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Dysfunctional Attitudes of University Students  [PDF]
Durmu? KILI?
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess dysfunctional attitudes of university students using personal variables such as gender; type of educational institute (i.e. which college faculty or school they currently attend, which type of high school they graduated from); perception of parents’ attitudes; and socio-economic level. The study was conducted in the academic year of 2009-2010, with a total of 501 students randomly selected from 10 different faculties of Atatürk University in Erzurum Turkey. Data were collected using the “Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, adapted to Turkey by ahin and ahin (1992). A “Personal Information Form” was given to the students for collecting data about personal, organizational and social variables. The t test, one-way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis analysis were used in data analysis. The findings indicated that the dysfunctional attitudes of university students varied significantly according to gender (t (499)= -2.623, p=.009), and the faculty they attended (F(9), 491)= 4.659, p=.000). Dysfunctional attitudes did not show significant differences in terms of students’ perception of their parents’ attitudes, socio-economic level and type of high school they graduated from.
The Transformation of Gender Identity for Women and Men in a University Classroom  [PDF]
Jerome Rabow, Gabrielle Serano, Sara Yazdanfar
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2017.72006
Abstract: This research paper examines the way in which a university classroom focuses upon patriarchy and sexism and the responses to these issues. The 110 students in this upper division class were encouraged to examine their beliefs and values in an environment where they could be challenged by readings, other students’ reactions and web posts. These web posts were anonymous so that students could feel safe and were classified in a six-stage identity scheme developed by Hoffman (1985). Their six-stage categories were modified by the authors of this paper and were used to describe the transformation of students’ identities from sexist to anti-sexist.
Comprensión verbal en alumnos universitarios Verbal comprehension of university students  [cached]
Telma Piacente
Orientación y Sociedad : Revista Internacional e Interdisciplinaria de Orientación Vocacional Ocupacional , 2012,
Abstract: En este trabajo se comunican los resultados preliminares de una investigación más amplia sobre desempe o y autopercepción en lectura y escritura de alumnos universitarios. Se trata en este caso de los resultados en comprensión verbal, dadas las relaciones que guarda con la comprensión lectora. Esta última constituye un aspecto crítico, particularmente en la construcción del modelo de situación , que se logra vía integración de la información proporcionada por el texto con el conocimiento previo relevante. Para su estudio se seleccionó una muestra piloto aleatoria de 60 alumnos de tercer a o, de ambos sexos, de 23 a os de edad promedio, a los que se les aplicó colectivamente las pruebas Vocabulario, Información y Analogías del WAIS III. Los resultados en el índice de Comprensión Verbal muestran medidas de tendencia central semejantes a los de la muestra de tipificación y una dispersión menor, con casos particulares con puntuaciones en el límite inferior del promedio. Se hacen observaciones respecto del desempe o en población universitaria y sobre algunas particularidades acerca del tipo de errores en las respuestas proporcionadas, que merecen consideraciones adicionales. En principio indican ausencia e insuficiencia de información, confusiones conceptuales en algunos términos de uso relativamente frecuente y dificultades en la formación de conceptos, situación a ser atendida por sus implicaciones en el aprendizaje exitoso a partir de los textos This paper presents the preliminary results of a broader research on performance and self-perception in reading and writing of university students. In particular, it focuses on verbal comprehension given its connection with reading comprehension. Reading comprehension is crucial, especially while constructing a situational model -achieved by integrating the information provided in the text with relevant prior knowledge. A random pilot sample of 60 students from third year, male and female, of an average age of 23 was selected. The Vocabulary, Information and Analogies tests from WAIS III were administered. The Verbal Comprehension findings show central tendency scores similar to those of the standardization sample with minor dispersion, with specific cases of scores in the lower average limit. Several comments are given on the performance of university students and other observations regarding the type of mistakes made in the answers provided which deserve further considerations. Preliminary conclusions point to a lack of and/or insufficient information, conceptual confusion with some terms of relatively high freq
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS? ATTITUDES TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
Dilek ?ZMEN,Aynur ?AKMAK?I ?ET?NKAYA,Sevgi NEH?R
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin , 2005,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine university students? attitudes towards environmental problems and the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on it. The present descriptive study was carried out at the Celal Bayar University School of Health, SHMYO and Faculty of Medicine (N=742). A questionnaire designed by researches and Environmental Attitudes Scale (EAS) were applied to n=410 students who were present at the school at the time of applying. Although 65,0% of the students have stated that they were sensitive to environmental issues, 84,9% of them have not participitated to an activity about environmental issues. Total score of EAS of the students of Faculty of Medicine and School of Health, the students whose age were higher than 20, female students, the students who lived longest at city, the students who were sensitive to environmental issues, the students who thought an education must be given in high school, the students who has siblings fewer than 3 and the students whose parents were university graduate were higher than other students (p < 0,05). An education program should be developed for the students who were sensitive about the environmental issues to change their behavior about environmental matters.
Current Language Attitudes of Mainland Chinese University Students  [cached]
Meihua Liu,Shan Zhao
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.2.5.963-968
Abstract: This paper reports on an investigation of Chinese university EFL learners’ attitudes towards English and Chinese in relation to their motivation to learn the language and awareness of their ethnic identity. 302 university students answered a 22-item Language Attitudes Questionnaire and 112 of them answered four open-ended questions. Analyses of the data reveal that the participants held positive attitudes towards English, were motivated to learn the language, and valued their association with English-speaking culture and people, meanwhile considering their native language superior to English. Thus the paper concludes that the students had a sound sense of Chinese identity with an appreciation of the value of the English language.
