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Anthropology, social change and the reconstruction of South African society1  [cached]
N. S. Jansen van Rensburg
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1994, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v59i1.653
Abstract: In this article it is argued that, since the abuse of anthropology in the colonial and apartheid eras, the responsive relationship between anthropology and society has been re-emphasised. In the reconstruction of South African society, therefore, anthropologists will not be allowed the luxury of evading their social responsibility. In their re-invention of anthropology as a humane science, and the reiteration of their commitment to accountability and relevance, these scientists ought to build their discipline upon the investigation of the major consequences of differential power and inequality. This could be helpful in creating new forms of co-existence in South Africa
Perceptions and Practices of Society Towards Single Women in the Context of Nepal  [PDF]
Mina Uprety,Sikshya Adhikary
Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/opsa.v11i0.3039
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to highlight on the perceptions and practices of society towards single women, specifically the widows, in the context of Nepal. The focus is on issues of gender relations and the status of widow women. The arguments are based on the review of literature and the author's own observation of social practices towards women and widow women. The discussion starts by defining the concept of women and single women and proceeds through the discussion of their status in relation to men as they are prescribed by codes of conduct of society. DOI: 10.3126/opsa.v11i0.3039 Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11 2009 244-254
Introduction: Philosophical Anthropology and Social Analysis  [cached]
Anna Borisenkova
études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5195/errs.2012.138
Abstract: The guest editor introduces No. 3 Vol. 1 (2012), "Philosophical Anthropology and Social Analysis."
Introduction to Practice What You Teach: Activist Anthropology at the Sites of Cross-Talk and Cross-Fire  [cached]
Anna L. Anderson-Lazo
New Proposals : Journal of Marxism and Interdisciplinary Inquiry , 2009,
Abstract: Constructed as a consciously transnational and interdisciplinary dialogue among eight anthropologists, this group of essays compares methods, strategies and outcomes of expressly political research, collaborative networks, participatory projects, and activist teaching. Here, projected against the backdrop of the 2007 Society for Applied Anthropology meetings’ theme which focused on Global Insecurities, each contributor revisits and updates an ongoing conversation about anthropology as an agent of social transformation. Our written collaboration holds up teaching as a central practice of activist anthropology; and thus our essays taken as a whole reveal how we imagine, construct and inhabit relationships of thinking and learning collectively, across and outside of mainstream political orthodoxies, disciplinary epistemologies, cultural registers, as well as physical, sexual and civil normativities. The moments of convergence, overlap and disjuncture among our various projects, then, offer a broad description of an engaged anthropology that draws on an historical approach, situated perspectives, decolonizing critiques, and embodied practices that include everything from empathetic listening to social disruption. Thus, looking at ourselves through this lens, this collection of essays which might be compared to a reflexive, group ethnography reconsiders and refashions our best practices over time.
A’UWE-XAVANTE CHILDREN′S SOCIETY: REVISITING AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY ON CHILDHOOD
Angela Nunes
Poiésis , 2011,
Abstract: This article aims to introduce the A'uwe-Xavante children (Brazil). Through them we enter the vast and complex universe of social relations of this Brazilian indigenous people and get to know them better. We go through the meanders of a society that has its own rules of dealing with expectations, boundaries, constraints and compromises that involve highlighting particular concepts and solutions for individual and collective challenges arising over time. This research developed between 1991 and 1996, in a period when the European/North American academic movement proposing a anthropology of children and childhood, was not yet known within Brazilian Anthropology, nor the bibliographic production was available for reference. The theoretical dialogue takes place within the field of Indigenous Ethnology studies and alludes to the potential of anthropological studies on children and childhood, still unexplored in this country at that time.
The Politics of Psychiatric Evaluation: Towards a Critical Anthropology of Forensic Psychiatry  [cached]
Samuel Lézé
Champ Pénal , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/champpenal.8007
Abstract: In the legal context, psychiatric evaluations are subject to controversy, considered as either indispensable or flawed, and yet rarely studied in their own right. This article puts forward a political anthropology of mental healthcare that is attentive to social context (the problem of recidivism), professional logic (the evaluation of dangerousness) and liminal practices (at the limits of the correctional and the medical). It thus intends to delimit the methodological and theoretical stakes of a study of (i) the psychiatric creation of the expert witness report (ii) its legal use (iii) its consequences on psychiatric care in prison and beyond. What makes reports authoritative or, on the contrary, how are they contested? What are the political issues at stake? Thus, the complexity of the politics of psychiatric evaluations can be drawn out from delineated ethnographic fields; a complexity linked to the situation of these evaluations between, on the one hand, legal and psychiatric theories of personality and, on the other, how they are received and effectively applied by the legal system.
