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Effectiveness of mobile-phone short message service (SMS) reminders for ophthalmology outpatient appointments: Observational study
Elizabeth Koshy, Josip Car, Azeem Majeed
BMC Ophthalmology , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2415-8-9
Abstract: An SMS text message was sent to patients with scheduled appointments between April and September 2006 in a hospital ophthalmology department in London, reminding them of their appointments. This group acted as the intervention group. Controls were patients with scheduled ophthalmology appointments who did not receive an SMS or any alternative reminder.During the period of the study, 11.2% (50/447) of patients who received an SMS appointment reminder were non-attenders, compared to 18.1% (1720/9512) who did not receive an SMS reminder. Non-attendance rates were 38% lower in patients who received an SMS reminder than in patients who did not receive a reminder (RR of non-attendance = 0.62; 95% CI = 0.48 – 0.80).The use of SMS reminders for ophthalmology outpatient appointments was associated with a reduction of 38% in the likelihood of patients not attending their appointments, compared to no appointment reminder. The use of SMS reminders may also be more cost-effective than traditional appointment reminders and require less labour. These findings should be confirmed with a more rigorous study design before a wider roll-out.Non-attendance for hospital outpatient appointments is a major burden on healthcare systems and costs the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK an estimated £790 million per year [1]. It reduces the efficiency and effectiveness of the delivery of outpatient healthcare and causes substantial financial losses for healthcare systems [2]. It also results in suboptimal use of clinical and administrative staff and results in increased waiting times for other patients [3]. The increased waiting time can result in delay in presentation of patients' symptoms and also decreased monitoring of long-term chronic conditions; which can, in turn, lead to increased patient morbidity [4]. Additionally, there are worse outcomes for non-attenders and a loss of continuity of care [5].Some of the main reasons for patients not attending their outpatient appointments are
Locating Mobility: Practices of co-presence and the persistence of the postal metaphor in SMS/ MMS mobile phone customization in Melbourne  [cached]
Larissa Hjorth
Fibreculture Journal , 2005,
Abstract: One of the marked features of ICT’s (Information and Communication Technologies) mobility (literal and electronic) is the role of customization in location (Castells, 2001; Manovich, 2001). When we think of "customizing" mobile phones we often summon up an image of techno-savvy places such as Tokyo where the outside of the mobile phone (keitai) is adorned with a plethora of cute (kawaii) characters in, for example, the style of Hello Kitty. Indeed, much of the Asia-Pacific region seems characterized by seemingly every form of mobile phone adornment. One could be mistaken, then, for thinking that Melbourne is out of place in the mobile flows of the region. However, Melbourne demonstrates that customization can also occur inside the mobile phone. Customization is not just a matter of wallpapers and ringtones. It is also the case that customizing of applications such as SMS (Short Message Service) speaks of specific processes of subjectivity, cultural capital (Bourdieu, 1984[1979]; McVeigh, 2003) and locality (Massey, 1993). Such internal customization operates as an important mode for users to become active producers in the extension of conventions of the emerging genre.Once just an application used for its simplicity and affordability, SMS has grown to be an enduring mode of mobile phone communication (Goggin, 2004). The resilience and evolution of SMS practices has resulted in it surpassing the role of a "making-do" application; SMS has grown to accommodate particular modes of etiquette and to signify gestures of intimacy. I argue that SMS customization is central to a personalizing and localizing of remediated technologies (Bolter and Grusin, 1999) that is best understood as a persistence of the postal metaphor. As a remediated genre reminiscent of such genres as the 18th century visiting card (Milne, 2004), SMS and its practices of co-presence need to be understood in terms of earlier genres of telepresence and intimacy . In order to discuss some of the contemporary practices of co-presence in the light of the postal, I turn to a sample study of Melbournian mobile phone users.
Short Message Service using SMS Gateway
Veena K.Katankar,Dr.V.M.Thakare
International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering , 2010,
Abstract: Short message service (SMS) will play a very vital role in the future business areas whose are popularly known as mobile banking, organizational marketing system etc. For this future, SMS could make a mobile device in a business tool as it has the availability and the effectiveness. This thesis is about software development that is based on short messaging service (SMS) system for delivering messages through SMS gateway. Main goal of proposed system is to provide multi level local authentication to the SMS gateway service. This service can be implemented in any multi departmental organization whereSMS service is used for notification system and marketing purpose. Proposed system has web interface and the encryption method for providing service.