Verbal Aggressiveness and Argumentativeness in Physical Education: Perceptions of Teachers and Students in Qualitative and Quantitative Exploration  [PDF]
Stergiani Deliligka, Alexandra Bekiari, Ioannis Syrmpas
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.811112
Abstract: This study is aiming at examining 1) physical education teachers’ self-perceived verbal aggressiveness and argumentativeness, 2) students’ perceptions about verbal aggressiveness and argumentativeness developed by their teachers, in order to assess the communicational accordance between students’ and teachers’ perceptions in elementary, junior and high schools. A combination of qualitative (study 1) and quantitative methods (study 2) has been implemented for this purpose. Fifteen PE teachers (6 females and 9 males), participated in the qualitative study; and 894 students (442 males, 452 females), participated in the quantitative study. According to the study 1, argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness are features that co-exist to a person’s behavior. Five communicational PE teachers’ profiles have been detected (“high argumentativeness-low verbal aggressiveness” “moderate argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness”, “moderate argumentativeness-low verbal aggressiveness”, “low argumentativeness-high verbal aggressiveness”, “low argumentativeness-moderate verbal aggressiveness”). According to these, PE teachers who are capable of arguing are less likely to expose a verbally aggressive behavior. Determinants of this are students’ behaviors, attitudes and disagreements or conflicts. When arguments are avoided, verbal aggressiveness is enhanced. Verbal aggressiveness plays the role of discipline. The prompt transition from argumentativeness to verbal aggressiveness is explained by the fact that teachers can’t interpret the difference between attacks on a position. According to the study 2, the findings supported the differences in verbal aggressiveness and argumentativeness between schools, showing at the same time students’ perceptions about their PE teachers. PE teachers’ reports about the perceived verbal aggressiveness and argumentativeness were aligned in the vast majority of the profiles with their students’ perceptions.
Attitudes about science and conceptual physics learning in university introductory physics courses
Marina Milner-Bolotin1,Tetyana Antimirova2,Andrea Noack3,Anna Petrov4
Physical Review Special Topics. Physics Education Research , 2011,
Abstract: This paper examines the results of the repeated administration of the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) in a large introductory physics course at a midsize, metropolitan Canadian university. We compare the results to those obtained previously in comparable courses at the University of British Columbia (Canada) and the University of Colorado (U.S.). Atypically, students in this study exhibited a positive shift in their attitudes about science over the semester. The change in students’ attitudes across the term appears to be moderated by their educational background—specifically, whether they had taken grade 12 physics or not. The correlation between students’ attitudes and their conceptual knowledge also appears to be influenced by students’ educational background. The results have pedagogical implications for instructors of introductory college and university physics and potentially for other science courses.
The Attitudes of University Teachers to Adopt Information Technology in Teaching
Chun-Chu Liu
Information Technology Journal , 2005,
Abstract: In this information era, computer and Information Technology (IT) education has become the fundamental curriculum worldwide in schools and colleges. The intent of this study was to investigate factors that affect University teachers’ attitudes toward adopting IT instruction. Teachers’ attitudes included their anxiety, beliefs and intentions toward IT instruction. Factors that affected these attitudes included internal and external dimensions. Besides, subjects’ demographic characteristics were also be analysed. Samples were drawn randomly from three private and one public institutes in Southern Taiwan and there were 141 valid samples in this study. This study concluded that in the internal dimensions, teachers’ computer knowledge, perception of usefulness and interest significantly affected their attitudes toward IT instruction. As to the external dimensions, only the climate factor influenced teachers’ attitudes. Furthermore, teachers’ gender, teaching departments and seniority significantly affected their attitudes. The findings would provide information for schools and human resource administrators to better understand faculty attitudes and needs in order to provide assistance and training to improve their teaching performance.
Exploring the knowledge and attitudes of Pakistani university students towards mental illnesses  [PDF]
Ahmed Waqas,Muhammad Zubair,Hamza Ghulam,Muhammad Wajih ullah,Zubair Tariq,Muhammad Arshad,Muhammad Asim Shabbir,Ayeshah Sarfaraz
PeerJ , 2015, DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.454v1
Abstract: Background: The objectives of the study were to explore the knowledge and attitudes of Pakistani university students toward mental illnesses. People with mental illnesses are challenged not only by their symptoms but also by the prejudices associated with their illness. Acknowledging the stigma of mental illness should be the first essential step toward devising an appropriate treatment plan.
An Exploration of Hausa Verbal Art Forms in Shaihu Umar: A Hausa Novel  [PDF]
Chaibou Elhadji Oumarou
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/als.2015.31004
Abstract:
This paper explores the Hausa verbal art forms in Shaihu Umar, a novel first published in the Hausa language and then translated into English. The paper mostly focuses on the author’s use of the structures of a Hausa initiation tale as a vehicle for the narrative in the novel. In other words, the paper attempts to investigate how the author uses the structures of Hausa tales for stylistic effects. As a result, the paper tries to identify and analyze what the novel owes to the indigenous Hausa literary tradition as an illustration of the interface between orality and literacy.
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