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(Un)sustainability and reform of the social security system in Brazil: a generational accounting approach
Miessi, Fabio;Souza, André Portela;
Revista Brasileira de Economia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71402007000300005
Abstract: in this paper we apply the generational accounting methodology for the brazilian public sector and for the two social security systems of the country - rgps (private sector workers system) and rpps (civil servants system). on the whole, in the basic scenario we found an imbalance of 98%, what is equivalent to say that future generations will face a fiscal burden 98% higher than the fiscal burden faced by an individual born in the base year. the imbalance observed in the rgps and rpps are also higher and has important impacts over the total imbalance. moreover, the imposition of a set of social security reforms will tend to promote the intergenerational balance when we consider all taxes and transfers. notwithstanding, the generational imbalance in the social security systems will persist. these considerations, in turn, indicate that the brazilian public sector will continue to collect huge amounts of wealth, consumption and property taxes in order to afford the imbalance in its social security systems.
THE PRIVATE SECURITY IN BRAZIL: SOME ASPECTS RELATED TO THE MOTIVATIONS, REGULATION AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE SECTOR
André Zanetic
Archivos de Criminología, Criminalística y Seguridad Privada , 2009,
Abstract: The growth of private security verified in many countries in the middle of twentieth century displays important questions about state responsibility in relation to the security. In Brazil, where the growth is very significant mainly in the last two decades, not much is possible to know about the real dimension of the sector and about the conditions that carried out this appearance and expansion. Taking into consideration approaches observed in the international literature and the data relative to this sector, this work analyze the Brazilian regulatory framework, showing the implications about some more problematic features.
Reforma da previdência social e custo de transi o: simulando um Sistema Universal para o Brasil Social Security reform and transition cost: simulating a Universal System for Brazil  [cached]
Hélio Zylberstajn,Luís Eduardo Afonso,Andre Portela Souza
Revista Contabilidade & Finan?as , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/s1519-70772006000500005
Abstract: Este artigo apresenta uma proposta de reforma da previdência social brasileira. O novo sistema está fundamentado nos princípios de justi a atuarial, incentivo à formaliza o, universaliza o e simplifica o da estrutura previdenciária. Foi calculada a alíquota de contribui o necessária a esse sistema. Também é estimado o passivo previdenciário, na situa o atual e no sistema proposto. Finalizando, é calculado o custo de transi o entre os dois sistemas. Os resultados mostram que esse custo é elevado, embora esteja distribuído ao longo do tempo. This article presents a proposal to reform Brazil's pension system. The new system is based on the principles of actuarial fairness, incentive to formalization, universalization and simplification of the social security structure. We calculated the contribution rate needed to balance the system. The social security debt is also estimated in the present situation and in the proposed system. Finally, the transition cost of shifting to the new system is calculated. The results show that, although,distributed over time, this cost is high.
Chagas' disease and social security: a case-control study in an urban area, Goiás, Brazil
Zicker,Fábio;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1988, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101988000400004
Abstract: one hundred and twenty subjects with chagas' cardiopathy and 120 non-infected subjects were randomly selected from first time claimants of sickness benefits in the national institute of social security (inps) in goiás. cases of chagas' cardiopathy were defined based on serological test, history of residence in an endemic area and, clinical and/or electrocardiogram (ecg) alterations suggestive of chagas' cardiomyopathy. controls were defined as subjects with at least two negative serological tests. case and controls were compared in the analysis for age, sex, place of birth, migration history, socio-economic level, occupation, physical exertion at work, age at affiliation and years of contribution to the social security scheme, clinical course of their disease and ecg abnormalities. chagas' disease patients were younger than other subjects and predominantly of rural origin. non-infected subjects presented a better socio-economic level, were performing more skilled activities and had less changes of job than cases. no important difference was observed in relation to age at affiliation to inps. about 60% of cases have claimed for benefits within the first four years of contribution while among controls this proportion was 38.5%. cases were involved, proportionally more than controls, in "heavy" activities. a risk of 2.3 (95%cl 1.5 - 4.6) and 1.8 (95%cl 1.2- 3.5) was obtained comparing respectively "heavy" and "moderate" physical activity against "light". a relative risk of 8.5 (95%cl 4.9 - 14.8) associated with the presence of cardiopathy was estimated comparing the initial sample of seropositive subjects and controls. a high relative risk was observed in relation to right bundle branch block (rr = 37.1 95%cl = 8.8 - 155.6) and left anterior hemiblock (rr = 4.4, 95%cl = 2.1 - 9.1).
Political Economy of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Economic (In)Security of Older Persons in the Twenty-First Century  [PDF]
Aida Diaz-Tendero Bollain
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.58007
Abstract: Objective: To apply the Political Economy of Aging approach to the study of the economic (in)security of the elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean. This approach studies the role of the State in the reproduction, attenuation or accentuation of inequities that affect the elderly population. Methods: Political economy indicators were applied such as a type of welfare regime, articulation of social policy based on assistance and social security, coverage, contributory and non-contributory pension systems to a sample of twenty countries of the region (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela). Results: The region presents a great heterogeneity in the type of State and welfare regime and its consequent effect on the economic security of the elderly. However, lack of protection exercised by the contributory systems predominates, which causes the need for non-contributory systems.
