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Chinese Minority Script Recognition Using Radial Basis Function Network  [cached]
Hai Guo,Jing-ying Zhao
Journal of Computers , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jcp.5.6.927-934
Abstract: The existing Chinese Minorities OCR system is mainly oriented in the "literacy" level, the script recognition has not attracted the attention it deserves, and the area of recognizing the kinds of Chinese minority scripts is still in a blank. The method of recognizing the kinds of Chinese minority scripts based on wavelet analysis and Radial Basis Function Network (RBFN) is presented which adopts wavelet decomposition that obtains feature descriptor of wavelet energy and wavelet energy distribution proportion. Combined with the texture feature of Chinese minority scripts, and construct multivariate classification in Radial Basis Function Network (RBFN). By building a data set which contains Tibetan, Tai Lue, Naxi Pictographs, Uighur, Tai Le, Yi 6 kinds common Chinese Minority Script, Chinese and English 8 kinds in total, we take a test to the Data Set of Chinese Minority by means of method in this paper, and the result shows that the method in the paper outperforms the traditional Bayes and KNN classification.
Case and Adverbials in Inari Saami and Finnish  [cached]
Diane Nelson
Nordlyd : Troms? University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics / Institutt for Spr?k og Litteratur, Universitetet i Troms? , 2003,
Abstract: This paper explores the relationship between case-marked adverbials and event structure in two related languages, Inari Saami and Finnish. New data is presented to show that while oblique case-marked adverbials do not delimit events in either language, the two languages diverge with respect to accusuative adverbials. Finnish shows a one-to-one mapping between case and event delimitation, while in Inari Saami not all accusative adverbials delimit events. These findings lend support to proposals by Arad (1998) and Tenny (1987) that each predicate may contain only one event delimiter.
The Ghost of Development Past: the Impact of Economic Security Policies on Saami Pastoral Ecosystems
Vera H. Hausner,Per Fauchald,Torkild Tveraa,Elisabeth Pedersen
Ecology and Society , 2011, DOI: 10.5751/es-04193-160304
Abstract: To ensure economic viability over time, any efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals need to reconcile conservation with development interventions. Particularly, in marginal and risk prone areas erosion of resilience could make production systems more susceptible to environmental risks that compromise the economic security. By longitudinal analyses of long-term data records we investigated the impacts of big push policies on Saami pastoral ecosystems in Arctic Norway. The big push was accompanied by reindeer herd accumulation and a corresponding degradation of resilience, increasing the susceptibility to herd losses to predators and adverse winters. For the last 20 years the Norwegian government has worked to halt degradation of pasture ecosystems and reduce susceptibility to environmental risks. These intended win-win policies have mainly been based on economic incentives, which have been developed together with Saami pastoralists through negotiated agreements. We argue that the continued degradation of the Saami pastoral ecosystems is a "ghost of the development past", as the big push policies have resulted in an economic security trap (EST). The gradual reduction of resilience has persisted as the ex post payments of disaster relief and predator compensation have impeded the long-term actions to reduce susceptibility to environmental risks, i.e., ex ante policies, thereby increasing dependency on elevated economic inputs to manage the risks. The transfer of liability for managing risks to the benefactor, both through ex ante and ex post policies, has further discouraged and constrained opportunities for adaptation by the pastoralists.
A Chinese Minority Script Recognition Method Based on Wavelet Feature and Modified KNN  [cached]
Hai Guo,Jing-ying Zhao
Journal of Software , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jsw.5.2.251-258
Abstract: In recent years, K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) has demonstrated excellent performance in a variety of pattern recognition problems. In this paper, we proposed modified KNN for the Chinese minority scripts classification, using wavelet energy distribution and wavelet energy proportions features generated from the discrete wavelet multiresolution decomposition. The experimental results show that the method achieves high accuracy in testing dataset that consists of Chinese, English and Chinese minority scripts such as Tibetan, Tai Lue, Naxi Pictographs, Uighur, Tai Le, Yi. The results also show that this method is feasible and reasonable, and the recognition rate is up to 96%.
