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Does Gravitation Have an Influence on Electromagnetism?  [PDF]
Guido Zbiral
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.329158
Abstract: For many years physicists have been engaged on research around the globe in fields such as the unification of gravita- tion and electromagnetism, and an explanation for dark matter and dark energy, etc., but so far to little avail. One is left with the impression that something might be fundamentally wrong with the premises underlying the doctrine of physics applicable today, which is preventing a solution of these problems from being found. As a possible cause, the author proposes that the gravitation of the photons is not so negligible that it can be completely ignored (although this assumption does not accord with the current state of physics). Departing therefore from the accepted doctrine, he assumes that gravitation might possess a hitherto unknown important influence on electromagnetism. This paper then examines the consequences of this assumption on physics. A precise analysis will lead to the insight that the gravitation of a photon is as dynamic as the photon itself, and therefore must be taken into account with all associated physical considerations. The hitherto accepted case of a static gravitation of photons, on the other hand, can be totally neglected, as it does not exist for photons. Of key importance is the statement that the gravitation of photons is produced by gravitational quanta, and thus appears in quantised form. It is therefore necessary to rethink the physics of photons. This leads to a number of other interesting insights, as will be borne out in the further course of this paper. In the event that the assumption of the influence of gravitation on electromagnetism turns out to be correct, then this would represent a major step in unravelling the still largely unknown nature of gravitation and its significance in the natural events of the microcosmos; furtheron it would be an important contribution regarding a “New Physics” and a “New Cosmology”.
The Dynamic Gravitation of Photons from the Perspective of Maxwell’s Wave Equations  [PDF]
Guido Zbiral
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.512111
Abstract:

Although the gravitational constant (G) does not explicitly occur in the Maxwell Wave Equations, this paper will show that G is indeed implicitly contained in them. The logical consequence hereby is that electromagnetic radiation is associated with dynamic gravitation and notas assumed in Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativitywith “static” gravitation, dynamic gravitation being at the time unknown. According to the Maxwell Wave Equations, gravitation experiences the same dynamic (speed of light c) as electromagnetic radiation and must therefore also be of a quantum nature. There must exist an equal number of gravitational quanta as there are photons. Since photons do not possess a baryonic rest mass but only a relativistic mass, this mass must be nonbaryonic in nature—precisely as their dynamic gravitation.

A hitherto unknown edition of the Spanish Psalter by Abraham Usque (Ferrara 1554)  [cached]
Leoni, Aron di Leone
Sefarad : Revista de Estudios Hebraicos y Sefardíes , 2001,
Abstract: The Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele in Roma owns a Psalter in Spanish published in 1554 by Abraham Usque. It is the matter of a hitherto unknown second edition of the Psalterium printed in Ferrara in 1553. From the Prologo we learn that Abraham Usque was not only a simple printer but also the editor and one of the translators of this book. He also stated to have worked at the translation of the Biblia en lengua Espa ola (Ferrara 1553) together with eminent scholars. En la Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele de Roma se conserva un Salterio en espa ol publicado en 1554 por Abraham Usque. Se trata de una segunda edición hasta ahora desconocida de su Psalterium impreso en Ferrara en 1553. Por su Prologo sabemos que Abraham Usque no actuó sólo como un mero impresor sino que también participó en la edición y fue uno de los traductores del libro. En dicho Prologo afirma asimismo que, junto con otros eminentes eruditos, había trabajado en la traducción de la Biblia en lengua Espa ola (Ferrara 1553).
