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Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis of orbit  [cached]
Azam Muhammad,Husen Yousuf,Hasan Sheema
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology , 2010,
Abstract:
Fibrose angiocêntrica eosinofílica da cavidade nasal: relato de caso e revis?o de literatura
Maia, Roberto Alcantara;Castro, Gilson Araujo;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992004000400022
Abstract: eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (eaf) is a rare disease which affects the sinonasal tract. a few cases have been reported in the literature affecting the nose and maxillary sinus with even fewer cases in the subglottic area. the disease causes fibrotic proliferation of the nasal mucosa and nasal obstructive symptoms. we present the case of a male patient, 62 years old, with history of nasal obstruction for several years. the clinical examination showed septal enlargement and bilateral nasal obstruction. the patient was submitted to a septoplasty and the septal material was sent for histological examination, which showed the diagnosis of eaf. the aim of this report is to show a rare benign lesion (eaf) associated with nasal obstruction, its differential diagnosis with nasal granulomatosis and its histopathological and clinical features.
Leiomyoma of the nasal septum  [cached]
Singh R,Hazarika P,Balakrishnan R,Gangwar N
Indian Journal of Cancer , 2008,
Abstract: Leiomyoma of nasal cavity is an extremely rare and unusual benign mass that uncommonly arises from the nasal septum. These are vascular or nonvascular masses of myogenic origin. We present a rare case of leiomyoma arising from the nasal septum and discuss its management using KTP 532 laser.
Surgery of the nasal septum and turbinates
Matthias, Christoph
GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery , 2007,
Abstract: The following article presents nasal septum and turbinate surgery. First an overview with special consideration of the anatomical and physiological background is given followed by indications for surgical procedures. Key steps of the gold standard procedure first described by Cottle and common variations are presented. Furthermore, some techniques dealing with special problems of the septumplasty are discussed followed by an overview on complications and long term results. However, it should be mentioned that studies on surgical procedures of the nasal septum are still not sufficient as higher evidence levels are very rare. Within a separated chapter techniques for closure of septum perforations are presented and indications particularly in the background of the standard procedure of bridge flaps forwarded by Schultz-Coulon are discussed. The second part focusses on turbinate surgery. Accordingly, anatomical and physiological basics are presented followed by indications for surgical procedures and the surgical steps of different procedures as well as postsurgical treatment and long term results.
Absceso del septum nasal
Barril,María F; Ferolla,Fausto M; José,Pablo; Echave,Cecilia; Tomezzoli,Silvana; Fiorini,Sandra; López,Eduardo Luis;
Archivos argentinos de pediatr?-a , 2008,
Abstract: a nasal septal abscess (na) is defined as a collection of pus between the cartilage or bony septum and its normally applied mucoperichondrium or mucoperiostium. it is an uncommon disease wich should be suspected in a patient with acute onset of nasal obstruction and recent history of nasal trauma, periodontal infection or an inflammatory process of the rhinosinusal region. we report a case of an 8-year-old boy with bilateral na caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus(mr-co) in order to emphasize the importance of prompt diagnosis and adequate treatment to prevent the potentially dangerous spread of infection and the development of severe functional and cosmetic sequelae.
Nasal septum extramedullary plasmacytoma  [PDF]
Beli? Branislav,Mitrovi? Slobodanka,Arsenijevi? Sne?ana,Erdevi?ki Ljiljana
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/vsp1302221b
Abstract: Introduction. Plasmacytomas are malignant tumors characterized by abnormal monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells. They originate in either bone - solitary osseous plasmacytoma, or in soft tissue - extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP). EMP represents less than 1% of all head and neck malignancies. Case report. We presented a case of EMP of the nasal septum in a 44-year-old male who had progressive difficulty in breathing through the nose and frequent heavy epistaxis on the right side. Nasal endoscopy showed dark red, soft, polypoid tumor in the last third of the right nasal cavity arising from the nasal septum. The biopsy showed that it was plasmacytoma. Bence Jones protein in the urine, serum electrophoresis, bone marrow biopsy, skeletal survey and other screening tests failed to detect multiple myeloma. This confirmed the diagnosis of EMP. The mass was completely removed via an endoscopic approach, and then, 4 week later, radiotherapy was conducted with a radiation dose of 50 Gray. No recurrence was noted in a 3-year follow- up period. Conclusion. EMP of the nasal cavity, being rare and having long natural history, represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for any ear, nose and throat surgeon. Depending on the resectability of the lesion, a combined therapy is the accepted treatment.
