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Authentic Situations Motivate Medical Students for Dealing with Medical Insurance Issues—A Study of Learning Styles and E-Learning  [PDF]
Susanne Nielsen, Kaety Plos, Carina Furaker, Annika Jakobsson
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.31020
Abstract: In this study, e-learning based on authentic situations was used as a pedagogic method to stimulate medical students to reflect over their own learning styles and to prepare them for dealing with medical insurance issues in their future profession. The aim was to explore the learning styles used by the students in a Social medicine course when e-learning, based on authentic situations was used as a pedagogical approach. A learning style questionnaire by Kember, Biggs and Leung, and a course evaluation questionnaire designed by the authors were used. Seventy-seven students answered the questionnaires and the questionnaires were analysed by Mann-Whitney U-test, and Fisher’s test was used as a pair comparison. One hundred forty comments made by the students were analysed using content analysis. The results showed that: 69% of the students regarded e-learning as a very good/good pedagogical method to study medical insurance. Men had a significantly higher rate of surface learning than women. A majority of the students thought that it was positive to take part of peer students’ assignments but they highlighted the risk of plagiarism and cheating. The students made use of the flexibility in this type of learning which suited their lifestyle.
Motivating Students to Learn English by Responding to their Interests and Learning Styles  [cached]
Moreno Aguilar Magda
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2001,
Abstract: I observed that students from Barranquillita public school had a great lack of motivation, low interest in learning English and they did not like to interact in English class. They presumed that they could not learn a second language and it was not useful for them because they only wanted to finish school in order to go to work. In view of this, I considered it necessary to know my students′needs, likes, learning styles, preferences and dislikes better in order to design activities that would motivate their interest to learn English. Taking into account this issue, I decided to give my students the possibility to have contact and experience in the English language in order to increase their communicative competence.
How to Motivate People Working in Teams  [cached]
Xin Jiang
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n10p223
Abstract: This article focuses on the benefits of teamwork. The research objective is to explore how to motivate people working in teams. The study includes secondary research to gather data and add to existing knowledge. This article concludes with suggestions for improving team performance by improving motivation. These include objective-based team training, voluntarily formed teams, team-based leadership and communication system. As far as future research is concerned, motivation methods in cross-cultural situations might be a valuable area for further research.
Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers  [cached]
Erkaya, Odiléa Rocha
International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning , 2013,
Abstract: Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL), especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took part in the study. To collect data, unstructured interviews were used. Then, codes were written and themes on teachers’ motivation and demotivation, and ways to motivate teachers emerged. The results can be understood by looking at expectancy theory, more specifically on the focus of the theory: intrinsic (personal) and extrinsic (environmental) motives. The analysis of what the teachers believed to be their source of motivation and demotivation helped the researcher to propose ways to enhance their motivation.
A Brief Discussion on Motivation and Ways to Motivate Students in English Language Learning  [cached]
Yuan Kong
International Education Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v2n2p145
Abstract: With the requirement of economic development, English has become more and more important that people begin to learn English with fully enthusiasm even from younger age. Learning a foreign language is not a simple and easy job but sometimes it is boring and dull. Motivation is critical in English learning, thus, how to effectively motivate students in English learning is an important problem. This paper expounds this importance and ways to motivate students. First, the author shows the definition of motivation and then explains intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and their relations, following with some personal factors that influence motivation. At last, according to the rationale, the author suggests several effective ways to motivate students in English learning.
A Match or Mismatch Between Learning Styles of the Learners and Teaching Styles of the Teachers
Abbas Pourhosein Gilakjani
International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: It is important to study learning styles because recent studies have shown that a match between teaching and learning styles helps to motivate students′ process of learning. That is why teachers should identify their own teaching styles as well as their learning styles to obtain better results in the classroom. The aim is to have a balanced teaching style and to adapt activities to meet students′ style and to involve teachers in this type of research to assure the results found in this research study. Over 100 students complete a questionnaire to determine if their learning styles are auditory, visual, or kinesthetic. Discovering these learning styles will allow the students to determine their own personal strengths and weaknesses and learn from them. Teachers can incorporate learning styles into their classroom by identifying the learning styles of each of their students, matching teaching styles to learning styles for difficult tasks, strengthening weaker learning styles. The purpose of this study is to explain learning styles, teaching styles match or mismatch between learning and teaching styles, visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning styles among Iranian learners, and pedagogical implications for the EFL/ESL classroom. A review of the literature along with analysis of the data will determine how learning styles match the teaching styles.
