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The Determination of Situation and Breed Characteristics of Turkish Rahvan Horse in Turkey
Tamer Caglayan,Seref Inal,Mustafa Garip,Behic Coskun,Fatma Inal,Aytekin Gunlu,Ertugrul Gulec
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2010.674.680
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine body characteristics and speeds of Rahvan horses racing at Pace Horse Races in Turkey. A total of 1258 Rahvan horses racing at 20 pace races between 1999 and 2000 years in Turkey were inspected. The speeds of 125 winner horses and body measurements of 120 Rahvan horses were determined. The speeds of winner horses racing at different native categories were calculated as 21.66-34.20 km h-1 for Tozkoparan, 25.11-37.04 km h-1 for Deste, 28.97-39.07 km h-1 for Kucuk orta, 30.20-36.63 km h-1 for Buyuk orta, 27.05-43.06 km h-1 for Bas alti, 32.26-40.52 km h-1 for Bas, respectively. The averages of head length, neck length, height at withers, body length, height at rump, heart girth circumference, chest depth, chest width and cannon bone circumference as body measurements were found as 56.49, 69.80, 139.21, 141.60, 138.28, 155.30, 58.38, 34.24 and 17.69 cm, respectively. There is no significantly difference for inspected body measurements among age or sex groups, except for cannon bone circumference. The averages of cannon bone circumference of 3 years old horses and mares were found as lower than the others (p<0.05). And the ratio of height at rump to height at withers in mares was higher than stallions (p<0.05). The Pacing speed of Turkish Rahvan Horses was found as lower than the other breeds that can pace in the World. It was concluded that Turkish Rahvan Horses should be improved with respect to increase height at withers and to lengthen and to thin neck.
An examination of some physical fitness and somatotype characteristics of Turkish national police  [cached]
Ali ?zkan,Gürhan Kay?han,Yusuf K?klü,F?rat Ak?a
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine physical fitness and somatotype characteristics of Turkish National Police. A total of 351 male police from a Turkish General Directorate of Security participated in this study voluntarily ( :21.49±1.06 yrs). Subjects’ height, body weight, body mass index, body fat percentage and somatotype characteristics were determined. Body fat percentage was determined by Jackson & Pollock formula and somatotype properties were determined according to Heath-Carter system. The sit and reach test was used for the determination of flexibility, the visual reaction test was used for determination of reaction time, the counter movement (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ) tests were used for the determination of anaerobic performance,10-30 meter transition (speed) times were used for the determination of sprint performance and 1-mile run test was used for determination of determined of maximal oxygen consumption capacity (VO2max). Results indicated subjects have normal body mass index (22.11 ± 2.05), low body fat percentage (8.51 ± 2.87) and ectomorphy-mesomorphy properties (2.67-4.59-2.96). Results of flexibility, visual reaction values was 30.45±5.9 cm, 420.47±43.87. Anaerobic performance; the anaerobic power of CMJ, relative CMJ, SJ and relative SJ values of subjects were 948.49±121.27 watt, 13.40±.90 watt/kg, 899.99±117.83 watt and 12.71±.89watt/kg respectively while the 10m, 30m and VO2max values was 1.75±.07, 4.35±.18 second and 52.4±2.0 respectively. As a conclusion, the findings of the present study indicated that Turkish National Police have good physical fitness and somatotype characteristics.
Indications of an Unmodelled Component in Spectrographic Measurements of Local Stars  [PDF]
Charles Francis,Erik Anderson
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Context: While CDM models and MOND give explanations for flat rotation curves of other galaxies, both present observational problems and the local gradient of the Milky Way's rotation curve is not flat. Aims: We consider whether flat rotation curves could be an artifact of an unmodelled component in spectral shift. Methods: In the absence of astrometric determinations of radial velocity, we apply a statistical test on a population of 20 440 Hipparcos stars inside 300 pc with known radial velocities and with accurate parallaxes in the New Hipparcos Reduction. Results: The test rejects the null hypothesis, there is no systematic error in spectrographic determinations of heliocentric radial velocity, with 99.95% confidence. In a separate test on metal-poor stars, we find tension between calculations of the orbital velocity of the Sun from three populations of halo stars inside and outside of a cone of 60{\deg} semi-angle from the direction of rotation. Tension cannot be removed with only systematic distance adjustments. Conclusions: We conclude that the most probable explanation is an unmodelled element in spectrographic determinations of heliocentric radial velocity with a probable cosmological origin, and propose that this unmodelled component, rather than CDM or MOND, is responsible for the apparent flatness of galaxy rotation curves.