Age anatomy of human nasal septum  [PDF]
Yemelianenko N.R.
Морфолог?я , 2009,
Abstract: A bibliographical analysis of recent scientific publication deals with a topical problem of modern otorhinolaryngolology – age anatomy of human nasal septum. In its anatomic structure the nasal cavity is one of the most difficult structures of human organism. An important structure, which control the aerodynamics of the air-stream, provides the heating, wetting and clean-ing of air, regulates in a definite way the hormonal balance of the whole organism, is the nasal septum. Plenty of scientific publications on this issue testify to the personal interest of the whole world scientists in these question. At the same time a general idea absents in relation to an anatomic structure, becoming, development, functioning, sexual-age-old changes of nasal septum, etiology and pathogenic of its most widespread diseases and choice of optimal methods of their correction. During the human development the nasal septum undergoes substantial changes. So in new-born the medial wall of nose is formed by a cartilaginous plate and bony vomer, which shows by itself two bony plates which engulf the lower edge of cartilaginous plate of nasal partition. On this stage of ontogenesis the processes of ossification of structures of nasal partition last yet. To it testifies circumstance that clear anatomic borders between the perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone and cartilage of nasal partition in new-born are impossible to set. Consequently, the analysis of scientific literature certifies that present information, in relation to the age anatomic features of nasal partition and character of its blood supply is fragmental and incomplete. It specifies on the necessity of lead through of their more complete research and systematization of findings.
Perforation of the Nasal Septum and Nasal Ulcers  [PDF]
Maria Pilar Martín-Fortea, Isabel Sanjoaquín-Conde, Santiago Letona-Carbajo, Maria José Crusells-Canales, Julián Cuesta-Mu?oz, Juan Antonio Amiguet-García
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2011.12005
Abstract: A case about a HIV woman with nasal ulcers is described in this paper. In every inmunodepressed patient who has mu-cosal or cutaneous ulcers, infection by leishmanial parasites needs to be ruled out, especially when ulcers have not re-gression with usual treatments. The Leishmanial nasal disease usually shows swelling and mucosal ulcers, that may progress to necrosis. Delaying in appropriate therapy might cause irreversible damage.
Perforation of nasal septum: etiology and diagnosis  [cached]
Fornazieri, Marco Aurélio,Moreira, Jemima Herrero,Pilan, Renata,Voegels, Richard Louis
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2010,
Abstract: Introduction: The nasal septum perforation is an occasional finding of rhinoscopy and most patients are asymptomatic. However, there are several possible etiologies of this condition, making necessary a thorough investigation. Objective: To review the literature the main causes of septal perforation and describe the diagnostic tests currently used. Method: A systematic literature review of journals indexed identifiable until December 2008. Final Comments: The main causes are the traumatic / iatrogenic nasal drug use, exposure to toxic gases, inflammatory and infectious diseases and neoplasms. The diagnosis is based on detailed medical history, focusing on occupation and origin of the patient, observation of the characteristics of mucosal injury on biopsy and collection of additional tests such as ANCA, guided by the main suspect.
Nasal Septum Perforation due to Methamphetamine abuse
Mehdi Bakhshaee,Ehsan Khadivi,Masoud Naseri Sadr,Fereshteh Esmatinia
Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Spontaneous Perforation of the nasal septum is an uncommon condition. Nasal inhalation of substances such as cocaine has long been linked to this Perforation. Case Report: This report describes the case of a 46-year-old woman who was addicted to methamphetamine and who presented with perforation of the nasal septum.This is the first reported case of nasal septal necrosis linked to nasal inhalation of methamphetamine. Conclusions: Patient history and assurance regardingillegal drug consumption and abuse is a key point for fast and accurate diagnosis. The pathophysiology of drug-induced sinunasal disease and a review of the literature are also presented.
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