LabPush: A Pilot Study of Providing Remote Clinics with Laboratory Results via Short Message Service (SMS) in Swaziland, Africa  [PDF]
Wen-Shan Jian, Min-Huei Hsu, Hosea Sukati, Shabbir Syed-Abdul, Jeremiah Scholl, Nduduzo Dube, Chun-Kung Hsu, Tai-jung Wu, Vera Lin, Tex Chi, Peter Chang, Yu-Chuan Li
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044462
Abstract: Background Turnaround time (TAT) is an important indicator of laboratory performance. It is often difficult to achieve fast TAT for blood tests conducted at clinics in developing countries. This is because clinics where the patient is treated are often far away from the laboratory, and transporting blood samples and test results between the two locations creates significant delay. Recent efforts have sought to mitigate this problem by using Short Message Service (SMS) to reduce TAT. Studies reporting the impact of this technique have not been published in scientific literature however. In this paper we present a study of LabPush, a system developed to test whether SMS delivery of HIV related laboratory results to clinics could shorten TAT time significantly. Method LapPush was implemented in six clinics of the Kingdom of Swaziland. SMS results were sent out from the laboratory as a supplement to normal transport of paper results. Each clinic was equipped with a mobile phone to receive SMS results. The laboratory that processes the blood tests was equipped with a system for digital input of results, and transmission of results via SMS to the clinics. Results Laboratory results were received for 1041 different clinical cases. The total number of SMS records received (1032) was higher than that of paper records (965), indicating a higher loss rate for paper records. A statistical comparison of TAT for SMS and paper reports indicates a statistically significant improvement for SMS. Results were more positive for more rural clinics, and an urban clinic with high workload. Conclusion SMS can be used to reduce TAT for blood tests taken at clinics in developing countries. Benefits are likely to be greater at clinics that are further away from laboratories, due to the difficulties this imposes on transport of paper records.
A Secured Mobile Access Scheme for SMS Message  [PDF]
Rongyu He,Zheng Qin,Xi Qin
Information Technology Journal , 2008,
Abstract: In this contribution, we firstly design and realize a PKI-SIM card that is a regular SIM card with additional PKI-functionality and present a security mobile access scheme based on the PKI-SIM card, which offers solutions for the development of secure mobile business applications using SMS. Then, we proposed a novel authentication and session key distribution protocol which provides end-to-end confidentiality and integrity of the SMS message. Finally, a formal verification of the protocol using BAN logic is presented and the security and performance analysis of our scheme revealed that it is suitable for practical needs both in speed and security
A New Encryption Method for Short Message Service (SMS)
Mohammad Abu Yousuf,Mustafa Hasan,S.M. Saif Shams
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This study shows an encryption method for Short Message Service (SMS) to reduce amount of required memory space of data for device or to increase the number of bytes to transmit. SMS is a very popular service. SMS are developing very rapidly throughout the world. As SMS is an offline message service it`s a huge pressure for server memory. In traditional SMS system it is possible to send maximum 160 characters and each character occupies one byte of memory space. In this study an encryption method is present by which each character occupies less than a byte and will save huge mobile set memory space and at the same time present encryption method will save server memory space.
Locating Mobile Phones on a City Map Using SMS Technology
R. H. Rahman,N. Nowsheen,M. A. Khan,A.H. Khan
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Finding the location of a mobile phone is one of the crucial challenges in modern telecommunication system. This study proposes a solution of locating a mobile phone on a city map using SMS (Short Message Service). This study intends to help mobile phone users to find out his/her location on a geographical map. The proposed method is GPS-free and it requires no additional technology to be added to existing mobile phones. It uses well-established algorithms to locate a mobile phone on a geographical map and then sends the position-on-a-map to the user mobile by an SMS.