To Determine the Anthropometric Characteristics on Different Level Turkish Soccer Referees
Ali KIZILET,Tuba KIZILET,?brahim ERDEM?R,Mehmet ACET
Beden E?itimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of the study was to research the determination of anthropometric characteristics of super league (n=30), super leagueassistant (n=58) and classman (n=36) Turkish soccer referees. The tests, physical fitness measures (age, weight, height, body fatpercentage), and skinfold measurements, are performed to the soccer referees. Descriptive analysis and analysis of varianceOne-Way ANOVA were applied to the data at p<0.05 and p<0.01 significant level. Tukey HSD test for Post Hoc MultipleComparisons was applied to get the differences among the groups. As a result, there are significant differences between thegroups (super league, super league assistant and classman referees) at age, weight and body mass index measurements at p<0.01level. At the present research, we have found that super league referees (age 33,47±4,77 years, weight 79,25±5,61 kg, height178.83±3.80 cm, body fat % 14.80± 2.31), classman referees (age 30,14±3,61 years, weight 78,28±6,00 kg, height 178.86±4.49cm, body fat % 15.12±2.43), super league assistant referees (age 29,58±3,69 years, weight 74,80±6,27 kg, height 178.06±4.79cm, body fat %14.97±2.50). As a result of the research, super league referees are older than classman referees and super leagueassistant referees, super league referees and classman referees are heavier than super league assistant referees. Body mass indexof the Turkish referees is that super league referees (24,80±1,39kg/m2), classman referees (24,43±1,28kg/m2) and super leagueassistant referees (23,64±1,64kg/m2). All the differences in parameters at the research are assessed and training of the refereesand appropriate diet of the referees should be designed.
Phono-spectrographic analysis of heart murmur in children
Anna-Leena Noponen, Sakari Lukkarinen, Anna Angerla, Raimo Sepponen
BMC Pediatrics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-7-23
Abstract: The system consisting of an electronic stethoscope and a multimedia laptop computer was used for the recording, monitoring and analysis of auscultation findings. The recorded sounds were examined graphically and numerically using combined phono-spectrograms. The data consisted of heart sound recordings from 807 pediatric patients, including 88 normal cases without any murmur, 447 innocent murmurs and 272 pathological murmurs. The phono-spectrographic features of heart murmurs were examined visually and numerically. From this database, 50 innocent vibratory murmurs, 25 innocent ejection murmurs and 50 easily confusable, mildly pathological systolic murmurs were selected to test whether quantitative phono-spectrographic analysis could be used as an accurate screening tool for systolic heart murmurs in children.The phono-spectrograms of the most common innocent and pathological murmurs were presented as examples of the whole data set. Typically, innocent murmurs had lower frequencies (below 200 Hz) and a frequency spectrum with a more harmonic structure than pathological cases. Quantitative analysis revealed no significant differences in the duration of S1 and S2 or loudness of systolic murmurs between the pathological and physiological systolic murmurs. However, the pathological murmurs included both lower and higher frequencies than the physiological ones (p < 0.001 for both low and high frequency limits). If the systolic murmur contained intensive frequency components of over 200 Hz, or its length accounted for over 80 % of the whole systolic duration, it was considered pathological. Using these criteria, 90 % specificity and 91 % sensitivity in screening were achieved.Phono-spectrographic analysis improves the accuracy of primary heart murmur evaluation and educates inexperienced listener. Using simple quantitative criterias a level of pediatric cardiologist is easily achieved in screening heart murmurs in children.Although Dr. Laennec's invention, the stethoscope,
HISTORY IN TURKISH THEATRE / TüRK T YATROSUNDA TAR H
Dr. Abdullah SENGüL
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: History is a very important source for the theatresuch as the other literary types. The events like wars,occupancies, insurrections, fights for throne, palacemanoeuvres are the topics that Turkish theatreinterested in so much. Public and goverment relationsthat existed in every period are among our theatre topics.Theatre writers interested in the perfect successes orheroisms and sucesses of the people from goverment,politics, art and science. Besides, renovation, changing,modernization and different ideologies are among the topics that cultivate our theatre. Although mythology,epic, myth and folk stories are the other topics that theTurkish theatre is cultivated.
