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Microbiological Safety Assessment of Apple Fruits (Malus domestica Borkh) Sold in Owerri Imo State Nigeria
U.S. Oranusi,Braide Wesley
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This study aimed at assessing the microbial colonizers, of apple fruits sold in Owerri to determine its safety for consumption. Apple fruits are dependable source of vitamins, it is rich in fiber, electrolytes, minerals and antioxidants and it is usually eaten fresh and raw, making the vitamins fully available for the body. The popularity and increased consumption of apple fruits therefore calls for necessary safety checks. Two hundred fresh and apparently healthy apple fruits were obtained from street vendors and shopping malls in major streets, motor parks and higher institutions in Owerri. The fruits were washed-out separately in 10 mL sterile distilled water to obtain suspensions which were assayed for total aerobic plate count, coliform count, and fungal count and for specific pathogens. A count of 3.4×105-4.5×107 cfu/mL was obtained for TAPC, while total coliform and total fungal counts ranges from 2.4×104-2.2×106 and 5.0×102-3.6×105 cfu/mL respectively. Twelve bacterial and seven fungal spp were isolated. The apple fruits sold in major busy spots in Owerri are contaminated, the presence of Shigella spp, S. aureus, Salmonella and B. cereus which are known pathogens calls for concern. Education of fruit vendors on food hygiene, adequate packaging/covering of apple fruits on display for sale and washing of fruits before consumption is advanced.
Contributions of Private Hostel Providers to Housing Needs of Imo State University Students, at Ugwuorji-Owerri Nigeria  [cached]
Alaka I. N.,Pat-Mbano E. C.,Ewulum N. J.
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120802.2755
Abstract: This paper aims at evaluating the ability of private hostel developers towards addressing the accommodation needs of Imo State University Students within the Ugwuorji layout, the closest and largest neighbourhood to the University. A hostel enumeration survey was conducted within the neighbourhood to collect data on the number of hostels within the market, as at February 2010. A nonreplacement cluster sampling approach was adopted in sampling data from 117 hostel properties operating within the market. Data collected include room occupancy ratio, available hostel facilities, security system, maintenance and ranges of hostel rents charged in these hostels. The researchers find that the private hostel investors within the neighbourhood market currently contribute 25 percent of the accommodation provision for the Imo State University, IMSU students at a room occupancy ratio of two to a room, within the layout. None of the hostels met up to 50% of the facility criteria of standard hostels of this contemporary era, including security of students’ lives and properties. Except for very few providers that have in-house managers, the rest are poorly managed and maintained. Majority of the hostel rooms command rents of N80,000.00 to N100,000.00 per annum, despite the lack of the necessary facilities and services. The researchers conclude that although private hostel providers have contributed immensely to students accommodation needs, low satisfaction is derived by the benefi ciaries for lack of these facilities in relation to the non-commensurable rents these hostel rooms command. Key words: Development; Satisfaction; Accommodation Needs; Deficiency; Implications; Suggestion Résumé Ce document vise à évaluer la capacité des développeurs auberge privés vers la satisfaction des besoins d'hébergement des étudiants Imo State University dans la mise en page Ugwuorji, le quartier le plus proche le plus grand et à l'Université. Une enquête de recensement a été effectué auberge dans le quartier pour recueillir des données sur le nombre de foyers au sein du marché, comme à Février 2010. Une approche cluster non-remplacement d'échantillonnage a été adopté à l'échantillonnage des données à partir de 117 propriétés auberge opérant sur le marché. Les données recueillies comprennent le ratio occupation des chambres, installations de l'auberge disponibles, système de sécurité, la maintenance et des gammes de auberge loyers demandés dans les auberges de jeunesse ces. Les chercheurs constatent que les investisseurs privés au sein de l'auberge marché de quartier contribuent actuel
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Food Hygiene among Food Vendors in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Anthony C. Iwu, Kenechi A. Uwakwe, Chukwuma B. Duru, Kevin C. Diwe, Henry N. Chineke, Irene A. Merenu, Uche R. Oluoha, Ugochukwu C. Madubueze, Emmanuel Ndukwu, Ikechi Ohale
Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine (ODEM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/odem.2017.51002
Abstract: Background: Food vendors play a critical food safety role in the “farm to plate” continuum that is necessary for the prevention and control of food borne diseases and therefore, any lack of its understanding by the food vendors poses a serious challenge to food safety. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and hygienic practices of food vendors in Owerri town of Imo State, Nigeria. Methods: The study was a Cross-Sectional descriptive design that used a proportionate convenience sampling technique to select 200 food vendors from the three Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Owerri town. Data were collected using a pretested semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire. Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics. Chi square statistics were computed to determine significant relationships and p value was set at 0.05 significant level. Results: While a majority of the respondents had a good level of knowledge (81%) and positive attitude (71%) about food hygiene, only 37% of the respondents had a good level of hygienic practice. It was revealed that 32% and 46% of the respondents received training on food hygiene and environmental health worker inspection respectively. It was also revealed that, there were statistically significant relationships between knowledge (p = 0.001), attitude (p = 0.000), formal training on food hygiene (p = 0.000) and the level of food hygienic practices. Conclusion: The public health management of food vending services should involve the development of strategies that will equip them with the necessary knowledge and skills to provide vending services in a hygienic and safe manner.
