tuberculeuses dans le service de cardiologie du centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso. Méthodes: Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective descriptive des cas de péricardite tuberculeuse colligés en deux ans à partir des dossiers et registres dans le service de cardiologie du CHU de Bobo-Dioulasso de janvier 2009 à décembre 2010. Résultats: De janvier 2009 à décembre 2010, parmi 945 hospitalisations dans le service de cardiologie, une péricardite tuberculeuse a été diagnostiquée chez dix patients agés de 18 à 82 ans. L’age moyen était de 46,8±25 ans avec un sexe ratio de un. Soixante pour cent des patients avaient moins de 40 ans. Tous les patients avaient un niveau socio-économique bas. Une notion de contage tuberculeux a été retrouvée chez six patients. Trois patients présentaient une tuberculose pulmonaire à microscopie positive. L’insuffisance cardiaque était constante chez tous les patients avec deux cas de tamponnade à l’admission ayant nécessité une ponction péricardique d’urgence. Tous les patients avaient une sérologie VIH négative. L’échocardiographie a été importante pour le diagnostic positif et dans la prise en charge. L’évolution sous traitement antituberculeux et de l’IC a été bonne chez neuf patients à la fin de la première phase du traitement antituberculeux. Un cas de décès a cependant été enregistré chez un patient avec une HTA déjà compliquée d’accident vasculaire cérébrale ischémique. Conclusion: Les péricardiques tuberculeuses sont fréquentes au Burkina Faso. Elles touchent surtout les sujets jeunes et un intérêt particulier devrait être accordé au dépistage et au traitement précoce des cas. Pan African Medical Journal 2012; 12:16
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