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Universities' Intellectual Property: Path for Innovation or Patent Competition?
Dalmarco,Gustavo; Dewes,Mariana de Freitas; Zawislak,Paulo Antonio; Padula,Antonio Domingos;
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-27242011000300012
Abstract: technological innovation is represented by the conversion of knowledge into new products and processes which, when commercialized, generate wealth. in relations with companies, universities' role is to develop scientific knowledge, fostering industry's r&d activities. this article proposes an analysis of the technology transfer process performed by public universities in brazil. results demonstrate that universities are facing difficulties in requesting and licensing patents based on scientific results, due to lack of commercial contact with companies and their limitations in adapting available technologies. the increase in scientific output is not being effectively transformed into new technologies for products and services, exposing the necessity for new policies to approach university-industry relations. for universities, this may mean rethinking the role of patents in the technology transfer process, such as increasing co-authorship with companies and have companies support technological research within the university, instead of investing in legal protection, distant from market needs.
Considerations about Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Economic Growth in the Digital Economy
Carmen Nadia CIOCOIU
Economia : Seria Management , 2011,
Abstract: Three technological trends—the omnipresence of information in digital form, the generalised use of computer networks, and the rapid proliferation of the World Wide Web—have profound implications for the way intellectual property (IP) is created, distributed, and accessed by every sector of society. In the last ten years much discussion of these issues has occurred in the literature and political and legislative domain. The information infrastructure offers an extraordinary ease of access to a vast array of information and peril for information to be reproduced inappropriately and for information access to be controlled in new and problematic ways. IPR regimes affect the diffusion of scientific knowledge, the innovation process and, ultimately, economic performance. Information technology raised some problems regarding the protection of intellectual property and drived to the discovery of a large number of solutions during past years. This paper’s purpose is to reveal what is the situation regarding IPR protection, economic growth and innovation in Romania, in the context of digital economy.
THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL OF UNIVERSITIES  [PDF]
Bratianu Constantin
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2009,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present some of our research results concerning the intellectual capital of universities. This is an important topic of the intellectual research area since universities are knowledge intensive organizations. They contain b
Intellectual Property Valuation Decision Support System for University Research Output: A Conceptual Model  [cached]
Kamarulzaman Ab Aziz,Hezlin Harris,Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz
Communications of the IBIMA , 2012,
Abstract: Commercializing university research outputs or intellectual property is an imperative facet in the National Economic Model of the 10th Malaysian Plan (2011-2015) whereby innovation-based economy is the vehicle identified to drive Malaysia into becoming a high-income nation. A vital aspect of this innovation-based economy is Intellectual Property (IP) and its strategic management in the preliminary commercialization phase. One of the critical components of strategic management of IP is the valuation process. In order to capture and capitalize the IP resulting from university research, valuing the IP becomes a significant juncture on the road to exploitation and commercialization. This paper explores the aspects of IP valuation practices among Malaysian universities. It is found that IP valuation generally was done by external consultants or committees. This paper suggests that technology development provides an opportunity for enabling the researchers themselves with the capability to do the IP valuation.
Information needs on intellectual capital in Spanish Public Universities  [cached]
Yolanda Ramírez Córcoles,Jesús F. Santos Pe?alver,ángel Tejada Ponce
Cuadernos de Gestión , 2012,
Abstract: In the current context of the so-called Knowledge-based Economy higher education institutions should give preferential attention to the new demands of stakeholders information. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the appropriateness of the universities incorporate information on intellectual capital in its current accounting information system. So, an empirical study has been designed to show the extent to which different accounting information users are demanding information on university intellectual capital for adequate decision making. To achieve this goal we designed a questionnaire that was sent to all members of the Social Councils in Spanish public universities. The results obtained from this research show a list of the intangible elements on which universities should provide information in order to satisfy the changing information needs of its users.
Research on Innovation of Science and Technology Investment and Financing of SMEs in Intellectual Property  [PDF]
Yan Xing, Zhangzhi Ge, Wei Song
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2016.72005
Abstract: With the development of the knowledge economy, the intellectual property is more and more important. The intellectual property is the core lifeline of an enterprise. High-tech SMEs owe the independent intellectual property rights, but they have financing problems. How to use intellectual property to invest and finance will be the focus of future development of high-tech SMEs. This paper will focus on the characteristics of intellectual property for investment and financing, the development paths and put forward in the course of management and policy innovation of investment and financing.
New problems of Intellectual Property during Innovation of Traditional Chinese Medicine
中医药创新中的知识产权新问题

Song Xiaoting,
宋晓亭

世界科学技术-中医药现代化 , 2011,
Abstract: Innovation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was proposed under market economy conditions. Hence, rules of market economy must be complied with and be subjected to the intellectual property law. Innovation of TCM can be divided into two parts. One is the self-innovation of TCM, and the other is new creation based on TCM knowledge and techniques. Both innovations have presented with different intellectual property questions from past events. Under market economy conditions, private rights are legitimate and interests must be maximized. Therefore, a proper intellectual property legal system should be established for the innovation of TCM to protect and maintain superiority domains of China in the innovation of TCM.
Strategy of Innovation’s Management in the Pharmaceutical Industry Holds Intellectual Property  [PDF]
Cássia Rita Pereira da Veiga, Claudimar Pereira da Veiga, Jansen Maia Del Corso, Anderson Catapan
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.36065
Abstract: In the management of innovation, intellectual property rights assume the primary role. In this sense, this paper aims to describe, with examples, the various strategies used by the pharmaceutical industry in the preservation of their legitimate rights of the intellectual property system. This is an exploratory study by using documentary research and longitudinal time. Even with the difference in laws between countries, the pharmaceutical anti-competitive practices gain more space in the global economy. For patents become political tools that foster innovation and diffusion of knowledge, it is suggested that revisions in the legislation, homogeneous international regulation and supervision of health authorities ensure quality of product and control of pharmaceutical marketing. This work also addresses political and social considerations on the subject while exploring some suggestions of ideal patent system.
The underestimated role of universities for the Brazilian system of innovation
Suzigan, Wilson;Albuquerque, Eduardo da Motta e;
Revista de Economia Política , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572011000100001
Abstract: conventional wisdom usually underestimates the important role of public research institutes and universities in successful cases of brazilian economy. history of science and technology institutions shows a long-term process of formation of these institutions and their interactions with industrial firms, agricultural producers or society. this paper investigates historical roots of successful cases of brazil. first, we present the late onset of national innovation system (nsi) institutions and waves of institutional formation in brazil. second, we describe the history of three selected successful cases, which spans from a low-tech sector (agriculture), a medium-tech sector (steel and special metal alloys), to a high-tech sector (aircraft). these findings present new challenges for present-day developmental policies.
The Research on the Functions of Universities in an Innovation Cluster and the Realization Mechanisms  [PDF]
Dan Zhou
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2017.51006
Abstract: University is one of the most important innovation subjects in innovation clusters and also the headstream of innovation. Theoretical research and practice indicate that the functions of universities in an innovation cluster cannot be ignored. With a series of policies to improve innovation ability of the universities in China approved, how to stimulate universities to play their role in innovation clusters becomes a research hotspot both in academic circles and policy community. However, its primary premise is to make clear the real role that universities play in an innovation cluster. Therefore, we put forward the functions of universities in an innovation cluster including knowledge production, knowledge propagation and innovation culture advocate, then study the realization mechanism of the functions in order to guide universities to play the role in an innovation cluster better.
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