Quality Assessment of Groundwater Sources of Potable Water in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Boniface Chidi Okoro, Regina Akudo Uzoukwu, Christopher Kparmekpo Ademe
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102445
Abstract: The research investigated the quality of ground waters in boreholes used as potable water (drinking water and other domestic purposes) in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. Three boreholes were randomly selected from numerous boreholes in Owerri. Water analyses were carried out for their physicochemical parameters, major ions, nutrients and bacteriological quality. The obtained average values from the analyses are: total iron (Fe) (mg/L) = 0.03, pH = 5.9, nitrate (mg/L) = 3.0, nitrate (mg/L) = nil. The observed average values were compared with standard values of the World Health Organization (WHO) for potable water. The results showed that the groundwater qualities from the selected borehole samples are generally low in dissolved constituents and therefore it recommends that borehole waters from areas around Owerri are generally acceptable as potable water for human consumption.
Sero-Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) in Pregnant Women in Owerri, Imo State of Nigeria
N. Onuzulike,E.O. Ogueri
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem and is endemic in Africa, including Nigeria. Vertical transmission of HBV infection is thought to be a major mode of transmission in these endemic areas. The study was therefore undertaken to determine sero-prevalence of Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) in pregnant women in Owerri, Imo State of Nigeria. The study aimed to obtain baseline information on disease burden in the locality, Vis a Vis instituting public health measures to reduce transmission. Serial recruitment of 300 pregnant women attending the ante- natal clinic at the Federal Medical Centre, Owerri in Imo State. HbsAg screening was done using rapid ELISA kit. The results showed that 31(10.3%) of the 300 subjects tested positive to HBsAg. Blood transmission, circumcision, sharing of toothbrush and sharing of razor were found not to be significant modes of transmission of HBV infection in Owerri. Based on the findings, the study concluded that there is high prevalence (10.3%) of HBV infection in pregnant women in Owerri, Imo State of Nigeria. Therefore, the need to institute public health measures to reduce disease burden and transmission, including routine screening of all pregnant mothers for HBV infection and early passive-active immunization of babies born to HBSAg-positive mothers are advocated.
Sero-Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) in Pregnant Women in Owerri, Imo State of Nigeria
N. Onuzulike,E.O. Ogueri
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem and is endemic in Africa, including Nigeria. Vertical transmission of HBV infection is thought to be a major mode of transmission in these endemic areas. The study was therefore undertaken to determine sero-prevalence of Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) in pregnant women in Owerri, Imo State of Nigeria. The study aimed to obtain baseline information on disease burden in the locality, Vis a Vis instituting public health measures to reduce transmission. Serial recruitment of 300 pregnant women attending the ante- natal clinic at the Federal Medical Centre, Owerri in Imo State. HbsAg screening was done using rapid ELISA kit. The results showed that 31(10.3%) of the 300 subjects tested positive to HBsAg. Blood transmission, circumcision, sharing of toothbrush and sharing of razor were found not to be significant modes of transmission of HBV infection in Owerri. Based on the findings, the study concluded that there is high prevalence (10.3%) of HBV infection in pregnant women in Owerri, Imo State of Nigeria. Therefore, the need to institute public health measures to reduce disease burden and transmission, including routine screening of all pregnant mothers for HBV infection and early passive-active immunization of babies born to HBSAg-positive mothers are advocated.
