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Customers' International Online Trust - Insights from Focus Group Interviews
Safari,Aswo;
Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-18762012000200007
Abstract: while scholars have made an extensive research contribution on the field of customers' online trust towards domestic retailers, customers' international online trust has not yet attracted researchers' attention. following the extensive expansion of customers' online purchasing the purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper knowledge of the multidimensionality of trust in customer international online trust. in this paper trust is discussed and explored on three analytical levels: trust towards country of origin (coo), trust towards retailers, and retailers' website. using data from five focus group interviews, the findings show that in an international online context the multidimensionality of trust is even more complex than previously assumed. at first sight the study reveals the importance of trust toward the coo of the retailer, the retailer's website, and the retailer itself. but interestingly the study revealed that third parties had a significant impact on customer international online trust and decreased the impact of customers' trust towards coo, websites, and retailers.
Nurses using physical restraints: Are the accused also the victims? – A study using focus group interviews
Claudia KY Lai
BMC Nursing , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6955-6-5
Abstract: Registered nurses working in units involved in the study were invited to participate in focus group interviews on a voluntary basis. Twenty-two registered nurses (three males [13.6%] and nineteen females [86.4%]) attended the four sessions. All interviews were audio taped and transcribed verbatim. Other than the author, another member of the project team validated the findings from the data analysis.Four themes were identified. Participants experienced internal conflicts when applying physical restraints and were ambivalent about their use, but they would use restraints nonetheless, mainly to prevent falls and injuries to patients. They felt that nurse staffing was inadequate and that they were doing the best they could. They experienced pressure from the management level and would have liked better support. Communication among the various stakeholders was a problem. Each party may have a different notion about what constitutes a restraint and how it can be safely used, adding further weight to the burden shouldered by staff.Studies about restraints and restraint use have mostly focused on nurses' inadequate and often inaccurate knowledge about the use of restraints and its associated adverse effects. These studies, however, fail to note that nurses can also be victims of the system. Restraint use is a complex issue that needs to be understood in relation to the dynamics within an environment.The topic of restraint reduction has been under intense scrutiny since the late 1980s, when it began with a public outcry in developed countries arising out of concern with regard to the standard of care in long-term care settings. In Britain, the use of physical restraints on older people is often regarded as abuse [1]. In the United States, a nursing home reform law was enacted in 1987, resulting in an increasing number of studies on restraint use from then onwards. Almost two decades later, however, researchers still find nurses resistant to the notion of removing patients'
The use of focus groups to investigate sensitive topics: an example taken from research on adolescent girls' perceptions about sexual risks
Oliveira,Dora Lucia de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000800009
Abstract: the methodology of focus groups has been increasingly employed in the context of research in the social sciences, particularly in health-related inquiries. considerations about the sensitive aspects of such research are not, however, very often seen in research reports or discussion on ways of conducting sensitive research. the scope of this paper is to share an experience of conducting focus group research on sensitive topics, such as aids, risk and sexual issues, highlighting some methodological issues. more specifically, it suggests ways of working with teenage girls in focus groups about sensitive topics. the advantages of the use of focus groups to explore views on hiv/aids and other sexual risks are also discussed. socio-cultural approaches to risk and feminist thinking permeate the main arguments.
The impact of itch symptoms in psoriasis: results from physician interviews and patient focus groups
Denise Globe, Martha S Bayliss, David J Harrison
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-7-62
Abstract: A disease model was developed from a review of the published literature and later revised based on the findings of clinician interviews and patient focus groups. To confirm the clinical relevance of the concepts identified in the disease model, 5 dermatologists were selected and interviewed one-on-one. They were asked to rate major psoriasis symptoms according to importance and bothersomeness level to patients on separate scales of 1 to 10. Results of clinician interviews were used to develop interview guides for patient focus groups. To identify important domains of psoriasis, 39 patients participated in 5 separate concept elicitation focus groups. Four focus groups included patients with severe psoriasis (n = 31) and one included patients with mild psoriasis (n = 8). Patients were asked to describe their current psoriasis symptoms and to rate them on a scale of 1 to 10, according to importance, severity, and troublesomeness. An average mean rating was calculated for each symptom throughout all focus groups.Clinicians most frequently mentioned itch (n = 5), psoriatic arthritis or "joint pains" (n = 4), flaking (n = 4), and pain (n = 3) as primary physical symptoms of psoriasis. Three clinicians gave a rating of 10 for the importance of itch; two clinicians gave ratings of 8 and 7 for importance. The majority of patients rated itch as the most important (31/39), most severe (31/39), and most troublesome (24/39) symptom and noted that itch negatively impacted daily activities (eg, concentration, sleep, ability to attend work or school), as well as emotions (eg, anxiety and embarrassment).These analyses suggest that itch is one of the most important symptoms of psoriasis, contributing to diminished health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with both mild and severe disease.Psoriasis is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease characterized by erythematous, scaly plaques that can itch and bleed. It has a prevalence of approximately 2.2% in the U.S. [1]. Psori