Applied anthropology in Colombia. Perspectives and purposes on the basis of an experience in childhood and migrations  [PDF]
María Claudia Duque-Páramo
Universitas Humanística , 2010,
Abstract: This paper puts forward a notion of applied anthropology incorporating both a critical analysis of cultural diversity and intervention and policy formulation, which help to solve the problems communities we work with face. In order to do this, at a first time we revise several concepts and purposes on applied anthropology in the North American and Colombian contexts. Then, an experience on migrations and childhood is reported, including research, intervention and networking. Finally, a third moment articulates the elements discussed in a final reflection on the relationship between theory and practice in the field of applied anthropology
Cultural anthropology of traditional Chinese medicine  [cached]
Xia WAN,Jian-ping LIU
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2008,
Abstract: : Biological, psychological and sociological model of medicine substantializes the old model lacking the social humane attributes. The new medical model makes people take medical anthropology into research and highly evaluate traditional medical system. Cultural anthropology of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is part of medical anthropology with three major characteristics: wide research scope, specificity, and integration. It has developed its own research methods, such as field investigation, comprehensive inspection and comparison study. Cultural anthropology provides an efficient research method for TCM, and its application would further develop TCM theory and form comprehensive evaluation on TCM effects.
O fantasma de Evans-Pritchard: diálogos da antropologia com a sua história The ghost of Evans-Pritchard: anthropology’s dialogues with its own history  [cached]
Frederico Delgado Rosa
Etnográfica , 2011,
Abstract: Tomando como estudo de caso a monografia de Sharon Hutchinson sobre os nuer, o presente artigo explora os quiproquós do diálogo entre a antropologia contemporanea e os clássicos, procurando detetar certas genealogias invisíveis que remontam aos funcionalistas britanicos, e nomeadamente a Evans-Pritchard. Procede a um esbatimento de certas oposi es explícitas entre o presente e o passado da antropologia, revelando que as no es clássicas perpassam de forma subterranea o discurso daqueles que dizem rejeitá-las e que muitas das preocupa es atuais já tinham express o nas etnografias modernas. é demonstrado que as abordagens estáticas - como a de Evans-Pritchard - tinham uma componente histórica e que a antropologia social britanica teve as suas respostas teóricas e metodológicas para as transforma es dos contextos africanos sob domínio colonial. Through the reading of Sharon Hutchinson’s monograph on the Nuer, this article explores the misunderstandings between contemporary anthropology and the modern classics. It tries to identify invisible genealogies that go back to the British functionalists, particularly to Evans-Pritchard, and minimizes the explicit oppositions between the present and the past of anthropology. It reveals that some classical notions are detectable in non-explicit ways among those who claim to reject them and, at the same time, that contemporary concerns have their roots in modern ethnographies. The author shows that static approaches - as the one by Evans-Pritchard on the Nuer - had a historical meaning and recalls that British social anthropology had its own theoretical and methodological answers to the transformations of African contexts under colonial rule.
Collaborative Researchers or Cold Warriors? The Origins, Activities, and Legacy of the Smithsonian’s Institute of Social Anthropology
A. Peter Castro
Journal of International and Global Studies , 2010,
Abstract: International research collaboration is increasingly popular, providing many scholarly and practical benefits. These collaborative endeavors also encounter obstacles and costs, including ones involving issues of power and professional ethics. My study seeks to widen our understanding of international collaborative social science research by examining the complex origins, diverse activities, and clouded legacy of the Smithsonian Institution’s Institute of Social Anthropology (ISA). The ISA was an innovative collaborative teaching and research program founded by Julian Steward during World War II to meet many goals, including increasing social science capacity in Latin America, expanding knowledge about contemporary cultural change, strengthening area expertise among U.S. scholars, and promoting closer relations among the peoples of the Americas. The ISA provided career-enhancing opportunities for U.S. and Latin American scholars, while helping to pioneer applied medical anthropology. I take issue with recent analysts who portray the ISA as promoting, including through covert research, U.S. hegemonic interests seeking to control rural Latin America.
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