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The Postmodern Curriculum in a Modern Classroom  [cached]
Marius Boboc
International Journal of Education , 2012, DOI: 10.5296/ije.v4i1.1167
Abstract: This article is intended to formulate several points of interest in the study of various forms postmodern curricula take in our contemporary classrooms. A critical look at the state of the latter poses the question of accommodating the needs of an increasingly diverse student population. The answer lies in curriculum negotiations (Hyun, 2006) representing sustainable adaptability. However, in an era of accountability that prescribes the structure and sequence of curriculum, our schools (perceived as a social system) lag behind. Therefore, the connection our students develop among truth, knowledge, value, and their own petits récits – personal texts that weave the web of their public lives in and outside of schools – represents the focus of future research into effective design, implementation, and evaluation of inclusive and student-centered curricula.
Nigerian Teachers` Attitude Towards Environmental Sustainability Issues in the Curriculum
Iroha Kalu,L.E. Uwatt,A.E. Asim
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the nature and extent of teachers` attitude towards environmental sustainability issues in the school curriculum and the influence of their gender, teaching experience, educational qualification and type of school where they teach (primary or secondary) on their attitude. A total of 321 teachers selected from 18 primary and secondary schools in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria participated in the study. Data for the study was collected with a 36-item, modified Likert-type attitude questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using one-sample t-test and 4-way ANOVA. The results indicate that the teachers have significantly positive attitudes towards environmental sustainability issues and the teaching of the environmental sustainability topics in the school curriculum the main effects of gender, teaching experience, educational qualification and school type and their interactions are not significant (p<0.05) for attitude towards environmental sustainability issues and with attitude towards the teaching of topics in environmental sustainability as the dependent variable, only 4 interactions are significant.
Psychiatric curriculum and its impact on the attitude of Indian undergraduate medical students and interns  [cached]
Lingeswaran Anand
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Context: Psychiatry is given very less importance in the Indian undergraduate medical curriculum and this affects the attitudes of students toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients. Aim: To study the attitude of undergraduate medical students and interns toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients. Materials and Methods: Undergraduate medical students and interns of a private medical college and research institute in South India consented to form our sample. We studied the General Health Questionnaire, overall level of satisfaction in ongoing Medical course using Visual Analog Scale, attitudes toward psychiatry scale and the attitudes toward mentally ill patient′s scale of the students, with their informed consent. SPSS version 18 was used for analysis of data. Results: Participation rate was 96%. Mean age of entire sample was 20.56 years. The total mean score on the General Health Questionnaire was 13.52 in first year but became worse toward internship (18.2). The level of satisfaction in the medical course dipped from 86% at baseline to 20% during internship. Equally high scores were noted in the attitude toward mentally ill scale. On the attitude toward psychiatry scale, there were more views on psychiatry as being an unscientific specialty, psychiatrists being considered poor role models, and psychiatric teaching was of low quality and psychiatry was the least preferred career choice. Conclusions: The undergraduate medical students have a very unfavorable attitude toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients.
An Attitude and Character Instructional Development Based on Curriculum 2013 in Elementary School  [PDF]
Badeni Muhamad, Sri Saparahayuningsih
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.72025
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to identify the weaknesses of the instructional model of attitude and character in the 2013 elementary school curriculum and to develop a conceptual model of attitude and character instruction being able to instill the attitudes and characters contained in the content of social studies subject of elementary schools in the curriculum of 2013. The results of this study showed that 1) scientific learning approach was only able to develop scientific attitudes of students, while sorts of other attitudes were very less embedded into the students’ self. 2) The application of the integrated scientific instructional model was able to instill the values of attitudes and characters contained in the content of social studies to the student.
Estudos de currículo: como lidamos com os conceitos de moderno e pós-moderno?/Curriculum studies: how can we deal with the concepts of modern and postmodern?
Alfredo Veiga-Neto,Elizabeth Macedo,Elenise Cristina Pires de Andrade,érica Speglich,André Pietsch Lima,Eugénia Vilela,Alik Wunder,Davina Marques,Camila Cilene Zanfelice,Cristina de Carvalho Bar?o,Gustavo Henrique Torrezan,Alda Regina Tognini Romaguera,Susana Oliveira Dias,Antonio Carlos Amorim,Alvina do Carmo da Silva Souza,Celisa Carrara Bonamigo,Cristiane Machado e Leonice de Brito
ETD : Educa??o Temática Digital , 2008,
Abstract: O texto faz um primeiro apanhado sistemático dos grupos que, ligados ao GT Currículo da ANPEd, vêm trabalhando no campo dos Estudos de Currículo em várias universidades brasileiras e como tais grupos est o significando e usando as express es moderno, modernidade, pós-moderno etc. Inicia-se com um quadro sinóptico das contribui es enviadas pelos grupos, passando a uma breve análise das rela es entre modernidade, pós-modernidade e pós-estruturalismo; discute-se o lugar que é conferido ao real, quando se assume uma perspectiva que reconhece a centralidade dos discursos; discutem-se brevemente as rela es entre teoria e empiria. The text does a first collection, more or less systematic, of groups which, connected with the GT Curriculum of ANPEd, have been working in the field of Curriculum Studies at our universities and what these groups mean by and how they use the expressions modern, modernity, postmodern, etc. It begins with a synoptic chart of the contributions sent by the groups, going on to a brief analysis of the relationships between modernity, postmodernity and poststructuralism; of the place of the real when a discursive perspective is taken; and the relationships between the theory and the empiric. Keywords Currículo --- Modernidade --- Pós-moderno --- Realidade --- Teoria --- Empiria --- Curriculum --- Modernity --- Postmodern --- Reality --- Theory --- Empiricism
Mengkuan Lai,Ya-Shin Huang
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2011,
Abstract: This study demonstrates how learning approaches (classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and cognitive learning) can be incorporated in the design of advergames to influence the attitudes, recall of brand, recall of product information, and purchase intention. The results show that cognitive learning results in the best recall of brand name and product information, followed by classical and then operant conditioning. The learning approaches adopted in the games have a significant effect on overall attitude, with the classical conditioning inducing the most positive attitude followed by operant conditioning and then cognitive learning. Finally, hedonic attitude is shown to be a more influential factor underlying purchase intention. Implications of the findings are addressed.