Fungal Organisms Associated with Yam (Dioscorea rotundata, Poir) Rot at Owerri, Imo State of Nigeria
I.O. Ezeibekwe,A.E. Ibe
Journal of Molecular Genetics , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/jmolgene.2010.1.5
Abstract: Pathological investigations were carried out at Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria to find out the fungal organisms associated with yam rot. The following organisms were isolated and identified as Fusarium oxysporium Schlech ex. Fr., Rhizopus oryzae Went, Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. and Fusarium solani Mart Sacc. Pathogenicity test carried out confirmed these organisms as the pathological agents of the yam rot.
Succession Planning In Academic Libraries In Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria: An Evaluative Study
CPC Onwubiko, BC Onu, OV Ossai-Onah
Information Manager (The) , 2010,
Abstract: The study X-rayed succession planning in academic libraries in Owerri, Imo State Nigeria. It seeks to explore the existence of succession plans, the type of succession plan applied in academic libraries, strategies used in implementing succession plan, the impacts and constraints to succession plan and implementation. The study adopted the survey method in the collection of research data. The findings show that succession plan exist and written/unwritten succession plan is mostly applied, with job assignment and job rotation between departments as strategies used in implementation. The perceived impact of succession planning includes ensuring continuity of leaders for key positions as well as increased opportunities for high potentials. The study recommended among other things that library organization should establish a well structure plan n a formal and written form.
Incidence Cases of HIV/AIDS Infection in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria
B.C. Ijioma,I.G. Kalu,C.U. Nwachukwu,I.G. Nwachukwu
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjbsci.2010.304.309
Abstract: A study was conducted to determine the incidence cases of HIV/AIDS infection in Owerri West L.G.A. of Imo State, Nigeria, between Apirl 2007 and September, 2009. Data was collected from the HIV/AIDS co-ordination and control unit, Owerri General Hospital Umuguma, Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. It was observed that a total number of 17964 patients made up of 1110 (16.3%) females and 6954 (38.7%) males were diagonized on HIV/AIDS infection statistical analysis shows that only 1462 (8.1%) patients were infected with HIV/AIDS. From this number, 1218 (83.3%) patients aged 25 years and above were most infected with HIV/AIDS while 244 (16.7%) patients aged below 24 years were also infected. The incidence rate of HIV/AIDS infection was moderate at 8.1 while annual increase in HIV/AIDS infection was not statistically significant at p<0.05.
Influence of Municipal Wastes on the Mineral Contents of Food Crops Found at Selected Dump Sites in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
N.E. Obasi,C.N. Ubbaonu,C.I. Iwuoha,A. Uzomah
Journal of Food Technology , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/jftech.2012.50.58
Abstract: The influence of municipal wastes from selected dump sites in Imo State Nigeria, on the mineral and proximate contents of some crops found at the dumps was studied. The dump sites were located at Egbu-Timber road (5°31'57"N, 7°3'55"E) and World Bank layout (5°28'25"N, 7°1'10"E) in Owerri (both in Imo State, Nigeria). The Egbu Timber road dump is a tertiary dump site while the World Bank layout dump is a primary dump site. At the Egbu sample sites, the dump soil chromium content was 91.33% higher than that of the soil of the nearby normal farm. The farm crops also picked significant quantities of chromium. The nickel contents of crops should be watched as a substantial quantity was observed among the samples in relation to the soil nickel contents. There was also no substantial uptake of lead by the plants at this dump site. At the Owerri World Bank Housing Estate sample sites, some of the plants picked up some quantity of lead. There was a significant (p<0.05) pickup of vanadium by the dump pawpaw. The potassium contents of the crops at all the sample sites had the mineral values of the normal farm crops being much higher than those at the dump.
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