How To Motivate Good Performance Among Government Employees
Salman, A. Khan
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The performance of any government is dependent upon its employees, especially the low and middle ranking ones, just like the performance of any other organization is dependent on its workers. Therefore, it is required that the government employees be motivated in order to achieve higher levels of performance. However, motivating government employees is not without constraints. Usually these barriers or constraints are different from the ones faced by profit making private organizations. Money is widely used by profit making organizations as a motivator whereas it is usually not available to motivate government employees. Similarly punishment including firing from the service is common in the private profit making concerns, whereas civil servants or the government employees are usually protected by the civil service rules. A look at the motivation theories, methods used by non profit organizations and methods adopted to motivate low paid monotonous work employees gives some clues as to how to motivate government employees.
General practitioners' knowledge and practice of complementary/alternative medicine and its relationship with life-styles: a population-based survey in Italy
Massimo Giannelli, Marina Cuttini, Monica Da Frè, Eva Buiatti
BMC Family Practice , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2296-8-30
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tuscany, a region of central Italy. One hundred percent female GPs (498) and a 60% random sample of male GPs (1310) practising in the region were contacted through a self-administered postal questionnaire followed by a postal reminder and telephone interview.Overall response rate was 82.1%. Most respondents (58%) recommended CAM but a far smaller fraction (13%) practised it; yet 36% of CAM practitioners had no certificated training. Being female, younger age, practising in larger communities, having had some training in CAM as well as following a vegetarian or macrobiotic diet and doing physical activity were independent predictors of CAM recommendation and practice. However, 42% of GPs did not recommend CAM to patients mostly because of the insufficient evidence of its effectiveness.CAM knowledge among GPs is not as widespread as the public demand seems to require, and the scarce evidence of CAM effectiveness hinders its professional use among a considerable number of GPs. Sound research on CAM effectiveness is needed to guide physicians' behaviour, to safeguard patients' safety, and to assist policy-makers in planning regulations for CAM usage.Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) includes a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic practices whose underlying theory or explanatory mechanisms do not conform to current medical thinking [1]. In its various forms, CAM is enjoying a growing popularity among the public [2,3]. Dissatisfaction with mainstream modern medicine particularly with regards to patient-physician relationship, concerns about the side effects of chemical drugs, and personal beliefs favouring a more holistic orientation to health care are often quoted as possible explanations [3-5]. Estimates of CAM use in Western countries range from about one-third to half of the general population [6,7]. In Italy the proportion has almost doubled during the last decade [8], although it still remains far below the estima
Students’ Learning Styles and Intrinsic Motivation in Learning Mathematics  [cached]
Vijaya Sengodan,Zanaton H. Iksan
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n16p17
Abstract: This study aims to determine the types of learning styles and intrinsic motivation of IKTBNS students and to the relationship between learning styles and intrinsic motivation of students; and difference in learning styles and intrinsic motivation based on gender. This study was carried out by survey research method. The sample consists of 78 students from two departments in National Advanced Youth Skill Training Institute of Sepang (IKTBNS). The Inventory of Learning instrument was used, which postulated four learning styles and three types of intrinsic motivations which are practised by the students in learning mathematics. Data gathered were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using the SPSS package. Result from the descriptive analysis found that the students showed high learning style of surface, while the highly practised intrinsic motivation is self-efficacy as compared to efforts and worry. Inferential analysis results found a significant relationship between hard work learning styles and effort intrinsic motivation. There is a significant difference between genders in organisation learning style as well as genders in effort intrinsic motivation. The implications of this study indicate that motivational factors play an important role in determining the selection of learning styles practised by the students.
Self-evaluated health of married people in Jamaica  [PDF]
Paul A. Bourne
Health (Health) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/health.2009.14055
Abstract: Background: In the Caribbean in particular Ja-maica, no study has been done to examine married respondents in order to understand reasons for their greater health status. The ob-jectives of the current study are: 1) examine the sociodemographic characteristics of married people in Jamaica; 2) evaluate self-rated health status of married people in Jamaica; 3) deter-mine factors that account for good health status of married people and 4) provide public health practitioners with empirical studies that can be used to formulate policies for men in particular non-married men in Jamaica. Materials and me- thods: Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 6,783 respondents. It was a nationally representative sample. Logistic re-gression analysis was used to ascertain the correlates of health status. Results: The mean age for women in marriage in Jamaica was 6 years lower than that of men. The correlates of good health status (including moderate health) of respondents in descending order were self- reported illness (OR = 0.12, 95%CI = 0.01- 0.17); age (OR = 0.94, 95%CI = 0.93-0.96); income (OR = 1.32, 95%CI = 1.05-1.66) and sex of respon-dents (Or = 1.14-2.32)—χ2(df = 4) = 383.2, P < 0.05. The four variables accounted for 44.4% of the explanatory power of the model; with self-reported illness accounting for 32.5% of the explanatory power. Conclusion: Marriage pro-vides greater access to more socioeconomic resources for its participants as well as increase men’s unwillingness to visit medical care prac-titioners.
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