Ways to address the challenges of a modern medical curriculum: Living academic medicine at the University of Split, School of Medicine
Ivica Grkovi?,Damir Sapunar,Matko Maru?i?
Acta Medica Academica , 2012,
Abstract: Structure of a modern medical curriculum should follow recommendationsof professional bodies (like World Federation for Medical Education)in order to educate and train medical professionals equippedwith problem solving/critical thinking skills entering a world ofevidence-based medicine and demands of contemporary medicalpractices. Also, political and socio-economic realities in addition totraditional and cultural values should be taken into account in orderto avoid creating an unsustainable program. Requests for curricularchanges by the European Union Commission were used as a chanceto shape our program into an original blend of traditional pre-clinical and clinical subjects with several vertically integrated subjects focusing on mastering clinical skills, professional attitudes, information management and critical as well as evidence-based reasoning and decision making. Reasons for introducing curricular changes in addition to detailed structure of current medical course at the University of Split School of Medicine is presented in this paper.
Theory to Practice: Prospective Sport Science Curriculum of Institute of Physical Education
Sasithorn Nirantranon,Wanit Nirantranon
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The research objectives were to analyze and synthesize the opinions toward the principles, original concept, current states of curriculum and suggestions for prospective sport science curriculum of the institute of Physical Education. A combined qualitative and quantitative research process were divided into 3 periods and 8 steps by using triangulation of sources and method triangulation. The collecting data methods consisted of survey, in-depth interview, non-participant observation and curriculum document analysis. The samples were 48 instructors, 200 students, 85 employers and 5 experts in sport science program. The highlights of the research were: analysis on curriculum and implementations revealed that the aim of curriculum is to produce learners to be knowledgeable and capable in sport science, to be moral, ethical and enjoyable working. The structure of curriculum is on standard in higher education especially, general education and specific courses are the most suitable. Besides the credits, contents, instructors, education management and extra curriculum activities are very suitable. The roles of the instructors are very important but most of them are physical education majors. However, learners prefer practice to theory in teaching process. Five suggestions of prospective sport science curriculum are proposed as follows: the aim of curriculum should produce learners to be the leaders in sport science and have great skills for their research. Structure of curriculum should be 135-145 credits. Instructors should be the experts in sport science and show positive attitude to their research. Learners should be based on the philosophy in sport science, learn experiences with emphasis on learning by doing and keep goals toward their research. Qualification of learners should be responsible, skillful, cooperative, knowledgeable in sport science and good communicative as well. Employers require the graduates who cannot only teach but also suggest in exercise correctly. Moreover, they should have good personalities as well as relationships.
Constructing and Evaluating an Intergenerational Academic Service-Learning Curriculum in Gerontology  [PDF]
Hsing-Yuan Liu, Chia-Chen Chang, Shu-Yuan Chao
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.68078
Abstract: Intergenerational Service-Learning has been documented to enhance student learning. Research indicates that students in healthcare professions view working with the geriatric population as a low priority due to negative stereotypes of the elderly. The purpose of this study was to develop a teaching model for establishing partnerships between academic programs and community services for students of gerontology and to evaluate the effect of an Intergeneration Service-Learning curriculum. This research adopted a qualitative approach to study the learning experiences of nursing students during an interdisciplinary community-based healthcare course. Data were collected by participant observation, students’ written journal reflections, verbal presentation of their reflections, instructors’ observations, and focus group discussion. It introduced the rationale, development process, content, and evaluation of the teaching model designed by the researcher. The effects of this curriculum not only were reported as a bridge across generations connecting youth and elders but also fostering positive attitude, improving the ability to care and enhancing commitment to elder people. This article provided an overview of Intergenerational Service-Learning teaching model that involved students in learning outside the traditional classroom and provided a needed service in the community. Otherwise, an important element of this teaching model was to infuse “reflection” in learning process of the nursing students by faulty, which would be appropriate for improving the quality of education and the findings of this study provided direction for the course design for gerontology.
John Calvin and postmodern spirituality  [cached]
P.H. Fick
In die Skriflig , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v44i4.193
Abstract: Postmodernists reject universal truth claims and brand them as violent impositions on a person by powerful institutions. Postmodernist spirituality seeks for a more subjective, life- experience based attitude towards values and truths of the Bible and relationship in community. Careful consideration should be given to the issues of community, knowledge/truth, faith, and faith experience. This article will show that, in his “Institutes”, Calvin gives ample attention to faith, the liberating truth about God as revealed in Jesus Christ, and to the Chris- tian’s intimate relationship with Him. Being in Christ, commu- nion with Christ or the “unio mystica cum Christo” through faith as a central theme in Calvin’s theology, needs to be redis- covered and re-applied to reformed spirituality as apologetic means in a postmodern world. This treasure should satisfy the kind of spirituality postmodernists yearn for.
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