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Two Voices in Portraying Higgins in Pygmalion  [cached]
Hongwei Chen
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.1.4.337-341
Abstract: Seen as a play in the stage of transition, Pygmalion marks Shaw’s returning from his “discussion plays” to his earlier writings of the popular romance in his anti-romantic Shavian treatment. Portraying Higgins both as a man of great tradition who is distinguished for his intellectual superiority and a big child who can never free himself from maternal ties, Bernard Shaw makes the play a romance in a sense that differs from the normal expectation of the genre as its subtitle suggests.
The Intuitive Logarithm  [PDF]
Henryk Trappmann
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: We introduce the intuitive method to select an analytic Abel function of an analytic function f at a non-fixpoint. Due to the complexity of this method by involving matrix inversion of increasing size there is little known about its convergence. We show its convergence in the simplest but still complicated case f(x)=bx. We show that the obtained Abel function is, as expected, the logarithm to base b, independent on its development point. As a by-product we obtain a new polynomial approximation sequence for the logarithm to base b.
Funny Problems in Intuitive Topology  [PDF]
Ruhollah Tavakoli
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: The goal of this article is to introduce some beautiful known riddles in intuitive topology; hoping to make at least some fun for the reader.
Universal Outlier Hypothesis Testing  [PDF]
Yun Li,Sirin Nitinawarat,Venugopal V. Veeravalli
Statistics , 2013,
Abstract: Outlier hypothesis testing is studied in a universal setting. Multiple sequences of observations are collected, a small subset of which are outliers. A sequence is considered an outlier if the observations in that sequence are distributed according to an ``outlier'' distribution, distinct from the ``typical'' distribution governing the observations in all the other sequences. Nothing is known about the outlier and typical distributions except that they are distinct and have full supports. The goal is to design a universal test to best discern the outlier sequence(s). It is shown that the generalized likelihood test is universally exponentially consistent under various settings. The achievable error exponent is also characterized. In the other settings, it is also shown that there cannot exist any universally exponentially consistent test.
Intuitive decisions on the fringes of consciousness  [PDF]
Mark C. Price,Elisabeth Norman
Judgment and Decision Making , 2008,
Abstract: Decision making research often dichotomises between more deliberative, cognitive processes and more heuristic, intuitive and emotional processes. We argue that within this two-systems framework (e.g., Kahneman, 2002) there is ambiguity over how to map the System 1/System 2 axis, and the notion of intuitive processing, onto the distinction between conscious and non-conscious processes. However the convergent concepts of experience-based metacognitive judgements (Koriat, 2007) and of fringe consciousness (Mangan, 1993) can clarify intuitive processing as an informative extit{conscious feeling} without conscious access to the antecedents of the feeling. We stress that these intuitive feelings can be used to guide behaviour in a controlled and contextually sensitive manner that would not be permitted by purely non-conscious influences on behaviour. An outline is provided for how to empirically recognise these intuitive feelings. This is illustrated with an example from research on implicit learning where intuitive feelings may play an important role in peoples' decisions and judgements. Finally we suggest that our approach to understanding intuitive feelings softens rather than reinforces the two-systems dichotomy.
Reentrant Processing in Intuitive Perception  [PDF]
Phan Luu,Alexandra Geyer,Cali Fidopiastis,Gwendolyn Campbell,Tracey Wheeler,Joseph Cohn,Don M. Tucker
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009523
Abstract: The process of perception requires not only the brain's receipt of sensory data but also the meaningful organization of that data in relation to the perceptual experience held in memory. Although it typically results in a conscious percept, the process of perception is not fully conscious. Research on the neural substrates of human visual perception has suggested that regions of limbic cortex, including the medial orbital frontal cortex (mOFC), may contribute to intuitive judgments about perceptual events, such as guessing whether an object might be present in a briefly presented fragmented drawing. Examining dense array measures of cortical electrical activity during a modified Waterloo Gestalt Closure Task, results show, as expected, that activity in medial orbital frontal electrical responses (about 250 ms) was associated with intuitive judgments. Activity in the right temporal-parietal-occipital (TPO) region was found to predict mOFC (~150 ms) activity and, in turn, was subsequently influenced by the mOFC at a later time (~300 ms). The initial perception of gist or meaning of a visual stimulus in limbic networks may thus yield reentrant input to the visual areas to influence continued development of the percept. Before perception is completed, the initial representation of gist may support intuitive judgments about the ongoing perceptual process.
Intuitive numbers guide decisions  [PDF]
Ellen Peters,Paul Slovic,Daniel Vastfjall,C. K. Mertz
Judgment and Decision Making , 2008,
Abstract: Measuring reaction times to number comparisons is thought to reveal a processing stage in elementary numerical cognition linked to internal, imprecise representations of number magnitudes. These intuitive representations of the mental number line have been demonstrated across species and human development but have been little explored in decision making. This paper develops and tests hypotheses about the influence of such evolutionarily ancient, intuitive numbers on human decisions. We demonstrate that individuals with more precise mental-number-line representations are higher in numeracy (number skills) consistent with previous research with children. Individuals with more precise representations (compared to those with less precise representations) also were more likely to choose larger, later amounts over smaller, immediate amounts, particularly with a larger proportional difference between the two monetary outcomes. In addition, they were more likely to choose an option with a larger proportional but smaller absolute difference compared to those with less precise representations. These results are consistent with intuitive number representations underlying: a) perceived differences between numbers, b) the extent to which proportional differences are weighed in decisions, and, ultimately, c) the valuation of decision options. Human decision processes involving numbers important to health and financial matters may be rooted in elementary, biological processes shared with other species.
Outlier Detection: Applications And Techniques
Karanjit Singh,Shuchita Upadhyaya
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2012,
Abstract: Outliers once upon a time regarded as noisy data in statistics, has turned out to be an important problem which is being researched in diverse fields of research and application domains. Many outlier detection techniques have been developed specific to certain application domains, while some techniques are more generic. Some application domains are being researched in strict confidentiality such as research on crime and terrorist activities. The techniques and results of such techniques are not readily forthcoming. A number of surveys, research and review articles and books cover outlier detection techniques in machine learning and statistical domains individually in great details. In this paper we make an attempt to bring together various outlier detection techniques, in a structured and generic description. With this exercise, we hope to attain a better understanding of the different directions of research on outlier analysis for ourselves as well as for beginners in this research field who could then pick up the links to different areas of applications in details.
"Critique of intuitive reason"  [PDF]
Dobrijevi? Aleksandar
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/fid0526179d
Abstract: The author displays and reexamines Hare’s "two-level theory" of normative moral thinking ("intuitive" level and "critical" level), including goals that are intended by its establishing. Given Hare’s holism, the met ethical level, considered as fundamental or the "third" level, has notable effect on process of normative reasoning, especially if it is taken as one of the determinant of the critical moral thin king. Central part of the analysis is examination of utilitarian character of the theory.
The Essence of Intuitive Set Theory  [PDF]
Kannan Nambiar
Mathematics , 2001,
Abstract: Intuitive Set Theory (IST) is defined as the theory we get, when we add Axiom of Monotonicity and Axiom of Fusion to Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. In IST, Continuum Hypothesis is a theorem, Axiom of Choice is a theorem, Skolem paradox does not appear, nonLebesgue measurable sets are not possible, and the unit interval splits into a set of infinitesimals.
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