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The Evaluation of Suicide Attempts: Zonguldak Case  [PDF]
Hanifi Sever, Muhammed Sever
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2016.62006
Abstract: Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one’s own death. Nonetheless not all suicide attempts result in death and studying the motives of these attempts poses great importance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation and differences between suicidal behaviors and suicidal ideation in Zonguldak city with regard to sociodemographic variables. Within this scope, “Suicide Ideation Scale”, “Suicidal Behavior Scale” and descriptive methods were used on a sample including 439 individuals. The results of the study have shown that the relation among gender, suicidal behavior and suicide ideation is quite significant; women choose more attention-grabbing methods in their suicide attempts. In addition, age was seen as an important determinant. As one of the most remarkable results of the study, it can be concluded that due to rise in the rates of suicidal behavior, recurrent suicide attempt risk increases 19 times.
Domestic violence towards women: Denizli case study  [cached]
Mustafa ?a?layandereli,Faruk Kocac?k
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Violence is a subject that has gained importance recently. There is closely connection between the actions accepted as a violence in a society and the structure of the society.Violence is a multidimensional event and it is classified in various forms. Violence can be dealth w th by means of different approaches.The subject watter of the study conduced in Denizli province is violence against women. Thus 593 of 19734 household in 10 neighborhoods were selected as sample of the study. According to the study done on the violence directed to women in the quarters of central district of Denizli city, there has been violence in almost the half of the people induded in the sample.
Risk Factors Associated with Domestic Violence and Homicidal Violence of Women: The Case of Yucatan, Mexico  [PDF]
Yolanda Oliva Pe?a, Andrés Santana Carvajal, Guadalupe Andueza Pech, Jolly Hoil Santos, Ricardo Ojeda Rodríguez, Gerardo García Gil, Elsa María Rodríguez Angulo, Manuel Ordó?ez Luna
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.71008
Abstract: The manuscript presents results of research conducted with the aim of analyzing the association of geographic areas and risk factors of violence to women occurred in the state of Yucatan during 1997-2014, by reviewing statistics and other sources. Variables domestic violence, sex crimes and homicides and femicides association and risk according to the degree of marginalization, town size and percentage of population analyzed Maya. The main findings of the research show the presence of violence in 49 of the 106 municipalities. Association found the urban condition in cases of domestic violence, sexual offenses, homicide, and femicide, while for domestic violence it was obtained that the condition of Maya speakers is a risk factor. The geospatial distribution shows areas of high violence mostly in the south and east of the state. Some municipalities’ rates for homicide and domestic violence, are higher compared to the national and state average rates recorded. It is concluded that information management has been the key to catalog the state as low gender violence and that the results presented here show the presence of large geographical areas of high risk for the lives of women, which requires your attention of intersectoral public policy.
Domestic Violence  [PDF]
Aslihan Okan Ibiloglu
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2012,
Abstract: Domestic violence is a problem that affects the lives of many women both in urban and rural areas. Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder are the most prevalent mental health problems related with domestic violence. Children of battered women are also affected from the domestic violence. Children who grow up in families with intimate partner violence may suffer from a range of behavioral and emotional disturbances that can be associated with the perpetration or experiencing of violence later in life. The mental health care sector can have a significant impact on publicizing and addressing violence against women and children and on reducing the mental health problems related to abuse. This review focuses on domestic violence victims, most of whom are women and children victimized by their spouses or parents, along with the causes and cycle of domestic violence.
Evaluation of dentist’s behavior regarding domestic violence against children and adolescents in the city of Cravinhos (S o Paulo – Brazil)
Eduardo Tagliari Fracon,Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva,Janete Cinira Bregagnolo
RSBO , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Violence has been globally increasing; the media has focused on all its different ways, from cases of domestic violence to serious armed conflicts. The expression “child abuse” involves any action or omission that harms either the children’s well-being, physical and psychological integrity, or their liberty and the right to full development. Objective: To verify if dentists working in the city of Cravinhos (S o Paulo, Brazil) have received proper instruction and training for identifying cases of child and adolescent abuse and if they knew how to act when facing this situation. Material and methods: This study sample comprised 19 dentists from Cravinhos, who worked either at private offices or public health system centers and answered an objective questionnaire after signing a written consent form. Results: Regarding to the suspect of a patient (child or adolescent) had suffered domestic or psychological abuse, 26.31% of the respondents answered they were able to recognize it. Concerning to what they would do if they confirmed a case of domestic violence, 42.10% of the respondents reported they would notify the Guardianship Council; and 73.7% reported they never received any type of instruction on this specific issue. Conclusion: This study’s participants were able to identify cases of child and adolescent abuse and knew how to proceed in this situation; however, there is still a need of more information or specific training on how to recognize cases of violence against children and adolescents.
