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Preliminary needs assessment of mobile technology use for healthcare among homeless veterans  [PDF]
D Keith McInnes,Gemmae M Fix,Jeffrey L Solomon,Beth Ann Petrakis,Leon Sawh,David A Smelson
PeerJ , 2015, DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.749v1
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Homeless veterans have complex healthcare needs, but experience many barriers to treatment engagement. While information technologies (IT), especially mobile phones, are used to engage patients in care, little is known about homeless veterans’ IT use. This study examines homeless veterans’ access to and use of IT, attitudes toward health-related IT use, and barriers to IT in the context of homelessness.
Qualitative Student Responses to Service Learning with Veterans who are Homeless
Lindsay A. Phillips
Partnerships : A Journal of Service-Learning and Civic Engagement , 2012, DOI: 10.7253/partj.v0i0.441
Abstract: This article presents a description of a service learning activity in which students assisted veterans who are homeless. The article outlines how the event was organized, provides resources for implementation, discusses student response using evaluations from 15 students, and discusses considerations made in organizing such an event. KEYWORDS Service Learning, Qualitative Evaluation, Homeless Veterans
Residential treatment for homeless female veterans with psychiatric and substance use disorders: Effect on 1-year clinical outcomes  [PDF]
Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, PhD,Robert A. Rosenheck, MD,Rani Desai, PhD, MPH
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development , 2011,
Abstract: Limited evidence shows that time-limited residential treatment (RT) is beneficial for homeless people with serious mental illness. The Department of Veterans Affairs has established 11 specialty programs for homeless female veterans. We present data comparing 1-year clinical outcomes in a group of veterans who did and did not receive at least 30 days of RT. Clients of the Homeless Women Veterans Programs were invited to participate in a follow-up study. They were interviewed every 3 months for 1 year. Those who received at least 30 days of RT in the 3 months after program entry (RT group) were compared with other program participants (no or <30 days RT [NRT] group) on measures of community functioning, psychiatric symptoms, and drug and alcohol use during the follow-up. The RT group had better outcomes on employment, social support, housing status, and psychiatric symptoms. They also had significantly increased use of drugs and alcohol compared with the NRT group. Data suggest that RT may have a beneficial effect on mental health outcomes in homeless women. This study, in conjunction with others, suggests that provision of stable housing may be an important element of recovery for homeless women with psychiatric problems, excluding substance use.
Foraging across the life span: is there a reduction in exploration with aging?  [PDF]
Rui Mata,Andreas Wilke,Uwe Czienskowski
Frontiers in Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00053
Abstract: Does foraging change across the life span, and in particular, with aging? We report data from two foraging tasks used to investigate age differences in search in external environments as well as internal search in memory. Overall, the evidence suggests that foraging behavior may undergo significant changes across the life span across internal and external search. In particular, we find evidence of a trend toward reduced exploration with increased age. We discuss these findings in light of theories that postulate a link between aging and reductions in novelty seeking and exploratory behavior.
Perspective on Sleep and Aging  [PDF]
Andrew A. Monjan
Frontiers in Neurology , 2010, DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2010.00124
Abstract: There is a strong body of data directly interrelating sleep problems with mood disorders. There is a growing data base directly associating sleep disorders with attention and memory problems. Motor disorders, especially involving the dopaminergic system, may produce sleep problems, including a possible association between disordered sleep and nocturnal falls. Sleep disorders may be causal conditions for metabolic diseases and increased risk for morbidity and mortality. Sleep and health are directly interrelated. To further probe these issues, especially as related to the aging process, investigators need to utilize tools and concepts from genomics and epigenetics, proteomics, metabolomics, any future …omics, molecular neuroimaging, and cognitive neuroscience.
The experience of aging: a phenomenological perspective
Silva, Maria da Gra?a da;Boemer, Magali Roseira;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692009000300016
Abstract: this qualitative study with a phenomenological approach looked at elderly people (60 years of age or more) who attend two elderly community centers located in a state capital in central-western brazil. the goal was to understand the experience of aging through the experience of people who are aging and its meaning for nursing practice. phenomenological interview resources were used, with the following guiding question: "what is it like to reach this age? to live so many years?" the results showed that these people's main concerns are: to show that they do not lose their identity because they age and that, sometimes, in spite of their chronological age, they do not feel aged; they expect acknowledgement as citizens; they reinforce that being healthy is essential and grants them autonomy in their lives; they emphasize the importance of family support, life and care; they value financial independence and avoid talking about the finite nature of human beings.
A new perspective on population aging  [cached]
Warren C. Sanderson,Sergei Scherbov
Demographic Research , 2007,
Abstract: In Sanderson and Scherbov (2005) we introduced a new forward-looking definition of age and argued that its use, along with the traditional backward-looking concept of age, provides a more informative basis upon which to discuss population aging. Age is a measure of how many years a person has already lived. In contrast, our new approach to measuring age is concerned about the future. In this paper, we first explore our new age measure in detail and show, using an analytic formulation, historical data, and forecasts, that it is, in most cases, insensitive to whether it is measured using period or cohort life tables. We, then, show, using new forward-looking definitions of median age and the old age dependency ratio, how combining the traditional age concept and our new one enhances our understanding of population aging.