Prevalence and characteristics of supernumerary teeth in east-northern Turkish population
Celal ?and?rl?,Ezher Day?soylu,Gulsum Coskun,Fatih Taskesen
Cumhuriyet Dental Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.7126/cdj.2012.1463
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency and the distribution of supernumerary teeth (ST) in patients from east-northern Turkey. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs of 1876 patients [673 females (mean age: 13.05±2.79 years) and 1203 males (mean age: 13.63±3.18 years)] ranging in age from 7 to 34 years (mean age: 13.39±3.05 years). Demographic variables including age and sex, the type, number, eruption status of the ST were recorded. In addition, associated pathologies or complications (displacement, eruption failure, resorption of adjacent tooth, and cyst formation) caused by ST were also recorded. The Pearson chi-squared test was used to determine potential differences between genders. Results: ST were detected in 15 patients (0.75 %). The frequency of males and females with ST was 1.16 % and 0.49 %, respectively (P= 0.944). The most commonly observed ST was premolar (33.33%) followed by mesiodens (26.67%), distomolar (20.0%), lateral (13.33%), paramolar (6.67%), respectively. Most of the ST were found to be unilateral, impacted, and in the maxilla. Complications associated with ST were observed in 20.0% of the patients with ST. Conclusions: The frequency of ST in east-northern Turkish general population was found to be 0.75% with no gender difference (p>0.05). The most commonly observed ST was premolar followed by mesiodens.
Turkish Media Elites  [cached]
D. Ali Arslan
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The media is one of the most important institutions in society. It is a reality that media play very substantial role in the production and social distribution of knowledge. In addition to that, mass media provides the greatest communication opportunities to the people. Also, contemporary media provides very distinctive weapons to obtain power, wealth and prestige in the society. If media owners and elites are so powerful, the identification of media elites is of great importance. Hence, this study aims to analyse contemporary Turkish media: A full picture of Turkish media elites in terms of important social, political and demographic indicators will be given in this paper. The managers, editors, influential columnists and reporters of major Turkish media elites are defined as Turkish media elites. Firstly, the paper will focuse on the demographic peculiarities of Turkish media elites. Secondly, the educational background and family structure of Turkish media elites will be examined. Then, social origins and other social characteristics of Contemporary Turkish media elites will be investigated.
ATTITUDES OF TURKISH DISTANCE LEARNERS TOWARD INTERNET-BASED LEARNING: An Investigation Depending on Demographical Characteristics
Erkan TEKINARSLAN
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2008,
Abstract: ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study is to develop an attitude scale toward Internet-based learning (IBL) and to investigate whether attitude levels of Turkish distance learners in an IBL environment differ according to their demographical characteristics (i.e. age, gender, marital status, parental status, employment status, grade point average (GPA). Research data were gathered from 804 (491 male and 313 female) learners in an IBL environment at Sakarya University, Turkey. Explanatory factor analysis identified three factors with eigenvalues >1. The scale appears to be a reliable and valid instrument to assess the attitude levels of learners toward IBL. The analyses of demographical characteristic differences on the scale indicate that married learners, working learners and learners with children have significantly higher attitude levels toward IBL than those of unemployed and single learners and learners with no children. Male distance learners demonstrate significantly higher attitude levels than females do on the majority of the subscales. In general, learners over age of 26 have statistically higher attitude levels than those of younger learners. Attitude levels of learners with poor GPAs are significantly lower than those of learners with better GPAs. The findings are consistent with the related literature.
Comparison of the Physical and Biomotor Characteristics, and Reaction Time between Turkish Male and Female Ice Hockey Players  [PDF]
Recep Gursoy, Eser Aggon, Robert Stephens, Mehmet Akif Ziyagil
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2012.24029
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the physical and bio motor characteristics of male and female Turkish ice hockey players. Structural and functional differences depending on the gender were investigated. Altogether, 17 male and 20 female athletes from the city of Erzurum voluntarily participated in the study. The physical measurements of each player were recorded and then isometric strength, reaction time and flexibility were measured. Statistically, t-test analysis was independently used to compare the two groups. The results of the study showed the average weight and height of male athletes were higher than those of females, despite the fact that was lower. The average isometric leg, back and handgrip strength of male athletes were also significantly higher than those of females (p < 0.01). In the sit and reach test, females were better than those males (p < 0.01), while average body flexibility measurements of males are statistically higher than those of females (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups in vertical jump measurements. The average anaerobic capacity of males was significantly higher than those of females (p < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference in the average hand reaction time between two groups. Regular measurement of physical and functional characteristics of athletes is important not only in the talent identification of athletes but also in the understanding the gender related structural and functional differences as well as in the regulation of training programs.
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