Dutch Cyberbullying Victims’ Experiences, Perceptions, Attitudes and Motivations Related to (Coping with) Cyberbullying: Focus Group Interviews  [PDF]
Niels C.L. Jacobs,Linda Goossens,Francine Dehue,Trijntje Vllink,Lilian Lechner
Societies , 2015, DOI: 10.3390/soc5010043
Abstract: Because of the negative effects of cyberbullying; and because of its unique characteristics; interventions to stop cyberbullying are needed. For this purpose, more insightful information is needed about cyberbullying victims’ ( i.e., the target group) experiences, perceptions, attitudes and motivations related to (coping with) cyberbullying. Five schools with 66 low-educated Dutch adolescents between 12 and 15 (53% female) participated in 10 focus group interviews. Results show that victims do not perceive all behaviors as cyberbullying and traditional bullying is generally perceived as worse than cyberbullying. Cyberbullies are perceived as sad, cowards and embarrassing themselves. Victims are perceived as easy targets; they wear strange clothes, act in a provocative manner and have a bad appearance. These perceptions often depend on context, the level of anonymity, being in a fight or not, the person sending the message and his/her behavior. Further, victims reacted to cyberbullying by acting nonchalant, by not actually saying anything and seeking help from others ( i.e., parents are not often asked for help because they do not want to bother them; fear of restricted Internet privileges). It can be concluded that asking cyberbullying victims about their experiences in an open manner, and allowing them to discuss these experiences, likely results in new and insightful information compared to using self-reports. In this questioning the perception of adolescents is key to see what is perceived as cyberbullying.
Voices Welcomes Interviews  [cached]
Krzysztof Stachyra
Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy , 2009,
Abstract: We are interested in interviews with well-known music therapists as well as lesser-known music therapists whose work has impressed you or music healers (indigenous healers) whose work inspires, showing the power and potential of music. If you know of someone who has supported the development of music therapy in your country, why not share your knowledge with Voices readers by interviewing that person?
Attitudes of the Japanese public and doctors towards use of archived information and samples without informed consent: Preliminary findings based on focus group interviews
Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Etsuyo Nishigaki, Miho Sekimoto, Shunichi Fukuhara, Tsuguya Fukui
BMC Medical Ethics , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6939-3-1
Abstract: Three focus group interviews were conducted, in which seven Japanese male members of the general public, seven female members of the general public and seven physicians participated.It was revealed that the lay public expressed diverse attitudes towards the use of archived information and samples without informed consent. Protecting a subject's privacy, maintaining confidentiality, and communicating the outcomes of studies to research subjects were regarded as essential preconditions if researchers were to have access to archived information and samples used for research without the specific informed consent of the subjects who provided the material. Although participating physicians thought that some kind of prior permission from subjects was desirable, they pointed out the difficulties involved in obtaining individual informed consent in each case.The present preliminary study indicates that the lay public and medical professionals may have different attitudes towards the use of archived information and samples without specific informed consent. This hypothesis, however, is derived from our focus groups interviews, and requires validation through research using a larger sample.Medical research that is properly designed and carried out ethically brings great benefit to society. Ethically sound research should therefore be encouraged and protected. There is, however, an inevitable tension between the requirements of research and the rights of individual research subjects. [1]. Ethical issues in epidemiological studies attract worldwide ethical, professional and public concern.In Japan, the interest in ethical issues as related to clinical medicine has become more widespread, although similar questions that beset epidemiological studies have been ignored for a long time. Since the 1990's, concerns about ethical issues in preventive medicine, especially in epidemiological investigations, have been gradually increasing among researchers in the field in question [2]. On
Information Resources Column: "Securing Your PC and Protecting Your Privacy
Schloman, B
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2004,
Abstract: Working in a networked information environment brings new opportunities for getting and sharing information. Regrettably, these benefits of the Internet are challenged by forces that would interfere to satisfy their own profit or malevolent motives. Your networked computer can be infected by viruses, worms, or Trojan horses or infiltrated by spyware, adware, or pop-ups. Without being aware of the dangers and taking precautionary steps, your PC is susceptible to being compromised and your privacy invaded. This column will highlight some of the dangers and offer basic steps for securing your computer and protecting your privacy.
ASK YOUR PHARMACIST
Editor Journal
Journal of Global Pharma Technology , 2010, DOI: 10.1234/jgpt.v2i7.254
Abstract: ASK YOUR PHARMACIST
Ask Your Pharmacist  [cached]
Editor Journal
Journal of Global Pharma Technology , 2010, DOI: 10.1234/jgpt.v2i3.167
Abstract: Ask your Pharmacist
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