Successful aging: un enfoque holístico Successful aging: A holistic perspective
Rocío Carrascosa-Gil,Mónica Vázquez-Calatayud,Ana Dolores Canga-Armayor
Gerokomos , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: el envejecimiento creciente de la sociedad ha promovido que exista un mayor interés por comprender el término successful aging. Objetivo: explorar el término successful aging desde una perspectiva holística. Método: se llevó a cabo una revisión de la evidencia disponible en las principales bases de datos, utilizando los términos, "envejecimiento", "envejecimiento exitoso" y "enfermería", durante el período 2000-2010. Resultados: en base al análisis de los 14 artículos seleccionados, se han descrito las principales categorías y subcategorías del término successful aging. Conclusiones: se ofrece una posible definición del término successful aging desde una perspectiva holística, teniendo en cuenta la multidimensionalidad, el dinamismo y la operatividad del concepto. Desde esta revisión se plantea la realización de futuros estudios. Introduction: the increasing aging of society has promoted the existence of a greater interest in understanding the term Successful aging. Aim: to explore the term Successful aging from a holistic perspective. Method: a review was conducted in the main databases for the period 2000-2010. The search terms "aging", "successful aging" y "Nursing" were combined. Results: based on the analysis of the fourteen selected articles the major categories and subcategories of the term Successful aging were described. Conclusion: it offers a possible definition of Successful aging from a holistic perspective, taking into account the multidimensionality, the dynamism and viability of the concept. From this review future studies are proposed.
Elderly homeless: a challenge for nursing interventions
Augusta Bispo dos Santos, Fernanda Santos Rodrigues Araújo, Rose Mary Costa Rosa Andrade Silva, Fátima Helena do Espírito Santo, Eliane Ramos Pereira, Marcos Andrade Silva
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2009,
Abstract: Objectives: to describe the elderly homeless process and the implications in this group and discuss the possibilitiesof nursing care from intervention in the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) to the homeless in sheltersinstitutions. Methods: it’s a qualitative approach from a literature review in the databases of the Program ofBibliographic Switching (COMUT), Brazilian Institute for Information in Science and Technology (IBICT), DigitalLibrary of Nursing (BDENF) and Scientific Literature of the Caribbean and Latin America (LILACS), in addition toconsulting the manual journals and books. The search was through the words: elderly, homeless, aging, socialexclusion and population in situation of street. Results: the elderly homeless process as a social exclusion due toalcoholism, poverty and family conflicts, is a challenge for nursing, at the need for effective action on healthespecially in institutions that host temporarily the homeless. Accordingly, twelve interventions were proposedseconds Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) to such clients supported in that institution. Conclusion: thegerontological nursing must know the psychosocial problems of elderly homeless, creating strategic and jointactions with other professionals in search of effective solutions that address the prevention the elderly homelessprocess.
Liver Regeneration and Aging: A Current Perspective  [PDF]
Douglas L. Schmucker,Henry Sanchez
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/526379
Abstract: Many organ systems exhibit significant age-related deficits, but, based on studies in old rodents and elderly humans, the liver appears to be relatively protected from such changes. A remarkable feature of the liver is its capacity to regenerate its mass following partial hepatectomy. Reports suggests that aging compromises the liver's regenerative capacity, both in the rate and to the extent the organ's original volume is restored. There has been modest definitive information as to which cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating hepatic regeneration are affected by aging. Changes in hepatic sensitivity to growth factors, for example, epidermal growth factor (EGF), appear to influence regeneration in old animals. Studies have demonstrated (a) a 60% decline in EGF binding to hepatocyte plasma membranes, (b) reduced expression of the hepatic high affinity EGF receptor and (c) a block between G1 and S-phases of the cell cycle in old rats following EGF stimulation. Recent studies suggest that reduced phosphorylation and dimerization of the EGF receptor, critical steps in the activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway and subsequent cell proliferation are responsible. Other studies have demonstrated that aging affects the upregulation of a Forkhead Box transcription factor, FoxM1B, which is essential for growth hormone-stimulated liver regeneration in hepatectomized mice. Aging appears to compromise liver regeneration by influencing several pathways, the result of which is a reduction in the rate of regeneration, but not in the capacity to restore the organ to its original volume. 1. Introduction On the one hand, the liver, unlike most other organs, does not exhibit well-documented or marked changes in either structure or function during the aging process (see [1–4] for reviews). There have been few comprehensive studies on liver morphology during aging; most have been performed using rodent models and have been qualitative in nature. Studies using human liver tissue have suffered from dependence on postmortem samples or on samples from subjects diagnosed with liver disease. There is quantitative evidence that hepatocytes in males of one inbred rat strain (Fischer 344) increase in volume through maturity and, subsequently, become smaller such that the size of cells in immature and senescent animals is equivalent [5]. Other changes in hepatocellular structure include (a) a loss of smooth surfaced endoplasmic reticulum, (b) an increase in the volume of the dense body compartment, for example, secondary lysosomes, residual bodies, or
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