The PD-(D/E)XK superfamily revisited: identification of new members among proteins involved in DNA metabolism and functional predictions for domains of (hitherto) unknown function
Jan Kosinski, Marcin Feder, Janusz M Bujnicki
BMC Bioinformatics , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-6-172
Abstract: The low degree of amino acid conservation hampers the possibility of identification of new members of the PD-(D/E)XK superfamily based solely on sequence comparisons to known members. Therefore, we used a recently developed method HHsearch for sensitive detection of remote similarities between protein families represented as profile Hidden Markov Models enhanced by secondary structure. We carried out a comparison of known families of PD-(D/E)XK nucleases to the database comprising the COG and PFAM profiles corresponding to both functionally characterized as well as uncharacterized protein families to detect significant similarities. The initial candidates for new nucleases were subsequently verified by sequence-structure threading, comparative modeling, and identification of potential active site residues.In this article, we report identification of the PD-(D/E)XK nuclease domain in numerous proteins implicated in interactions with DNA but with unknown structure and mechanism of action (such as putative recombinase RmuC, DNA competence factor CoiA, a DNA-binding protein SfsA, a large human protein predicted to be a DNA repair enzyme, predicted archaeal transcription regulators, and the head completion protein of phage T4) and in proteins for which no function was assigned to date (such as YhcG, various phage proteins, novel candidates for restriction enzymes). Our results contributes to the reduction of "white spaces" on the sequence-structure-function map of the protein universe and will help to jump-start the experimental characterization of new nucleases, of which many may be of importance for the complete understanding of mechanisms that govern the evolution and stability of the genome.The PD-(D/E)XK superfamily of Mg2+-dependent nucleases groups together protein domains initially identified in structurally characterized type II restriction enzymes (REases) (reviews: [1,2]) and later found in diverse enzymes involved in DNA replication, repair, and recombination
Gravitation
Angel Fierros Palacios
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102141
Abstract: In this paper, it is proved that the small deformation strain tensor can be used instead the fundamental metric tensor of the General Theory of Relativity, in order to formulate a Dynamic Theory of Gravitation. Also, a solution of the velocity of the gravitational interactions is given in terms of the escape velocity due to the apparent size of the heavenly bodies. This last paragraph is the motivation and the importance of the study here presented. Thus, when it has a couple of celestial bodies separated by a distance in space, its apparent sizes as seemed at a distance play a special role in the gravitational interactions. This is so because of some effect over the size due to the very big distance in space. In that situation, the values of their escape velocities are dependent on their mass, and critically on their apparent radius. It is proved that they are the medium used by the gravity to transmit its effects like propagating force of nature. Then, when the escape velocities meet in some point of the space between the bodies, they pull each other; because they are the carriers of the respective attractive gravitational fields. In other words, the escape velocity due to the apparent size is the exchanging coin in the gravitational interactions. Also it is proposed that such a dynamic process is the responsible for the strong link which is established between any couple of interacting heavenly objects in the Universe.
Superstatistics and Gravitation  [PDF]
Octavio Obregón
Entropy , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/e12092067
Abstract: We suggest to consider the spacetime as a non-equilibrium system with a long-term stationary state that possess as a spatio-temporally fluctuating quantity ? . These systems can be described by a superposition of several statistics, “superstatistics”. We propose a Gamma distribution for f( ?) that depends on a parameter ρ1. By means of it the corresponding entropy is calculated, ρ1 is identified with the probability corresponding to this model. A generalized Newton’s law of gravitation is then obtained following the entropic force formulation. We discuss some of the difficulties to try to get an associated theory of gravity.
Some Hitherto Unknown Nymphs of Odonata From New Mexico  [cached]
James G. Needham,T. D. A. Cockerell
Psyche , 1903, DOI: 10.1155/1903/37045
Abstract:
Gravitation and electromagnetism  [PDF]
V. P. Dmitriyev
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: Maxwell's equations comprise both electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The transverse part of the vector potential belongs to magnetism, the longitudinal one is concerned with gravitation. The Coulomb gauge indicates that longitudinal components of the fields propagate instantaneously. The delta-function singularity of the field of the divergence of the vector potential, referred to as the dilatation center, represents an elementary agent of gravitation. Viewing a particle as a source or a scattering center of the point dilatation, the Newton's gravitation law can be reproduced.
Cosmology and gravitation
Maia, M. D.;
Brazilian Journal of Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-97332004000700022
Abstract: this is a brief summary with comments on selected contributions to the cosmology and gravitation section at the 24th brazilian meeting on particle and fields (enfpc xxiv), held at caxambu, from september 30 to october 4, 2003.
Nature of Gravitation  [PDF]
A. V. Rykov
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: The photoeffect, (vacuum analogue of the photoelectric effect,) is used to study the structure of the physical vacuum, the outcome of which is the basis for an hypothesis on the nature of gravitation and inertia. The source of gravitation is the vacuum which has a weak massless elementary electrical dipole (+/-) charge. Inertia is the result of the elastic force of the vacuum in opposition to the accelerated motion of material objects. The vacuum is seen as the source of attraction for all bodies according to the law of induction.
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