The cameroon mobile phone sms (CAMPS) trial: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial of mobile phone text messaging versus usual care for improving adherence to highly active anti-retroviral therapy
Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lahana Thabane, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo, Richard T Lester, Edward Mills, Jimmy Volmink, David Yondo, Marie Essi, Renée-Cecile Bonono-Momnougui, Robert Mba, Jean Ndongo, Francois C Nkoa, Henri Ondoa
Trials , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-12-5
Abstract: This is a single-centered randomized controlled single-blinded trial. A central computer generated randomization list will be generated using random block sizes. Allocation will be determined by sequentially numbered sealed opaque envelopes. 198 participants will either receive the mobile phone text message or usual care. Our hypothesis is that weekly motivational text messages can improve adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment and other clinical outcomes in the control group by acting as a reminder, a cue to action and opening communication channels. Data will be collected at baseline, three months and six months. A blinded program secretary will send out text messages and record delivery.Our primary outcomes are adherence measured by the visual analogue scale, self report, and pharmacy refill data. Our secondary outcomes are clinical: weight, body mass index, opportunistic infections, all cause mortality and retention; biological: Cluster Designation 4 count and viral load; and quality of life. Analysis will be by intention-to-treat. Covariates and subgroups will be taken into account.This trial investigates the potential of SMS motivational reminders to improve adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment in Cameroon. The intervention targets non-adherence due to forgetfulness and other forms of non-adherence.Pan-African Clinical Trials Registry PACTR201011000261458http://clinicaltrials.gov/ webciteNCT01247181Mobile text messages using the short message service (SMS) are a cheap and non-invasive means of communication that can be used to convey health related messages to owners of mobile phones. There is contradictory evidence concerning the role of mobile phones in ameliorating health outcomes, especially in less developed countries where private ownership and use of mobile phones is not as widespread as in other more developed countries[1]. Currently, Africa has the greatest uptake of mobile phone technology [2].The advent of Highly Active A
Dyslipidemia in Iranian overweight and obese children
Robabeh Ghergerehchi
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management , 2009, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S6388
Abstract: lipidemia in Iranian overweight and obese children Original Research (3655) Total Article Views Authors: Robabeh Ghergerehchi Published Date September 2009 Volume 2009:5 Pages 739 - 743 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S6388 Robabeh Ghergerehchi Department of Pediatrics, Tabriz University (Medical Sciences), Tabriz, Iran Objective: To evaluate the frequency and patterns of dyslipidemia in overweight and obese children and to determine the extent of blood lipid abnormality in overweight and obese children. Methods: A prospective matched case control study on 230 overweight and obese children and adolescents (body mass index [BMI] > 85th percentile) aged 4 to 18 years undertaken at the outpatient endocrine clinic of the Childrens’ Hospital at Tabriz University between 2006–2008. This study was conducted to compare the frequency of abnormal plasma lipid levels in overweight and obese children compared with 50 nonobese children (BMI = 50th–85th percentile). Results: The total frequency of dyslipidemia was 69.58%. The prevalence of dyslipidemia increased with severity of obesity and reached 76.9% in the severely obese (P < 0.005). High triglycerides was the most common dyslipidemia in combination (26.08%) and in isolation (18.6%). There was a significant difference in mean of triglycerides between the severely obese and other groups (P < 0.004). Conclusion: In the present study, dyslipidemia is more common in severely obese children and the most common component of dyslipidemia is a high triglyceride level.
Short message service (SMS) language and written language skills: educators’ perspectives
S Geertsema, C Hyman, C van Deventer
South African Journal of Education , 2011,
Abstract: SMS language is English language slang, used as a means of mobile phone text messaging. This practice may impact on the written language skills of learners at school. The main aim of this study was to determine the perspectives of Grade 8 and 9 English (as Home Language) educators in Gauteng regarding the possible influence of SMS language on certain aspects of learners’ written language skills. If an influence was perceived by the educators, their perceptions regarding the degree and nature of the influence were also explored. A quantitative research design, utilising a questionnaire, was employed. The sample of participants comprised 22 educators employed at independent secondary schools within Gauteng, South Africa. The results indicated that the majority of educators viewed SMS language as having a negative influence on the written language skills of Grade 8 and 9 learners. The influence was perceived as occurring in the learners’ spelling, punctuation, and sentence length. A further finding was that the majority of educators address the negative influences of SMS language when encountered in written tasks.
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