Fran a e Brasil: realidades distintas da prote o social, entrela adas no fluxo da história France and Brazil: different social security realities interwoven in the historical flow  [cached]
Elaine Rossetti Behring
Servi?o Social & Sociedade , 2013,
Abstract: Este artigo analisa a destina o de recursos dos or amentos nacionais do Brasil e da Fran a no ano de 2010, com destaque para a seguridade social, mostrando tendências da aloca o do fundo público, o impacto da dinamica da dívida pública e da financeiriza o no conjunto das despesas e, sobretudo, as semelhan as e diferen as entre as experiências e condi es históricas distintas de um país capitalista periférico e outro central, mas que se entrela am na totalidade. This article analyzes the allocation of resources of 2010's Brazilian and French national budgets, with emphasis on social security, by showing trends in the allocation of public funds, the impact of the dynamics of public debt and the finance of all expenditure. Above all, it analyzes the similarities and differences between the different historical experiences and conditions of a peripheral capitalist country and a central one, which are, however, involved in the whole capitalist logic.
Internet, Political Socialization, and Youth’s Political Culture in the South of Brazil
Marcello Baquero
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104062
Abstract:
From a conventional theoretical perspective on political science, technological media is considered a powerful inductor of young citizen’s attitudes and behavior. The Internet is generating an environment where new forms of social interaction between politics and society take place. These tools were widely used by Brazilian youth in protests against the government in July 2013. Could this be the beginning of a new process of political socialization? I believe that this new media technology is structuring new collective identities and some forms of political sophistication among the youth. I hypothesize that this type of political involvement, taking into account the type of youth’s political culture, does not contribute for the construction of a new sense of citizenship among the young citizens. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the effect of the use of Internet in the political socialization process of the youth (13 to 24 years old) in the South of Brazil. The data utilized is the result of a survey research conducted from March 2015 to April 2016 with 1964 adolescents in public and private high schools selected through multi- stage probabilistic sampling. The questionnaire consisted of 70% of structured questions and 30% of open questions. The results showed among the young citizens a conformism which results from a feeling of impotence, of not being capable of doing something to change things, and hostility with the political institutions that do not provide equal opportunities for participation for the youth. Furthermore, it is argued that the use of Internet has not had a significant impact in the construction of another type of youth’s political culture.
Governance, Security and Culture: Assessing Africa’s Youth Bulge  [cached]
Marc Sommers
International Journal of Conflict and Violence , 2011,
Abstract: Although Africa has a youth-dominated population, African government policies are often not youth-centered and African governments and their international supporters are frequently under-informed about the priorities of most youth. Reliance on the “youth bulge and instability thesis” leads to distorted assessments of everyday realities. Examination of the lives, priorities, and cultural contexts of African youth, and the cases of youth in Rwanda and Burundi in particular, shows that the nature of relations between the state and massive populations of young, marginalized, and alienated citizens directly impacts the governance, security, and development prospects of African nations.
Crisis and Social Security in Spain  [PDF]
Arántzazu Vicente-Palacio
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2015.64024
Abstract: This paper outlines the latest reforms introduced into the Social Security System’s protective actions in order to deduce whether such intense changes allow us to conclude that a Social Security crisis exists. This concept is understood from the perspective of the Social Security being capable, or not, of undertaking its historical mission. This work takes into account the legislative reforms made to Social Security, along with the changes that are taking place, in the form of providing services in the new post-capitalist society.
Representations, Educational Processes and Practices in Youth and Adult Field Education in Brazil  [PDF]
Lourdes Helena da Silva, élida Lopes Miranda
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.623253
Abstract: The Field Education movement emerged in the Brazilian society in the last two decades, bringing to the national political scenario the role of social and trade union movements of the countryside in the affirmation and struggle in defense of a new paradigm of education and school for people living and working in the countryside—farmers, camping and agrarian reform settlers, rural workers, indians, quilombolas, among others. Parallel to the achievements of this movement, especially in the context of State public policies for countryside people, the subject of Field Education has gradually been consolidated in national academic productions. However, despite the increasing volume of work and scientific publications in the area, a balance of academic production reveals the existence of a theoretical gap Youth and Adult Education (EJA) in the field. This recognition of the reality of Youth and Adult Field Education in our society is an area yet to be mapped, and considering the existence of a range of practices and dispersed EJA experiences present in the everyday of the countryside that require more specific studies, the research program entitled Practices in Youth and Adult Education, Literacy and Educational Alternations emerged, whose purpose was to carry out a coordinated study network that would enable the systematic collection and production of data and analysis on the EJA experiences present in the rural reality of Brazil, emphasizing the dimensions of educational practices, processes and pedagogical dynamics constructed within these experiences. In this article, originated from this research program, our purposes are to characterize and analyze under the Field Education movement, the EJA experience in the field, called Agrarian Residency Program in its history, principles and political and pedagogical practices, highlighting the alternated training dynamics gestated in its inside and the social representations built by educators on the alternation. Among other aspects, the study results show that the Agrarian Residence Program, as an experience of Youth and Adult Field Education has become a transformation-propellant space in training professionals of Agricultural Sciences, highlighting both the construction of emancipatory pedagogical practices, and the new political and social relations between universities and social movements. In this respect, besides the processes of dialogical and collective training, the Agrarian Residence Program has also provided the students and educators with a set of experiences and reflections on the reality of
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