Domestic Violence against Elderly People: A Case Study of India  [PDF]
Punita Govil, Swati Gupta
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2016.55011
The present demographic scenario of the country shows the rising trend of adult population. According to census report 2011, there are 60.3% people belonging to 15 to 59 years of age group and the percentage of people above 60+ age is 8.6%. Our country fails to provide due respect, care, affection, security and health related facilities, which elderly people utmost require. A number of cases of adult abuses are reported in news papers as these people are easy victims of violence and criminal activities. The society comes to know about only those problems, which are reported, the innumerable cases of disrespect and neglect are not given any consideration. The situation becomes all the more worst when perpetrators are very near relatives and in some cases blood relatives also. This growing insensitiveness is a threat to our society. Sincere efforts are needed to tackle this alarming problem. The present paper describes the available data [1]-[3] on the old people, their dependence ratio, the problems being faced by them and suggestive measures to provide social and emotional security to them.
Domestic Violence
Lapierre, Simon
Social Work and Society , 2009,
Abstract: Since the 1960s, there has been growing awareness regarding the issue of domestic violence as a form of violence against women, which has been largely influenced by the work of feminist activist and scholars in North America and Europe (Dobash and Dobash 1992). Other terms have been used to describe the same phenomenon, including domestic abuse, spousal abuse, wife battering, marital violence, intimate partner violence. Though there is no doubt that this problem has existed for much more than five decades, the tendency to label it as ‘private matters’ or ‘marital disagreements’ has obscured the reality of women living with abuse in their home. At a general level, domestic violence can be defined as the means used by a man in order to assert his control and domination over his intimate partner, whether they are married or not (Mullender 1996). It can involve incidents of physical and sexual violence, as well as verbal, psychological and financial abuse. Though some of its manifestations may be associated with particular cultural or religious groups – e.g. forced marriage and honour killing in South-Asian communities – domestic violence affects women from all classes and backgrounds.
Association of Socioeconomic Factors to Domestic Violence and Murder of Women: The Case of Yucatán, México  [PDF]
Yolanda Oliva Pe?a
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.714175
Abstract: Registration of deaths classified as femicide, is an issue that occupies a breach of law, and that in this matter inconsistencies and absences in the information generated persist and persist in popular culture a strong stigma that various social groups and affected (victims) lead to underreporting of gender violence. Documentary research that conducted to determine the association of geographic areas and social factors related to violence to women occurred in the state of Yucatan during 2004 to 2014. Of the major findings of this study are: there are significant differences in the presence of domestic violence with the economic sector with a value of the test statistic of 13,500 with two degrees of freedom, a significant difference with a P-value of 0.001 (P-value < 0.05) was obtained, and P-value 0.000 (P-value < 0.05) for the murders of women. Geospatial distribution shows that the municipalities highest number of cases reported are found in large cities, and related to the three sectors of economic activity. Geographical distribution is North, South and East of the state. We conclude that it is required to have a surveillance system for the prevention of gender violence, also provide therapy to both men and women who have lived or have used violence systematically and taught by trained and sensitive to provide such care staff, and thus prevent deaths from gender violence.
Domestic violence
Kiurski Jasmina
Temida , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/tem0302037k
Abstract: In this article author examines a definition of a family, the role of a family as a social and legal institution as well as state reaction in a situation of mal function of a family. Special attention is given to a definition of a family, its protective function and criminal law in modern legal systems. Author also analyzes recent reform of our legislation firstly new criminal offence (Article 118a of the Criminal Code of Republic of Serbia) - Domestic Violence - and its relation to other similar criminal offences. Finally, author gives an overview of up-to-now practice from District and Municipal Prosecutors Offices in Belgrade and suggestions for solving observed problems in implementation of this criminal offence.
Domestic violence is a crime  [PDF]
Simi? Ljiljana J.
Temida , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/tem0302051s
Abstract: Introduction of the article 118a in the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia is just the beginning of a thorny road in order to penalize domestic violence. Domestic violence existed at all times, in various forms, and it was always tolerated. Domestic violence should be stopped for several reasons, among which two are basic: domestic violence affects not only family but society as well, and because of the fact that large number of victims of domestic violence become abusers.
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