Seeing Like a Minority: Political Tourism and the Struggle for Recognition in China
Uradyn E. Bulag
Journal of Current Chinese Affairs , 2012,
Abstract: This paper outlines the operation of what may be called “political tourism” in China, and analyses the role of the sensorial technology of “seeing” in the kind of narrative this tourism engenders. Beginning in 1950, the newly established People’s Republic of China launched an annual tradition of inviting non-communist elites to attend the May Day and the National Day (1 October) parades on Tiananmen Square in Beijing and in some metropolitan cities. Unlike contemporary ethnic tourism, wherein minorities and their cultures become the objects of the tourist gaze, Chinese political tourism aims at bringing minority leaders out of their putative “isolation”, treating them with hospitality, and ultimately making them “see with their own eyes” China’s “true face”.
The acquisition of grade alternation in North Saami  [cached]
Berit Anne Bals
Nordlyd : Troms? University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics / Institutt for Spr?k og Litteratur, Universitetet i Troms? , 2004,
Abstract: This paper looks at how the North Saami grade alternation system develops in children. Grade alternation is a morphophonological process, in which foot-medial consonants alternate between two forms, the strong and the weak grade. There are qualitative alternations, quantitative alternations and in some patterns, both the length and quality of the consonants alternate. These alternations happen in the declension of nouns and the conjugation of verbs. Some case forms of nouns and some forms of verbs are connected to the strong grade, whereas others are connected to the weak grade.The task with which children are faced, is to learn all the different phonological alternations and to connect them to morphology. This paper focuses on the order of acquisition of the various patterns, and on the types of mistakes that children make. We show that the type of alternations to be acquired first are quantity alternations, in which the length of the consonants alternates. The next patterns to be acquired are qualitative alternations, such as devoicing. In the third stage, children learn to combine qualitative and quantitative alternations, such as in deglottalization with nasal legthening. The last patterns to be acquired are patterns with complex foot medial consonants or consonant clusters. The article argues that children′s errors are purely phonological. Connecting the alternations to morphology happens early in the development, and that the remaining errors have to do with the complexity of the phonological alternation.
Ussi ja siksaki motiivid Soome kaljumaalingutel ja Saami trummidel  [cached]
Eero Autio
M?etagused. Hüperajakiri , 1999,
Abstract: The main problem with the interpretation of Finnish rock paintings is the significance of shamanism. After surveying the most shamanistic motifs in the rock art and Saami drums E. Autio concludes that there are other possibilities besides shamanism for construckting an interpretation of the rock paintings (the votive offer, mythological beings, etc.).
Minority Games  [PDF]
C. H. Yeung,Y. -C. Zhang
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: We present a simple introduction to the basic Minority Game (MG) introduced by Challet and Zhang in 1997 and discuss some of its physical properties and subsequent developments. We also introduce some of its variants include the Evolutionay Minority Game (EMG), the Thermal Minority Game (TMG), the simple Minority Game without information and the Grand-canonical Minority Game (GCMG). Some analytical approaches on Minority Games and the relations of Minority Games with financial market are also briefly discussed.
Clinical Sociology and Moral Hegemony  [PDF]
Hans Petter Sand
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.37034
Abstract: The article presents a critique of a dominant way of analysing gang conflict in Norwegian sociology. The research in question uses a rather crude Marxist analysis that could somehow fit any gang conflict in the country. However, this kind of analysis was gradually put in question first by professor Ottar Brox and his criticism of the moral hegemony by a group of Marxists gathered around the publication “Klassekampen” (“Class Struggle”). Then the analysis was challenged by gang-researchers who reached back to the classical study of Frederic M. Thrasher, finding the latter more fruitful for analysis. Antonio Gramsci (1891- 1937) who coined the term cultural hegemony used it to describe how a social class can manipulate the system of values in a society to establish a ruling class world-view. In my context the term moral hegemony is used to show how an intellectual group came to dominate the discourse on relations between Norwegians and immigrants, labelling other views as “racist”.
Manifesto for a Dangerous Sociology
Cisneros, César
Athenea Digital , 2008,
Abstract: Based on my experience as a Mexican sociologist, I argue for the practice of a "Dangerous Sociology". I examine the process of sociological observation to show the need for such a practice. Some dimensions of this "Dangerous Sociology" are defined.
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